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Stres dan koping Perempuan Hamil yang Didiagnosis HIV/AIDS di DKI Jakarta: Studi Grounded Theory Yulia Irvani Dewi; Setyowati Setyowati; Yati Afiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2008): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v12i2.210

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan pendekatan grounded theory yang bertujuan mengidentifikasi stres dan koping perempuan hamil yang didiagnosis HIV/AIDS. Jumlah partisipan sebanyak enam orang. Pengumpulan data dengan teknik observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan telaah literatur. Hasil analisis didapatkan tujuh tema yaitu 1) khawatir terhadap keselamatan janin, 2) diperlakukan berbeda dari perempuan hamil lainnya, 3) banyak membutuhkan biaya pengobatan, 4) tidak nyaman didiagnosis HIV/AIDS, 5) kebutuhan dukungan dari keluarga dan teman, 6) koping, dan 7) harapan memiliki anak yang sehat. Penelitian ini dapat bermanfaat dalam pengelolaan dan memahami stres yang dialami perempuan hamil yang didiagnosis HIV/AIDS, sehingga asuhan keperawatan yang diberikan efektif dan optimal. Implikasi penelitian ini berupa informasi bagi pemerintah dan perawat yang bekerja di area keperawatan maternitas tentang kebijakan pengelolaan HIV/AIDS bagi perempuan hamil. AbstractThis qualitative research identified stress and coping mechanism on pregnant women who were diagnosed HIV/AIDS using grounded theory approach. There were six participants involved in the study. Data were collected using in-depth interview, observation, and literature review. Seven themes were found: 1) being worry on the safety of the fetus, 2) being treated differently from other pregnant women, 3) the expensive treatment 4) the discomfort being diagnosed HIV/AIDS, 5) the need of family’s and friends’ support, 6) coping mechanism, and 7) the expectation to have healthy children. This study can provide information to the decision maker and the nurses who work in the area maternity nursing care in managing pregnant women with HIV/AIDS.
Effectiveness of the Ageratum (Ageratum conyzoides) Leaf Extract as Botanical Fungicide Against Twisted Disease of Shallot Rianosa Rianosa; Hartal Hartal; Setyowati Setyowati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): JLSO
Publisher : Research Center for Sub-optimal Lands (PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.536 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.9.1.2020.436

Abstract

Rianosa R, Hartal H, Setyowati N. 2020. Effectiveness of the Ageratum (Ageratum conyzoides) leaf extract as botanical fungicide against moler diseases of shallot. Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands 9(1): 1-10.  Moler is a major disease of onion caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cepae. Application of synthetic fungicides in the long-term has a negative effect to the environment. Weed leaves of Ageratum (Ageratum conyzoides) have potential to be an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial as well as anti-cancer. This study aimed to determine the best concentration of Ageratum leaf extract to control twisted disease and to compare the effectiveness of botanical fungicide and synthetic fungicide. The research was conducted in June - September 2018 at the Plant Protection Laboratory and greenhouse, University of Bengkulu. The experiment was consists of five Ageratum leaf extract concentrations as a botanical fungicide (i.e. 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%), and synthetic fungicide namely mancozeb and metil tiofanat and control treatment (in sterile soil with no fungicide treatment). The experiment used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with a single factor. Ageratum leaf extract was obtained through the maceration method using ethanol 96%. The application of fungicide was carried out on shallot bulbs before planting. The results showed botanical fungicides from Ageratum leaf extract were effective against twisted disease of shallots, concentration 4% of Ageratum leaf extract resulted in a longer incubation period and lower disease intensity compared to other concentrations, and the effectiveness of Ageratum leaf extract at a concentration of 4% was comparable to that of mancozeb to control twisted disease. Application of both synthetic and botanical fungicide resulted in a higher yield of shallot. Therefore, Ageratum leaf extract has potential as a substitution of synthetic fungicides to control twisted disease of shallots.
Pengaruh teknik pengolahan terhadap kandungan beta-karoten pada brokoli (Brassica oleracea L.) Mario Febrianus Helan Sani; Setyowati Setyowati; Sri Kadaryati
Ilmu Gizi Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Februari
Publisher : Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.646 KB) | DOI: 10.35842/ilgi.v2i2.108

