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Relationship between Smoking and Quality Of Life on Patient’s with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease In Dr.Reksodiwiryo Padang Hospital Dita Hasni; Jely Safitri; Nadia Purnama Dewi; Nilas Warlem
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.3397

Abstract

Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease with the limitation of the airway, which is not completely reversible and is progressive. One of the risk factors of this disease is exposure to cigarette smoke for a long time. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of smoking with the quality of life of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients at Dr. Reksodiwiryo Padang Hospital. This cross-sectional research has been implemented in February-May 2019 and involving 35 research subjects that meet inclusion and exclusion criteria. In this study, data was obtained that 97.1% of male gender research subjects, aged 60-69 years, 37.1%, 45.7% had moderate smoking status, poor quality of life 54.3% and there was a relationship with quality of life in Dr. Reksodiwiryo Padang Hospital (P-value < 0.05). In this research can be concluded that there is a smoking relationship with the quality of life patients of chronic abortive pulmonary disease patients in Dr. Reksodiwiryo Hospital, Padang.Keywords:            Smoking Status, quality of life, COPD. 
Identifikasi Keluhan Peningkatan Berat Badan Pada Pasien Skizofrenia Yang Mendapat Terapi Antipsikotik Di RSJ HB. Saanin Padang Dita Hasni; Althof Sona; Mutiara Anissa; Fredia Heppy
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 16, No 1 (2020): JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DAN KESEHATAN
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.454 KB) | DOI: 10.24853/jkk.16.1.6-11

Abstract

Penggunaan antipsikotik pada penderita skizofrenia memiliki efek blokade reseptor dopaminergik dan serotonergik yang menimbulkan penurunan gejala skizofrenia. Obat ini juga dapat menimbulkan efek samping berupa peningkatan berat badan yang meningkatkan risiko sindroma metabolik dan penyakit kardiovaskular. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi keluhan peningkatan berat badan subjektif pada penderita skizofrenia yang mendapat terapi antipsikotik. Penelitian deskriptif ini menggunakan metode potong lintang dan mengikutsertakan 104 subjek penelitian yang terdiagnosis skizofrenia  dan  menjalani terapi rawat jalan di RS HB Saanin Padang. Subjek direkrut secara konsekutif sampling setelah memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Penelitian ini memperoleh hasil bahwa subjek yang mendapat terapi obat atipikal, tipikal, dan kombinasi mengeluhkan peningkatan berat badan subjektif masing-masing sebesar 59,6% , 60,0% dan 53,2%.  Pada penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat keluhan peningkatan berat badan subjektif pada subjek penelitian yang memperoleh obat antipsikotik terutama golongan atipikal dan kombinasi.
Development Of Stunted Toddlers Aged 24-59 Months Using Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire (Pdq) In Air Dingin Public Health Center, Padang 2019: An Overview Dita Hasni; Febianne Eldrian; Anjas Adisena
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan (Journal of Health Sciences)
Publisher : Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.668 KB) | DOI: 10.33086/jhs.v14i1.1447

Abstract

Background: Stunting is a chronic malnutrition problem that resulted from an insufficient nutritional intake for a long time. This problem can develop during pregnancy, infancy, childhood, and throughout the life cycle due to feeding that does not accommodate the nutritional needs. Stunting correlates with disorders of fine motor, gross motor, language, and personal social skills. Objective: This study aims to perceive an overview of stunted toddlers aged 24-59 months using the Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire (PDQ). Method: The authors carried out this research in Air Dingin public health center, Padang, from April to September 2019. This research was descriptive that included 40 toddlers aged 24-59 months diagnosed with stunting. The data presentation was a frequency distribution table and percentage. Results: This study obtained that 22 toddlers (55.0%) were girls, seven toddlers (17.5%) experienced a developmental deviation, and 26 toddlers (65%) had suspected developmental deviation. In short, there were several cases of stunted toddlers who underwent a developmental deviation
Kualitas Hidup Pasien Pasca Operasi di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang Dita Hasni; Kurnia Fajar; Khomeini Khomeini; Budi Yulhasfi Febrianto
2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol 12, No 1 (2022): Februari 2022
Publisher : FORUM ILMIAH KESEHATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/2trik12110

