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MENELAAH ULANG HUKUM ABORSI (Perspektif Hukum Islam dan Hukum Positif) Suhendra, Ahmad
PALASTREN Vol 5, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Palastren (Juli - Desember)
Publisher : PALASTREN

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Abstract

Kontroversi aborsi di Indonesia masih belum menemukan titik terang, apalagi memberikan solusi yang tepat terhadap problem masyarakat yang sudah semakin kompleks. Apabila menengok hukum positif di Indonesia, setiap orang dilarang melakukan aborsi. Larangan aborsi tertera dalam Pasal 75 ayat (1) UU No. 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan. Berdasarkan Regulasi ini, maka terdapat kecenderungan mempidanakan tindakan aborsi, sehingga marak terjadi aborsi ilegal (illegal abortus atau Abortus Provocatus Criminali) yang tidak aman. Akibat pemidanaan aborsi, maka para pasien yang tidak ingin terkena hukuman akibat melanggar hukum, terpaksa merelakan mempertaruhkan nyawanya hanya untuk melakukan aborsi yang tidak aman. Negara, dalam hal ini, belum memberikan solusi yang tepat dan proporsional dalam menyikapi permasalahan aborsi. Permasalahan aborsi saat ini semakin berkembang, karena menyangkut kesehatan reproduksi. Permasalahan ini ditambah dengan, ketika ditelisik ulang, undang-undang itu masih terdapat kerancuan yang menimbulkan multitafsir. Begitu juga, ketika menengok hukum Islam (fiqh) klasik, pada dasarnya tindakan pengguguran janin ini dilarang. Hal ini disebabkan, para ulama hukum Islam (fiqh) memandang tindakan aborsi sebagai kejahatan kemanusiaan, karena mengacu pada QS. al-Baqarah ayat, yang menerangkan bahwa manusia senantiasa tidak terjerumus ke dalam kerusakan dan kehancuran, sehingga manusia harus menjaga kehidupan. Ayat lain, yang biasanya menjadi dasar pengharaman aborsi, adalah QS. Al-An’am: 151, yang melarang untuk membunuh anak-anak kita karena takut miskin. Walaupun terdapat beberapa perbedaan pendapat di kalangan para ulama fiqh itu sendiri. Di sisi lain, Angka Kematian Ibu (AKI) di Indonesia masih tergolong tinggi di dunia. Bahkan, yang lebih memprihatinkan, AKI di Indonesia mencapai angka tertinggi di ASEAN. Banyak yang melakukan aborsi secara sembunyi-sembunyi dan tidak aman menjadi salah satu penyebab AKI di Indonesia sangat tinggi mencapai 228/100.000 kelahiran hidup. Hal ini yang belum terjawab secara proporsional oleh hukum Islam klasik dan hukum positif di Indonesia. Aborsi bagi sebagian orang merupakan tindakan yang tidak bermoral, karena melakukan kejahatan dengan membunuh janin. Negara turut bercampur tangan dengan melarang perbuatan aborsi. Begitu juga dengan legitimasi hukum Islam (fiqh) yang mengharamkan tindakan aborsi. Pertanyaan yang perlu diajukan adalah bagaimana hukum Islam memberikan solusi, tidak hanya benar, tetapi juga tepat (proporsional) untuk masalah-masalah sosial di era globalisasi saat ini?
KRITERIA HADIS HASAN MENURUT AL-SUYûTî DALAM AL-JâMI‘ AL-SAGHîR Suhendra, Ahmad
Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith Vol. 4 No. 2 (2014): DESEMBER
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.338 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/mutawatir.2014.4.2.342-355

Abstract

Post Rasulallah died, Islam continues to evolve from scientific and territorial aspects. Tradition as handed down by his teachings was widespread along with it. However, it should be unfortunate, as a result of many factors, the traditions that developed in the Islamic community also infected by a handful of people. At that time already occurred forgery traditions anchored in the Rasulallah. Therefore, to maintain the authenticity of the hadith of the Prophet, the scholars formulate certain criteria in determining the authenticity of a hadith. al-Jâmi? al-Saghîr is one of the books of hadith are considered in the study of hadith. This book is one that is referred to in the hadith search (takhrîj hadîth). al-Suyûtî collect a wide range of hadith from various sources in the book, so that it does not only exist but also the hadîth sahîh but also there is the hadîth hasan. That is the reason this article examines hadîth hasan in al-Jâmi? al-Saghîr. Based on the research of al-Suyûtî in al-Jâmi? al-Saghîr not provide new criteria in the hadîth hasan, but he became a mediator between scholars have different opinions in determining the status of the hadith.
WAJAH AL-QUR’AN DALAM MEDIA: Penelusuran Ayat-Ayat al-Qur’an dalam Rubrik Hikmah Harian Umum Republika Suhendra, Ahmad
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol 15, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

