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Pengetahuan dan Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Masyarakat Tobelo Dalam di Maluku Utara Susiarti, Siti; Rahayu, Mulyati; Royyani, Mohammad Fathi
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 25, No 4 Des (2015)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.273 KB)

Abstract

AbstrakPengetahuan dan pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat masyarakat lokal telah banyak di lakukan di Indonesia. Namun demikian pengetahuan dari masyarakat Tobelo Dalam, di Propinsi Maluku Utara, masih belum banyak diungkapkan. Oleh karena itu survei tumbuhan obat yang dilakukan di T.N. Aketajawe-Lolobata, Pulau Halmahera pada bulan Juni 2010 diharapkan dapat melengkapi data kekayaan, keanekaragaman dan pengetahuan jenis tumbuhan obat masyarakat Indonesia. Metode dilakukan melalui wawancara secara terbuka dan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tidak kurang dari60 jenis termasuk 54 marga dan 35 suku tumbuhan dicatat dimanfaatkan untuk tumbuhan obat. Cara penggunaannya bisa dalam bentuk tunggal maupun ramuan. Beberapa diantaranya yang umum dimanfaatkan masyarakat Tobelo Dalam adalah momongere (Nervilia aragoana Gaud.), gosale (Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry), Begonia holosericea Teijsm.& Binn., yangere (Alstonia scholaris R.Br.) dan gogorati (Arcangelisia flava Merr.). Dua jenis terakhir termasuk tumbuhan langka dan Begonia holosericea, merupakan jenis endemik Maluku. Jenis-jenis yang dikategorikan langka dan endemik ini perlu segera mendapat perhatian untuk upaya konservasinya.Kata Kunci: Maluku Utara, Tobelo Dalam, tumbuhan obat.AbstractKnowledge and use of medicinal plants by local people quite a lot in Indonesia. However, knowledge of the community of Tobelo Dalam in North Maluku, is still rare. The survey to explore local plants which are used as medicinal plants was conducted in Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park, Halmahera Island, North Moluccas Province on June 2010. The methods used were included open-ended discussion and direct observation in the fields. As a result at least 60 plant species, belong to 54 genera and 35 familieswere recorded as medicinal plants. Those plants found were utilized as medicinal plants in a single plant or as mix compound, with other materials. Medicinal plants which are used by Tobelo Dalam communityare momongere (Nervilia aragoana Gaud.), gosale (Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry), Begonia holosericea Teijsm.& Binn., yangere (Alstonia scholaris R.Br.) and gogorati (Arcangelisia flava Merr.) The last two species included in endangered plants and Begonia holosericea is endemic plant of Moluccas. These endangered and endemic plants needs further actions such as conservation.Keywords : Medicinal plants, Tobelo Dalam Community, North Moluccas
Pandan (Pandanaceae) in Flores Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia: an economic-botanical study Susiarti, Siti; Djarwaningsih, Tutie; Keim, Ary Prihardhyanto
REINWARDTIA Vol 13, No 5 (2013): Vol. 13, No. 5
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.55 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v13i5.426

Abstract

The people in the Indonesian province of Nusa Tenggara Timur (then East Lesser Sunda Islands) consist of many  ethnic  groups,  each  with  their  own  local languages. The island of Flores is the second largest island within the East Lesser Sunda Islands. The island is inhabited by 10 ethnic groups, in which four are regarded as the dominant groups:  Flores, Ende, Lio and Manggarai. The pandan flora of the island is still largely unknown; the same is for their ethnobotany. The aim of this current study is to know the traditional usages and potential uses of pandan flora in the Flores Island. The study was carried out in three regencies:  Ende, Nagekeo and Manggarai. The result of this study shows that there are four species of Pandanus (P. amaryllifolius, P. dubius, P. kaernbachii, and P. tectorius) and one species of Freycinetia (F. insignis) are recorded from the areas understudy.  The presence of P. kaernbachii in Flores Island is a new record.  The people also recognises the diversity of Pandanaceae, especially from the genus Pandanus, in which they are known by local names such as “panda”, “re’a”, “waku”, and “mbojo”.  Main usages of Pandanus are as material sources for handicrafts (mats, coffee bowls, and hats), dye, flavourings, funeral offering, and ornamental plant.
MEDICINAL PLANT DIVERSITY IN THE TESSO NILO NATIONAL PARK, RIAU, SUMATRA, INDONESIA* Susiarti, Siti; Purwanto, Yohanes; Walujo, Eko Baroto
REINWARDTIA Vol 12, No 5 (2009): Vol. 12, No. 5
Publisher : Research Center for Biology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.041 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/reinwardtia.v12i5.86

