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UTANG LUAR NEGERI PEMERINTAH INDONESIA : KAJIAN TERHADAP FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH I Wayan Gayun Widharma; I Made Kembar Sri Budhi; Anak Agung Istri Ngurah Marhaeni
E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana Volume 02. No.02. Tahun 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

ABSTRAKPembayaran kembali utang luar negeri dan bunganya meningkat dari tahun ke tahun seiring dengan meningkatnya jumlah akumulasi utang luar negeri, sehingga membebani Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN). Beban utang pada akhirnya memperburuk kondisi masyarakat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penerimaan pajak tidak langsung dan defisit anggaran pada utang luar negeri melalui pengeluaran pembangunan, pengaruh tidak langsung dari defisit anggaran dan pembayaran utang luar negeri dengan utang luar negeri melalui pertukaran dolar dan langsung menentukan pengaruh pengeluaran pembangunan, nilai tukar dolar, utang luar negeri tahun sebelumnya terhadap utang luar negeri pemerintah.Variabel dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis jalur untuk menentukan dampak langsung dan tidak langsung dari variabel dalam model pembelajaran. Pengujian validitas model dengan menggunakan koefisien determinasi total dan teori triming untuk menentukan besarnya variasi dalam utang luar negeri yang dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel eksogen nya. Data diambil membentuk mempublikasikan BPS, Kemenkeu dan BI.Berdasarkan hasil regresi, ditemukan bahwa efek dari penerimaan pajak untuk utang luar negeri pemerintah melalui pengeluaran pembangunan sebesar 24,4 persen dan menjadi variabel yang paling dominan di antara variabel-variabel yang secara tidak langsung mempengaruhi utang luar negeri pemerintah. Pengaruh pengeluaran pembangunan total utang luar negeri pemerintah sebesar 25,2 persen. Pengaruh nilai tukar dollar terhadap total tingkat utang luar negeri pemerintah sebesar 26,3 persen. Pengaruh utang luar negeri total tahun sebelumnya terhadap utang luar negeri pemerintah sebesar 39,5 persen dan merupakan variabel yang paling dominan yang mempengaruhi utang luar negeri pemerintah.Untuk mengurangi beban utang luar negeri di masa mendatang pemerintah harus meningkatkan penerimaan pajak agar dapat membiayai anggaran seluruh negara dan menghentikan kebijakan menutup utang lama dengan utang baru, utang luar negeri yang diambil dapat digunakan untuk produktif tindakan yang dapat membawa kesejahteraan bagi masyarakat.ABSTRACT   The repayment of of foreign debt and its interest became an increasing burden from year to year in line with the increasing of accumulated amount of foreign debt, thus burdening the State Budget (Budget). The burden of debt in the end worsen the condition of the community. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of indirect tax revenues and the budget deficit on foreign debt through the development expenditure, the indirect effect of the budget deficit and repayments of foreign debt to the foreign debt through the exchange of dollars and directly determine the effect of development spending, dollar exchange rate, foreign debt a year earlier against the government's foreign debt. Variables were analyzed by using path analysis to determine the direct and indirect effects of variables in the model study. Testing the validity of the model using the coefficient of total determination and triming theory to determine the magnitude of variation in foreign debt that can be explained by the its exogen variable. Data is taken form the publish of BPS, Kemenkeu and BI. Based on the result of regression, it is found that the effect of tax revenue to the government's foreign debt through the development expenditure amounted to 24.4 percent and became the most dominant variable among the variables that indirectly affect the government's foreign debt. Effect of total development expenditure of the government's foreign debt amounted to 25.2 percent. Effect of total dollar exchange rate against the government's foreign debt amounted to 26.3 percent. Effect of total foreign debt a year earlier against the government's foreign debt amounted to 39.5 percent and it is the most dominant variable that affect on the government's foreign debt. To reduce the burden of foreign debt in the future the government should increase tax revenue in order to be able to finance the entire state budget and stop the policy of closing the old debt with new debt, external debt that is taken can be used for productive measures that can bring prosperity to the community.    
