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Kepemimpinan Lokal dan Tingkat Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pemeliharaan Jaringan Irigasi (Kasus : Desa Sukawangi, Kecamatan Sukamakmur, Kabupaten Bogor) Wulandari, Wulandari; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.3.2.%p

Abstract

The low level of community participation in the maintenance of village irrigation structures is inseparable from the role of local leadership. Community participation is made by the condition of society and strong relationship of the leaders with the community in building a village. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationship of internal factors, external factors of society, local leadership with the prerequisite of participation and the relationship between the prerequisite of participation with the level of community participation in the maintenance of irrigation structures in Sukawangi Village. This research uses survey method using quantitative approach supported with relevant qualitative data. The results of this research indicate that is the internal factors of society did not appear to be related to the prerequisite of community participation. External factors of society have important role in fulfillment of the prerequisite of participation. Local leadership plays a significant role in fulfillment of the prerequisite of participation. The prerequisite of participation is significantly related to the level of community participation in the maintenance of irrigation structures.Keywords: Local Leadership, Maintenance of irrigation structures, ParticipationABSTRAKRendahnya tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemeliharaan jaringan irigasi desa tidak terlepas dari peran pemimpin lokal. Partisipasi masyarakat terbentuk oleh kondisi masyarakat dan kuatnya hubungan pemimpin dengan masyarakat dalam membangun suatu desa. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan faktor internal, faktor eksternal masyarakat, kepemimpinan lokal dengan prasyarat partisipasi dan hubungan antara prasyarat partisipasi dengan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemeliharaan jaringan irigasi di Desa Sukawangi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif didukung dengan data kualitatif yang relevan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa antara faktor internal masyarakat tidak tampak berhubungan dengan prasyarat partisipasi masyarakat. Faktor eksternal masyarakat berperan penting dalam terpenuhinya prasyarat partisipasi. Kepemimpinan lokal berperan nyata terhadap terpenuhinya prasyarat partisipasi. Prasyarat partisipasi berhubungan nyata dengan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemeliharaan jaringan irigasi.Kata kunci : Kepemimpinan lokal, Partisipasi, Pemeliharaan jaringan irigasi
KOMPILASI HUKUM ISLAM SEBAGAI HUKUM MATERIIL PADA PERADILAN AGAMA Hermawan, Dadang; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
YUDISIA : Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum dan Hukum Islam Vol 6, No 1 (2015): YUDISIA
Publisher : Program Studi Hukum Keluarga Islam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.191 KB) | DOI: 10.21043/yudisia.v6i1.1469

Abstract

As the biggest Muslim country and a state law, it is only natural if Islamic law is used as a source of reference in the formation of national laws. In the history of the development of Islamic law in Indonesia, Islamic law was merely based on fatwa of Islamic scholars and their interpretation. Major breakthrough occurred in the New Order Era with the issuance of Presidential Degree No 1/1991 on the Compilation of Islamic Law (KHI) on Jun 10, 1991. The Decree was then followed by the Decision of Minister of Religious Affairs No 154/1991 on the implementation of Presidential Decree No 1/1991 regarding the dissemination of KHI as a suplement for the Law No 7/1989 on Religious Court. KHI has filled the empy seat of material law in Religious Court. It provides judges of Religious Court with materials to observe and decide on cases. It may also eliminate debates among judges on the problem of inheritance marriage and endowment (waqf). Although KHI is far from perfection, it may be used as material sources for religious court and there is no religious court decision which left KHI out.   
Efek Pembukaan Lahan terhadap Karakteristik Biofisik Gambut pada Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit di Kabupaten Bengkalis Suwondo, Suwondo; Sabiham, Supiandi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Paramudya, Bambang
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (968.06 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.143-149

Abstract

Oil palm plantations at peatland are faced with problems of land degraded, low productivity and produced to green house gas (GRG) emission.The objectives of this study were to land clearing effect of peatlands and to identified factors that affect the peatlands in the biophysicalcharacteristics. This study was conducted on District Bengkalis-Riau at marine and brakish peat. The data was collected using field survey anddocumentation. The descriptive analysis was used to determine biophysical characteristics and linier regresion was used to corelation performimportant factors. The research results showed that the biophysical characteristics of peatland experienced changes in the horizon profile,peat thickness, decomposition level, moisture content, ash content, pH, C-organic and biomass. The secondary peat swamp forest ofbiophysical characteristics have to different in the horizon profile, peat thickness, decomposition level, moisture content, ash content, pH,C-organic and biomass compared with marine and brackish peat.
MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PARTISIPATIF FAKIR MISKIN DALAM PENGEMBANGAN USAHA MENUJU KEMANDIRIAN Hamzah, Hamzah; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Tjitropranoto, Prabowo; Amanah, Siti
Jurnal TEKNODIK Jurnal Teknodik Vol.19 No. 1, April 2015
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kementerian Pendidikan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (41.091 KB) | DOI: 10.32550/teknodik.v19i1.148

