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HUBUNGAN PAPARAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN GANGGUAN KEPEKAAN KULIT PADA PETANI DI DESA SUMBEREJO KECAMATAN NGABLAK KABUPAEN MAGELANG Hamidah, Tasya; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The existence of pesticides is now very important for farmers because pesticides are easy to use and have high killing power against pests. However, if used excessively can endanger the health of farmers, one of which is to experience a sense of sensitivity to the threshold of the skin. The occurrence of pesticide contamination through the skin is the most common contamination. The results of a preliminary study showed that 5 out of 10 farmers experienced complaints of tingling, itching and numbness. The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the factors associated with skin sensitivity disorders on farmers in Sumberejo Village, Ngablak Sub-District Magelang District. This type of study was analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Population in this study were 110 farmers. The sample of this study was taken by purposive sampling and the sample size were 43 farmers. Chi Square test results showed that the variabel working period (p value = 0.029), the use of PPE (p = 0.04), and personal hygiene (p value = 0.001) associated with skin sensitivity disorders in farmers. While the variabel working duration (p value = 0.410), number of types of pesticides (p = 0.274), and spraying frequency (p value = 0,453) were not associated with skin sensitivity disorders. There were 24 farmers who skin sensitivity disorder. The conclusion of this study is that the working period, PPE, personal hygiene, and cholinesterase are factors related to skin sensitivity disorders that need to be improved in terms of the use of complete PPE by farmers when spraying.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN DAN SANITASI DENGAN KEBERADAAN COLIFORM FECAL PADA HANDLE PINTU TOILET DI TEMPAT – TEMPAT UMUM DI KOTA SEMARANG Sari, Purwita; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Tangan yang menyentuh permukaan handle pintu toilet umum, berperan penting dalam transmisi bakteri coliform dari satu pengguna ke pengguna lainnya yang karakteristiknya beragam dan senantiasa berganti. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu mengetahui hubungan inspeksi higiene dan sanitasi dengan keberadaan coliform fecal pada handle pintu toilet di tempat-tempat umum (TTU) di Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Populasinya adalah tempat-tempat umum yang berada di Kota Semarang berjumlah 130 unit, kemudian sampel diambil sebanyak 33 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah random sampling pada setiap TTU. Analisis univariat menggunakan tabel distribusi frekuensi, analisis bivariat menggunakan tabulasi silang, menggunakan uji statistik chi square dan Rank Spearman, menggunakan α=0,05. Analisis univariat menunjukkan 28 sampel usap handle pintu toilet (84,8 %) positif mengandung coliform fecal. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan ada hubungan antara jumlah pengguna toilet (p=0,538), tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,008), praktik personal hygiene (0,050), intensitas membersihkan (p=0,044), kualitas fisik air bersih (p=0,017), kontinuitas air bersih (p=0,038), dan suhu (p= 0,050) dengan keberadaan coliform fecal, tidak ada hubungan antara kuantitas air bersih  (p=0,538), ketersediaan saluran air limbah (p=0,156), ketersediaaan tempat sampah (p=0,492), ketersediaan tempat cuci tangan (p=0,305), kelembaban (p=0,335), pencahayaan  (p=0,358). Diharapkan adanya peran aktif dari petugas kebersihan maupun pengguna toilet dalam meningkatkan kebersihan toilet umum.
PATTERNS OF TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER FLOW VELOCITIES AND CAROTID INTIMA MEDIA THICKNESS (CIMT) IN JAVANESE ISCHEMIC STROKE Danuaji, Rivan; Subandi, Subandi; Apriyanto, Arif; Dewi, Endang Kusuma; Suroto, Suroto; Mirawati, Diah Kurnia; Budianto, Pepi; Hambarsari, Yetty; Hamidi, Baarid Lukman; Prabaningtyas, Hanindya Riani; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
Biomedika Vol 12, No 1 (2020): Biomedika Februari 2020
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/biomedika.v12i1.9921