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Latar Belakang: Beta-karoten merupakan salah satu isomer karoten yang bisa ditemukan pada sayuran berwarna hijau tua atau kuning tua (seperti wortel dan brokoli). Brokoli merupakan sayuran yang memiliki kandungan beta-karoten yang cukup tinggi, yaitu 623 IU/100 gram. Namun, proses pengolahan brokoli menjadi hidangan dapat menurunkan kandungan beta-karotennya. Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh teknik pengolahan terhadap kandungan beta-karoten pada brokoli. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observational di laboratorium. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak sederhana dengan dua kali pengulangan dan satu unit percobaan. Teknik pengolahan yang dilakukan adalah merebus, mengukus, dan menumis. Brokoli mentah digunakan sebagai kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Februari–Maret 2017. Analisis kadar beta-karoten dilakukan di Laboratorium Chem-mix Pratama Yogyakarta dengan metode spektrofotometri. Hasil: Kadar beta-karoten tertinggi terdapat pada brokoli mentah diikuti dengan brokoli yang ditumis, dikukus dan direbus. Persen penurunan kadar beta-karoten yang direbus, dikukus dan ditumis dibandingkan dengan brokoli mentah masing-masing sebesar 45,87%, 33,52% dan 22,25%. Ada penurunan kadar beta-karoten yang signifikan setelah direbus, ditumis, maupun dikukus dibandingkan dengan brokoli segar (p<0,05). Kesimpulan: Kadar beta-karoten pada brokoli mengalami penurunan setelah dilakukan pengolahan dengan cara direbus, dikukus, dan ditumis. Merebus mengakibatkan penurunan kadar betakaroten terbanyak dibandingkan dengan kedua proses lainnya.
THE EFFECT OF CONSUME GINGER AND HONEY BISCUITS ON THE FRECUENCY OF NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN TEENAGE PREGNANCY Citra Indah Fitriwati; Setyowati Setyowati; Tri Budiati
Journal of Maternity Care and Reproductive Health Vol 2, No 4 (2019): Journal of Maternity Care and Reproductive Health
Publisher : Ikatan Perawat Maternitas Indonesia Provinsi Jawa Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36780/jmcrh.v2i4.113

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The risk of complication that occur during pregnancy at a young age increasing maternal and infant mortality. Nausea and vomiting occur commonly during pregnancy but it will risk becoming more severe in teenage pregnancy, so it need to be prevented. Nonpharmacological therapy with ginger honey biscuits was used in this quantitative study to relieve nausea and vomiting in teenage pregnancy. Quasi-experiment design was used in this study with pre and post test of 32 respondents in control group and 32 respondents in intervention group. The respondent is teenage pregnancy 12-19 years old and experience nausea, vomiting. Pregnancy Unique Quantification of Emesis and Nausea (PUQE) Questionnaire used in this study to show the nausea and vomiting scores experienced by teenage pregnancy pre and post intervention ginger honey biscuits. This study conducted to identify the effect of consuming ginger biscuits and honey on the frequency of nausea and vomiting in teenage pregnancy. The results showed that there was a difference in the frequency of nausea and vomiting of teenage pregnancy before and after consume ginger honey biscuits. The recommendation of this research is the using of ginger honey biscuits as nursing intervention to relieve nausea and vomiting in teenage pregnancy.Keywords: ginger honey biscuits; nausea and vomiting; teenage pregnancy.
Perilaku Caring Perawat Pelaksana di Sebuah Rumah Sakit di Bandung: Studi Grounded Theory Blacius Dedi; Setyowati Setyowati; Yati Afiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2008): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v12i1.198

