indra - martias
Program Studi DIII Sanitasi, Poltekkes Kemenkes Tanjungpinang

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Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.) sebagai Repellent terhadap Jumlah Lalat yang Hinggap selama Proses Penjemuran Ikan Asin di Senggarang Tahun 2019 Indra Martias; Nur Ajadit
Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Vol 11 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Terpadu (Integrated Health Journal) Mei 2020
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Maluku

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32695/jkt.v11i1.53

Abstract

The content of clove leaves (Syzygium aromaticum L.) which gives rise to the distinctive aroma is a component of essential oils. Repellent use generally does not directly kill insects, but rather serves to resist the presence of insects, mainly due to the pungent odor. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using clove leaf extract (Syzygium aromaticum L.) as a repellent when drying salted fish in Sengarang. This experimental research uses after only design. Effect of clove leaf extract as a natural bioinsecticide with concentrations of 15%, 30%, and 60% with once repetition. Analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis, then tested with the One Way Annova statistical test. The results showed the average flies at 15% concentrations were 36 heads, 30% were 4 flies and 60% concentrations were 1 flies. The concentration of clove leaf extract (Syzygium aromaticum L.) which is the most effective as repellent flies when drying salted fish is a concentration of 60%. This research can provide information about alternatef fly repellent when drying salted fish by using natural ingredients namely the use of clove leaf extract (Syzygium aromaticum L.). Next researchers need to take measurements of the density of flies every hour when observing.
COVID-19 pada Anak dan Langkah Pencegahan yang Perlu Dilakukan di Sekolah Kota Tanjungpinang Indra Martias; Luh Pitriyanti; Rahmat Rahmat
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 12 (2021): Nomor Khusus November 2021
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf12nk328

Abstract

The Indonesian government has intervened to suppress the increasingly massive spread of the COVID-19 virus. COVID-19 has affected all age groups, although it appears to be milder in the pediatric population than adults. As for the possible reasons, the children had fewer comorbidities, did not smoke, and had lower ACE-2 expression. This study aims to identify the epidemiology of COVID-19 in children, risk factors for infection and the necessary preventive measures, especially for the implementation of face-to-face schools and also the challenges. Methods: this study is a descriptive study that aims to identify the epidemiology of COVID-19 in children, risk factors for infection and the necessary preventive measures, especially for the implementation of face-to-face schools and also the challenges. Data on COVID-19 patients were taken in April 2021 as many as 572 patients. 94 patients (16%), while patients in the age group > 18 years were as many as 478 patients (84%). There were 49 patients (53%) with female children, while 45 patients (47%). Forty-one (41) people had symptoms (44%) while 53 people had no symptoms (56%). Most of the pediatric patients had a history of close contact with other patients as many as 88 patients (94%). Most pediatric patients live in Batu IX sub-district, Tanjungpinang City as many as 26 patients (28%). Face-to-face schools during the COVID-19 pandemic require sufficient resources to implement and sustain effective mitigation strategies and everyone's support is needed to ensure that schools are healthy, safe and equal for students, teachers, staff and families.Keywords: COVID-19; age group; gender; symptomsABSTRAKPemerintah Indonesia sudah melakukan intervensi untuk menekan penyebaran virus COVID-19 yang semakin masif. COVID-19 telah mepengaruhi semua kelompok usia, meskipun tampaknya lebih ringan pada populasi anak daripada orang dewasa. Adapun kemungkinan alasannya, anak-anak memiliki penyakit penyerta yang lebih sedikit, tidak merokok, dan memiliki ekspresi ACE-2 yang lebih rendah. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi epidemiologi COVID-19 pada anak, faktor risiko infeksi dan langkah pencegahan yang diperlukan khususnya untuk pelaksanaan sekolah tatap muka dan juga tantangannya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian yang bersifat deskriptif yang bertujuan mengidentifikasi epidemiologi COVID-19 pada anak, faktor risiko infeksi dan langkah pencegahan yang diperlukan khususnya untuk pelaksanaan sekolah tatap muka dan juga tantangannya. Data pasien COVID-19 diambil pada Bulan April 2021 sebanyak 572 pasien. pasien dengan kelompok umur 0-18 tahun sebanyak 94 pasien (16%), sedangkan pasien dengan kelompok umur > 18 tahun sebanyak 478 pasien (84%). Pasien anak-anak dengan jenis kelamin perempuan berjumlah 49 pasien (53%) sedangkan berjenis kelamin laki-laki berjumlah 45 pasien (47%). Empat puluh satu (41) orang memiliki gejala (44%) sedangkan 53 orang tidak memiliki gejala (56%). Sebagian besar pasien anak memiliki riwayat kontak erat dengan pasien lain sebanyak 88 pasien (94%). Pasien anak paling banyak berdomisili di kelurahan Batu IX Kota Tanjungpinang sebanyak 26 pasien (28%). Pemahaman yang lebih baik tentang infeksi pada anak-anak dapat memberikan wawasan penting tentang patogenesis penyakit, praktik perawatan kesehatan, dan kebijakan kesehatan masyarakat. Sekolah secara tatap muka selama pandemi COVID-19 membutuhkan sumber daya yang cukup untuk menerapkan dan mempertahankan strategi mitigasi yang efektif juga dibutuhkan dukungan semua orang untuk memastikan bahwa sekolah sehat, aman, dan setara bagi siswa, guru, staf, dan keluarga.Kata kunci: COVID-19; kelompok umur; jenis kelamin; gejala
Ekstrak Daun Mengkudu dan Daun Pepaya Sebagai Larvasida Alami terhadap Kematian Larva Nyamuk Aedes Aegypti indra martias; Veronika Amelia Simbolon
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 9 No 01 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Indonesia Maju (STIKIM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33221/jikm.v9i01.820