Abstract

 The World Health Organization (WHO) states that there is an increase in the number of operations, of course this will affect the quality of life of patients. This study aims to determine the quality of life of postoperative patients at RSI Siti Rahmah Padang in 2019. This descriptive study involved 40 patients who visited the Surgery and Pediatric Clinic of RSI Siti Rahmah. This study was limited to variables of gender, age, quality of life, diagnosis and length of patient care. Data were collected through interviews and medical records. Quality of life assessment using a 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. As many as 60% of the patients were women, the mean age was 49.60, there were 35% of patients diagnosed with colonic Ca, the median length of treatment for patients was 3 days, and 82.5% of patients had a quality of life in the good category. It was further concluded that the majority of patients had a good postoperative quality of life.Keywords: quality of life; postoperatively; 6-item short form survey (SF36)ABSTRAK World Health Organization (WHO) menyatakan bahwa terdapat peningkatan jumlah tindakan operasi, tentu saja hal ini akan mempengaruhi kualitas hidup pasien. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas hidup pasien pasca operasi di RSI Siti Rahmah Padang pada tahun 2019. Penelitian deskriptif ini melibatkan 40 pasien yang berkunjung di Poliklinik Bedah dan Anak RSI Siti Rahmah. Penelitian ini dibatasi pada variabel jenis kelamin, usia, kualitas hidup, diagnosis dan lama perawatan pasien. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dan rekam medik. Penilaian kualitas hidup menggunakan kuisioner 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36). Sebanyak 60% pasien adalah perempuan, rerata usia adalah 49,60, ada 35% pasien terdiagnosis Ca colon, median lama perawatan pasien adalah 3 hari, dan 82,5% pasien memiliki kualitas hidup dalam kategori baik. Selanjutnya disimpulkan bahwa mayoritas pasien memiliki kualitas hidup yang baik pasca operasi.Kata kunci: kualitas hidup; pasca operasi; 6-item short form survey (SF36)
GAMBARAN LIFESTYLE PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS PAKAN RABAA GADUT KABUPATEN 50 KOTA TAHUN 2020 Dita Hasni; Wahyu Beryansah; Febianne Eldrian; Sri Nani Jelmila
2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol 11, No 2 (2021): Mei 2021
Publisher : FORUM ILMIAH KESEHATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/2trik11207

Abstract

Hypertension can increase the risk of illness and death. Basically, hypertension is a disease that is difficult to control and tends to be unstable. This study aims to determine the lifestyle description of hypertension sufferers in Pakan Rabaa Gadut Health Center, 50 Kota Regency. This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional design. This study involved 112 hypertensive patients at Pakan Rabaa Gadut Health Center, District 50 Kota. Data are presented in the form of frequency and percentage. This study found that the highest degree of hypertension was isolated systolic hypertension, namely 75 people (67%), the most physical activity was in the moderate category, namely 56 people (50.0%), the most stress was in the moderate category, namely 102 people (91.1%). ), most of the patients who did not smoke were 72 people (64.3%), all of the sufferers did not consume alcohol, namely 112 people (100.0%), the most sex was women, namely 67 people (59.8%) and the largest age was elderly> 65 years, namely 43 people (38.4%). This study concluded that most subjects had moderate levels of physical activity, with moderate stress levels, did not smoke and did not consume alcohol. Keywords: hypertension; physical activity; stress; smoking; alcohol ABSTRAK Hipertensi dapat meningkatkan resiko kesakitan dan kematian. Pada dasarnya hipertensi merupakan suatu penyakit yang sulit dikontrol dan cenderung tidak stabil. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran lifestyle penderita hipertensi di Puskesmas Pakan Rabaa Gadut, Kabupaten 50 Kota. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan desain cross-sectional. Penelitian ini melibatkan 112 penderita hipertensi di Puskesmas Pakan Rabaa Gadut, Kabupaten 50 Kota. Data disajikan dalam bentuk frekuensi dan persentase. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa derajat hipertensi terbanyak adalah hipertensi sistolik terisolasi yaitu 75 orang (67%), aktivitas fisik terbanyak adalah dalam kategori sedang yaitu 56 orang (50,0%), stress terbanyak adalah dalam kategori sedang yaitu 102 orang (91,1%), sebagian besar penderita tidak merokok yaitu 72 orang (64,3%), seluruh penderita tidak mengkonsumsi alkohol yaitu 112 orang (100,0%), jenis kelamin terbanyak adalah perempuan yaitu 67 orang (59,8%) dan umur terbanyak adalah lansia >65 tahun yaitu 43 orang (38,4%). Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa subjek terbanyak memiliki aktivitas fisik dalam tingkat sedang, dengan tingkat stress sedang, tidak merokok dan tidak mengkonsumsi alkohol. Kata kunci: hipertensi; aktivitas fisik; stress; merokok; alkohol
EVALUASI PENGGUNAAN OBAT ANTIHIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS IKUR KOTO KOTA PADANG PERIODE 2018 Anne Laura; Anita Darmayanti; Dita Hasni
HUMAN CARE JOURNAL Vol 5, No 2 (2020): Human Care Journal Special Edition
Publisher : Universitas Fort De Kock

