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Efektivitas Ekstrak Daun Pandan Wangi (Pandanus Amaryllifolius) Terhadap Daya Tahan Larva Anopheles Sp. Tusy Triwahyuni; Ismalia Husna; Devita Febriani; Ihsanul Karim
Malahayati Nursing Journal Volume 3 Nomor 3 Tahun 2021
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.596 KB) | DOI: 10.33024/mnj.v3i3.4365

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background of study: Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by the Protozoa parasite Plasmodium genus. This disease is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Anopheles sp. The Southeast Asian region is also a concern for malaria cases. There are 1.4 billion people at risk of malaria and 352 million at high risk . Malaria cases in Southeast and South Asia are in 10 countries, namely East Timor, Sri Lanka, Butan, Bangladesh, Thailand, South Korea, Nepal, Myanmar, India and Indonesia. Indonesia is a country that is very rich in biodiversity. Among the thousands of plants that grow in Indonesia, there are various plants that are unique and have multiple functions. Pandan leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius) is a plant that can be used as a natural insecticide, because it is effective in controlling insects (mosquitoes).Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of pandanus amaryllifolius leaf extract on the resistance of Anopheles larvae.Research Methods: This type of research is an experiment with a completely randomized design research (RAL).Research Results: The average mortality percentage of the highest larvae with a concentration of 1000 ppm reached 94%, the percentage concentration of 800 ppm reached 90%, the percentage concentration of 600 ppm reached 80% and the lowest concentration of 400 ppm reached 60%. Results were obtained from mortality rates.Conclusion: There is the effect of fragrant pandan leaf extract on the durability of Anopheles sp. Larvae. With the highest concentration of 1000 ppm (94%) with the number of deaths of 19 larvae, the lowest percentage concentration of 400 ppm (60%) with the number of deaths of 14 Anopheles sp. larvae. Keywords: Pandan Leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius) , Larval mortality, Anopheles sp. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Malaria adalah penyakit mengancam jiwa yang disebabkan oleh parasit Protozoa genus Plasmodium. Penyakit ini ditularkan ke manusia melalui gigitan nyamuk Anopheles Sp. Kawasan Asia Tenggara juga menjadi perhatian kasus malaria. Terdapat 1,4 miliar penduduk berisiko terkena malaria dan 352 juta pada risiko tinggi. Kasus malaria di Asia Tenggara dan Selatan terdapat di 10 negara yakni Timor Leste, Sri Lanka, Butan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Korea Selatan, Nepal, Myanmar, India dan Indonesia. Indonesia merupakan negara yang sangat kaya akan keanekaragaman hayati. Di antara ribuan tanaman yang tumbuh di Indonesia, terdapat berbagai tanaman yang unik dan memiliki fungsi ganda. Tanaman daun pandan wangi (Pandanus Amaryllifolius) merupakan salah satu tanaman yang dapat digunakan sebagai insektisida alami, karena efektif pengendalikan serangga (nyamuk).Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui efektifitas ekstrak daun pandan wangi terhadap daya tahan larva Anopheles Sp.Metode Penelitian: Jenis Penelitian ini adalah eksperimen dengan desain penelitian rancangan acak lengkap (RAL).Hasil Penelitian: Didapatkan rata-rata mortalitas persentase larva tertinggi dengan konsentrasi 1000 ppm mencapai 94%, persentase konsentrasi 800 ppm mencapai 90%, persentase konsentrasi 600 ppm mencapai 80% dan konsentrasi terendah 400 ppm mancapai 60%. Hasil diperoleh dari rata-rata mortalitas.Kesimpulan: Terdapat pengaruh ekstrak daun pandan wangi terhadap daya tahan larva Anopheles Sp. Dengan konsentrasi paling tinggi 1000 ppm (94%) dengan jumlah kematian 19 larva, persentase konsentrasi terendah 400 ppm (60%) dengan jumlah kematian 14 larva Anopheles Sp. Kata Kunci: Daun Pandan Wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius), Mortalitas Larva, Anopheles Sp. Kepustakaan : 29 (2007-2018). 
Hubungan Curah Hujan dengan Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue di Bandar Lampung 2016-2018 Tusy Triwahyuni; Ismalia Husna; Melisa Andesti
ARTERI : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1 No 3 (2020): Mei
Publisher : Puslitbang Sinergis Asa Professional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37148/arteri.v1i3.58

