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Journal : JMM (Jurnal Masyarakat Mandiri)

PENGENDALIAN HAMA KUMBANG BADAK PADA KEBUN KELAPA MASYARAKAT Suswanto, Iman; Sarbino, Sarbino; Maherawati, Maherawati
JMM (Jurnal Masyarakat Mandiri) Vol 4, No 5 (2020): November
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.586 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/jmm.v4i5.2953

Abstract

Abstrak: Kelapa sebagai tanaman yang diusahakan turun-temurun masyarakat di Kecamatan Kubu, Kabupaten Kuburaya, menghadapi masalah serangan hama. Sebagian besar pohon kelapa terserang parah hama kumbang badak (Oryctes rhinoceros Linn). Dampak serangan hama menyebabkan penurunan produktivitas kelapa sangat drastis. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat dilaksanakan dengan metode ceramah dan praktek. Materi ceramah bertujuan untuk memberi bekal kepada masyarakat tentang perlindungan tanaman kelapa terhadap hama kumbang badak. Metode praktek dilakukan dengan transfer teknologi berupa, perbanyakan isolat Metarhizium spp. pada media jagung dan larva kumbang serta pembuatan perangkap kumbang badak menggunakan tumpukan sisa sampah kebun kelapa dan trapping dengan feromon. Hasil kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa peserta menguasai perbanyakan Metharhizum spp. baik pada media jagung maupun larva. Peserta dapat membuat perangkap kumbang badak menggunakan sampah kebun. Pemasangan perangkap di 6 titik selama 10 minggu menunjukkan bahwa populasi kumbang badak di perkebunan kelapa tergolong tinggi. Secara keseluruhan penggunaan jamur Metarhizium dan feromon mampu mengurangi populasi kumbang badak. Pengendalian hama kumbang badak akan efektif apabila dilakukan oleh setiap petani kelapa dan dilaksanakan secara terus menerus sampai populasi hama dibawah ambang ekonomi. Abstract: As a plant cultivated from generation to generation in Kubu District, Kubu Raya Regency, coconut plants face pest attacks. Most of the coconut trees are badly affected by the rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros Linn). The impact of pest attacks caused a drastic decrease in coconut productivity. Community service activities are carried out using lecture and practical methods. The lecture material aims to provide provisions for the community about protecting coconut plants against rhino beetle pests. The practical method was carried out by transferring technology in the form of multiplication of isolates of Metharhizum spp. in the media of maize and beetle larvae and making rhino beetle traps using a pile of coconut garden waste and trapping with pheromones. The activity results showed that the participants mastered the propagation of Metharhizum spp both on maize and larval media. Participants can make rhino beetle traps using garden waste. Laying traps at 6 points for ten weeks shows that the rhino beetle population in coconut plantations is high. Overall, the use of Metarhizium mushrooms and pheromones was able to reduce the rhino beetle population. Rhino beetle control will be useful if done by every coconut farmer and carried out continuously until the pest population is below economic threshold