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Journal : KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE

Towards the Ideologies on the Developments of Bedhaya Dances in the Contemporary Age Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit; Chaya, Nyoman
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.7497

Abstract

This present paper provides a descriptive analysis toward a traditional court dance called Bedhaya, one of the cultural products of the Javanese community in Surakarta which evolved into its modern version Bedhayan due to the flow of global culture. By applying the theories of Hermeneutics, Ideology, Aesthetics and Semiotics, the data are inferred according to the purposed questions. The inquiry is directed to infer the factors encompassing Bedhaya dance such as its emergence and the development, relationship with the existence and its role in the society, the relationship with systems within the society or with various interests. The results showed that the Bedhayan dance as developed by the local artists or choreographers in Surakarta as a realization of the local community’s thought, norm and principle (ideology) which covers both the economic and freedom interests. The ideologies reflected from the attitudes of the supporting community (of dancers and choreographers) toward Bedhayan dance are identified to imply the self-existence, freedom, political, economic, and market interests. The emergence Bedhayan dance was motivated by thoughts of the artists in constructing the dance movements to fit the purpose and function of current art creation. All the changes are deemed to be able to increase the economic welfare of performers, choreographers and the government on the tourism potentiality of the nation. However, there is the dangerous aspects in the development of a cultural dance to view it as a mere commodity, which at the end would give impressions of profanity, commercialization, even the shifts on the traditional values of the dance.
Pragmatic Study of Discourse Hegemony on the Enactment of Dhalang Trah in Ruwatan Ceremony: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach Efendi, Agus; Purwasito, Andrik; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Komunitas, September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.6754

Abstract

This study applies qualitative research with Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of Fairclough (1995) and the criticism on the ideological dissection of social opacities. The data collection encompasses the interactive and non-interactive techniques which involve the techniques of in-depth interviewing, observation and content analysis. Results of the analysis reveal that units of language use reflected from the texts and contexts of the ruwat puppeteer based genealogys enactment can be traced from the use of modalities, the phrase ‘mboten kalilan’ (impermissible, unable) in the decree of dhalang ruwat can be further extend to express the word ‘unable’ and ‘able to’, other aspects such as politeness, metaphors, ethos which is classified into the verbal and non-verbal discourse are the devices of discursive enactment of the elite power of dhalang trah. The findings conclude that there is arising symptoms of social inequality narrowing the role and significance of the non-ruwat puppeteers. The hegemonic practice such as the discursive enactment of dhalang trah (descendent of Ki Lebdajiwa) is determined by certain associations which try to normalize certain condition. The argument which refers to the enactment of Ki Lebdajiwa and his descendants as the holder of power is enacted through transactional form, where power is centered on one point.
Social Criticism in the Text of Dharmasonya Aryanto, Aris; Sudardi, Bani; Purwanto, Andrik; Wakit, Abdullah
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8340

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time this text was written through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The data collection method was literature studies which aimed at analyzing several sources of old Javanese scripts, Serat Dharmasonya Serat Wedhatama, text of KGPAA Mangkunegara IV, Serat Tjemporet written by R. Ng. Ranggawarsito and some other studies on the life world of the Javanese palace in Surakarta 1830-1939 , the work of Soeratman Darsiti. Thus, the present text of the Dharmasonya was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe the social system in which the Dharmasonya text was initially produced. The assumption laid on a reason that the social systems implemented by the Javanese community at the time were relatively different in each place. This study concluded that the Javanese community in Surakarta was divided into four levels, namely: kinghood, nobles, courtiers, common society. As a result of the influence of the European or colonial invasion to peoples lifestyles have had led to moral decadence and spiritual shallow in the community. This was because the feudalism and colonialism system committed by the local indigenous towards the Javanese community.          
Pragmatic Study of Discourse Hegemony on the Enactment of Dhalang Trah in Ruwatan Ceremony: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach Efendi, Agus; Purwasito, Andrik; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Komunitas, September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i2.6754