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is disease caused by dengue virus through mosquito as the vector, which spread rapidly. Meanwhile, since 1968 until 2009 WHO determined Indonesia as a country with the highest DHF incidence in South-east asia Departement of Health of Bandar Lampung City. The study aim to know the correlation of rainfall and dengue incidence in Bandar Lampung City Periode 2016-2018. This analytic study performed correlation approach. Secondary data sources from BMKG and Departement of Health of Bandar Lampung City were obtained. Analyzing data was using SPSS 19. This research was done during January 2020 until February 2020. There were 36 samples from BMKG and department of health of Bandar Lampung city periode 2016-2018 taken using total sampling method. Result show the heaviest rainfall in 2016-2018 recorded in February with average 218,3 mm. The most DHF incidence recorded in March with average 136 incidences. The correlation test shown r= 0,451, N = 36, signification 0,006. There is a correlation between rainfall and DHF incidence with average correlation strength in positive direction.
Hubungan Kondisi Lingkungan Rumah dengan Keberadaan Jentik Ae.Aegypti Tusy Triwahyuni; Ismalia Husna; Devita Febriani Putri; Miya Medina
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada Vol 9 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Sandi Karsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35816/jiskh.v11i1.291

Abstract

Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by serotype 1-4 viruses (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, DEN-4). The entry of the virus into the human body to cause symptoms has a period of 3-5 days. Goals: Knowing the relationship between home environment conditions and the existence of larva Ae.aegypti at puskesmas of way Kandis Bandar Lampung. Method: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional study design. The samples of this study were 100 samples. The sampling technique in this study is a total sampling. The instrument used was the observation sheet and questionnaire. The analyzed being used was the chi-square test. Result: The result of statistic analysis using Chi-square test suggest that the variables related to the larva Ae. Aegypti is puddle(P-value = 0,039; OR= 2,729). Unrelated variables include the ornamental plants, distances between homes, hanging clothes, wire netting. Conclusion: puddle is the variables in home environment conditions that related to larva Ae.aegypti in Way Kandis region. are the unrelated variable relationship between home environment conditions and the existence of larva ae.aegypti in region Way Kandis.
Perbandingan Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Sampel Darah 3 mL, 2 mL, & 1 mL Dengan Antikoagulan K2EDTA Setelah Ditunda 4 Jam Di RSUD Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Bandar Lampung Syuhada Syuhada; Tusy Triwahyuni; Zehan Aura Nabigha; Bella Tania Putri; Hemas Priyayi
MAHESA : Malahayati Health Student Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2022): Volume 2 Nomor 3 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33024/mahesa.v2i3.6416

