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The Differences of Schizoid Personality Score on Medical Students of Sebelas Maret University Years 2013 with High and Low Emotional Quotient Ivonny Rembulan Zilmi; Aris Sudiyanto; Diffah Hanim
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background : Emotional quotient is needed to control emotional changes during teenager. Teenager is also known with personality finding. Personality is a combination of emotional, attitudes, and behavior patterns of individuals. Some teenagers may have a personality disorder. Schizoid personality is one of the exsample of personality disorder. Someone with schizoid personality is tilted to be alone, over introspection, do not have best friend (only one friend) and do not want to have a relation like that and also not sensitive with rules or social habit. This research aims to see the differences of schizoid personality score on medical students of Sebelas Maret University years 2013 with emotional quotient high and low. Methods : This is an observational analytic research with case control studies approach. The research was done in Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University Surakarta. Sample used are medical students years 2013 who are 18-21 years old. The sampling method used was purposive sampling after inclusive and exclusive selection based on research criteria. Dependent variable is schizoid personality, and independent variable is emotional quotient. Research subject completed (1) informed consent, (2) L-MMPI questionnaire, (3) emotional quotient questionnaire, (4) schizoid personality questionnaire. As much as 72 data were collected and analyzed using Mann Whitney. Result : There are 72 samples who 18 years old (30.6 %), 19 years old (53.8 %), 20 years old (11.1 %) and girls (68.1 %). Students with high emotional quotient have schizoid personality score lower, and vice verca. The averages of schizoid personality score on high emotional quotient is 62.19 and on low emotional quotient is 69.83 (p = 0.000). Conclusion : Statistically, there is a significant differences of schizoid personality score on medical students of Sebelas Maret University years 2013 with high and low emotional quotient. Keywords : schizoid personality, emotional quotient
Pengaruh Ekspresi Emosi Keluarga terhadap Frekuensi Kekambuhan Pasien Skizofrenia di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta Prihandini, Irene Yunita; Sudiyanto, Aris; Dharmawan, Ruben
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is a severe disease, with basic personality disorder, distortion the proccess of thought, sometimes have the feeling that he/she was being controlled by external powers, peculiar delusions, disturbing perception, and an affect which does not correspond to the actual situation. In Schizophrenia patients, there are degradation in the field of employment, socialization, and self-care function. Thus, the patient requires caregiver who could take care of him/her, especially when the disease is relapse. Methods: This research is analitical observational by its character with the case control study approach that held between June up to July 2012 in Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. It used purposive sampling by divide it into two inclusion criterisa, the caregiver inclusion criteria were (1) Schizophrenia patients family that accompany the patient in the Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta (2) Schizophrenia patients family that live in the same house with the patient (3) Patient that currently 20-60 years old (4) Voluntarily become respondent in this research and have agreed the informed consent sheet, whereas the inclusion criteria for the schizophrenia patients was (1) relapse patient (2) no reccurrence patient. The sample fulfill (1) identity & informed consent sheet (2) emotion expression quesioner. There are 60 sample and analyzed by pearson test and paired sampel t-test with SPSS 17.0 program for windows. Results: According to the result, we have known that the significance level is 0.004 so (which is 0.004<0.01/0.05) the decision is to accept the hypothesis which was stated that there is a significant connection between the emotion expression with the frequency of recurrence Schizophrenia patients in Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta. The average difference between the groups of high emotional expression and low emotional expression, t arithmetic (3.826 > t table 1.76) so that H0 could be rejected. Therefore, there is also significant difference in recurrence between the groups of high emotional expression and the low emotional expression. While r calculation in this research is 0.058, so the alternative hypothesis (Ha) which was stated that there is significant positive connection between the Emotional Expression (EE) with the frequency of reccurrence Schizophrenia Patients in Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah Surakarta is accepted. Thus, naught hypothesis (Ho) which was stated that there isnt significant positive between the family emotional expression (EE) and the frequency of recurrence is rejected. The direction of both variables is positive, that is if Schizophrenia patients family emotional expression is high then the frequency of recurrence must be high too, vice versa. Conclusions: The higher family emotional expression (EE) then the frequency of recurrence is must be higher too, vice versa.   Key words: Emotional Expression, Frequency of Recurrence 
Perbedaan Kemampuan Bahasa Menurut Jenis Kelamin pada Siswa SLB Autis di Surakarta Ningsih, Endang Susilowati; Sudiyanto, Aris; Hikmayani, Nur Hafidha
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background:Knowledge about language in autism are lacking or else contradictive. Previous studies found that girls with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had greater communication deficits than boys,while other studies mentioned that boys with ASD had less languagecapabilities than girls.This study aimed to examine the difference in language ability by genderamongstudents of autis schools in Surakarta. Methods:This was an observational analytic study using cross-sectional approach, conducted from April to May 2013 in SLB Autis Harmony and SLB Autis Alamanda Surakarta. Students of SLB Autis Harmony and SLB Autis Alamanda who met inclusion criteria were sampled. Subjects were categorized into verbal and nonverbal type. Data were analyzed using Fishers exact test. Results:Of 33 subjects meeting the restriction criteria, 19 (57.6%) had language skills of nonverbal type, and 13 students (68.4%) of whom were boys. Statistical analysis showed no difference in language abilities of autistic boys and girls (p = 1.000). Conclusions:There was no language skill differenceaccording to gender of students with autism in SLB Autis Harmony and SLB Autis Alamanda Surakarta. Keywords:autism, language, gender.
Hubungan Abnormalitas Persalinan Dengan Faktor Risiko Autistik Zakiyah, Bani; Sudiyanto, Aris; Suwandono, Adji
Nexus Kedokteran Klinik Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Klinik
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a disorder affects communication, social, language, and behaviour impairments of children. The prevalence of autism tend to increase, but its etiology still unclear and multifactoral suspected. Based on some studies, the incidence of autism were increase if there are some problems in prenatal, natal, or postnatal. Abnormality labor is one of the problem in natal that suspected has a correlation with autism. This study aims to determine the correlation between abnormal labor and risk factors of autism.   Methods: This study was an analytic observational study with case control design. The subject were taken by porposive random sampling in case group and control group. The interview done in 66 mothers of children. 33 children taken from SLB Autis Harmony, SLB Autis Agca Center, SLB Autis Alamanda, and SLB-B C dan Autis YBA Surakarta as case group and 33 children taken from SDN Ngoresan Surakarta as control group. Then the results were tested with Chi Square through SPSS 17.0 for Windows. Results: From the case group, 90.9% were born with abnormal labor and from the control group, 48.5% were born with abnormal labor. The result of Chi Square analysis, the value p < 0.01, it means the probability value is lower than 0.05. So, there is significal correlation between abnormal labor and risk factors of autism. Conclusions: The conclusion of this research is there is correlation between abnormal labor and risk factor of autism. Keywords: abnormal labor, risk factors, autism 
Factors Affecting Safe Sex Behavior Among Female Sex Workers in Surakarta, Central Java Sugma, Saras Vati Manvatarini; Sudiyanto, Aris; Demartoto, Argyo
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Earlier studies often focus solely on clients as female sex worker (FSW) risky sexual partners, ignoring the possible risks FSWs face from steady sex partners. Thus, further study is needed identifying strategies to reduce the potential increased risk of HIV/STI transmission between FSWs and their steady partners. This study aimed to determine factors affecting safe sex behavior among female sex workers in Surakarta, Central Java.Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Banjarsari, Surakarta, Central Java, from April to May 2018. A sample of 134 female sex workers was selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was safe sex behavior. The independent variables were subjective norm, perceived behavior control, intention, attitude, education, and age. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis.Results: Safe sex behavior increased with strong intention (b= 0.08; SE= 0.04; p=0.041). Safe sex behavior indirectly increased with older age, positive attitude, positive subjective norm, and strong perceived behavior control.Conclusion: Safe sex behavior directly increases with strong intention, and indirectly increases with older age, positive attitude, positive subjective norm, and strong perceived behavior control.Keywords: safe sex behavior, Theory of Planned BehaviorCorrespondence:Saras Vati Manvatarini Sugma. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java. Email: sarasvatims@gmail.com. Mobile: +6282186653675.Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2018), 3(2): 109-115https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2018.03.02.04
Keefektifan Psikoterapi Untuk Menurunkan Skor Kecemasan Pasien Gangguan Anxietas Sudiyanto, Aris
Indigenous Vol. 7, No. 2, November 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/indigenous.v0i0.4643