Abstract

Penggunaan larvasida kimiawi yang digunakan untuk mengontrol aedes aegypti telah menimbulkan populasi yang resistensi, sehingga dibutuhkan dosis yang lebih tinggi. Namun hal ini memiliki efek toksik bagi manusia, hewan, serta lingkungan. Larvasida alami merupakan larvasida yang dibuat dari tanaman yang mempunyai kandungan beracun terhadap serangga pada stadium larva dan tidak menimbulkan efek samping terhadap lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan dari ekstrak daun mengkudu, daun papaya dan kombinasi keduanya dalam mengendalikan larva Aedes aegypti. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah eksperimental laboratorium dengan desain Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK). Objek penelitian adalah larva Aedes aegypti sebanyak 400 larva. Uji dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok dengan dua kali pengulangan. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat dan bivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan jumlah kematian larva pada pengulangan I dan II sedangkan rata-rata PH air, suhu air dan kelembaban udara tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan. Disimpulkan bahwa kombinasi ekstrak daun mengkudu dan daun pepaya lebih efektif sebagai larvasida alami untuk kematian larva Aedes. Disarankan melakukan analisis probit untuk mendapatkan nilai toksisitas (daya racun) terhadap serangga percobaan dan pengujian terhadap insektisida kimiawi sebagai pembanding (kontrol) terhadap insektisida alami.
Studi Ekologi Variabel Cuaca terhadap Kejadian Campak di Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2013-2017 Indra Martias; Rinaldi Daswito
Sanitasi: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Februari
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.806 KB)

Abstract

Measles is a highly contagious disease, the main cause of child mortality and is still a global pro-blem, including in Indonesia. During the period of 2015-2017, there were 129 cases of measles in Tanjungpinang City. Several studies had shown that there was a relationship between weather variables and the incidence of measles. This study aimed to determine the pattern of immuni-zation coverage, population density and weather variables (rainfall, air humidity, air temperature, and wind speed) on measles cases in Tanjungpinang City in 2010-2017. The study design was an ecological study with a spatial-temporal approach. The unit of analysis was a group of indi-viduals (aggregate) measuring exposure/risk factors for disease events by considering temporal factors or time at the population level. The study population is the administrative area of ??Tan-jungpinang City with the incidence of measles sufferers during the period 2010-2017. The data used were secondary data from related agencies. There was a relationship between the vari-ables of rainfall and air humidity with the incidence of measles per year in Tanjungpinang City in the period 2010-2017. While the variable average air temperature, minimum air temperature, maximum air temperature, and wind speed, were not related to the incidence of measles. Dis-trict/City or Provincial Health Offices need to use weather variable data in terms of surveillance measures for measles for mitigation and early vigilance towards increased incidence of measles, especially during the rainy season each year.
Studi Ekologi Variabel Cuaca Terhadap Kejadian Campak di Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2010-2017 indra - martias; Rinaldi Daswito
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 12 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Poltekkes Ternate
Publisher : UPPM Poltekkes Kemenkes Ternate

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1040.195 KB) | DOI: 10.32763/juke.v12i1.105