Abstract

ABSTRACT Laboratory examinations pass through three stages, namely pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytic. The highest error rate is at the preanalytic stage reaching 70%. The comparison between the volume of blood samples and the unbalanced amount of anticoagulants as well as the length of time delays in the examination can affect the results of laboratory tests, resulting in an inaccurate examination. This study aims to determine whether there are differences in the results of hemoglobin levels in 3 mL, 2 mL, & 1 mL blood samples with K2EDTA anticoagulant after 4 hours postponed. This research method is analytic observational with a cross-sectional approach using primary data through a hematological examination using the Mindray BC-3600 Hematology Analyzer at UTD RSUD Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Bandar Lampung. The subjects of this study amounted to 50 respondents who met the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. 6 mL of blood was taken and then put into three K2EDTA vacutainer tubes with a volume of 3 mL, 2 mL, and 1 mL and then postponed for 4 hours. In the One Way Anova test, the results were 0.0977 (p-value 0.05) so the difference between 3 mL, 2 mL, and 1 mL blood samples was considered to have no significant difference. There was no significant difference between the examination of hemoglobin levels in 3 mL, 2 mL, and 1 mL blood samples with K2EDTA anticoagulant after 4 hours postponed.  Keywords: Hematological Examination, Blood Volume, K2EDTA, Postponed ABSTRAKPemeriksaan laboratorium melewati tiga tahap yaitu praanalitik, analitik dan pascaanalitik. Tingkat kesalahan tertinggi yaitu pada tahap praanalitik mencapai 70%. Perbandingan antara volume sampel darah dengan jumlah antikoagulan yang tidak seimbang serta lama penundaan waktu pemeriksaan dapat mempengaruhi hasil pemeriksaan laboratorium sehingga menghasilkan pemeriksaan yang kurang akurat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan hasil pemeriksaan kadar hemoglobin pada sampel darah 3 mL, 2 mL, & 1 mL dengan antikoagulan K2EDTA setelah ditunda 4 jam. Metode penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional menggunakan data primer melalui pemeriksaan hematologi dengan alat Hematology Analyzer Mindray BC-3600 di UTD RSUD Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Bandar Lampung. Subjek penelitian ini berjumlah 50 orang responden  yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan kriteria eksklusi. Darah diambil sebanyak 6 mL lalu dimasukan kedalam 3 tabung vacutainer K2EDTA dengan volume 3 mL, 2 mL, dan 1 mL kemudian ditunda 4 jam. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik parametrik yaitu One Way Anova dengan SPSS 26. Pada uji One Way Anova didapatkan hasil 0,0977 (p-value 0,05) sehingga perbedaan antara sampel darah 3 mL, 2 mL, dan 1 mL dianggap tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna. Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara pemeriksaan kadar hemoglobin pada sampel darah 3 mL, 2 mL, dan 1 mL dengan antikoagulan K2EDTA setelah ditunda 4 jam.Kata Kunci: pemeriksaan hematologi, volume darah, K2EDTA, penundaan
Karakteristik Fisik, Kimia, Dan Biologi Tempat Perindukan Potensial Larva Anopheles Sp. Dan Indeks Habitat Di Desa Sukamaju Kecamatan Punduh Pidada Kabupaten Pesawaran Akmal Taher; Tusy Triwahyuni; Ismalia Husna; Devita Febriani
MAHESA : Malahayati Health Student Journal Volume 1 Nomor 2 Juni 2021
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33024/mahesa.v1i2.3819