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Abstract

This article will discuss the verses of the Quran, specifically appeared in the Republika Newspaper Rubric of “Hikmah”. The  articles include only eight randomly selected ones in March 2014. The analysis deals with what kind of values discussed in the media related to al-Quran. The results showed that though there were attempts to inform the teachings or the values contained in the religion through the media, but it is still within a narrow range. The analysis shows that indeed the content of “Hikmah” rubric is more oriented on the religious motivations than philosophical one.
MENELISIK EKOLOGIS DALAM AL-QUR’AN Suhendra, Ahmad
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol 14, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

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Abstract

The disaster is not only a mere natural occurrence, but also due to the lack  of awareness and understanding of ones environmental problems. This paper will review the ecological values contained in the Quran. In fact, the Quran has given a stern warning of not doing mischief on earth. In this regard, within the certain limits, the query is how religion (Islam) providing ecological value to the whole community through the Koran? Applying semantic-hermeneutical approach, the research results the concept that has been introduced by the Quran with various forms and models of word. Withsome verses that describe the ecological problems, the formulation can be used as green religion, namely religion that requires people to practice Islam stressing the integral relationship between faith and the environment (all natural). Moral-ethical action is not only related to human relations, but also with nature.
KONTESTASI IDENTITAS MELALUI PERGESERAN INTERPRETASI HIJAB DAN ABSTRAK JILBAB DALAM AL QUR’AN Suhendra, Ahmad
PALASTREN Vol 6, No 1 (2013): PALASTREN
Publisher : STAIN Kudus

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Abstract

Artikel ini membahas reinterpretasi yang relevan tentang jilbab. Jilbab adalah pakaian yang telah ada jauh sebelumIslam datang. peradaban Yunani dan Romawi juga akrab dengan jilbab sebagai pakaian kain yang dikenakan oleh perempuan. Bahkan, di beberapa daerah, perempuan sangat ketat memakai  jilbab jika dibandingkan dengan aturan yang diberikan Islam. Setiap peradaban dan agama memiliki interpretasi yang berbeda, seperti orang orang diIndonesia.Apresiasi masyarakat Indonesia pada jilbab juga bergeser.Kata kunci: Hijab, Sejarah, Wanita, Identitas. This article  discusses relevant reinterpretation on veil. Veil is a costume that have existed long before Islam came. Greek and Roman civilization are also familiarwith the veil as a cloth worn by women. In fact, in someareas, women are very tight wearing this if it is compared with the given rules of Islam. Every civilization and religions have its different interpretations, like people inIndonesia and also Indonesian society appreciation on itis also shift.Keywords: hijab, history, veil, women, Identity.
TINJAUAN HADIS NABI TERHADAP UPAYA REBOISASI PERTANIAN Suhendra, Ahmad
ADDIN Vol 7, No 2 (2013): ADDIN
Publisher : P3M STAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/addin.v7i2.585

Abstract

HERMENEUTIKA HADIS KHALED M. ABOU EL FADL Suhendra, Ahmad
Mutawatir : Jurnal Keilmuan Tafsir Hadith Vol 5 No 2 (2015): DESEMBER
Publisher : Program Studi Perbandingan Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (390.717 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/mutawatir.2015.5.2.343-362

Abstract

This paper reviews the hermeneutic Khaled M. Abou El-Fadl, in his work entitled Speaking God’s Name: Authority and Women. This figure is interesting to study because his theory stems from the fact that they experienced. At first he was an admirer salafi, then criticize ideologies. This paper focuses on the thoughts on the meaning and religious texts. To unload thinking Khaled used descriptive-analytical method. Apparently, hermeneutics offered Khaled influenced by several prominent Western hermeneutics, especially Gadamer and Gracia. From there, he formulated the five preconditions which adopted in interpreting the sacred text of someone’s religion.
TINJAUAN HADIS NABI TERHADAP UPAYA REBOISASI PERTANIAN Suhendra, Ahmad
ADDIN Vol 7, No 2 (2013): ADDIN
Publisher : LPPM IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/addin.v7i2.585

Abstract

PENGUATAN NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA DAN KEISLAMAN DI KALANGAN PELAJAR suhendra, ahmad; Mahrusillah, Moh
Jurnal Bimas Islam Vol 12 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Bimas Islam 2019
Publisher : Direktorat Jenderal Bimbingan Masyarakat Islam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (454.491 KB) | DOI: 10.37302/jbi.v12i2.96