Abstract

SUSIARTI, S., PURWANTO, Y. & WALUJO, E.B. 2009. Medicinal plant diversity in the Tesso Nilo National Park, Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia. Reinwardtia  12(5): 383–390- A study of traditional knowledge on plant uses especially medicinal plants of the local community, was conducted in 2003 at the Situgal Village and its surrounding area in the Tesso Nilo National Park at the Logas Tanah Darat District, Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Research methods included open-ended discussion and direct observation. To better assess the extractive activities and the utilization of the plant diversity by the local people, an index of cultural significance (ICS) analysis was employed. Research results showed that local people in Situgal still use a large number of plants for medicinal purposes and rely on ethnobotanical knowledge in their daily life. We recorded 86 species belonging to 78 genera and 46 families of plants having ethnobotanical values. Eighty-two species are used for medicinal purposes and the remaining 4 species for fish poisons. Those species can be used to cure approximately 38 types of illness. The ICS analysis for the potential value of each species showed that  ‘patalo bumi’  (Eurycoma longifolia) is the most important species and well utilized by local community in the Tesso Nilo NP area.
Rapid Assessment on Biodiversity in Logged Forest of Tesso Nilo, Riau Province, Sumatra Prawiradilaga, Dewi M.; ., Purwaningsih; Susiarti, Siti; Sidik, Irvan; Suyanto, A.; Rachmatika, Ike; Noerdjito, Woro A.; Marakarmah, A.; Sinaga, M. H.; Cholik, E.; Saim, A.
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (310.132 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2106

Abstract

Tesso Nilo area which is located at Riau province covers an area of 188.00 ha. Recently, it is famous because of asharply increased in encroachment activities for forest conversion, especially for oil palm plantations and villagesites. It was conducted in logged forest around Segati river, Toro river, Mamahan river and Sawan river in June2003. The results showed that the area had the high richness of plant species which was indicated by the high valueof Mennhenick index. Records from the 1 ha studied plot identified a total of 360 species included 165 genera and57 families with 215 tree species 305 sapling species. Some important tree species which were included in the RedList of IUCN were ‘gaharu’ (Aquilaria malaccensis), ‘ramin’ (Gonystylus bancanus), Shorea spp. and Dipterocarpusspp. The local community utilized 83 species of medicinal plants and 4 species of toxic plants for fishing. The totalnumber of recorded bird species was 114 species represented 29% of the total Sumatran bird species. The mostimportant bird species were the Wrinkled Hornbill (Aceros corrugatus), Crestless Fireback (Lophuraerythrophthalma), Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) and Hooked-billed Bulbul (Setornis criniger). The total numberof recorded mammal species was 34 species or 16.5% of 206 species of Sumatran mammals. The most importantmammal species included Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximussumatrensis), the Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) and three species of primates: Hylobates agilis, Presbytis femoralisand Macaca nemestrina. The herpetofauna contained 15 reptile species and 18 amphibian species. The mostimportant herpetofauna was the endangered False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) and the vulnerable Common Softshelledturtle (Amyda cartilaginea). The number of recorded fish species was 50 represented 18% of the totalSumatran fish species (272 species). The important fish species were Breinsteinea sp. and Chaca bankanensis whichwere unique and rare. Since insects are the largest group of animal, this study only focused on beetles. Theidentified beetles were classified into 644 species and 34 families. The important beetles were the Longhorn beetles(Cerambycidae) and the Scarab beetles (Scarabaeidae).The small mammal parasites consisted of ectoparasites whichwere categorized into 14 species and endoparasites which were categorized into 2 orders and 3 species.Keywords: biodiversity, logged forest, richness, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran elephant
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI PANDAN SAMAK (Pandanus tectorius Sol.) DIKABUPATEN TASIKMALAYA, JAWA BARAT Rahayu, Mulyati; Susiarti, Siti
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 10, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v10i1.2058

Abstract

Members of the genus Pandanus (Pandanaceae) are used by Indonesian people as food, medicinal and handycraft materials.Three species of Pandanus, namely pandan wangi (P. amaryllifolius), cangkuang (P. furcatus) and pandan samak (P. tectorius) are known in Tasikmalaya, West Java. Pandan samak which has several different local names is the cultivated ones.This species is well known as handycraft from Tasikmalaya and had been exported to other countries. Incomes from the handycraft products is the second biggest source after agricultural sector.
NILAI KEPENTINGAN BUDAYA KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN BERGUNADI HUTAN DATARAN RENDAH BODOGOL, SUKABUMI, JAWA BARAT [Index Cultural Significance of Useful Plants Diversity in Bodogol Lowland Forest, Sukabumi, West Java] Purwanto, Y; Rahayu, Mulyati; Susiarti, Siti
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 11, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.815 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v11i3.501

