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Journal : International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD)

ORAL TRADITION OF DEWI KRESNA DANCE DRAMA PERFORMANCE IN KERAMBITAN TABANAN - BALI: A STUDY VIEWED FROM FUNCTION AND VALUE PERSPECTIVE I Nengah Astawa; I Nyoman Suparsa; Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra; Ni Luh Sukanadi
International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD) Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD)
Publisher : Unmas Press

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to describe functions and values ​​of Dewi Kresna Dance-Drama Performance in Kerambitan Tabanan. The underlying theories used as the basis of this research are the theories of structuralism and hermeneutics. The data of the research was obtained through conducting field observation, interviewing some source persons, research libraries and recording the performance on the spot. The result of the recording was transcripted and translated literally and idiomatically. Then it was analyzed descriptively using argumentative techniques. The result of the findings is that the plot of the story is made up with two main acts with nine types of conventional scenes. The characters involved in the performance were categorized into stock characters, conventional formulaic ones who are always present in every traditional performance in Bali and also central characters. Why Dewi Kresna is used here, not Calonarang as commonly used in the other parts of Bali is due to the factors of feeling, esthetics and the society's belief in Kerambitan. They avoid using "Calonarang" who has so far negative connotation. The theme sets forth here is the eternal battle between good and bad spirits. The functions of the performance for the village comuninity in Kerambitan are for completing the process of the temple ceremony, as the media of education, for entertainment, as a means of tightening the society's relationship, and for driving away disaster. The values ​​that can be taken from the performance are values ​​of legend, magical phenomena, religious practices, loyalty, esthetics, ethics, and the two opposing powers: rwa-bhineda.
TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES PRACTICED BY LANGUAGE TEACHERS TO ACTIVELY ENGAGE THEIR STUDENTS IN LEARNING Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra; Ida Ayu Made Sri Widiastuti; I Nyoman Suparsa; Nengah Dwi Handayani
International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD) Vol. 2 No. 2 (2020): International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD)
Publisher : Unmas Press

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Abstract

Teaching strategies are techniques used by teachers to help students become independent in learning and active strategic learners. Teaching strategies become learning strategies when students independently choose suitable ones and practice them effectively to achieve tasks or meet their learning goals. This study aims to examine the learning strategies applied by language teachers in language learning practices in the classroom to optimize students’ language skill acquisition. Data collection methods used are observation, interview, and documentation. The data analysis technique is descriptive qualitative analysis, namely data reduction, presentation, and concluding. The results showed that there are several favorable teaching strategies employed by language teachers to improve students' language skills. This research has implications for educational institutions to continually improve teachers’ skills to implement effective and innovative learning strategies.
INNOVATIVE TEACHING TECHNIQUES COLLABORATIVELY IMPLEMENTED IN WRITING CLASSES BY PRE-SERVICE I Nyoman Suparsa; Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra; I Nengah Astawa; Ida Ayu Made Sri Widiastuti; Ni Luh Sukandi
International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD) Vol. 3 No. 1 (2021): International Journal of Applied Science and Sustainable Development (IJASSD)
Publisher : Unmas Press

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Abstract

This collaborative research was aimed at exploring teaching strategies used in teaching writing by pre-service teachers who conducted practice teaching junior high schools in Denpasar. The research was done due to the problems faced by the teachers in teaching writing. Some innovative techniques were practiced by pre-service teachers to overcome the problems. The innovative techniques proposed were clustering technique, roundtable technique, think pair share, and mind mapping. It was believed that these techniques would be able to improve the students’ ability in writing. After the implementation of the teaching strategies, it was revealed that all techniques offered were able to foster the students’ ability in writing. Therefore, the study implies that innovative learning strategies should be implemented in every teaching activity, especially in teaching writing.