Analisis Faktor-faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Pengentasan Kemiskinan Di Bali: Analisis FEM Data Panel Made Kembar Sri Budhi
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan 2013: Vol. 6, No. 1, Februari 2013 (pp. 1-70)
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Poverty is a macroeconomic pathology that faced by all countries in the world including Indonesia. Bali as a part of Indonesia will also face the same problem. Based on BPS data in 2010, Bali has 174.900 people who life in poor condition, which is 4,88 percent of all residence. High economic growth (GDRP growth) that have achieved cannot significantly reduce number of poor people. This study analyzed the impact of education program, number of population, GDRP, share of agricultural sector, and share of industry sector toward poverty in Bali. The analysis using panel data of nine city/districts from 2006 to 2009, and estimated using Fixed Effect Model. The results show that the percentages of poor people who graduate from the nine-year education program not significantly reduce poverty. Number of population, GDRP, and share of agricultural sector has positive and significant effect toward poverty; meanwhile share of industry sector has negative and significant effect toward poverty.
Penentu Kesejahteraan pengusaha "Pemindangan" di Kabupaten Tabanan Dewa Gede Anom; Made Kembar Sri Budhi; Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan 2017: Vol. 10, No. 1, Februari 2017 (pp. 1 - 107)
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.397 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/JEKT.2017.v10.i01.p09

Abstract

Ikan pindang merupakan salah satu hasil pengolahan dengan kombinasi perlakuan antara penggaraman dan perebusan. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini adalah data primer yang diperoleh dari hasil wawancara langsung menggunakan kuisioner kepada 99 responden. Teknik analisis data penelitian ini adalah analisis dekriptif dan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kondisi kesejahteraan pelaku usaha pemindangan di Kabupaten Tabanan sebanyak 83 responden berada UMK Kabupaten Tabanan Tahun 2016. Hasil analisis statistik diperoleh bahwa variabel sosial demografi (X1) berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap variabel input produksi (X2) dan kesejahteraan (Y2) sedangkan output produksi (Y1) berpengaruh negatif dan tidak signifikan. Variabel sosial demografi (X1) berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap output produksi (Y1) melalui melalui input produksi (X2), atau dengan kata lain bahwa input produksi (X2) berperan sebagai mediasi sempurna hubungan antara variabel sosial demografi dengan output produksi.
Analisis Pergeseran Struktur Ekonomi dan Sektor Unggulan di Kabupaten Tabanan Provinsi Bali Mardiana, I Wayan; Sri Budhi, Made Kembar; Swara, I Wayan Yogi
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 6, No. 3, Maret 2017 (pp. 286-471)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Leading sectors and shift of economic structure in regions having an important role in regional development .The knew sectors and shift of economic structure, be able to more maximize regional development. The research is quantitative with descriptive research, done in Tabanan Regency. The data used was primary and secondary data. Shift of economic structure has happened in Tabanan Regency, seen from small contributions the agricultural sector than the other service sector and the industrial sector. The leading sectors should be developed in Tabanan Regency is the construction sector, the health services and social activities sector, mining and quarrying sector, real estate sector, the other services sector, information and communication sector and sector administration, defense and social security must.
Pengaruh Pendaptan Asli Daerah dan Dana Bagi Hasil Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi melalui Belanja Langsung di Provinsi Bali Dewi, Ni Wayan Nuryanti; Sri Budhi, I Made Kembar
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 4, No. 11, November 2015 (pp.1328-1444)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

This study aims to review the effectiveness of regional autonomy in maximizing economic growth, as well as examine how the influence of local revenues and revenue-sharing fund on economic growth through direct expenditure in the District / City of Bali Province. The samples using purposive sampling technique, with the criteria in the realization of the budget has been classified direct and indirect expenditure clearly. Namely 7-year observation period, consisting of 2007-2013. Methods of data analysis done by path analysis and Sobel test. The results obtained showed regional revenue directly influence the Direct Expenditure and Revenue Sharing Fund does not directly influence the Direct Expenditure. Furthermore, DBH and Direct Expenditure directly affect economic growth, while local revenue does not directly affect economic growth. Then the local revenue indirect effect on economic growth through direct expenditure, while DBH no indirect effect on the economic growth through direct expenditure.
