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Pengujian Pecking Order Pada Perusahaan Perkebunan Di Indonesia Munawar, Aang; Sanim, Bunasor; Manurung, Adler Hayman; Achsani, Noer Azam
Jurnal Ilmiah Ranggagading (JIR) Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmiah Ranggagading
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Kesatuan

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Abstract

This research examines capital structures or financial policy in Indonesia plantation firms with pecking order theory. Plantation firm was classified on status (listed and unlisted) and product (palm oil and non palm oil). Panel data methodology is used to test the empirical hypotheses over a sample of 22 Indonesia plantation firms during seven years period 2002 – 2008. The result of this research shows there is a significant cash deficit and product variables positively influence to increase long term debt. This evidence shows that pecking order theory used on financial policy and palm oil firms have cash deficit and long term debt more than non palm oil firms. In accordance to T test, there is a significant difference cash deficit and long term debt on firm status but long term debt only a significant difference on product firm.
Faktor - Faktor yang Memengaruhi Kompensasi Eksekutif dan Dampaknya terhadap Kinerja BUMN Perkebunan Vidyatmoko, Dyan; Sanim, Bunasor; Siregar, Hermanto; Didu, M. Said
Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 12, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : SBM ITB

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi kompensasi eksekutif BUMN Perkebunan Indonesia, (2) menganalisis hubungan antara faktor-faktor tersebut dengan kinerja BUMN Perkebunan dan (3) menganalisis hubungan antara kompensasi eksekutif dengan kinerja BUMN Perkebunan. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Structural Equation Model (SEM), analisis kontingensi, analisis regresi dan analisis kualitatif. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa dari semua faktor yang diidentifikasi, mekanisme keputusan eksekutif, kompleksitas jabatan, skala usaha, kemampuan perusahaan membayar kompensasi, dan diversifikasi produk dan perluasan pasar mempunyai hubungan positif dan pengaruh signifikan terhadap kompensasi eksekutif. Human capital dan pasar tenaga kerja eksekutif mempunyai hubungan signifikan dengan kompensasi eksekutif. Temuan lain dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa skala usaha mempunyai hubungan positif dan pengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja pelanggan, kinerja proses bisnis internal, dan kinerja pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran. Kemampuan perusahaan membayar kompensasi mempunyai hubungan positif dan pengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan, kinerja pelanggan, dan kinerja pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran. Diversifikasi produk dan perluasan pasar mempunyai hubungan positif dan pengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja pelanggan dan kinerja proses bisnis internal. Penelitian ini juga memberikan hasil bahwa kompensasi eksekutif mempunyai hubungan positif dan pengaruh signifikan terhadap kinerja keuangan, kinerja pelanggan, kinerja proses bisnis internal, dan kinerja pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran.Kata kunci: Kompensasi Eksekutif, Kinerja, BUMN, SEM, Analisis Regresi 
PENGARUH ECONOMIC SHOCK TERHADAP PENERIMAAN PAJAK PADA KANTOR WILAYAH PAJAK DI INDONESIA Wahyudi, Eddi; Sanim, Bunasor; Siregar, Hermanto; Nuryartono, Nunung
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 10, No 1 (2009): JEP Juni 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyse how far the economic shock influence upon the tax revenue performance in the regional tax office. The research is conducted using yearly time series data within 2002 to 2007 and also applying two indicators: Income Tax and Value Added Tax. By using the panel data analysis the result upon 31 Kanwil Directorate General of Tax (DGT) whole Indonesia it is known that the fluctuation variable of Tax Early Warning System (TEWS) gives positive effect to the tax income performance at Kanwil Khusus, Kanwil WP Besar 1 and 2, Kanwil Jakarta Selatan and Kanwil Jakarta Pusat. Overall the entire research result explains that Indonesia economic condition until he year of 2007 is still in the small open economy status and identically to New Keynes theory. The conclusion is as if the research about the Indonesia business cycle previously and consistent with the initial assumption applied.
ANALISIS KESEDIAAN MEMBAYAR JASA LINGKUNGAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA AIR MINUM TERPADU DI INDONESIA (STUDI KASUS DAS CISADANE HULU) Sutopo, Muhammad Fauzi; Sanim, Bunasor; Saukat, Yusman; Mawardi, Muhammad Ikhwanuddin
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol. 12 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.64 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v12i1.1258

Abstract

Ecocentrism paradigm in development are intended to ensure the sustainability of water resources in the future for future generations. The research methodology was conducted with the model approach to drinking water users willingness to pay for environmental services (YWTP). The results in Analysis Willingness to Pay in Drinking Water Management in the Upstream Watershed Cisadane illustrates that the existence of a positive response from drinking water users (entrepreneurs) to be willingness to pay for environmental services (YWTP) as payment and reward for environmental services to the public because it is influenced by the presence and the beneficiaries are significantly linearly with level of education (sig. 0.041) and Variable in YWTP education significant at 95% confidence level. Policy implications of this research that the user (downstream) is willingness to pay (WTP) for environmental services with averaging Rp1 538.65 per m3 as payment or reward for environmental services to society (upstream), so the Government (Local) PES has a potential revenue to fund conservation of Rp106.94 billion per years, but in current conditions the government only earns Rp20.57 billionper year, so that only reached 19.24%.
VALUASI EKONOMI DAMPAK PENCEMARAN DAN ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN PENGENDALIAN PENCEMARAN DI TELUK JAKARTA Haryati, Sri; Sanim, Bunasor; Riani, Etty; Ardianto, Luky; Sutrisno, Dewayany
MAJALAH ILMIAH GLOBE Vol 15, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Informasi Geospasial