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini untuk membuktikan keefektifan psikoterapi mengurangi (menurunkan skor) kecemasan dan membandingkan keefektifan terapeutik antara psikoterapi dan kombinasi psikoterapi –farmakoterapi dalam penurunan skor kecemasan. Subjek penelitiannya 70 pasien gangguan anxietas dengan kriteria inklusi skor kecemasan T-MAS 22 atau lebih dari kriteria eksklusi menderita penyakit fisik atau cacat tubuh, penyalahguna NAPZA, gangguan kepribadian, dan psikosis, dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok penelitian, yaitu kelompok psikoterapi dan kelompok kombinasi psikoterapi –farmakoterapi dengan jumlah kelompok masing-masing 35 pasien. Rancangan penelitiannya adalah randomized two groups pre and post test design. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah Taylor Manifest Anxienty Scale (T MAS) dan Lie Scale Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory ( Skala L-MMPI). Kesimpulannya adalah psikoterapi dapat menurunkan skor kecemasan secara bermakna mulai minggu IV. Kombinasi psiko-terapi dan psikofarmaka secara bermakna dapat menurunkan skor kecemasan mulai minggu 1 pengobatan. 
Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta Ria, Matilda Bupu; Budihastuti, Uki Retno; Sudiyanto, Aris
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Maternal and Child Health