Abstract

Index Cultural Significance (ICS) of useful plants diversity in ethnobotanical study is an importance step, such as activity strategy which have subsystem aspect and traditional classification. Ethnobotany study in Bodogol lowland forest, West Java recorded more than 200 useful plants species within 3 times visits in 2009 to 2010. Data collection was done by “walk in the wood”,interview method, direct observation in permanent plots and estimation of Index Cultural Significance (ICS) form.Result of the study indicated that indigenous people around Bodogol lowland forest has good knowledge about biodiversity around them. Based on interview method, this study showed that indexs cultural significance of useful plants in this area was in the range of 0.5 and 86. Kawung {Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr.} has highest ICS whilst Acung leutik (Arisaema filiforme Bl.) is the lowest.
PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT SUKU MUYU DIDESA SOA DAN SEKITARNYA, MERAUKE, PAPUA Rahayu, Rita D; Susiarti, Siti
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 6, No 5 (2003)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (323.92 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v6i5.1196

Abstract

Papua possesses high biodiversity and several ethnics.Muyu community at Soa Village, Merauke still has a close relationship with their surroundings, as found in the usage of natural medicine, traditional food and ritual ceremony.A research was conducted at Soa Village and surroundings, Merauke, Papua by open-ended discussion and observation methods.There are 37 species used to cure 26 kinds of diseases as traditional medicines by Muyu Tribe community. Commonly, they use the plants still in wild position, gathered from village surrounding and parts of plant used namely bark, root and leaves.Many kinds of traditional food as staple food like sago (Metroxylon sagu).Wati (Piper methysticum) is used in ritual ceremony.
Etnobotani Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O.Kuntze Sebagai Bahan Pangan di Pulau Madura dan Sekitarnya, Jawa Timur (Ethnobotany of Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O. Kuntze as Food Material in Madura Island and Its Surrounding Areas, East Java) Susiarti, Siti; Setyowati, Ninik; Rugayah, Rugayah
JURNAL PANGAN Vol 21, No 2 (2012): PANGAN
Publisher : Perum BULOG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (924.53 KB) | DOI: 10.33964/jp.v21i2.122

Abstract

Ketergantungan masyarakat terhadap beras sebagai bahan pokok yangsangat tinggi menyebabkan swasembada pangan akhir-akhir ini sulit dicapai. Oleh karenanya upaya diversifikasi bahan pangan perlu terus digalakkan. Tacca leontopetaloides (L) O. K. dipilih sebagai salah satu jenistanaman untuk penelitian diversifikasi bahan pangan pokok. Penelitian etnobotani tumbuhan Tacca leontopetaloides dilakukan di Pulau Madura dan sekitarnya dengan metode wawancara open-ended, observasi di lapangan, dan purposive sampling. Tumbuhan Tacca leontopetaloides ternyata masih belum banyak dikenal oleh masyarakat di Jawa Timur, demikian juga pemanfaatannya. Tumbuhan ini memiliki nama daerah yang berbeda di setiap lokasi penelitian, seperti di Madura dikenal dengan "Lorkong" dan "Oto'o", sedang di Jawa dikenal dengan "Kecondang". Masyarakat Sumenep telah memanfaatkan umbinya untuk pati atau tepung melalui proses tertentu. Pati tersebut digunakan sebagai bahan dasar untuk produk kudapan atau snack, misalnya: bubur, kue "Serpot", sebagai pengganti tepung terigu. Daunnya juga dimanfaatkan sebagai pakan ternak. Di lokasi penelitian, jenis Tacca ini pada umumnya masih banyak tumbuh liar, namun di desa Langsar, Saronggi tumbuhan ini sudah dibudidayakan. kataLately, the highly dependence ofthe community on rice as staple food has caused difficulty in achieving food self-sufficiency. Therefore, diversificationof foodstuffsshould be encouraged. Taccaleontopetaloides(L.) O.Kuntzeis selectedas one ofthe species forfooddiversificationresearch. Ethno botanical study of Tacca leontopetaloides in this research is conducted in Madura Island and itssurrounding areas using open-ended interview methods, field observations and purposive sampling. Taccaleontopetaloides is still neither muchknown nor utilized by the local people in EastJava. The planthasdifferentlocal names in each region, such as "Lorkong" and "Oto'o" in Madura, and "Kecondang" in Java. In Sumenepdistrict, local people use tuber of the species to extract the starch using a certain process. The starch is utilized as a substitute for wheat flour, and widely usedas an ingredient for snacks, for example: porridge, cakes "Serpot". The leavesare alsousedaslivestock feed. In the research locations, the species is commonly grown in wild, but inthe Langsar village, Saronggi, this planth as been well cultivated. 
POTENSI TO’TOAN (TACCA LEONTOPETALOIDES (L.) O.KUNTZE) SEBAGAI BAHAN PANGAN DI PULAU KANGEAN, JAWA TIMUR Susiarti, Siti
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 14, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v14i1.1870