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32883/hcj.v5i2.712

Abstract

Hipertensi ialah suatu peningkatan tekanan darah sistolik dari 130 mmHg dan tekanan darah diastolik lebih dari 80 mmHg pada dua kali pengukuran dengan selang waktu lima menit dalam keadaan tenang. Hipertensi merupakan salah satu penyakit yang tidak menular yang menjadi masalah penting dalam kesehatan. Satu dari lima orang dewasa di seluruh dunia mengalami peningkatan tekanan darah dan menyebabkan 9,4 juta kematian di seluruh dunia setiap tahunnya. Jumlah kematian akibat hipertensi di Indoneis pada tahun 2018 adalah 44,1. Kasus hipertensi terbanyak di Kota Padang tahun 2018 terdapat di Puskesmas Ikur Koto Kota Padang sebanyak 88% atau 1.920 jiwa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui evaluasi penggunaan obat antihipertensi di Puskesmas Ikur Koto Kota Padang Periode 2018. Jenis penelitian ini adalah jenis penelitian deskriptif kategorik. Penelitian ini akan dilakukan di Puskesmas Ikur Koto Kota Padang. Penelitian dilakukan pada April sampai November tahun 2019. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive sampling dan didapatkan sampel sebanyak 39 orang. Data univariet dianalisis dan disajikan dalam bentuk table distribusi frekuensi. Hasil paling banyak pada jenis kelamin perempuan yaitu 25 orang (64,1), paling banyak pada usia 51 sampai 60 yaitu 19 orang (48,7%) dan paling banyak memiliki jenis hipertensi stadium 1 yaitu 26 orang (66,7%). Ketepatan indikasi pengobatan yaitu 26 orang (66,7%). Jenis obat tunggal terbanyak yaitu 39 orang (100%). Ketepatan dosis yaitu 26 orang (66,7%). Evaluasi penggunaan oabt antihipertensi di Puskesmas Ikur Koto Kota Padang yang terbanyak adalah perempuan usia 51 sampai 60 tahun dengan pengobatan tunggal, ketepatan indikasi dan dosis yang sesuai.
Overview of The Incidence of Hyperprolactinemia Side Effects in Schizophrenia Patients With Antipsychotic Therapy Vivinia RA Putri; Dita Hasni; Nadia Purnama Dewi; Mutiara Anissa
Buletin Farmatera Vol 5, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.382 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/bf.v5i2.3761

Abstract

Antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia disorder affects the morbidity and quality of life of the patient, and can lower the patient's adherence to taking antipsychotics, thereby lowering the therapeutic success rate. This study aims to figure out the incidence of hyperprolactinemia side effects in schizophrenia patients receiving antipsychotic therapy. This descriptive research was conducted at HB Saanin Psychiatric Hospital  Padang in January-June 2018. The population in this study is all schizophrenia patients in the HB. Saanin Psychiatric Hospital Padang Year 2018 and involved participants as many as 100 people recruited in consecutive sampling. Data were analyzed using a descriptive statistical method. The results showed that more than half of the patients were 59 people (59.0%) hyperprolactinemia. Patients with gynecomastia amounted to 16 people (16%). Patients with galactorrhea amounted to 3 people (3%). Patients with sexual dysfunction amounted to 19 people (19%). Male patients amounted to 60 people, 21 people (35%) The sexual dysfunction of female patients amounted to 40 people, 26 people (65%) Menstrual cycle changes. More than half of the Schizophrenia patients receiving antipsychotic therapy in this study suffer symptoms of hyperprolactinemia in the manifestation of galactorrhea, gynecomastia, menstrual disorders, and sexual dysfunction.
Identification of Antipsychotic Side Effects with Glassgow Antipsychotic Side-Effect Scale (GASS) Dita Hasni; Vivinia Rahmi Andika Putri; Mutiara Anissa
Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): JHSP Vol 4 No 2 - 2020
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29080/jhsp.v4i2.268

