Ispurwono Soemarno
Department of Architecture, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

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PERSONALIZATION OF SPACE IN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SETTING WITHIN VERTICAL HOUSING AS SUSTAINABLE LIVING Astuti, Susy Budi; Setijanti, Purwanita; Soemarno, Ispurwono
DIMENSI: Journal of Architecture and Built Environment Vol 44, No 1 (2017): JULY 2017
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (370.64 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/dimensi.44.1.37-44

Abstract

Personalization is an individual or group‟s ownership of a place or object, initially as physical and non-physical. The quality of housing which is influenenced by the social environment, economy, culture, defines the life of the inhabitant. Welfare, security, assuredness of infrastructure, housing quality, environment quality and the human resources are the elementsthat should be sustainable living. Housing as a physical function, is a shelter that is designed with physical building quality.While housing as a social function is reviewed based on the inhabitant’s behavior (both individually and socially) withits enviroment. The process of personalization aims to meet the needs and achievements thatsuits the user group’s character to generate sustainable living. Personalization in personal/private territory includes individual or a group’s participation, whereas in communal territory the participants are constantly changing. The phenomenon of ownership and involvement in different settings, is an interesting subject to obtain a deeper understanding of, on the different concepts of personalization. This research aims to formulate personalization based on ownership and involvement of vertical apartment residence in private and public setting. Several researches state that vertical apartment residences tend to pay less attention to social/public factors, despite the presence of a public space with shared ownership. This research is conducted with a qualitative method which is initiated with literature review on the realm of study of Environment Behavior Studies along with questionnaire and observation to represent results of field data. Within this research, the results of discussion regarding personalization of space behavior is a study concept of the sustainability living of community in apartment residence that suits the user group‟s character, which is in private and public setting. So expect this study may be considered for housing planning policy in urban apartments which not only the physical factors of structural but also character of its occupants.
KEARIFAN LOKAL TRADISIONAL MASYARAKAT NELAYAN PADA PERMUKIMAN MENGAPUNG DI DANAU TEMPE SULAWESI SELATAN Naing, Naidah; Santosa, Happy Ratna; Soemarno, Ispurwono
Local Wisdom : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal Vol 1, No 1 (2009): November 2009
Publisher : Merdeka Malang University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26905/lw.v1i1.1362

Abstract

Masyarakat nelayan yang bermukim pada rumah mengapung di Danau Tempe memiliki kearifan lokal berupa hukum adat yang bersumber pada keyakinan dan berkembang melalui proses adaptasi yang telah diwariskan dari generasi ke generasi. Kearifan lokal ini diyakini dapat menciptakan keselarasan, keserasian, keseimbangan dan kelestarian antara manusia, lingkungan permukiman dan lingkungan alam di Danau Tempe. Jika tradisi dan hukum adat ini dilanggar, maka akan merusak keseimbangan sistem kehidupan di lingkungan danau, sehingga Macoa Tappareng sebagai ketua adat akan memberikan sangsi kepada setiap orang yangmelakukan pelanggaran tersebut. Metode penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan etno-arsitektur digunakan untuk menggali kearifan tradisi masyarakat nelayan yang bermukim pada permukiman mengapung yang alamiah di Danau Tempe. Teknik analisis Model Spradley dipakai dalam menguraikan bentuk-bentuk kearifan lokal yang telah diwariskan secara turun-temurun. Hasil penelitian menggambarkan adanya kekuatan hukum adat sangat dominan mempengaruhi perilaku dan kehidupan masyarakat nelayan dalam bermukim di floating house, beraktifitas sosial, budaya dan beraktifitas ekonomi diatas air. Pembagian area privat, semi privat dan area publik di lingkungan Danau Tempe adalah kearifan tradisi yang telah dilakukan oleh beberapa generasi. Jika terjadi pelanggaran terhadap hukum adat, diyakini akan merusak keseimbangan hidup nelayan dan merusak kelestarian lingkungan, sehingga dikenakan sangsi-sangsi yang oleh masyarakat setempat dikenal dengan istilah idosa (di hukum) dengan melakukan upacara Maccerak Tappareng secara perorangan yang dipimpin oleh Macoa Tappareng. Hal ini di yakini sebagai bentuk permohonan maaf masyarakat nelayan atas kesalahan perlakukan terhadap lingkungan alamdi Danau Tempe.