PENGARUH ANGKA MELEK HURUF DAN UPAH MINIMUM TERHADAP TINGKAT PENGANGGURAN DAN INDEKS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI BALI Megantara, Dede Edwin; Sri Budhi, Made Kembar
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol 9 No 1 (2020): Vol 9 NO 1,Januari 2020 pp [ 1 - 232 ]
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Keberhasilan pembangunan diukur dengan beberapa parameter yang paling populer saat ini adalah indeks pembangunan manusia yang diukur melalui kualitas tingkat pendidikan, kesehatan dan ekonomi. Indeks pembangunan manusia merupakan indikator komposit yang mengukur tiga dimensi pokok pembangunan manusia yang dinilai sebagai cerminan kemampuan dasar manusia, yaitu umur panjang dan sehat, pengetahuan dan kehidupan yang layak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh angka melek huruf dan upah minimum terhadap tingkat pengangguran dan indeks pembangunan manusia kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Bali. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dengan 54 jumlah pengamatan, selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan analisis jalur. Hasil analisis menunjukan angka melek huruf berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap tingkat pengangguran, upah minimum berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap tingkat pengangguran, angka melek huruf berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia, upah minimum berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia dan tingkat pengangguran berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Bali. Tingkat pengangguran bukan sebagai variabel intervening dari variabel angka melek huruf dan upah minimum terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Bali. Kata kunci: angka melek huruf, upah minimum, pengangguran, indeks pembangunan manusia
Analisis Sektor Unggulan Dan Potensi Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Kabupaten Badung Tahun 2012-2016 Sancita Wiguna, I Made Gede; Kembar Sri Budhi, Made
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 8, No. 4, April 2019, pp (703-940)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Objek penelitian ini adalah analisis sektor unggulan dan potensi pertumbuhan ekonomi di Kabupaten Badung yang datanya diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Badung dan Provinsi Bali. Penelitian ini memakai pendekatan kuantitatif berbentuk deskriptif untuk menganalisis dengan cara mendeskripsikan data yang terkumpul. Penelitian ini menggunakan dua analisis, yaitu teknik analisis Location Quotient (LQ) dan Shift Share. Analisis secara kualitatif digunakan untuk mengetahui apakah faktor potensial tersebut dapat digunakan dalam menentukan pertumbuhan ekonomi di Kabupaten Badung. Sektor basis yang terdapat di Kabupaten Badung, yaitu. sektor pertanian, kehutanan, dan perikanan; sektor pengadaan air, pengelolaan sampah, limbah dan daur ulang; sektor kontruksi; sektor transportasi dan pergudangan; sektor penyediaan akomodasi dan makan minum; sektor informasi dan komunikasi. Sektor potensial yang dapat dikembangkan di Kabupaten Badung adalah sektor pengadaan listrik dan gas; perdagangan besar dan eceran, reparasi mobil dan sepeda motor; real estate; jasa perusahaan; industri pengolahan; jasa keuangan dan asuransi. Kata kunci: sektor basis, sektor potensial, pertumbuhan ekonomi
PENGARUH PRODUKSI PERTANIAN, LUAS LAHAN, DAN PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PETANI DAN ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI BALI Aryawati, Ni Putu Riska; Sri Budhi, Made Kembar
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 7, No. 9, September 2018 (pp. 1826-2070)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Indonesia is an agrarian country where agriculture is the main base of the national economy. Agricultural sector is a very important sector role in the economy.The purpose of this research is to find out the direct and indirect effect of agricultural production, land area and education to farmer income and agriculture land conversion in Province of Bali. This research is quantitative research which is analyzed by associative by explaining the relation between one variable to another variable. Analytical technique of this study is path analysis (path analysis). The conclusions of this research are as follows: 1). Agricultural Production, Land Area and Education have a positive and significant impact on farmers' income in Bali Province. 2). Agricultural Production, Land Area of ??Education and Income of Farmers have positive and significant impact to the Transfer of Agricultural Land Function in Bali Province. 3). Agricultural Production, Land Area and Education significantly influence the conversion of agricultural land through the income of farmers in Bali Province, so the income of farmers is right to mediate agricultural production, land area and education on the conversion of agricultural land.
Pengaruh Ekspor, Impor dan Kurs Terhadap Cadangan Devisa Nasional Periode 1999-2010 Juniantara, I Putu Kusuma; Sri Budhi, Made Kembar
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol. 1, No. 1, November 2012 (pp. 1-60)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

A country that can not afford to meet the country's need to import from other countries and the countries that supply of certain commodities from other countries in need will tend to export activity. The title of this research is the influence of Import Export and Foreign Exchange Reserves Against National Period 1999-2010. The problem in this study is the import, export and exchange rate simultaneously significantly affect the national foreign exchange reserves? How does the influence of export, import and exchange rate partially on national reserves? Export the results of this study are a positive and significant impact on the national reserves. Imports are not significantly positive effect on the national reserves. Exchange rate has positive and significant impact on the national reserves.   
