Pujoyuwono Martosuyono
Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnology

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Ethanolic Fermentation Efficiency of Seaweed Solid Waste Hydrolysates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pujoyuwono Martosuyono; Ifah Munifah; Gesty Aulia Ningrum
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 11, No 1 (2016): May 2016
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v11i1.231

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine the saccharification and the fermentation efficiency of seaweed solid waste hydrolysate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Accession number 3012.254) in anaerobic condition. The optimum saccharification yield of acid pretreated waste (40.93±1.72)% was obtained after 48 hours with  saccharification rate of (0.51±0.02) g/l.h. Higher yield was shown by NaOH pretreated waste (67.29±1.24)% after 24 hours with saccharification rate of (0.81±0.06) g/l.h. The fermentation of enzymatic hydrolysates of acid and alkali pretreated samples by S. cerevisiae produced a maximum of 7.52±0.24 g/l and 14.5±0.54 g/l ethanol respectively after 72 hours fermentation. Maximum ethanol yield was 0.31±0.03 g/g and 0.40±0.02 g/g sugar respectively for acid and alkali pretreated samples. The ethanol yields showed that alkali pretreated sample produces higher conversion substrate ratio (80% of theoretical yield) compared to acid pretreated sample (62% of theoretical yield).
Chemical Pretreatment and Enzymatic Saccharification of Seaweed Solid Wastes Pujoyuwono Martosuyono; Andi Hakim; Yusro Nuri Fawzya
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 10, No 2 (2015): August 2015
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v10i2.130

Abstract

The technical feasibility of seaweed waste utilization as a resource of renewable energy was investigated in this paper. The production of fermentable sugars from seaweed waste was studied by dilute sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide pretreatment and further enzymatic hydrolysis. Pretreatment was conducted by using 1.0 and 2.0% dilute sulfuric acid w/v and 4 and 5% sodium hydroxide w/v for 30 min at 121 oC. Pretreated seaweed wastes were analyzed by X­Ray Diffraction (XRD) to examine the crystallinity index of the cellulose and observed using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to examine the changes in structure of cellulose fiber. Saccharification of pretreated seaweed waste was carried out using crude cellulase enzyme provided by Pulp and Paper Research Center in Bandung. Saccharification was done in shake flask with 20% of substrate in citrate phosphate buffer at 30 oC and 50 oC, agitation of 150 rpm in shaking incubator for 48 h. Samples were collected at 2, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h for further analysis. Enzyme concentrations were varied between 10­50 U/g dry samples. The results showed that dilute acid and base pretreatment of seaweed solid waste can be used to improve the digestibility of seaweed waste. It successfully acted by reducing the lignin content and degrading the structure of cellulose from crystalline into amorphous form which is more susceptible to the enzyme action.The optimum pretreatment condition was shown by 4% NaOH at 121 oC for 30 min, producing the most fermentable sugar concentration. Sugar concentration produced by saccharification was optimum at 50 oC, enzyme concentration of 50 U/g sample for 24 h base pretreatment. The results of the experiment were expected to contribute in the process development of bioconversion of lignocellulosic materials into renewable energy sources. 
DESALINATION OF CHITOOLOGOSACCAHARIDES USING GEL FILTRATION AND ULTRAFILTRATION Pujoyuwono Martosuyono; Asri Pratitis; Alexander Prasetya; Elisabeth Kartika Prabawati
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 9, No 3 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v9i3.110

Abstract

Chitooligosaccharide (COS) , which is a derivative product from chitosan, has recently been used as a functional food because it has antimicrobial, antifungal, and antitumor properties. The salt content in chitooligosaccharide is one of the main problems in application as functional food or pharmaceutical medicine. The aim of this study was to remove salt from COS with two desalting techniques and determine the variation of COSs in the product. The desalting technique used were dialysis with 10kD Molecular Weight Cut Off (MWCO) and gel filtration chromatography HiPrep 26/10 desalting with G-25 Superfine Sephadex as stationary phase in the column. In order to detect the presence of COS, Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) method was used, followed by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI–TOF–MS) to detect low concentration of COS. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of salt presence were identified using silver nitrate and Volhard method respectively. Ash content was measured using gravimetric method. Results showed those dialysis and gel filtration chromatographies were successfully remove the most of the salt from COS with efficiency of desalting up to 100%. However, the best desalting technique was gel filtration chromatography HiPrep 26/10 which has more complete COS with various degrees of polymerization present in the result.