Abstract

This study applies qualitative research with Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) of Fairclough (1995) and the criticism on the ideological dissection of social opacities. The data collection encompasses the interactive and non-interactive techniques which involve the techniques of in-depth interviewing, observation and content analysis. Results of the analysis reveal that units of language use reflected from the texts and contexts of the ruwat puppeteer based genealogy's enactment can be traced from the use of modalities, the phrase ‘mboten kalilan’ (impermissible, unable) in the decree of dhalang ruwat can be further extend to express the word ‘unable’ and ‘able to’, other aspects such as politeness, metaphors, ethos which is classified into the verbal and non-verbal discourse are the devices of discursive enactment of the elite power of dhalang trah. The findings conclude that there is arising symptoms of social inequality narrowing the role and significance of the non-ruwat puppeteers. The hegemonic practice such as the discursive enactment of dhalang trah (descendent of Ki Lebdajiwa) is determined by certain associations which try to normalize certain condition. The argument which refers to the enactment of Ki Lebdajiwa and his descendants as the holder of power is enacted through transactional form, where power is centered on one point.
Critiques on the Ideologies of Contemporary Bedhayan Dances Sawitri, Sawitri; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit; Chaya, Nyoman
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.7497

Abstract

This present paper provides a descriptive analysis toward a traditional court dance called Bedhaya, one of the cultural products of the Javanese community in Surakarta which evolved into its modern version Bedhayan due to the flow of global culture. By applying the theories of hermeneutics, ideology, aesthetics and Semiotics, the data are inferred according to the purposed questions. The inquiry is directed to infer the factors encompassing Bedhaya dance such as its emergence and the development, relationship with the existence and its role in the society, the relationship with systems within the society or with various interests. The results as inferred from the data obtained views in looking at the development on the classical dance of Bedhaya into Bedhayan left worthy of critical assessments. The reality of Bedhayan dance in the view of art as an ideology, from the outside, appears that the choreograhers/artists can freely express their creative ideas in the context of the fight agains the classical culture which is strongly enacted by the myths and power of the rulling king. However, it should be noted that Bedhayan dance artists which have managed to bring the classical bedhaya dance out of the walls of the Kraton also in essence always work in the confines of the iron curtain of a creativity called ‘ideology’. Whether consciously or not, being forced or sincere in living it, these choreographers actually fall into the life orientation which solely  concerns the fulfillment of material needs.
Social Criticism in the Text Scripture of Dharmasonya Aryanto, Aris; Sudardi, Bani; Purwasito, Andrik; Wakit, Abdullah
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8340

Abstract

This study took a closer look at the socio-condition of the Javanese people in Surakarta at the time Dharmasonya (Ds) text was produced through a perspective of critical-sociological studies. The present Ds text was read through seeing the historical life of the Islamic religion. The main objective of this study was to probe socio-cultural life of the society in the age the Ds text was produced. The data source used was the translation of Ds text by Suratmin which was issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture. To obtain the objectives, study on the Ds text was compared with other similar ancient texts of the same themes produced in the same time; these texts were Serat Wedhatama by KGPAA Mangkunegara IV (1853-1881) and Serat Tjemporet by R.Ng. Ranggwarsita. The data was analyzed through perspectives of Hermeneutic and Semiotics methods. The result shows that in Ds text, social criticism was an attempt to resist against the dynamic circumstances faced by the society at the time wherein the social status and nobility became people’s life concern. Such circumstance has apparently been used at least by a stream of Islamic group to write religious text in literary form, since religious doctrine was considered as one of the powerful weapons to control the society. Thus, most people would forcefully obey and submit to the teachings of Islam based on the Sharia law.
Between Economic Burden and Cultural Dignity: Belis in the Marital Custom of the NTT Society Rodliyah, Siti; Purwasito, Andrik; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8672

Abstract

The indigenous marital system giving belis ‘bride price’ practiced by the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), Indonesia, is one of the Nusantara marital custom phenomena that  today has developed and raised issues of both pros and cons which deserves critical scrutiny from Cultural studies and Anthropological perspective. Both perspectives facilitate the critical standpoint of the NTT society’s mindset summarized in the cultural or customary marriage rules requiring a marriage with belis. This study revealed that in the attitude towards belis, the East Nusa Tenggara women agreed and taken for granted the construction of their reality and power production through various discourses. Current practice of belis raises the economic capitalism up to the identity contestations. Lately, the essence and value of belis have changed and are likely to be more commercial. Even some may view it as mere a symbol and customary fixtures, such as in the region of Lamaholot imposing the elephant tusks, and the Allor society with their Moko as the payment methods of belis.  Belis has left biggest challenge for the communities who are not able to afford higher bride-price objects, this consequently lead to a more emerging unlawful marriages as a resistance against the unresolved poverty problems.