Abstract

Schizophrenia is ranked 4th of the top 10 diseases that burden worldwide. If the population of Indonesia reaches 200 million, it estimates that around two million have Schizophrenia. Based on Data from the World Health Organization (WHO), it estimates that around 24 million people worldwide have schizophrenia.2 the American Psychiatric Association (APA) were reported the incidence of Schizophrenia in the United States is about 1% of the adult population with a total of more than 2 million people. Schizophrenic patients were treated by antipsychotic agents that act to inhibit dopamine receptors, especially D2, and also inhibit adrenergic acetylcholine receptors and serotonin 5-HT2A. It can manifest side effects like extrapyramidal syndrome, amenorrhea, drowsiness, and others. This research aims to the identification of antipsychotic side effects with Glasgow Antipsychotic Side-effect Scale (GASS). 100 schizophrenics in HB. Saanin Mental Hospital were participating in this descriptive study after fulfilling the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. This study used the GASS questionnaire to interview subjects who were signing informed consent and get an explanation about this study. In this study, 92% of subjects reported mild side effects. The frequent complaints were extrapyramidal effects, sedation and CNS effects, anticholinergic effects, and weight gain (93%,80%,70 0% and 70% respectively). We found women complained of the side effects more often (16.38 ± 5.275) than men (12.58 ± 5.484) significantly with the value P = 0.001. Gass instruments can use screening antipsychotic side effects. This study concludes the most side effects complaints being extrapyramidal and drowsiness, and women more commonly found side effects than men.
Penilaian Asupan Makronutrient, Natrium, dan Kalium pada Pasien Hipertensi di Puskesmas Pajar Bulan Dita Hasni; Syakira Olyvia Dwi Nanda; Tri Puspita PAF
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 14 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Kesehatan
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kemenkes Ternate

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32763/juke.v14i2.352

Abstract

Latar belakang : Tekanan darah dapat dipengaruhi oleh pola makan baik berupa asupan zat gizi makro ataupun mikro seperti protein, lemak, karbohidrat, natrium, dan kalium. Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui gambaran asupan karbohidrat, lemak, protein, natrium dan kalium pada pasien dengan hipertensi di Puskesmas Pajar Bulan Kabupaten Muara Enim Tahun 2020. Metode : Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Populasi terjangkau dalam penelitian ini adalah semua pasien hipertensi yang berobat di Puskesmas Pajar Bulan pada bulan Januari Tahun 2019 - Juli Tahun 2020 dengan 48 sampel menggunakan teknik total sampling. Analisa data univariat disajikan dalam bentuk distribusi frekuensi dan persentase dan pengolahan data menggunakan komputerisasi program SPSS versi 25.0. Hasil : Asupan karbohidrat terbanyak adalah cukup yaitu 39 orang (81,3%), asupan protein terbanyak adalah lebih yaitu 33 orang (68,8%), asupan lemak terbanyak adalah cukup yaitu 32 orang (66,7%), asupan natrium terbanyak adalah lebih yaitu 32 orang (66,7%) dan asupan natrium terbanyak adalah kurang yaitu 48 orang (100%). Kesimpulan : Asupan karbohidrat terbanyak adalah cukup, asupan protein terbanyak adalah lebih, asupan lemak terbanyak adalah cukup, asupan natrium terbanyak adalah lebih dan asupan natrium terbanyak adalah kurang 
EARLY DETECTION OF HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA IN THE ELDERLY Debie Anggraini; Dita Hasni
Jurnal Abdimas Saintika Vol 3, No 2 (2021): November Jurnal Abdimas Saintika
Publisher : Stikes Syedza Saintika Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30633/jas.v3i2.1173

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia is total cholesterol inblood with high cholesterol levels that is 200 mg/dl. Hypercholesterolemia is one of the indicators of atherosclerosis in blood vessels and become a top priority in overcoming health problems in developed and developing countries. The cause of hypercholesterolemia is the intake of unhealthy food, such as overeating fat, low consumption of fruits and vegetables, obesity, low physical activity, hypertension, stress, smoking and alcohol use.