Abstract

ABSTRACT: PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL, AND BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF POTENTIAL FARMING PLACE OF LARVA Anopheles sp. AND HABITAT INDEX IN SUKAMAJU VILLAGE DISTRICT PUNDUH PIDADA PESAWARAN DISTRICT Background:  Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted through mosquitoes and has become a health problem both in the world and Indonesia especially in Lampung. The population of the malaria vector is strongly influenced by the location of the breeding place. Purpose: Knowing the Physical, Chemical, and Biological Characteristics of Potential Breeding Places for Anopheles Sp. and Habitat Index in Sukamaju Village, Punduh District, Pesawaran Regency, Lampung Province, 2020. Methods: This was a descriptive study with a cross-sectional study research design. The physical characteristics have done by measuring temperature and water depth, the chemical characteristics by measuring pH and water salinity, and the biological characteristics by looking at organisms found at the sampling site. As well as calculating the habitat index. Results: The physical characteristics of the brooding sites have an average water temperature of 31.33 ° C and an average water depth of 25.840 cm. Chemical characteristics of brooding sites mean 2.4280 ‰ of water salinity, and most of the acidity (pH) of water is acidic. The biological characteristics of breeding sites are mostly water and plant predators. Habitat index obtained a value of 1%.Conclusion: That these places have the potential to transmit malaria. Keywords: Anopheles sp., breeding place, malaria   INTISARI: KARAKTERISTIK FISIK, KIMIA, DAN BIOLOGI TEMPAT PERINDUKAN POTENSIAL LARVA Anopheles sp. DAN INDEKS HABITAT DI DESA SUKAMAJU  KECAMATAN PUNDUH PIDADA KABUPATEN PESAWARAN  Latar Belakang : Malaria merupakan penyakit infeksi yang ditularkan melalui nyamuk dan telah menjadi masalah kesehatan baik di dunia maupun di Indonesia khususnya di daerah Lampung. Populasi vektor malaria sangat dipengaruhi oleh lokasi tempat perindukannya. Tujuan : Mengetahui Karakteristik Fisik, Kimia, dan Biologi Tempat Perindukan Potensial Nyamuk Anopheles Sp. dan Indeks Habitat Di Desa Sukamaju Kecamatan Punduh Kabupaten Pesawaran Provinsi Lampung Tahun 2020. Metode : Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Karakteristik fisik dilakukan dengan mekukur suhu dan kedalaman air, karakteristik kimia dengan mengukur pH dan salinitas air, dan karakteristik biologi dengan melihat organisme yang ditemukan di tempat pengambilan sampel. Serta melakukan penghitungan indeks habitat. Hasil : Karakteristik fisik pada tempat perindukan rata-rata suhu air 31,33°C, dan rata-rata kedalaman air 25,840 cm. Karakteristik Kimia pada tempat perindukan rata-rata salinitas air 2,4280‰, dan sebagian besar derajat keasaman (pH) air adalah asam. Karakteristik Biologi pada tempat perindukan sebagian besar terdapat predator air dan tumbuhan. Indeks habitat didapatkan nilai 1%. Kesimpulan : Bahwa tempat-tempat tersebut berpotensi untuk penularan penyakit malaria. Kata Kunci : Anopheles sp., malaria, tempat perindukan
Uji Sensitivitas Kunyit Kuning dan Kunyit Putih Terhadap Bakteri Pencemar Susu Rezica Kanza Nobiola; Tusy Triwahyuni; Nia Triswanti; Efrida Warganegara
ARTERI : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1 No 4 (2020): Agustus
Publisher : Puslitbang Sinergis Asa Professional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37148/arteri.v1i4.73

Abstract

Yellow turmeric (Curcuma longa) and white turmeric (Kaempferia rotunda) are one of the medicine plants and seasons that are used by most of the people. Turmeric belongs to the zingiberaceae family as a medicinal plant that is known to contain antibacterial substances. Antibacterial ingredients in turmeric, namely are curcuminoids and essential oils which are believed to be able to kill and inhibit bacteria. The purpose of this study is to know the sensitivity of yellow turmeric and white turmeric to milk contaminating disease using the Kirby Bauer method with a diffusion disk technique. The study design using experimental technique. Yellow turmeric rhizome extract and white turmeric were tested to the milk contaminating disease using diffusion disk technique with 12,5%, 25%, 50%, and 100% concentration. Yellow turmeric rhizome extract with 12,5%, 25%, 50%, and 100% concentration showed results inhibition diameter zone: 0 mm, 11,3 mm, 15,3 mm, and 17 mm. On the other hand, white turmeric gets no result in the inhibition diameter zone for all concentration. This study showed there is a sensitivity of yellow turmeric to bacteria of milk-contamination that causes foodborne disease using the Kirby Bauer method with white turmeric disk diffusion technique. There is no sensitivity to bacteria of milk-contamination that causes foodborne disease using the Kirby Bauer method with disk diffusion technique
Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dengan Angka Kejadian Kondiloma Akuminata Eka Silvia; Tusy Triwahyuni; M. Syafei Hamzah; Rian Hazni
ARTERI : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2 No 2 (2021): Februari
Publisher : Puslitbang Sinergis Asa Professional