Abstract

Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O. Kuntze has the potential as food alternative source from its tubers and therefore selected for food diversification study.This research was conducted on Kangean island using open-ended interview methods,field observations,purposive sampling and chemical analysis.Tacca leontopetaloides still not much known and utilizated by the local people in East Java.The plant has different local names for each region, such as in Madura they known as "lorkong" and "oto'o", while in Kangean island,known as "to?toan". In Kangean island, local people utilized the tuber to make flour using simple process. The flour was used as a substitute for wheat flour mainly as an ingredient for porridge, cakes ?serpot? and ?eped-eped (omelette)?. The species was generally grow wild in teak garden, so they can be used as an alternative crop under the teak stands. Proximate analysis of Tacca leontopetaloides tubers was also carried out and showed that they contained: 2.67 ? 2.71 % of ash; 6.73 - 7.84 % of protein; 0.43 ? 1.90 % of fat; 0.41 - 0.60 % of crude fibre; 77.09 - 82.65 % of carbohydrate and available energy 352.36 - 365.83 Kcal/100g based on dry weight. Mineral content was also analysed and showed the following value: 173.50 - 173.67 mg/100g of magnesium; 4.00 - 8.69 mg/100g of iron; 69.89 - 87.72 mg/100g of calsium; 904.86 - 966.74 mg/100g of potassium; and 222.59 - 270.46 mg/100g of phosphor. Hence, Tacca leontopetaloides has sufficient nutrient contents from its carbohydrate and mineral.
RAPID ASSESSMENT ON BIODIVERSITY IN LOGGED FOREST OF TESSO NILO, RIAU PROVINCE, SUMATRA Prawiradilaga, Dewi M.; ., Purwaningsih; Susiarti, Siti; Sidik, Irvan; Suyanto, A.; Rachmatika, Ike; Noerdjito, Woro A.; Marakarmah, A.; Sinaga, M. H.; Cholik, E.; Saim, A.
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 10, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Biologi Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v10i2.2106

Abstract

Tesso Nilo area which is located at Riau province covers an area of 188.00 ha. Recently, it is famous because of asharply increased in encroachment activities for forest conversion, especially for oil palm plantations and villagesites. It was conducted in logged forest around Segati river, Toro river, Mamahan river and Sawan river in June2003. The results showed that the area had the high richness of plant species which was indicated by the high valueof Mennhenick index. Records from the 1 ha studied plot identified a total of 360 species included 165 genera and57 families with 215 tree species 305 sapling species. Some important tree species which were included in the RedList of IUCN were â??gaharuâ?? (Aquilaria malaccensis), â??raminâ?? (Gonystylus bancanus), Shorea spp. and Dipterocarpusspp. The local community utilized 83 species of medicinal plants and 4 species of toxic plants for fishing. The totalnumber of recorded bird species was 114 species represented 29% of the total Sumatran bird species. The mostimportant bird species were the Wrinkled Hornbill (Aceros corrugatus), Crestless Fireback (Lophuraerythrophthalma), Crested Fireback (Lophura ignita) and Hooked-billed Bulbul (Setornis criniger). The total numberof recorded mammal species was 34 species or 16.5% of 206 species of Sumatran mammals. The most importantmammal species included Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximussumatrensis), the Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) and three species of primates: Hylobates agilis, Presbytis femoralisand Macaca nemestrina. The herpetofauna contained 15 reptile species and 18 amphibian species. The mostimportant herpetofauna was the endangered False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) and the vulnerable Common Softshelledturtle (Amyda cartilaginea). The number of recorded fish species was 50 represented 18% of the totalSumatran fish species (272 species). The important fish species were Breinsteinea sp. and Chaca bankanensis whichwere unique and rare. Since insects are the largest group of animal, this study only focused on beetles. Theidentified beetles were classified into 644 species and 34 families. The important beetles were the Longhorn beetles(Cerambycidae) and the Scarab beetles (Scarabaeidae).The small mammal parasites consisted of ectoparasites whichwere categorized into 14 species and endoparasites which were categorized into 2 orders and 3 species.Keywords: biodiversity, logged forest, richness, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran elephant