Abstract

Campak merupakan penyakit sangat menular, penyebab utama kematian anak serta masih menjadi masalah global termasuk di Indonesia. Pada kurun waktu 2010-2017 terdapat 129 kasus campak di Kota Tanjungpinang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pola hubungan variabel cuaca (curah hujan, kelembaban udara, suhu udara, dan kecepatan angin) terhadap kejadian campak di Kota Tanjungpinang Tahun 2010- 2017. Desain penelitian merupakan studi ekologi dengan pendekatan spasial-temporal. Unit analisis adalah kelompok individu (agregat) mengukur paparan/faktor resiko kejadian penyakit dengan pertimbangkan faktor temporal atau waktu ditingkat populasi. Populasi penelitian adalah wilayah administrasi Kota Tanjungpinang dengan kejadian penderita campak selama periode tahun 2010-2017. Data yang digunakan merupakan data sekunder dari instansi terkait. Terdapat hubungan antara variabel curah hujan dan kelembaban udara dengan kejadian campak per tahun di Kota Tanjungpinang periode tahun 2010-2017. Sedangkan variabel suhu udara rata-rata, suhu udara minimum, suhu udara maksimum serta kecepatan angin, tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian campak. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota maupun Provinsi perlu menggunakan data variabel cuaca dalam hal upaya survailance penyakit campak untuk upaya mitigasi dan kewaspadaan dini terhadap peningkatan kejadian campak terutama pada musim hujan setiap tahunnya
Edukasi Dan Penggunaan Alat Handsanitizer Menggunakan Pedal Kaki Pada Jemaah Mesjid Dalam Upaya Mencegah Penyebaran Virus Corona (COVID-19) Kota Tanjungpinang Indra Martias; Ulfa Hanum
Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat (JSSM) Vol. 2 No. 2 (2021): Jurnal Salam Sehat Masyarakat
Publisher : Prodi Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, FKIK Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.934 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jssm.v2i2.13612

Abstract

The sanitation conditions of the mosque that do not meet the requirements have the potential to become a medium for disease transmission and can cause new problems in the surrounding environment. Like the corona virus/covid-19, it can be transmitted through the interaction of the congregation who come to the mosque. The purpose of community service is to provide education to mosque congregations about the corona virus (Covid -19), about the benefits of using a hand sanitizer using a foot pedal to avoid the spread of the Covid-19 virus. The implementation method is designed through several stages including the preparation stage, activity plan, partner participation and activity relevance. The results of this community service include: the community service team held an educational program for managers/marbouts and mosque congregations about the practice of cleaning hands using a hand sanitizer. The hand sanitizer device using a foot pedal is an appropriate technology where its operation does not use a touch of the hand so as to minimize germ/virus contact among mosque congregations. This activity is carried out focusing on health education, so it is hoped that mosque congregations can transmit information to family members at home, so as to create a better household PHBS order. It is hoped that mosque managers can convey information about health protocols in the era of adapting new habits to all mosque congregations. If a positive case of COVID-19 is found in the congregation of the mosque, they will immediately coordinate with the Puskesmas and the Health Office to immediately trace the positive confirmed case.
Determinants Factors of The Implementation of Health Protocols to Prevention of Covid-19 Indra Martias; Luh Pitriyanti
JURNAL PROTEKSI KESEHATAN Vol 11 No 1 (2022): JPK: Jurnal Proteksi Kesehatan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Poltekkes Kemenkes Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36929/jpk.v11i1.446

Abstract

Abstract The risk of mobility and community gathering in the workplace has a large potential for COVID-19 transmission. This study aims to determine the determinant factors related to the application of health protocols to prevent the spread of Covid-19. This study is an analytical study with a cross-sectional design to determine the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, gender, education, and management policies with the implementation of health protocols in the workplace. The minimum number of samples is 100. The sampling technique was carried out with the snowball technique using an online questionnaire. The results showed that there was a significant relationship between education and the implementation of health protocols (p = 0.004; OR = 4,842) and management policies with the implementation of protocols (p = 0.012; OR = 4,176). It is hoped that factors related to the implementation of health protocols will continue to be improved and improved. Keywords : Covid-19, determinant factor, workplace Abstrak Risiko mobilitas dan berkumpulnya masyarakat di tempat kerja memiliki potensi penularan COVID-19 yang besar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor determinan yang berhubungan dengan penerapan protokol kesehatan untuk mencegah penyebaran COVID-19 di tempat kerja. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian yang bersifat analitik dengan desain cross sectional untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, sikap, jenis kelamin, pendidikan dan kebijakan manajemen dengan penerapan protokol kesehatan di tempat kerja. Jumlah minimal sampel adalah 100 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan purposive sampling menggunakan kuesioner online. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pendidikan dengan penerapan protokol kesehatan (p = 0.004; OR = 4,842) dan kebijakan manajemen dengan penerapan protokol (p = 0,012 ; OR = 4,176). Diharapkan faktor yang berhubungan dengan penerapan protokol kesehatan terus diperbaiki dan ditingkatkan. Kata Kunci : COVID-19, faktor determinan, tempat kerja