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RITUAL RAMBUT GEMBEL DALAM ARUS EKSPANSI PASAR PARIWISATA Soehadha, Moh.
WALISONGO Vol 21, No 2 (2013): Walisongo, "agama lokal"
Publisher : IAIN Walisongo Semarang

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Abstract

AbstractThis article focusing on religious and social change in Dieng tourism society and itsrelation with state capitalism. The government has commercialize gembel hairritual (ritual rambut gembel) by tourism policy, that long have been live in Diengcommunity. In this article indicated that there are two variants of the socialresponse to the change, the people who accept and reject society. The receivingsociety is the people that having an interest in economic on activities of the tourismdevelopment, whereas the rejecter society is the people that hold belief and traditionfaithful. Theoretically, this study gives an explanation that public religiosity into thevalue system which affect people’s behavior to confirm the mode of economicproduction runs, as well as oversee social change.***Tulisan ini mengambil fokus pada agama dan perubahan sosial akibat ekspansipasar pariwisata di dataran tinggi Dieng, dan hubungannya dengan kapitalismenegara. Pemerintah telah mengusahakan ritual rambut gembel sebagai komoditaspariwisata di dataran tinggi Dieng. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa ada duavarian respon sosial terhadap perubahan akibat ekspansi pasar pariwisata, yaitumasyarakat yang menerima dan masyarakat yang menolak. Masyarakatpenerima adalah orang-orang yang memiliki kepentingan di bidang ekonomidalam kegiatan pengembangan pariwisata, sedangkan masyarakat yang menolakadalah orang-orang yang memegang keyakinan dan tradisi lokal. Secara teoritis,studi ini memberi penjelasan bahwa religiusitas masyarakat dipengaruhi olehmoda produksi ekonomi yang ada.Keywords: rambut gembel, tradisi lokal, religiusitas, pariwisata,produksi ekonomi
KEKERASAN KOLEKTIF DAN DIALOG KEBUDAYAAN: Belajar Dari Pengalaman Kekerasan Menjelang Reformasi di Indonesia Soehadha, Moh.
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol 15, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

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Abstract

This article unravels the causes, the patterns and the solutions of collective violence in Indonesia. The study uses data rooted from the historical experience of collective violence that occurred from 1995 to 1997, prior to the 1998’s Indonesian Reform. The experience of violence in Indonesia that occurred in quick succession before the reform era became a historical document on the causes and patterns of violence, so it could be discussed to find a solution to the violence in Indonesia in the future. The analysis showed that there is violence’s potential rooted in culture. In anthropological view, the concept of "culture of peace" becomes part of a study of local wisdom. It is safe to say that the concept the culture bears the system of symbolic or ethos of violence, at the same time it also holds the ethos of culture of peace. The causes of violence in Indonesia could be analyzed from the cultural mechanisms that legitimize violence. Thus, the solution of the violence could also be searched by studying mechanism that legitimizes the culture of peace.
Islam, Kristen, dan Aruh: Agama Baru dan Perubahan Agroekosistem Peladang Dayak Loksado, Kalimantan Soehadha, Moh.
JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jsw.2018.2.1.2481

Abstract

This article focuses on the influence of new religions (Islam and Christianity) to the changing of agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado. In line with the government policy in employing modern agricultural farming, spreading new religions (Islam and Christianity) have affected the changing of traditional farming to the modern one. This research aims to know the influence of religious conversion in an agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado and several influential factors and also the impact of that system. Using qualitative as an approach, the data are collected from in-depth interview focused on special region named Balai Padang, Malinau, Loksado. The result of this research shows that conversion to a new religion has changed agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado in terms of belief and practice for some people. Moreover, swidden cultivation or nomad agriculture has changed into a permanent one gradually. There are several influential factors decreasing of a local field for paddies and availability of field for rubbers and palms plantations.
RITUAL RAMBUT GEMBEL DALAM ARUS EKSPANSI PASAR PARIWISATA Soehadha, Moh.
Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan Vol 21, No 2 (2013): Agama Lokal
Publisher : LP2M - Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ws.21.2.249