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ABSTRACTIntracranial atherosclerosis is the most common cause of stroke in Asia including Indonesia. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is a noninvasive tool which able to detect intracranial atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to determine the pattern of TCD waves in Javanese ischemic stroke patients and Carotid Intima Media Thickness (CIMT), and its correlation to demographic data. This is a cross-sectional study was conducted at Hospital X Surakarta. All Javanese ischemic stroke treated in stroke unit were examine for flow velocity using TCD and CIMT using ultrasound. Chi square was used to analyzes the relationship between age, gender, stroke type and the thickness of CIMT.  A total of 43 ischemic stroke patients were examined for TCD, consisting of 30 (69.77%) men and 13 (30,23%) women. The results showed that 31 (72.09%) had intracranial abnormalities in the form of stenosis or occlusion on MCA (23.26%), ACA (4.65%), PCA (4.65%), vertebral arteries (6.98 %) and other locations (32.56%). Thickening of CIMT was obtained as much as 22 (51,16%) of the patients. Age was a factor associated with CIMT thickening with (P: 0.041), while gender and type of stroke did not (P>0,05)). To sum up Intracranial flow velocity abnormalities often occur in Javanese ischemic stroke patients, while CIMT thickening is not associated with ischemic stroke pathologyKeywords: TCD, Stroke Ischemic, Flow Velocity, CIMT, JavaneseABSTRAKAterosklerosis intrakranial adalah penyebab paling umum dari stroke di Asia termasuk Indonesia. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) adalah alat noninvasif yang mampu mendeteksi aterosklerosis intrakranial. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pola gelombang TCD pada pasien stroke iskemik suku Jawa dan Carotid Intima Media Thickness (CIMT), dan korelasinya dengan data demografi. Penelitian cross-sectional ini dilakukan di Rumah Sakit X Surakarta. Semua stroke iskemik suku Jawa yang dirawat di unit stroke diperiksa untuk kecepatan aliran menggunakan TCD dan CIMT menggunakan ultrasound. Chi square digunakan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara usia, jenis kelamin, jenis stroke dan ketebalan CIMT. Sebanyak 43 pasien stroke iskemik diperiksa untuk TCD, terdiri dari 30 (69,77%) pria dan 13 (30,23%) wanita. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 31 (72,09%) memiliki kelainan intrakranial dalam bentuk stenosis atau oklusi pada MCA (23,26%), ACA (4,65%), PCA (4,65%), arteri vertebral (6,98%) dan lokasi lain (32,56%). Penebalan CIMT diperoleh sebanyak 22 (51,16%) dari pasien. Usia adalah faktor yang terkait dengan penebalan CIMT dengan (p= 0,041), sedangkan jenis kelamin dan jenis stroke tidak (p> 0,05), sehingga ditarik kesimpulan bahwa kelainan kecepatan aliran intrakranial sering terjadi pada pasien stroke iskemik Jawa, sedangkan penebalan CIMT tidak berhubungan dengan patologi stroke iskemik.Kata Kunci: TCD, Stroke Iskemik, Flow Velocity, CIMT, Suku Jawa
PENGARUH KALSIUM TERHADAP TUMBUH KEMBANG GIGI GELIGI ANAK Shita, Amandia Dewi Permana; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7, No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Adequate amounts of Calcium ions are essential for the developmental of enamel, dentin, and cementum. The delivery of adequate amounts of calcium to the dental tissues during developmental is essentially dependent on the maintenance of normal calcium concentrations in the extracellular fluids. Since the homeostatic mechanisms controlling the extracellular calcium ions concentration are highly efficient, only the most severe forms of calcium deprivation can result inhypocalcification of the dental tissues. Genetic defects or deficiencies of nutrients in addition to calcium may result in the formation of abnormal enamel, dentin or cementum.
THE EXPRESSIONS OF CORRECTIVE FEEDBACK IN SECOND LANGUAGE CLASSROOM Sulistyani, Sulistyani
English Teaching Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : English Teaching Journal

