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Journal : Al-MARSHAD: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan

Analisis Metode Penentuan Arah Kiblat Masjid Agung Baitul Makmur Meulaboh Aceh Barat Riza Afrian Mustaqim
Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan Vol 6, No 2 (2020): Al-Marshad
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/jam.v6i2.5229

Abstract

Abstract Masalah ketepatan arah kiblat di Masjid Agung Baitul Makmur Meulaboh, Aceh Barat tidak bisa ditolerir. Pasalnya, tingkat kemiringan yang terjadi begitu besar sehingga tidak mengarah ke ainul ka'bah bahkan jihatul ka'bah. Penelitian ini mengkaji metode penentuan arah kiblat Masjid Agung Baitul Makmur Meulaboh Aceh Barat. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan kualitatif, dengan memverifikasi metode yang digunakan dalam menentukan arah kiblat. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengukuran arah kiblat masjid Agung Baitul Makmur Meulaboh Aceh Barat tidak mengacu pada metode pengukuran tertentu, sehingga memiliki ketidaktelitian yang sangat signifikan.
Pandangan Ulama Terhadap Image Processing Pada Astrofotografi Di BMKG Untuk Rukyatul Hilal Riza Afrian Mustaqim
Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.174 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/jam.v4i1.1937

Abstract

BMKG develops rukyatul hilal by using Image processing in astrophotography. The process of image processing on the cresent that can not be ascertained its existence. Image processing is able to clarify the vivid image of the cresent becoming more vivid and invisible. This study examines the views of ulama related to the validity of the use of image processing. There is a difference between the scholars. Firstly, the scholars did not allow the use of image processing because of the use of limited tools to aid vision. Secondly, scholars who allow the use of image processing but only limited to clarify the image of the new moon. Thirdly, scholars who allow the use of image processing as a whole, because the step is a scientific process to ensure moon. Keyword: Image Processing, Rukyatul hilal, Ulama
Method of Determining the Beginning of the Lunar Month (Scientific Study of the Syattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah Orders in Indonesia) Riza Afrian Mustaqim
Al-Marshad: Jurnal Astronomi Islam dan Ilmu-Ilmu Berkaitan Vol 9, No 1 (2023): Al-Marshad
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30596/jam.v9i1.11976

Abstract

The problem of very significant differences is present in the determination of the beginning of the Kamariah month of the Shattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah communities in Indonesia. The difference is motivated by the use of conventional methods in determining the beginning of the Kamariah (Lunar) month. This research explores how the method of determining the beginning of the Kamariah month of the Shattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah congregations. how is the scientific verification of the method of determining the beginning of the Kamariah month of the Shattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah congregations. This research is a scientific research. The analysis used in this research is component analysis. The results of this research show that First, the method of determining the beginning of the Kamariah month applied by these two communities, the Shattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah communities, is a conventional method, especially in the hisab that is applied. In addition, there is Rukyatul Hilal, which is also classified as conventional in its application. Secondly, the method of determining the beginning of the month of Kamariah in the Shattariyah and Naqsyabandiyah orders cannot be scientifically proven in the Scientific Review. There are many errors in determining the beginning of the Kamariah month according to this order. The irrelevant Hisab method is the main cause. On the other hand, Rukyatul Hilal, which is considered as a determinant, has shortcomings in its application so that it is not able to detect the presence of Hilal accurately and precisely.