Abstract

This article focusing on religious and social change in Dieng tourism society and its relation with state capitalism. The government has commercialize gembel hair ritual (ritual rambut gembel) by tourism policy, that long have been live in Dieng community. In this article indicated that there are two variants of the social response to the change, the people who accept and reject society. The receiving society is the people that having an interest in economic on activities of the tourism development, whereas the rejecter society is the people that hold belief and tradition faithful. Theoretically, this study gives an explanation that public religiosity into the value system which affect people’s behavior to confirm the mode of economic production runs, as well as oversee social change.***Tulisan ini mengambil fokus pada agama dan perubahan sosial akibat ekspansi pasar pariwisata di dataran tinggi Dieng, dan hubungannya dengan kapitalisme negara. Pemerintah telah mengusahakan ritual rambut gembel sebagai komo­ditas pariwisata di dataran tinggi Dieng. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa ada dua varian respon sosial terhadap perubahan akibat ekspansi pasar pariwisata, yaitu masyarakat yang menerima dan masyarakat yang menolak. Masyarakat penerima adalah orang-orang yang memiliki kepentingan di bidang ekonomi dalam kegiatan pengembangan pariwisata, sedangkan masyarakat yang menolak adalah orang-orang yang memegang keyakinan dan tradisi lokal. Secara teoritis, studi ini memberi penjelasan bahwa religiusitas masyarakat dipengaruhi oleh moda produksi ekonomi yang ada.
TEORI FUNGSIONALISME B. MALINOWSKI DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP STUDI AGAMA-AGAMA Soehadha, Moh.
Religi: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 4, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/rejusta.2005.%x

Abstract

 Dalam khsanah ilmu antropologi dan Ilmu sosial umumnya, teori fungsionalisme yang dirintis oleh Bronislaw Malinowski (1884-1942) merupakan teori klasik yang begitu berpengaruh pada awal perkembangan ilmu Antropologi pada abad ke-19. Namun demikian, meskipun teori itu dikenal sebagai teori klasik, sebagai sebuah grand theory yang sangat berpengaruh dalam perkembangan teori antropologi kontemporer, teori tersebut masih banyak dijadikan landasan konseptual para ilmuwan sosial masa kini dalam berbagai kajian masyarakat dan kebudayaan. Demikian halnya dalam studi tentang sistem religi, dalam banyak hal teori ini masih relevan untuk menjadi sebuah acuan teoretis dalam melakukan telaah antropologis terhadap fenomena sosial keagamaan. Tulisan berikut mengurai kembali asumsi dasar dan landasan konseptual yang dibangun oleh Malinowski dalam mengembangkan teori fungsionalisme dan implikasinya terhadap kajian agama-agama.  
Positivisme dalam Ilmu Sosial dan Implikasinya terhadap Teori dan Kajian tentang Agama Soehadha, Moh.
Religi: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 1, No 2 (2002)
Publisher : UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/rejusta.2002.%x

Abstract

Selama abad ke-19 hingga awal abad ke-20, pendekatan positivisme sangat dominan mempengaruhi kajian Antropologi dan Sosiologi. Filsafat positivisme pada hakikatnya memandang bahwa ilmu pengetahuan itu, baik ilmu sosial maupun ilmu alam adalah satu (unity of science), dan keduanya memiliki basis metodologi dan prosedur ilmiah yang sama. Analisis sosiologi dengan demikian, sebagaimana dilakukan oleh Comte, harus menempuh metodologi ilmiah yang ada, yaitu ilmu alam (natural science of society). Tulisan ini menguraikan pengaruh positivisme terhadap kajian ilmu sosial (antropologi dan sosiologi) tentang agama. Telaah tentang positivisme ilmu sosial dan implikasinya terhadap kajian tentang agama didasarkan pada dua paradigma besar yang cukup berpengaruh dalam ilmu sosial, yaitu kerangka ilmu evolusi dan kerangka teori struktural-fungsionalisme. Dalam dua dataran kerangka teori itu, tampak bahwa kajian tentang agama memberikan tekanan pada persoalan yang hanya bersifat empiris. Telaah tentang agama, terlepas dari persoalan yang bersifat simbolik interpretif, dan lepas dari kesadaran manusia akan keyakinan-keyakinan.
Islam, Kristen, dan Aruh: Agama Baru dan Perubahan Agroekosistem Peladang Dayak Loksado, Kalimantan Soehadha, Moh.
JSW (Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo) Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/jsw.2018.2.1.2481

Abstract

This article focuses on the influence of new religions (Islam and Christianity) to the changing of agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado. In line with the government policy in employing modern agricultural farming, spreading new religions (Islam and Christianity) have affected the changing of traditional farming to the modern one. This research aims to know the influence of religious conversion in an agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado and several influential factors and also the impact of that system. Using qualitative as an approach, the data are collected from in-depth interview focused on special region named Balai Padang, Malinau, Loksado. The result of this research shows that conversion to a new religion has changed agroecosystem in Dayak Loksado in terms of belief and practice for some people. Moreover, swidden cultivation or nomad agriculture has changed into a permanent one gradually. There are several influential factors decreasing of a local field for paddies and availability of field for rubbers and palms plantations.