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.277 KB) | DOI: 10.24895/MIG.2013.15-2.89

Abstract

Teluk Jakarta adalah salah satu dari perairan Indonesia dengan berbagai macam kegiatan manusia. Semua area dapat meningkatkan jumlah pencemaran logam berat dalam air terutama yang bermuara ke Teluk Jakarta. Logam berat akan disimpan dan terakumulasi dalam air, sedimen dan hewan akuatik. Kerang hijau (Perna viridis) merupakan salah satu hewan air yang dibudidayakan di Teluk Jakarta sejak Tahun 1979. Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Jakarta menganalisis adanya kandungan logam berat pada kerang yang dibudidaya secara komersial di Cilincing dan Kamal Muara, Jakarta Utara. Dari kajian tersebut didapatkan data bahwa kerang yang  dibudidayakan di lokasi penelitian tidak cocok untuk konsumsi, karena memiliki kandungan logam berat yang tinggi. Kerang hijau ini lebih cocok untuk pembersih (purifier) lingkungan laut yang terkontaminasi logam berat. Hasil penelitian ini adalah bahwa polusi berdampak terhadap penurunan produktivitas budidaya kerang hijau. Potensi nilai ekonomis dan ekologis dari hilangnya dalam kasus pencemaran adalah Rp. 5.485.067.304 per hektar dan kemungkinan hilangnya pendapatan akibat polusi adalah Rp. 35.149.103.520 per tahun.Kata Kunci: Teluk Jakarta, Perna viridis, Logam Berat, Limbah, Valuasi Ekonomi.ABSTRACTJakarta Bay water is one of Indonesia waters which are teeming with various kinds of human activities. All area can continuously increase the amount of pollution especially heavy metal in water of Jakarta Bay. Heavy metal will deposited and accumulated in water, sediment and aquatic animal. Green mussel (Perna viridis) is one of the aquatic animals which cultivated in Jakarta Bay since 1979. Jakarta Maritime and Fishery Affairs Agency (2007) analyzed the heavy metal content of mussels farmed commercially in Cilincing and Kamal Muara, North Jakarta. From these explanations it can be said that the mussels are cultivated in the study site is not suitable for consumption, as it has a high content of heavy metals. Green mussel is more suitable for the purifier of marine environment that has been contaminated with heavy metals. Research result was which pollution impact on the reduction of green mussel farming productivity. Potential economic and ecological value of the loss in case of pollution is Rp.5.485.067.304 per hectareand the possible loss of revenue due to pollution is Rp. 35.149.103.520 per year.Keywords: Jakarta Bay, Perna viridis, Heavy Metal, Pollution, Valuation Economic.
PENGARUH ECONOMIC SHOCK TERHADAP PENERIMAAN PAJAK PADA KANTOR WILAYAH PAJAK DI INDONESIA Wahyudi, Eddi; Sanim, Bunasor; Siregar, Hermanto; Nuryartono, Nunung
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 10, No 1 (2009): JEP Juni 2009
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jep.v10i1.809

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyse how far the economic shock influence upon the tax revenue performance in the regional tax office. The research is conducted using yearly time series data within 2002 to 2007 and also applying two indicators: Income Tax and Value Added Tax. By using the panel data analysis the result upon 31 Kanwil Directorate General of Tax (DGT) whole Indonesia it is known that the fluctuation variable of Tax Early Warning System (TEWS) gives positive effect to the tax income performance at Kanwil Khusus, Kanwil WP Besar 1 and 2, Kanwil Jakarta Selatan and Kanwil Jakarta Pusat. Overall the entire research result explains that Indonesia economic condition until he year of 2007 is still in the small open economy status and identically to New Keynes theory. The conclusion is as if the research about the Indonesia business cycle previously and consistent with the initial assumption applied.
ANALISIS FAKTOR PENENTU KOMPENSASI EKSEKUTIF DAN HUBUNGAN KOMPENSASI EKSEKUTIF DENGAN KINERJA PERUSAHAAN vidyatmoko, dyan; Sanim, Bunasor; Siregar, Hermanto; Didu, M. Said
Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (63.362 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jsti.v11i3.835