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AbstrakPerilaku caring belum diaplikasikan optimal dalam pelayanan keperawatan. Studi grounded theory ini bertujuan memperoleh gambaran perilaku caring perawat pelaksana sebuah RS di Bandung. Enam perawat pelaksana dari enam ruangan rawat inap di rumah sakit tersebut diobservasi dan diwawancara mendalam. Data dianalisis secara tematik. Penelitian menemukan tujuh tema yaitu sikap peduli terhadap pemenuhan kebutuhan klien, bertanggung jawab memenuhi kebutuhan klien, ramah dalam melayani, sikap tenang dan sabar dalam melayani klien, selalu siap sedia memenuhi kebutuhan klien, memberikan motivasi kepada klien, dan sikap empati dengan klien dan keluarganya. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan perlunya membudayakan perilaku caring melalui pendidikan berkelanjutan, supervisi, dan pengarahan intensif. AbstractThe caring behavior is still partially performed by nurses. This grounded theory study examined the caring behavior of the nurses. Six nurse staffs from the six different wards at a hospital in Bandung were observed and deeply interviewed. The data was analyzed thematically. The result identified seven themes namely concern on fulfilling client’s need, responsibility on fulfilling client’s need, friendly and hospitality, calm and patient in helping client, readiness and willing to help client, give motivation to client, and empathy to the client and the family. This research suggested the importance of continuing education, effective direction and supervision to establish the culture of caring behavior among nurses.
Strategi Bersaing Keripik Singkong Cap Gerus Produksi UKM Sumekar Pratiwi Kabupaten Tuban Mohamad Harisudin Mahfud; Setyowati Setyowati; Nizar Utami
AGRISAINTIFIKA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Agrisaintifika
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Veteran Bangun Nusantara Sukoharjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32585/ags.v1i1.36

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This research aim to assess the determinants of success of Cassava Chips Gerus, assess the competitive position of Cassava Chips Gerus, and formulate the alternative strategies for SME Sumekar Pratiwi in order to market their products. The basic method used in this research is descriptive analytic. Subject of this research is determined purposively. The data used in this study are primary and secondary data. This study used Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM) as its analysis data method. The result shows factors that determined the success of cassava chips Gerus brand. Based on CPM analytic, the product of cassava chips Gerus brand (3.116) occupies the second position in comparison to its competitors, namely cassava chips C (2.058) and cassava chips D (1.655). Cassava chips B (3,171) occupies the first position. Alternative competitive strategy that can be applied to the cassava chips Gerus is to promote the brand Gerus brand through sales-force promotion, conduct product positioning to create the image of quality products: that taste more savory, has the most recognized brands, more attractive label design and label information is more informative, and benchmark color, taste of the final product after the meal and set prices quantity discounts to final consumersKey words: Cassava Chips, Competitive Profile Matrix, Competitive Strategy
Etnografi Sebagai Metode Pilihan dalam Penelitian Kualitatif di Keperawatan Setyowati Setyowati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2006): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v10i1.171

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AbstrakEtnografi merupakan salah satu metode kualitatif yang tertua dari riset sosial. Metode ini sangat tepat untuk meneliti masalah budaya, dan biasanya selalu terpilih sebagai metode penelitian bidang sosial khususnya antrpologi. Makalah ini akan menjelaskan latar belakang etnografi dengan mendiskusikan sedikit tentang penggunaannya pada penelitian kesehatan khususnya keperawatan. AbstractEthnography is one of the famous and oldest qualitative method that used in social research. This method is very precise to research about culture, and is commonly used in the social especially anthropology researches. This paper will discuss about the use of ethnography in the health research especially in nursing.
DESAIN SISTEM KENDALI MESIN PENGUJI KEBOCORAN UDARA MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM KENDALI PLC OMRON CJ2M DI HVAC (HEATING, VENTILATING, AND AIR CONDITIONING) Syahril Ardi; Setyowati Setyowati
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 5, No 4 (2016): JTM Edisi Spesial 2016
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/jtm.v5i4.1219

Abstract

Pada proses produksi pembuatan komponen HVAC (Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning) dari perusahaan manufaktur di Indonesia, memerlukan proses pengecekan kebocoran pada bagian HVAC. Proses pengecekan ini dilakukan untuk memastikan tidak ada komponen HVAC yang bocor sebelum dikirim ke pihak pelanggan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membuat system dan alat air leak test.Mesin air leak test ini menggunakan prinsip kerja differential pressure air leak test, yaitumetode yang membandingkanantaratekananudara yang diberikankeprodukdan master produk. Padapenelitian ini, kami membuat disain mesin air leak test menggunakan system kendali berupa air leak tester, PLC, dan HMI.Berdasarkankondisidengankapasitasproduksi yang meningkat karena bertambahnya permintaan dari customer, dapat ditanggulangi dengan adanya share loading produksi dari HVAC line 4 ke line baru, yaitu HVAC line 6. Hasil yang didapat dari pengujian deteksi kebocoran produk,didapat nilai parameter kebocoran produk sebesar 2.23 ml/min.
Peningkatan Produksi ASI Ibu Nifas Seksio Sesarea Melalui Pemberian Paket "Sukses ASI" Tri Budiati; Setyowati Setyowati; Novy Helena CD
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.233