Abstract

Gerakan radikal agama di Indonesia telah menyusup ke kalangan pelajar. Penyusupan paham itu melalui organisasi-organisasi siswa intra-sekolah dan organisasi kerohanian. Maka tidak heran, saat ini banyak kasus terorisme yang melibatkan anak sekolah SMA. Kota Tangerang sebagai salah satu daerah penyangga Ibu Kota memiliki posisi strategis, secara ekonomi, social maupun politik. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian LP3M STISNU terdapat 115 dari 155 responden yang diteliti sudah masuk terindikasi radikal. Artinya, ada 115 sekolah yang siswanya berorientasi pada radikalisme. Bentuk pengabdian kepada masyarakat terintegrasi ini diberi nama Ngaji Pancasila. Ada lima lembaga pendidikan yang menjadi lokasi pengabdian kepada masyarakat. Sebab itu dalam pelaksanaan pengabdian kepada masyarakat terintegrasi 2018 ini ditujukan pada pelajar. Metode pengabdian yang dilakukan adalah dengan wawancara, observasi dan ceramah. Adapun bentuk kegiatan dinamakan Ngaji Pancasila. Ngaji Pancasila ini Tim Pengabdian melakukan roadshow ke beberapa sekolah di Tangerang Raya. Di dalamnya, Tim Pengabdian memberikan rekonstruksi pemahaman tentang Pancasila, Keislaman dan Kebangsaan. Ada delapan sekolah yang dijadikan dampingan Ngaji Pancasila, yakni 1) SMK An-Nisiniyyah; 2) SMA Babussalam; 3) MA Al-Hikmah; 4) SMAN 20; 5) SMAN 21; 6) SMK Al-Gina; 7) MA Darussa?adah; dan 8) SMA IT Al-Husaini. Berdasarkan pengamatan di lapangan maka diperlukan adanya penguatan materi tentang Pancasila dan Keislaman Kata Kunci: Radikalisme, Ngaji Pancasila, Pancasila, Islam, Pelajar   Abstract: The radical religious movement in Indonesia has infiltrated among the younger generation, especially students. Infiltration understand that student organizations through intra-organization and spiritual schools. It is no wonder, many current cases of terrorism involving school children high school. Tangerang city as one of the city's capital buffer has a strategic position, in the economic, social or political. Based on the results of the research there were 115 from STISNU LP3M 155 respondents researched already entered they radical. That is, there are 115 schools that their students are oriented on radicalism. The form of the integrated community named Budheg Pancasila. There are five institutions which became the location of the community. Therefore in the implementation of the community's integrated 2018 is aimed at students. The method of devotion that is done with the interview, observation and speaking engagements. As for the form of the activity is called Budheg Pancasila. Budheg Pancasila this Team Devotion do roadshow to some school in Tangerang. In it, the team's understanding of the reconstruction gave the Devotion of Pancasila, the national and Islamic. There are eight schools made dampingan Budheg Pancasila, i.e. 1) CMS's-Nisiniyyah; 2 Babussalam HIGH SCHOOL); 3) MA Al-Hikmah; 4) SMAN 20; 5) SMAN 21; 6 CMS) Al-Gina; 7) MA Darussa'adah; and 8) SMA IT Al-Husaini. Based on observations in the field required the presence of the reinforcement material about Pancasila and Islam Keyword: Radicalism, Ngaji Pancasila, Pancasila, Islam, Student
UJI INOKULASI Fusarium sp UNTUK PRODUKSI GAHARU PADA BUDIDAYA A. Beccariana iskandar, dudi; suhendra, ahmad
Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 3 (2012)
Publisher : Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (762.973 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jsti.v14i3.924

Abstract

Gaharu (Agarwood) is one of the most valuable of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) commodities in Indonesia that has an important role in economic and income for the community surrounding forest. However, the intensive exploitation and uncontrolled harvest capacity has brought those two potential species tends to decrease, and therefore gaharu is listed in the list of the CITES’ Appendix II. One of the solutions to deal with those cases researchers have been developing gaharu plantation as well technique to produce gaharu products through inoculation. Theaim of this study was to find the effectiveness of four different Fusarium sp from different locations in Indonesia (Parung/F1, Banjarmasin/F2, Jambi/F3 and Gorontalo/F4) in order to produce gaharu. These Fusarium were inoculated to 10 year’s old of A. Beccariana at Penajam, East Kalimantan. The result show that inoculant from Gorontalo (F4) gave the best result and the highest potential to the production of gaharu compare to other Fusarium sp.