Abstract

The objectives of this research were (1) to analyse determinants of the influencing factors of the Indonesian Estate State-owned enterprises’ executive compensations; and (2) to analyse the relationship between compensation executive and firm performances. Statistical methods used for analysing these objectives were Structural Equation Model (SEM), contingency analysis, regresion analysis and qualitative analysis. The study found out that from all identified variables, executive decision mechanism, job complexity, firm size, firm ability to pay compensation, and product diversification and market expansionhad positive correlation and significant influenced to executive compensation. Human capital, business risk, executive employment market had significant correlations to executive compensation. The research had also shown a result that executive compensation provide positive correlation and significant influence towards financial performance (EBIT), customer performance (sales volume, output price, market area), internal process performance (OER target, OER realisation), and growth and learning performance (number of training investment, number of employees participated intraining). However, executive compensation did not give positive correlation and significant influenced towards financial performance (ROE) and customer performance(market share). This research also showed that direction of executive compensation was heading to company’s performance and not the opposite way.
Land Use Planning of Way Betung Watershed for Sustainable Water Resources Development of Bandar Lampung City Yuwono, Slamet Budi; Sinukaban, Naik; Murtilaksono, Kukuh; Sanim, Bunasor
JOURNAL OF TROPICAL SOILS Vol 16, No 1: January 2011
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2011.v16i1.77-84

Abstract

Way Betung watershed is one of the important water resources in Lampung Province and it provides a clean water for Bandar Lampung City through a regional water supply company (PDAM). By the increase of population and economical activities of Bandar Lampung City, the need of clean water also increase, however by the time, the conditions of Way Betung watershed as water resources are declining. Therefore, to improve or to restore WayBetung watershed, a high cost is needed. The research was aimed: (a) to study the effects of Way Betung watershed land use change on the water resources of Bandar Lampung City, (b) to arrange the sustainable development of Way Betung watershed in order to maintain the availability of water resources. The sustainable developments of water resources of Way Betung watershed were arranged in five alternatives/scenarios and each alternative was related toits erosion (USLE method) and its run off volume (SCS method). The results showed that land use changes of Way Betung watershed (1991-2006) were likely to increase daily maximum discharge (Q max), to decrease daily minimum discharge (Q min), to increase fluctuation of river discharge, and to increase yearly run off coeffcient. The best sustainable development of water resources of Way Betung watershed, Lampung Province, was alternative/scenario-4 (forest as 30% of watershed areas + alley cropping in the mix garden). This alternative will decrease erosion to the level lower than tolerable soil loss and also decrease fluctuation of monthly run off.Keywords: Land use change, run off coefficient, water resources, watershed
Analisa Prioritas Faktor Kontinuitas Bisnis Industri Pelayaran Indonesia Menggunakan Analytic Network Process (ANP) Supandi, Ade; Daryanto, Arief; Sanim, Bunasor; Adrianto, Luky
Rekayasa Vol 12, No 2: Oktober 2019
Publisher : Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (465.08 KB) | DOI: 10.21107/rekayasa.v12i2.5541

Abstract

Kejadian ketidakamanan pelayaran di perairan Indonesia oleh Pembajakan dan Perampokan. Dalam insiden (2007-2018) di mana kerugian dilaporkan, kehilangan kargo adalah yang paling umum (33%), diikuti oleh bagian-bagian mesin (15%) dan barang tidak aman (4%). Sementara dari 27 insiden yang dilaporkan pada 2018, tidak ada yang dicuri hanya dalam 10 insiden (37%). Kerugiannya tentu tidak kecil dan mengancam kelangsungan bisnis perusahaan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dari Juni 2018 hingga Desember 2018. Penelitian dilakukan pada perusahaan pelayaran di Jakarta, badan keamanan laut, Direktorat Jenderal Perhubungan Laut dan TNI AL. Data dan fakta dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan diuji dengan teknik analisis data Analytic Network Process (ANP). Hasilnya sebagai berikut: Fungsi Manajemen Risiko dengan prioritas 0,39092 adalah kriteria dengan prioritas tertinggi. Kemudian berturut-turut mempertahankan proses bisnis dengan prioritas 0,27899, Dokumentasi 0,18325 dan Pengawasan Manajemen dengan prioritas 0,14684. Dari hasil tersebut, kami dapat merekomendasikan bahwa faktor yang paling penting untuk kelangsungan bisnis industri pelayaran adalah Fungsi Manajemen Risiko.Priority Analysis of Indonesia's Delivery Industry Continuity Factors Using Analytic Network Process (ANP)ABSTRACTThe incidence of shipping insecurity in Indonesian waters by piracy and robbery. In incidents (2007-2018) where losses were reported, cargo loss was the most common (33%), followed by engine parts (15%) and unsafe goods (4%). While of the 27 incidents reported in 2018, none were stolen in only 10 incidents (37%). The loss is certainly not small and threatens the company's business continuity. This research was conducted from June 2018 to December 2018. The research was conducted on shipping companies in Jakarta, marine security agencies, the Directorate General of Sea Transportation and the Indonesian Navy. Data and facts were collected using a questionnaire and tested with the Analytic Network Process (ANP) data analysis techniques. The results are as follows: The Risk Management function with a priority of 0.39092 is the criteria with the highest priority. Then maintain business processes with priority 0.27899, Documentation 0.18325 and Management Supervision with priority 0.14684. From these results, we can recommend that the most important factor for the continuity of the shipping industry business is the Risk Management Function.Keywords: Shipping Industry, Business Continuity, Analytic Network Process