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Abstract

Background: Postpartum depression is one of the emotional disturbances that results from failure to postpartum psychological adaptation process. The global prevalence of postpartum depression is 10-15%. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of pregnancy on the incidence of postpartum depression.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic and observational study with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted at Dr. Moewardi hospital, from December 2017 to January 2018. A total sample of 150 postpartum mothers was selected for this study by exhaustive sampling. The dependent variable was postpartum depression (PPD). The independent variables were maternal age, stress, parity, unwanted pregnancy, type of labor, family income, family support, and domestic violence. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis model.Results: Postpartum depression was directly and positively affected by psychological stress (b= 2.15; 95% CI= 1.17 to 3.13; p<0.001), delivery type (b= 1.27; 95% CI= 0.32 to 2.21; p= 0.008), and unwanted pregnancy (b= 1.57; 95% CI= 0.57 to 2.58; p= 0.002). Postpartum depression was directly but negatively affected by family income (b= -1.52; 95% CI= -2.51 to -0.54; p= 0.002), parity (b= -1.24; 95% CI= -2.21 to -0.28; p= 0.011), and family support (b= -1.31; 95% CI= -3.28 to -0.24; p= 0.016). Psychological stress increased with domestic violence (b= 2.68; 95% CI= 0.64 to 4.73; p= 0.010) and decreased with maternal age (b= -0.91; 95% CI= -1.68 to -0.13; p= 0.022). Parity increased with maternal age (b= 1.66; 95% CI= 0.79 to 2.53; p<0.001). Domestic violence decreased with maternal age (b= -1.34; 95% CI= -2.85 to 0.16; p= 0.081).Conslusion: Psychological stress, delivery type, unwanted pregnancy, family income, parity, and family support, are direct risk factors for postpartum depression.Keywords: Postpartum depression, unwanted pregnancy, domestic violence, family supportCorrespondence: Matilda Bupu Ria. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta,  Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, 57126, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah. E-mail: matildabupuria19@gmail.com. Mobile +6281241254153.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2018), 3(1): 81-90https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2018.03.01.08
Keefektifan Psikoterapi Untuk Menurunkan Skor Kecemasan Pasien Gangguan Anxietas Aris Sudiyanto
Indigenous Vol. 7, No. 2, November 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/indigenous.v0i0.4643