Abstract

Abstrak:Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: (1) peran pembelajaran partsipasi dalam pengembangan usaha fakir miskin menuju kemandirian; dan (2) tingkat partisipasi fakir miskin dalam meningkatkan pengembangan usaha; serta (3) merumuskan model pembelajaran bagi fakir miskin untuk mengembangkan kemandirian usahanya. Penelitian dilaksanakan di tiga kecamatan di Kabupaten Bogor dengan responden sebanyak 254 fakir miskin, yang diambil secara total sampling/sensus. Data di analisis dengan statistik deskriptif. Data yang berskala ordinal ditransformasi menjadi skala interval dan analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis korelasi Pearson. Pembelajaran partisipatif telah berhasil menumbuhkembangkan kemauan dan kemampuan untuk berusaha. Ikrar yang diucapkan pada setiap awal pertemuan pekanan menjadi penggugah kesadaran fakir untuk mengembangkan usahanya. tetapi masih berfokus pada pengembangan usaha secara individu. Tingkat partisipasi dalam memanfaatkan modal pinjaman untuk mengembangkan usahanya tergolong tinggi dalam kehadiran pada pertemuan kelompok, pengembalian pinjaman, dan kegiatan menabung. Model pembelajaran partisipatif bagi fakir miskin yang efektif dilakukan dalam dua tahapan. Tahap yang pertama ialah pemberdayaan masyarakat miskin dengan pembelajaran partisipatif yang diikuti oleh pemanfaatan zakat sebagai modal produktif untuk pengembangan usaha fakir miskin, disertai pendampingan, seperti yang telah dilakukan. Tahap yang kedua adalah penguatan usaha yang dilakukan dengan mendinamiskan kelompok sehingga mereka dapat melaksanakan usaha bersama menuju kemandirian.Kata Kunci : Pembelajaran partisipatif, usaha kelompok, kemandirianAbstract:The objetives of the study are to analyse: (1) the results of participative learning of the participant, and (2) the level of participation in the development of home industry, and (3) formulate effective participatory learning model. The respondents of the study were 254 poor people gathered through total/cencus sampling, in three subdistricts of Bogor. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Data on ordinal scale were transformed into an interval scale, and its analysis was conducted by Pearson correlation analysis. Participatory learning was successful in developing willingness and capability of poor people to establish efforts in developing business. The pledge (consensus/sworn agreement) made at the beginning of the weekly meeting had become a trigger to raise awareness to expand business but still limited to the development of individual businesses. High level of participation was shown by the respondents through the attendance in group meeting and repayment of credit and saving. The effective model for participatory learning is conducted through two steps activities. The first step was to establish willingness and capability of poor people to develop business based on his/her own interest through participatory learning followed by the utilization of zakat (obligatory alms-giving and religious tax in Islam) as productive capital for business development for poor with assistance, as it has done. The second step is strengthening the business by building a dybamic group/community in order to carry out joint efforts toward self independence.Keyword: Participatory learning, group efforts, self-reliance.
Code-Mixing in Online Discussion Forum among Progressive Farmer: Revealing Sundanese Culture Wisdom in Agriculture Community Harjanti, Miko; Lubis, Djuara; Suhanda, Nani; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Lingua Cultura Vol 12, No 3 (2018): Lingua Cultura Vol. 12 No. 3
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/lc.v12i3.4175

Abstract

This research aimed to explore the cultural wisdom which encouraged the spirit to empower the community and to reveal code-mixing utilization in the conversation. This research was conducted in progressive farming communities in West Java and Banten provinces. They communicated through an ODF (Online Discussion Forum) bridged by WhatsApp Group (WAG) social networking app. Content Analysis method could reveal the wisdom of the Sundanese culture that underlined the spirit of the progressive farmers. The observation period was from August 25 - November 26, 2016. During the observation period, there were 10.313 statements emerged in the discussion. Nvivo 8 software was used to analyze discussion themes. 20 statements were displayed in the results section as they could reflect the research questions. In code-mixing Indonesian and Sundanese, the progressive farmers also expressed their efforts to nurture young farmers by conducting training. The result shows that code-mixing of Indonesian and local language as mother tongue in the discussions accelerates mutual understanding because of cultural similarity between actors. It also implies that communication technology could be utilized for maintaining indigenous cultural wisdom.
Pengambilan Keputusan Inovasi pada Adopter Pertanian Organik Sayuran di Desa Ciputri, Pacet, Kabupaten Cianjur Ulfah, Maria; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.792 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.1.2.209-222