PENGARUH PROGRAM E-COMMERCE DAN KEMAMPUAN USAHA TERHADAP KEMANDIRIAN INDUSTRI KECIL DAN MENENGAH DI KOTA DENPASAR sutrisno, mey linda anggraeni; Sri Budhi, made kembar
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana Vol 8 No 9 (2019): Vol. 8, No.9, September 2019, pp (1947-2194)
Publisher : E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The small and medium-sized enterprise sectors or Industri Kecil dan Menengah (IKM) have proved that they can contribute in developing economic growth movement. Therefore, the government continuously strives for the development of these sectors through various empowering programs. The government of Denpasar city conducts empowering programs, known as E-commerce program, intended for the businessman of IKM. E-commerce is the form of government’s effort to realize IKM with the basis of technology utilization as the tool of promotion and market transaction. The government provides website for the members who join this program to sell their goods. The aims of this research are: (1) to analyze the influence of E-commerce program and Business Ability simultaneously toward the Business Idependence from the IKM’s businessman in Denpasar, (2) to analyze the influence of E-commerce program and Business Ability partially toward the Business independence. With the technique of analysis applied in this research, Regression with Modelling Partial Least Square (PLS), the result found are E-commerce program (X1) and Business Ability (X2) had simultaneously and significant influence to Business Independence and E-Commerce Program has positive and significant influence toward Business Independence, while Business Ability has positive influence and is not significant influence toward Business Independence.
Co-Authors A.A.I Ngurah marhaeni A.A.I.N Marhaeni AAIN. Marhaeni Agustini, Ni Kadek Bella Kurnia Anak Agung Istri Ngurah Marhaeni Anak Agung Ngurah Bagus Aryana Anak Agung Sagung Paramita Devi Angela, Putu Vivian Aristina, Ita Aryawati, Ni Putu Riska Bagus Santa Wardana Citra Devi, Pande Putu Cintya Defianti, Ni Putu Monita Desak Ayu Putu Suciati Dewa Gede Anom Diastari Putri, Ni Putu Asri Friawan, Kadek Cahya Gede Sudjana Budiasa Gusti Ayu Radi Hartati I G. A. M. Agung Mas Andriani Pratiwi I G.A.P. Wirathi, I G.A.P. I Gede Heprin Prayasta I Gede Swata Wijaya Saputra I Gusti Putu Putra I Ketut Sudama I Ketut Sudibia I Ketut Suweca, I Ketut I Made Sukarsa I Nengah Jaya I Nengah Jaya Widiantara I Nyoman Taun I Putu Danu Swastika I Putu Kusuma Juniantara I Wayan Gayun Widharma I Wayan Sudirman I Wayan Wenagama I Wayan Yogi Swara Ida Ayu Nyoman Saskara Ida Bagus Darsana Ju Kumala Dewi Ketut Jayastra Komang Estiani, Komang Lilyawati Lilyawati, Lilyawati Made Henny Urmila Dewi Made Sukarsa Marantiani, Desak Nyoman Mardiana, I Wayan Megantara, Dede Edwin Murjana Yasa Ni Luh Gde Ana Pertiwi Ni Luh Ketut Rai Puspitadewi Ni Nyoman Reni Suasih Ni Nyoman Reni Suasih Ni Nyoman Sunariani Ni Nyoman Yuliarmi Ni Nyoman Yuliarmi Ni Nyoman Yuliarmi Ni Nyoman Yuliarmi Ni Putu Evi Windasari Ni Putu Nina Eka Lestari Ni Wayan Mentari, Ni Wayan Ni Wayan Nuryanti Dewi, Ni Wayan Nuryanti NONIK PEBRIANTI, KETUT Nyoman Djinar Setiawina Nyoman Triani Arissana Yeni, Nyoman Triani Paramacintya, Ni Made Sri Yundari Permatasari, Ayu Diah Pertiwi, Nyoman Reva Prabawa, A A Ngurah Panji Pradnyawati, I Gusti Agung Ayu Pratini, Ni Wayan Ami Arya Puput Desi Kurnia Sari Putri Tirta Enistin Sipayung Putri, Kadek Pratiwi Supraba Putri, Vivi Erlinda Thio Putu Diah Layang Savitri, Putu Diah Layang Putu Eka Suryaningrum putu pendit primadewi Putu Widyaningsih Ratika Dewi, Ida Ayu Sima Ratikatama, Ngakan Made Rama Sancita Wiguna, I Made Gede Sanjaya, Ida Bagus Putu Windu Saraswati, Ni Luh Putu Lani Satrya Devi, Anak Agung Ari Setiawina, I Nyoman Djinar Sita Larasati, A.A. Istri sutrisno, mey linda anggraeni Windayani, Ida Ayu Ratih Sasmitha yan handrey kusmeiran yan handrey kusmeiran