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Abstract

This study aims to review the teacher’s expressions which constitute teacher’s corrective feedbacks (CFs) in oral production and examine the ways the teachers expression revealing teacher’s CFs. The data are in the forms of teachers utterances obtained from four research articles. The result shows that teacher expressions which  constitute CFs cover explicit correction, recast, clarification request, metalinguistic, elicitation, and repetition. While the ways which reveal teacher’s CFs are found to be reduction, negation, and  expansion. The area to be corrected commonly involves phonological, grammatical, and lexical errors. So, it can be concluded that in a second language classroom instruction, teacher’s CFs expressions lead learners erroneous utterances to be resolved because by saying "Sorry?" (clarification request), a teacher implicitly asks a language learner to reformulate what he has just been said which is usually called repair. Thus, it implies that the teacher’s CFs expressions in a second language classroom instruction are facilitative to resolve learners problematic linguistic accuracy. In Indonesia, where English is used as foreign language, CFs are important to be practiced. Therefore, CF’s expressions are necessary to be introduced as a model to practice for the improvement of the linguistic competence especially in English speaking as it is assumed that excellence in speaking is expected to increase Indonesian human capital particularly in global competition and international communication.
FAKTOR RISIKO PAJANAN PESTISIDA TERHADAP KEJADIAN KERACUNAN PESTISIDA PADA PETANI DI JAWA TENGAH (STUDI LITERATUR HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN DI FKM UNDIP) Mukadar, Lilis Afriyani; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

: Pesticides are one of the hazardous and toxic materials used in the world of agriculture as pest control on plants. In fact, the use of pesticides continuously and in large quantities will have a negative impact on the environment and also have an impact on human health. This study aims to determine the risk factors for exposure to pesticides to public health by utilizing secondary data in the form of research journals. This research is a quantitative descriptive study with a Comparative Study approach. The population in this study were all journals related to risk factors for pesticide exposure to health from the online library of the Public Health Faculty of Diponegoro University with a sample of 5 research journals focused on Pesticide Exposure Risk Factors to Pesticide Poisoning. The data obtained were analyzed by univariate. The results of the data analysis showed that there were 3 locations in Central Java which were used as research sites, namely in Magelang Regency, Brebes Regency and Semarang Regency, using the Observational Analytical type and the Cross Sectional approach in each study. In the data analysis section the researchers tended to use 2 types of data analysis namely data analysis in Univariate and Bivariate. The most widely used risk factors as research variables are knowledge factors, length of work, years of service, use of PPE and pesticide mixing. From this study it can be concluded that the use of research variables has not varied enough because it only uses variables that have existed before. The next researcher is expected to be able to present new variables that are indicated to affect the occurrence of pesticide poisoning but are minimally included in the study.
PERBEDAAN OPTIC NERVE SHEATH DIAMETER (ONSD) PADA RESPONDEN NORMAL DAN NYERI KEPALA Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Danuaji, Rivan
Biomedika Vol 11, No 2 (2019): Biomedika Agustus 2019
Publisher : Universitas Muhamadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/biomedika.v11i2.8466

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Nyeri kepala merupakan salah satu tanda adanya peningkatan tekanan intrakranial. Nervus optikus merupakan saraf kranialis yang mudah dipengaruhi langsung oleh adanya peningkatan tekanan intrakranial. Kelainan nervus optikus dapat diketahui dengan adanya pelebaran optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD). ONSD dapat diukur dengan transorbital sonografi yang bersifat noninvasif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan nilai ONSD pada responden normal dan nyeri kepala. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan observasional analitik dengan metode cross sectional. Responden diambil dari pasien rawat inap dan responden normal. Hasil penelitian didapatkan Rata ? rata nilai ONSD pada pasien nyeri kepala adalah 0,52 ± 0,86 dan pada responden normal adalah 0,40 ± 0,57 (p < 0,05). Terdapat perbedaan signifikan nilai ONSD pada pasien normal dan nyeri kepala. Pasien nyeri kepala akibat peningkatan intrakranial dapat dideteksi dengan pemeriksaan ONSD yang bersifat non invasif.Kata Kunci: Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter (ONSD), Responden Normal, Nyeri KepalaHeadache is one of the symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. The optic nerve is part of the cranial nerve can be affected directly by the increased intracranial pressure. Opticus nerve can be examined from ONSD dilatation examination by non invasif sonography transorbital. The research aimed to defferentiate the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) on the normal volunteer and headache. Analysis observational with cross sectional method was conducted in ward patients with headache at RSDM in April-May 2015. Mean ONSD in headache patient is 0,52 ± 0,86 and normal volunteers 0,40 ± 0,57 (p < 0,05). The significant different ONSD value between headache and normal volunteers. Headache with intracranial increased can be detected with non invasif ONSD examination.Keyword: Optic nerve sheath diameter , headache , normal volunteer 
Faktor Risiko Kejadian Malaria Di Desa Lubuk Nipis Kecamatan Tanjung Agung Kabupaten Muara Enim Ahmadi, Supri; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Raharjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2009): April 2009
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.8.1.20 - 25