Abstract

An organic farm continue to be disseminated to farmers, but until now still quite a lot of farmers who do not adopt organic farming. The farmer's decision to adopt or reject the adoption of organic farming of vegetables can be seen from the stage of the decision making process of innovation. This research was done in the village of Ciputri, subdistrict Pacet, Cianjur District. The purpose of this research is to analyze the decision-making innovations on organic vegetable farming adopter and the factors related to the decision making innovation in adopter organic farming of vegetables. This research uses census on the population of farmers who adopting organic farming of vegetables and continue to adopting. The results showed that the level of knowledge adopter of organic farming of vegetables included in the category of being the real factors related to the level of knowledge that is land area and the level of courage to take risks. At the level of persuasion including the high category with tangible factors related to the level of persuasion that is the level of conformance. At the implementation level adopter of organic farming of vegetables including the medium category with tangible factors related to the implementation level is the level conformity procedures.Keywords: adoption, knowledge level, persuasion level, implementation level-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ABSTRAKPertanian organik terus disosialisasikan kepada para petani namun sampai saat ini masih cukup banyak petani yang tidak mengadopsi pertanian organik. Keputusan petani untuk mengadopsi atau menolak adopsi pertanian organik sayuran dapat dilihat dari tahap proses pengambilan keputusan inovasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Ciputri, Kecamatan Pacet, Kabupaten Cianjur. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengambilan keputusan inovasi pada adopter pertanian sayuran organik dan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pengambilan keputusan inovasi pada adopter pertanian organik sayuran. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode sensus pada populasi petani yang mengadopsi pertanian organik sayuran dan tetap melanjutkan untuk mengadopsi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan adopter pertanian organik sayuran termasuk pada kategori sedang dengan faktor yang berhubungan nyata dengan tingkat pengetahuan yaitu: luas lahan dan tingkat keberanian mengambil resiko. Pada tingkat persuasi termasuk kategori tinggi dengan faktor yang berhubungan nyata dengan tingkat persuasi yaitu tingkat kesesuaian. Pada tingkat implementasi adopter pertanian organik sayuran termasuk kategori sedang dengan faktor yang berhubungan nyata dengan tingkat implementasi yaitu tingkat kesesuaian prosedur.Kata kunci: adopsi, tingkat pengetahuan, tingkat persuasi, tingkat implementasi
Pengaruh Penyuluhan Pertanian terhadap Tingkat Produktivitas Padi Sawah Hernalius, Lidwina Amanda; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Hamzah, Hamzah
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.103 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.2.3.279-288

Abstract

The increasing of paddy productivity less significantly happened. This caused by the farmers limited abilities. The purpose of this research is to analyze the paddy productivity level happened. This research is using census approach and supported by qualitative data that is in-depth interview. The respondents consist of 60 people, splitted into two categories, the active farmers and the non-active farmers in the agricultural extension by using census method within the two groups of farmers. The results of this research shows that there is a real and positive influence of agricultural extension towards paddy productivity level.Keywords: agricultural extension, empowerment, paddy productivity level.---------------------------------ABSTRAKPeningkatan produktivitas padi kurang terjadi secara signifikan. Hal ini disebabkan oleh kemampuan petani yang masih terbatas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis tingkat produktivitas padi yang terjadi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan sensus dan didukung oleh data kualitatif berupa wawancara mendalam. Responden terdiri atas 60 orang yang dibagi dua kategori yaitu petani aktif dan non aktif dalam kegiatan penyuluhan pertanian melalui metode sensus pada dua kelompok tani. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang nyata dan positif Penyuluhan pertanian terhadap peningkatan produktivitas padi sawah.Kata kunci: pemberdayaan, penyuluhan pertanian, tingkat produktivitas padi
Communication Patterns in the Development of Life Skills at the Darul Fallah Islamic Boarding School in Bogor Regency Purwanto, Eko; sumardjo, Sumardjo; Hafsari, Retno; Wibowo, Cahyono Tri
Nyimak: Journal of Communication Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Nyimak: Journal of Communication
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Muhammadiyah Tangerang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31000/nyimak.v4i2.2875

