Tatit Sugiarti
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Prospect of Sugar Cane by Products as a Feedstuffs for Beef Cattle Fattening in Dry Regions Hidayati, N; Sugiarti, Tatit; M, Zulbardi; Karto, Abdurrays Ambar
Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 2 (1999)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.003 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v8i2.730

Abstract

Several by product of sugar cane can be utilized as roughage. So that cooperation between sugar processing industries and beefcattle industries is enable to enhance. In Indonesia, about 4.62 million ton sugar cane tops, 1 .98 million ton klentekan and 1.32 million ton sugar sogolan can be obtained each year. By product of sugar processing can yield bagasse, blotong and molasses . All of these by products are potential as substitute for common forage in ruminants particularly during a relatively long dry season as long as protein sources are provided. Key words : Feedstuths, by product
Effect of artificial insemination practices on the improvement of income of dairy cattle farmers in West Java Siregar, Sori B; Sugiarti, Tatit
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 4, No 1 (1999)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.632 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v4i1.130

Abstract

A study was done to evaluate the effect of artificial insemination (AI) on the improvement of farmers income. This study was conducted in Bandung district, where doing cattle population was concentrated, from which four locations were chosen, namely : Pangalengan, Kertasari, Lembang and Cisarua. In this study 1,800 non pregnant and healthy cows were selected. Artificial Insemination practices applied were : insemination at 60-90 days post partum precise check estrous and precise insemination time (9-24 hour after the first sign of estrous). Data of these 1,800 cows collected in the previous study was used as control data. Pregnancy was determined through non return rate (NRR) method and confirmed by rectal palpation. To study the impact of AI on farmers income, 30 farmers from each location were sampled. Data was obtained through a survey and was analysed based on descriptive and partial methods as it is commonly used in similar studies. The dairy cattle farming in each location was only part of the agriculture business own by farmers. Therefore the composition of cattle raised was not balanced productive and nonproductive cattle. Practices of AI in this study significantly reduce the lactation length : 363 to 312 days for Pangalengan, 355 to 316 days for Kertasari, 368 to 313 days for Lembang and 348 to 321 days for Cisarua. This optimalization of lactation length increases the farmers income as much as follow : Rp 615.02/head/days for Pangalengan, Rp 615.17 /head/day for Kertasari, Rp 601.32/head/day for Lembang and Rp 301.08/head/day for Cisarua. The application of AI practices in this study affect the income of farmers significantly, but the real application in rural areas needs special attention especially on the facilities for AI, in order to get the optimum result.   Key words : Dairy cows, AI, lactation length, milk production, farmers income  
Effects of the addition of hormone in maturation medium for in vitro production ofembryo (IVP). Hidayati, Nurhasanah; Lubis, Adriana; Triwulanningsih, Endang; Situmorang, Polmer; Sugiarti, Tatit
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 3, No 1 (1998)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.304 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v3i1.89

Abstract

A study on the effects of hormone FSH, hCG and estrogen in maturation medium on embryo production (IVP) was conducted. Ovaries of dairy cows were obtained from slaughtered house and oocytes were collected by aspiration and slicing. Oocytes were matured in TCM-199 media containing one of each hormonal treatments : 10 ug/ml FSH, 2 IU hCG, 1 ug/ml estrogen, 10 ug/ml FSH + 2 IU hCG, 10 ug/ml FSH + 1 ug/ml estrogen, and 10 ug/ml FSH + 2 IU hCG + 1 ug/ml estrogen for 24 hours. Fertilization was conducted in thyroid albumin lactate pyruvate (TALP) media containing 10 ug/ml heparin for 18-24 hours and co-cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid (Sof-media) using C02 incubator at 38oC. Every 48 hours the embryos were moved into fresh Sofmedia and embryo evaluation was done on day 7using a microscope . From a total of 293 oocytes studied resulted 60.4% of zygotes which develop to 9.4% young embryos ( cell numbers <16), 45.3% morulae and 5,7% blastocysts. Hormones used singly did not significantly affect the production of embryo . The highest mean percentages of fertilization wasobtained in FSH (73.3%) and the lowest in estrogen (59.6%), but the mean percentage of blastocyst was higher in estrogen . The mean percentages of young embryos, morulae and blastocysts were 4.8, 66.1, 2.4 ; 18 .8, 41 .6, 6.6 and 3 .3, 46.6, 10 .0 for FSH, hCG and estrogen, respectively . Using a combination of FSH with hCG and estrogen did not significantly increase the production of embryo . The mean percentages of fertilization, young embryo, morulae and blastocysts were 55.2, 9.3, 43.4 and 2.6 ; 51 .7, 4.8, 35.8 and 11 .1 and 56 .0, 12 .3, 42.3 and 1 .4 for FSH+hCG, FSH+estrogen and FSH+hCG+estrogen respectively .   Keywords: Embryo, fertilization, hormone, in vitro
Effect of artificial insemination practices on the improvement of income of dairy cattle farmers in West Java Tatit Sugiarti; Sori B Siregar
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 4, No 1 (1999): MARCH 1999
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.632 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v4i1.130