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37148/arteri.v2i2.152

Abstract

Condyloma acuminata or what is often referred to as or genital warts caused by certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV) especially types 6 and 11. The level of education is one of the social factors that play a role in supporting a person to receive knowledge and information about condyloma acuminata disease, where the higher the level of education of a person usually has a greater understanding of health problems and their prevention, as well as the lower the level of one's education causes the more limited knowledge about the dangers of unhealthy behavior, so that they are not motivated to set a healthy lifestyle The purpose of this research is to determine the correlation between education level and the incidence of condyloma acuminata in dermatovenerology polyclinic of regional general hospital DR. H. Abdul Moeloek Lampung Province 2020. type of this research is analytic observational, with a cross-sectional study design, and with secondary data collection of condyloma acuminata and education level. The education level classification is adjusted according to the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System. The technical of collecting the sample is total sampling. Data was collected by looking at medical record data and analyzed using the Spearman test. Results Obtained from 102 people according to the sample obtained. In patients with condyloma acuminata, the highest education level was 49.3%. The results of the Sperman statistical test obtain p = 0.009 (p <0.05) with a value of r = 0.256. Conclusion The final results showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of education and condyloma acuminata, the higher the level of education is lower, the higher the incidence of condyloma acuminata
Hubungan Kecacingan dengan Kejadian Anemia pada Anak Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Tanjung Senang Bandar Lampung Rita Agustina; Tusy Triwahyuni; Devita Febriani Putri; Nindi Destiani
MAHESA : Malahayati Health Student Journal Volume 1 Nomor 4 Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33024/mahesa.v1i4.3987

Abstract

ABSTRACT: RELATIONSHIP WITH ANEMIA IN ELEMENTARY CHILDREN IN TANJUNG SENANG REGENCY, BANDAR LAMPUNG Background: Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or the hemoglobin concentration in them is less than normal. WHO in the World Wide Prevalence of Anemia reports that the total population of the world who suffer from anemia is 1.62 billion people with a prevalence in primary school children (25.4%) and 305 million school children worldwide suffer from anemia. In general, the cause of anemia is nutritional deficiencies, especially iron deficiency and parasitic infections such as worms. Worms is an infectious disease caused by parasites in the form of worms. Objective: Knowing the Relation between Worms and Anemia in Elementary School Children in In Tanjung Senang District Bandar Lampung in 2020. Method: This type of research is quantitative research and analytical observational research methods with a cross sectional approach with the Chi Square test. Sampling was done using Quota Sampling. The sample in this study were 63 people. Results: The results of the Chi Square test showed p-value = 0.000, which is less than the significance value of 5% (0.05), this shows that there is a significant relationship between worms and anemia in elementary school children in Tanjung Senang, Bandar Lampung, in 2020. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between helminths and the incidence of anemia in elementary school children in Tanjung Senang, Bandar Lampung, in 2020. Keywords: Worms, Anemia Incidence  ABSTRAK: HUBUNGAN KECACINGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TANJUNG SENANG BANDAR LAMPUNG Pendahuluan: Anemia merupakan suatu kondisi dimana jumlah sel darah merah atau konsentrasi hemoglobin di dalamnya kurang dari biasanya. WHO dalam World wide Prevalence of Anemia melaporkan bahwa total dari keseluruhan penduduk dunia yang menderita anemia adalah 1,62 miliar orang dengan prevalensi pada anak sekolah dasar (25,4%) dan 305 juta anak sekolah di seluruh dunia menderita anemia. Pada umumnya penyebab anemia adalah kekurangan nutrisi, terutama kekurangan zat besi dan infeksi parasit seperti kecacingan. Kecacingan merupakan penyakit infeksi yang disebabkan oleh parasit berupa cacing.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Hubungan Kecacingan Dengan Kejadian Anemia Pada Anak Sekolah Dasar di Di Kecamatan Tanjung Senang Bandar Lampung Tahun 2020. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dan metode penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional dengan uji Chi Square. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan Quota Sampling. Sampel pada penelitian ini sebanyak 63 orang.Hasil: Hasil uji Chi Square  menunjukkan p-value = 0.000 dimana kurang dari nilai kemaknaan yaitu 5% (0.05), hal tersebut menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kecacingan dengan kejadian anemia pada anak Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Tanjung Senang Bandar Lampung Tahun 2020.Kesimpulan: Kesimpulannya terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kecacingan dengan kejadian anemia pada anak Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Tanjung Senang Bandar Lampung Tahun 2020. Kata Kunci  Kecacingan, Kejadian Anemia
Perbandingan Jumlah Trombosit Pada Sampel Darah 3 ML, 2 ML, & 1 ML Dengan Antikoagulan K2EDTA Setelah Ditunda 4 Jam Di RSUD. Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Bandar Lampung Syuhada Syuhada; Abdurrahman Izzudin; Tusy Triwahyuni; Bella Tania Putri
MAHESA : Malahayati Health Student Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2022): Volume 2 Nomor 4 (2022)
Publisher : Universitas Malahayati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33024/mahesa.v2i4.6429