Abstract

This study aims to determine the pattern of communication in the process of developing life skills at the Darul Fallah Islamic Boarding School, Bogor Regency. The research method used is a case study with a qualitative approach. The results showed that the curriculum used was an integrated curriculum, namely a combination of religious material, general material, and life skills consisting of: personal skills, social skills, academic skills, and vocational skills. Personal skill development is carried out through public lectures, muhadhoroh, pencak silat, and sports. Social skill development is carried out through HISDAF which is an organization of students, muhadatsah and scouts. Academic skill development is carried out through learning the Qur’an, Hadith and the Salaf book (Yellow book). Vocational skill development is carried out through an integrated agricultural program. Linear communication patterns are actualized in general lectures and muhadhoroh (discourse) activities. Interactional communication patterns are carried out in muhadatsah (conversation) activities, learning the Qur’an, Hadith and the Salaf books. While transactional communication patterns are carried out in scouting activities, HISDAF student organizations, and agricultural education.Keywords : Life skills, linear communication, interactional communication, transactional communication ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pola komunikasi dalam proses pengembangan life skill di Pondok Pesantren Pertanian Darul Fallah Kabupaten Bogor. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi kasus dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kurikulum yang digunakan adalah kurikulum terpadu, yaitu gabungan materi keagamaan, materi umum, serta keterampilan (life skill) yang terdiri atas: personal skill, social skill, academic skill, dan vocational skill. Pengembangan personal skill dilakukan melalui ceramah umum, muhadhoroh, pencak silat, dan olahraga. Pengembangan social skill dilakukan melalui HISDAF yang merupakan organisasi santri, muhadatsah dan pramuka. Pengembangan academic skill dilakukan melalui pembelajaran al-Qur’an, Hadis dan kitab salaf (kitab kuning). Pengembangan vocational skill dilakukan melalui program pertanian yang terpadu. Pola komunikasi linier diaktualisasikan dalam kegiatan ceramah umum serta muhadhoroh. Pola komunikasi interaksional dilakukan dalam kegiatan muhadatsah, pembelajaran al-Qur’an, Hadis dan kitab salaf. Adapun pola komunikasi transaksional dilakukan dalam kegiatan pramuka, organisasi santri HISDAF, dan pendidikan pertanian.Kata Kunci: Life skills, komunikasi linier, komunikasi interaksional, komunikasi transaksional
Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Desa terhadap Tingkat Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pemanfaatan Dana Desa (Desa Pamijahan, Kecamatan Pamijahan, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat) Rahmannuddin, Muhammad; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat [JSKPM] Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2296.972 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jskpm.2.1.133-146

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe low level of community participation in the allocation of village funds indicates that the implementation of the village fund allocation still has not fully involved the community in the village financial management process. This is due to the weak leadership influence of the village head as the supreme leader who has full authority and responsibility in managing the region and its community. The low level of community participation has an impact on the lack of community satisfaction and trust in the village administration. This study uses a quantitative data approach supported by qualitative data in the form of in-depth interviews. Respondents consisted of 60 people divided into two categories namelynof community leaders and non-community leaders through stratified random sampling method. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant influence between the leadership of the village head on the level of community participation in the utilization of village funds.Keywords: leadership, participation, village funds----------------ABSTRAKRendahnya tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemanfaatan dana desa menunjukkan bahwa implementasi dana desa masih belum sepenuhnya melibatkan masyarakat di dalam proses pengelolaan keuangan desa. Hal ini disebabkan oleh lemahnya pengaruh kepemiminan kepala desa sebagai pemimpin tertinggi yang memiliki wewenang dan tanggung jawab penuh dalam mengatur wilayah dan komunitasnya. Rendahnya partisipasi masyarakat berdampak pada kurangnya kepuasan dan kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap pemerintahan desa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan data kuantitatif yang didukung data kualitatif berupa wawancara mendalam. Responden terdiri atas 60 orang yang berdasarkan tingkat ketokohan yaitu tokoh masyarakat dan non tokoh masyarakat melalui metode stratified random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan antara kepemimpinan kepala desa terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pemanfaatan dana desa.Kata kunci: dana desa, kepemimpinan, partisipasi
Communication and Conflict of North Coast Resources Utilization in Serang Regency Muldi, Ail; Sumardjo, Sumardjo; Kinseng, Rilus A; Sugihen, Basita Ginting
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 11, No 1 (2019): Komunitas, March 2019
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v11i1.18051

Abstract

The gap in the coastal resources utilization on the North Coast in Serang Regency has the potential to cause conflict between coastal communities dealing with local governments and sea sand mining companies. This research focuses on how the communication practices of the conflicting parties and the typology of conflict, communication interactions in conflict relations and communication strategies in conflict solutions. The research used qualitative approach which was conducted through in-depth interview with informants purposively. The results of the research showed that the dominance of natural resources was the trigger for conflict in the utilization of coastal resources on the North Coast in Serang Regency. The ineffectiveness of government and company communication in managing conflict potentials made coastal communities perceived the sea sand mining activities negatively. Coastal communities fought for their interests in various forms namely demonstrations, anarchism, social conflict between layers and human rights violations. The most active community groups were fishermen because sea sand mining had caused technical problems with fishing and decrease in income. The conflicting parties communicated with each other openly, defensively and in confrontational way. The practice of communication in resolving conflicts ran less effectively because the government and the company did not involve conflicting parties through communication to resolve the conflict. The research findings are the basis of understanding to manage potential conflicts and its escalations through appropriate communication to reach consensus to realize convergence of interests.