Abstract

A study was done to evaluate the effect of artificial insemination (AI) on the improvement of farmers income. This study was conducted in Bandung district, where doing cattle population was concentrated, from which four locations were chosen, namely : Pangalengan, Kertasari, Lembang and Cisarua. In this study 1,800 non pregnant and healthy cows were selected. Artificial Insemination practices applied were : insemination at 60-90 days post partum precise check estrous and precise insemination time (9-24 hour after the first sign of estrous). Data of these 1,800 cows collected in the previous study was used as control data. Pregnancy was determined through non return rate (NRR) method and confirmed by rectal palpation. To study the impact of AI on farmers income, 30 farmers from each location were sampled. Data was obtained through a survey and was analysed based on descriptive and partial methods as it is commonly used in similar studies. The dairy cattle farming in each location was only part of the agriculture business own by farmers. Therefore the composition of cattle raised was not balanced productive and nonproductive cattle. Practices of AI in this study significantly reduce the lactation length : 363 to 312 days for Pangalengan, 355 to 316 days for Kertasari, 368 to 313 days for Lembang and 348 to 321 days for Cisarua. This optimalization of lactation length increases the farmers income as much as follow : Rp 615.02/head/days for Pangalengan, Rp 615.17 /head/day for Kertasari, Rp 601.32/head/day for Lembang and Rp 301.08/head/day for Cisarua. The application of AI practices in this study affect the income of farmers significantly, but the real application in rural areas needs special attention especially on the facilities for AI, in order to get the optimum result.   Key words : Dairy cows, AI, lactation length, milk production, farmers income  
Effects of the addition of hormone in maturation medium for in vitro production ofembryo (IVP). Polmer Situmorang; Endang Triwulanningsih; Adriana Lubis; Nurhasanah Hidayati; Tatit Sugiarti
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 3, No 1 (1998)
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.304 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v3i1.89

Abstract

A study on the effects of hormone FSH, hCG and estrogen in maturation medium on embryo production (IVP) was conducted. Ovaries of dairy cows were obtained from slaughtered house and oocytes were collected by aspiration and slicing. Oocytes were matured in TCM-199 media containing one of each hormonal treatments : 10 ug/ml FSH, 2 IU hCG, 1 ug/ml estrogen, 10 ug/ml FSH + 2 IU hCG, 10 ug/ml FSH + 1 ug/ml estrogen, and 10 ug/ml FSH + 2 IU hCG + 1 ug/ml estrogen for 24 hours. Fertilization was conducted in thyroid albumin lactate pyruvate (TALP) media containing 10 ug/ml heparin for 18-24 hours and co-cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid (Sof-media) using C02 incubator at 38oC. Every 48 hours the embryos were moved into fresh Sofmedia and embryo evaluation was done on day 7using a microscope . From a total of 293 oocytes studied resulted 60.4% of zygotes which develop to 9.4% young embryos ( cell numbers <16), 45.3% morulae and 5,7% blastocysts. Hormones used singly did not significantly affect the production of embryo . The highest mean percentages of fertilization wasobtained in FSH (73.3%) and the lowest in estrogen (59.6%), but the mean percentage of blastocyst was higher in estrogen . The mean percentages of young embryos, morulae and blastocysts were 4.8, 66.1, 2.4 ; 18 .8, 41 .6, 6.6 and 3 .3, 46.6, 10 .0 for FSH, hCG and estrogen, respectively . Using a combination of FSH with hCG and estrogen did not significantly increase the production of embryo . The mean percentages of fertilization, young embryo, morulae and blastocysts were 55.2, 9.3, 43.4 and 2.6 ; 51 .7, 4.8, 35.8 and 11 .1 and 56 .0, 12 .3, 42.3 and 1 .4 for FSH+hCG, FSH+estrogen and FSH+hCG+estrogen respectively .   Keywords: Embryo, fertilization, hormone, in vitro
Prospect of Sugar Cane by Products as a Feedstuffs for Beef Cattle Fattening in Dry Regions Zulbardi M; Tatit Sugiarti; N Hidayati; Abdurrays Ambar Karto
WARTAZOA, Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 8, No 2 (1999)
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (569.003 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/wartazoa.v8i2.730

Abstract

Several by product of sugar cane can be utilized as roughage. So that cooperation between sugar processing industries and beefcattle industries is enable to enhance. In Indonesia, about 4.62 million ton sugar cane tops, 1 .98 million ton klentekan and 1.32 million ton sugar sogolan can be obtained each year. By product of sugar processing can yield bagasse, blotong and molasses . All of these by products are potential as substitute for common forage in ruminants particularly during a relatively long dry season as long as protein sources are provided. Key words : Feedstuths, by product