Abstract

ABSTRACT Insufficient sample volume and delay can increase blood clotting; besides can cause platelets aggregation (stick to one another). Objectives: to determine whether there is a difference between the results of the hematology test of the platelet count in the volume of 3 ml, 2 ml, and 1 ml blood samples with K2EDTA anticoagulant after being postponed 4 hours. This study used an observational analytic method with a cross sectional design. The mean results of the platelet count in 1 ml and 2 ml of blood volume in the K2EDTA vacutaier tube which are postponed for 4 hours are higher than the platelet count in 3 ml of blood volume. Conclusion: There is no significant difference in the number of platelets in 3 ml, 2 ml, and 1 ml blood samples in the K2EDTA vacutainer tube after being postponed 4 hours. Key words: Hematology Test, Blood Volume, Postponed 4 Hours. ABSTRAK Volume sampel yang kurang dan penundaan dapat meningkatkan pembekuan darah dan menyebabkan trombosit mengalami agregasi (menempel dengan yang lainnya). Tujuan mengetahui apakah terdapat perbedaan antara hasil pemeriksaan hematologi jumlah trombosit pada volume sampel darah 3 ml, 2 ml, dan 1 ml dengan antikoagulan K2EDTA setelah ditunda 4 Jam pada orang sehat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analitik observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Hasil: Hasil rerata jumlah trombosit pada volume darah 1 ml dan 2 ml dalam tabung vacutaier K2EDTA yang ditunda selama 4 jam lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan jumlah trombosit pada volume darah 3 ml. Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna jumlah terombosit pada sampel darah 3 ml, 2 ml, dan 1 ml pada tabung vacutainer K2EDTA setelah ditunda 4 jam. Kata Kunci : Pemeriksaan Hematologi, Volume Darah, Ditunda 4 Jam.
Studi Faktor Risiko Kelainan Miopia Di Rumah Sakit Pertamina Bintang Amin Titi titi Lestari; Anggunan Anggunan; Tusy Triwahyuni; Rachmat Syuhada
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Sandi Husada Vol 9 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Sandi Karsa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35816/jiskh.v11i1.275

Abstract

Background: Vision is a very important sense in determining the quality of human life. In the vision, the eye has a variety of refractive disorders, one of which is myopia. Myopia or nearsightedness is a condition where light entering the eye is focused in front of the retina, making distant objects appear blurred. Many factors cause myopia or nearsightedness, namely age, gender, heredity, and short distance activity. Research Purpose: To determine the risk factors of myopia in Pertamina Bintang Amin Hospital in Lampung Province in 2020. Research Method: This type of research is descriptive quantitative design. The sample in this study were 65 people with a total sampling technique. Data collection using questionnaire sheets and interviews. Data analysis techniques used univariate analysis to determine the frequency distribution of myopia risk factors. Research Result: The results of this study showed that the most common frequency of mild myopia was 39 people (60.0%). The frequency factor of young adult age was 42 respondents (64.6%). The frequency of female gender factors was 37 respondents (56.9%). The frequency of historical factors father/mother's descendants alone were 28 respondents (43.1%). Frequency factors of close-range activity playing computer, cellphone for 1-2 hours as many as 28 people (43.1%), reading books for 1-2 hours as many as 39 people (60.0%), and watching TV for 1-2 hours as much 50 people (76.9%). Conclusion: there is a risk factor of myopia including age, sex, heredity, and close-range activity.