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ABSTRACT Background: Malaria was still a serious health problem in Indonesia. It was widely spread in many areas with various level of infection. In  2007,  Annual Malaria Incidence (AMI)   in Muara Enim district, was 24.77 0/00. It was higher than National Annual Malaria Incidence (AMI 10 0/00). The research aimed to find out  risk factors that influence malaria incidence in Muara Enim . Method: This study was designed as case control or retrospective study. As the case of the study, there were fifty four (54) malaria positive people were involved. Rapid survey was employed to select 54 respondents from negative of malaria. Thus, they were totally 108 respondents. Result: It was found three species of anopheles mosquitoes as suspected vectors, which are An. nigerimus, An. latifer and An. maculatus. Those species were found at  the puddles, rice field, pool, river, and public toilets. Factors that contributed to malaria incidence were the water bodies or ponds  around the house, not using bad net and coil to avoid mosquitoes. Conclusion: Most of the respondent had not used bed net while sleeping  as  risk factors to the incidence malaria in Muara Enim District. Key words : Malaria, environmental factor,  behavioral factor, Muara Enim
Faktor – Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kontaminasi Deterjen Pada Air Minum Isi Ulang Di Depot Air MInum Isi Ulang (DAMIU) Di Kabupaten Kendal Tahun 2009 Sulistyandari, Hartini; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Raharjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2007): Oktober 2007
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.6.2.54 - 58

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ABSTRACT Background : People are very depends on mineral water supplies especially for drinks. The results from Central Java Health Laboratory on November 21st 2008 to 95 Mineral Water Refill Depo (DAMIU) at Kendal shows that 85% of the samples examined has Alkyl Benzena sulfonates (ABS) detergent around 0.03 – 0.06 ug/lt. The results shows that the quality of the refillable mineral waters in Kendal were contaminated by detergents. This research was done to examined the factors that correlated with the detergent contaminated to refillable mineral waters at Mineral Water Refill Depo in Kendal. Method : This research is an observational research using surveillance methods and a cross sectional approaches. This research is using a questionnaires which already passed the validity and reliability tests. Primary and secondary datas were examined and analysed using a chi square test method. Result : The results shows that from about 50 DAMIU : 18 DAMIUs (36%) does not have a standardized water supplies, 28 DAMIUs (56%) does not have a standardized equipments, 21 DAMIUSs (42%) does not have a standardized process, 27 DAMIUs (54%) does not have a standardized sanitation, and 30 DAMIUs (60%) were contaminated by detergents. Furthermore, factors that correlated with the detergents contamination on refillable mineral waters at mineral water depo (DAMIU) in Kendal at 2009 are the water supplies (p-value : 0.03), equipment (p-value : 0.01), the process (p-value : 0.001) and sanitation (p-value : 0.027). Conclusion : The suggestion are to the owners of the DAMIUs to have a valid laboratory tests, especially to those correlated with the water supplies, the delivery, the water tank and the preconsumable mineral water, at least every 6 (six) months, using a standardized equipments, having a standard operating procedures (SOP) to operate DAMIUs, do not clean the tank and gallon with soaps or detergents and the needs of routine supervising and surveillance from the Health Department and ASPADA. Keywords : DAMIU, Detergents, Kendal
ANALISIS RASIO KEUANGAN UNTUK MEMPREDIKSI KONDISI FINANCIAL DISTRESS PERUSAHAAN MANUFAKTUR YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Ismanto, Deny
Jurnal Fokus Manajemen Bisnis Vol 7, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/fokus.v7i2.1744

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Financial  distress  precedes  bankruptcy.  Most  financial  distress  models actually rely on bankruptcy data, which is easier to obtain. The purpose of this research to examine financial ratios that predict financial distress condition of a firm. The sample of this research consist of 14 distress firm and 79 non-distress firms, chosen by purposive sampling. The statistic method which is used to test on the research hypothesis  is logistic regresion. The results show that the liquidity ratio (current assets/current liabilities) and a leverage ratio  (current leabilities/total  asset)  is  a  significant  variable  to  determine  of  financial  distress firms.  When  profitability  ratio  (net  income/net  sales)  and  price  earning  ratio (market  price  per  share/earnings  per  share)  are  not  significant  variables  to determine of financial distress.