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AbstrakIbu nifas sering mengalami masalah menyusui diantaranya karena kurangnya produksi ASI. Penelitian ini bertujuan melihat keefektifan pemberian paket "SUKSES ASI" ibu menyusui dengan seksio sesarea terhadap produksi ASI di wilayah Depok. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimen dengan post test only design. Jumlah sampel adalah 29 orang kelompok intervensi dan 31 orang kelompok kontrol. Uji kesetaraan karakteristik didapatkan hasil tidak ada perbedaan bermakna antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol (p> α, α< 0,05). Hasil uji analisis dengan Chi-Square didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna antara kepuasan produksi ASI (p= 0,002, OR 95% CI 9,244), kelancaran produksi ASI dari indikator bayi (p= 0,000, OR 95 % CI 9,000) dan kelancaran produksi ASI dari indikator ibu (p= 0,004, OR 95 % CI 0,181) antara kelompok intervensi dan kontrol. Diharapkan paket "SUKSES ASI" ini dapat digunakan dalam intervensi keperawatan maternitas, serta pengembangan paket yang lebih sempurna melalui penelitian lanjutan dengan survei pengkajian kebutuhan ibu post seksio sesarea untuk kelancaran produksi ASI. AbstractPostpartum mothers often have feeding problems include lack of milk production. This study purposed to look at the effectiveness of the package "SUKSES ASI" nursing mother with caesarean section on milk production in the area of Depok. This study used quasi-experimental design with a post test only design. Number of samples was 29 intervention group and 31 control group. Equivalence test characteristics obtained results no significant difference between the intervention and control groups (p> α, α< 0,05). The results with the Chi-Square analysis found significant differences between milk production satisfaction (p= 0,002, OR 95% CI 9,244), the smooth production of the indicators of infant milk (p= 0,000, OR 95% CI 9,000) and lactation of indicators mothers (p= 0,004, OR 95% CI 0,181) between the intervention and control groups. Expected package "SUKSES ASI" can be used in maternity nursing interventions, as well as the development of a more complete package through continued research with the needs assessment survey of post-caesarean section for maternal lactation.
Peran Perawat Dalam Menurunkan IMR dan MMR Melalui Desa Siaga Setyowati Setyowati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2007): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v11i1.183

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AbstrakAngka kematian ibu dan bayi di Indonesia yang masih tinggi serta Indonesia yang berada di lingkungan yang berbahaya alamnya membuat masyarakat harus selalu sadar dan siaga untuk mempersiapkan diri dalam segala hal. Oleh sebab itu pemerintah melakukan mobilisasi massa dan pemberdayaan masyarakat serta mendorong setiap desa mengembangkan “desa siaga “ sebelum akhir 2008. Perawat yang merupakan ujung tombak pelayanan kesehatan yang bekerja selama 24 jam, merupakan tenaga yang seharusnya diperhitungkan untuk kesuksesan program ini. Maka perawat dengan mengacu dari prinsip –prinsip praktik keperawatan komunitas yaitu: kemanfaatan, prinsip otonomi, keadilan harus dapat menerapkan perannya sebagai pemberi pelayanan, pendidik, pengelola, konselor, advokat/pembela pasien, dan sebagai peneliti. AbstractThe Indonesian infant mortality rates and maternal mortality rates that still high, and also the position of Indonesia islands in a very danger area, makes the community have to be aware in every aspect and ready to for catastrophe that every time can happen. For that reason the Indonesian government starts to mobilize the community and empower them by encouraging to develop”desa siaga’ or “prepared villages” in every village before 2008. Nurses as the grass rotes in the health service that work 24 hours can utilize for successful of this program. Nurses with their principles of community intervention: benefit, autonomy, and equality have to apply their roles as care provider, educator, manager, counselor, advocate, and researcher.