Abstract

APLIKASI ANALISIS TRANSAKSIONAL BERFOKUS PENGASUHAN ANAK PADA PASANGAN DENGAN MASALAH RELASI PERKAWINAN Yudhantara, Dearisa Surya; Sudiyanto, Aris; Maharatih, Gst Ayu
Majalah Kesehatan FKUB Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Majalah Kesehatan Fakultas Kedokteran
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.035 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.majalahkesehatan.005.02.7

Abstract

 Masalah relasi pada pasangan dapat mempengaruhi timbulnya masalah pada pengasuhan anak. Orangtua dengan masalah relasi akan menyebabkan gangguan pada pola asuh anak yang akan menyebabkan beberapa maslah pada anak seperti psikopatologi, gangguan perilaku, dan penurunan prestasi akademik. Peneltian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif berbentuk studi kasus dan aplikasi modul psikoterapi analisis transaksional pada pasangan dengan masalah relasi perkawinan berfokus pada pengasuhan anak. Studi ini melibatkan 3 pasangan Pada pelaksanaan psikoterapi analisis transaksional dengan setting terapi pasangan ini, dua klien dapat mengikuti hingga selesai, sedangkan satu klien tidak menyelesaikan proses psikoterapi. Terdapat perbaikan pada pola pengasuhan anak pada 2 pasangan klien yang mengikuti proses psikoterapi analisis transaksional hingga selesai. Perbaikan pola pengasuhan anak seiring dengan perbaikan relasi pada pasangan. Perbaikan ini berkaitan dengan bertambahnya waktu untuk anak, lebih banyak kasih sayang, dan afeksi kepada anak. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa aplikasi modul psikoterapi analisis transaksional pada pasangan dengan masalah relasi perkawinan dapat memperbaiki relasi, menambah keintiman pasangan, dan memperbaiki psikopatologi. Perbaikan relasi perkawinan turut memperbaiki pengasuhan anak.  
Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta Ria, Matilda Bupu; Budihastuti, Uki Retno; Sudiyanto, Aris
Journal of Maternal and Child Health Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.38 KB)

Abstract

Background: Postpartum depression is one of the emotional disturbances that results from failure to postpartum psychological adaptation process. The global prevalence of postpartum depression is 10-15%. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of pregnancy on the incidence of postpartum depression.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic and observational study with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted at Dr. Moewardi hospital, from December 2017 to January 2018. A total sample of 150 postpartum mothers was selected for this study by exhaustive sampling. The dependent variable was postpartum depression (PPD). The independent variables were maternal age, stress, parity, unwanted pregnancy, type of labor, family income, family support, and domestic violence. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis model.Results: Postpartum depression was directly and positively affected by psychological stress (b= 2.15; 95% CI= 1.17 to 3.13; p<0.001), delivery type (b= 1.27; 95% CI= 0.32 to 2.21; p= 0.008), and unwanted pregnancy (b= 1.57; 95% CI= 0.57 to 2.58; p= 0.002). Postpartum depression was directly but negatively affected by family income (b= -1.52; 95% CI= -2.51 to -0.54; p= 0.002), parity (b= -1.24; 95% CI= -2.21 to -0.28; p= 0.011), and family support (b= -1.31; 95% CI= -3.28 to -0.24; p= 0.016). Psychological stress increased with domestic violence (b= 2.68; 95% CI= 0.64 to 4.73; p= 0.010) and decreased with maternal age (b= -0.91; 95% CI= -1.68 to -0.13; p= 0.022). Parity increased with maternal age (b= 1.66; 95% CI= 0.79 to 2.53; p<0.001). Domestic violence decreased with maternal age (b= -1.34; 95% CI= -2.85 to 0.16; p= 0.081).Conslusion: Psychological stress, delivery type, unwanted pregnancy, family income, parity, and family support, are direct risk factors for postpartum depression.Keywords: Postpartum depression, unwanted pregnancy, domestic violence, family supportCorrespondence: Matilda Bupu Ria. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta,  Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, 57126, Surakarta, Jawa Tengah. E-mail: matildabupuria19@gmail.com. Mobile +6281241254153.Journal of Maternal and Child Health (2018), 3(1): 81-90https://doi.org/10.26911/thejmch.2018.03.01.08