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PHYCOCYANIN FROM SPIRULINA PLATENSIS INDUCES CYTOTOXICITY AND APOPTOSIS IN T47D CELLS Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.167 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22992

Abstract

Breast cancer cases in Indonesia have risen in alarming rate. Herbal medicines have been developed to complement conventional cancer therapy and to lessen the negative effects of the therapies. Phycocyanin, blue-green photosynthetic pigment from Spirulina platensis, becomes a potential candidate of herbal medicine for cancer therapy due to its capability to eliminate various cancer cell line on in vitro level. This research aimed to analyse the effectivity of phycocyanin to induce cytotoxic and apoptotic activity of T47D cells (breast cancer cell line). MTT assay was perform to measure IC50 value. Double-staining assay and flow cytometry were applied to visualize the appearance of apoptotic cells and to measure the percentage of apoptotic and necrotic cells. Result showed that the IC50 value of phycocyanin towards T47D cells is 1650 ?g/mL. Phycocyanin was also proven to induce apoptosis at IC50 with the apoptosis percentage of 45.93%. This research presented different results from previous researches that used phycocyanin from saltwater Spirulina platensis. Based on the results of this study, phycocyanin has the potential to be developed as anticancer agent by inducing apoptosis.
CYTOTOXICITY AND ANTIPROLIFERATION OF PHYCOCYANIN FROM SPIRULINA PLATENSIS EXTRACT ON WIDR COLON CANCER CELL LINE Putri, Ajeng Kurniasari; Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22881

Abstract

Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract has anticancer activity against various types of cancer cell cultures. However study about its effect on colon cancer cell lines, especially the WiDr, has not been reported before. This study aimed to reveal the anticancer activity of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract on WiDr cells. The research was an in vitro experimental study, with the investigation on cytotoxicity also antiproliferation as the anticancer parameters. Both cytotoxicity and antiproliferation test was conducted through MTT assay to observe the visualization and inhibition of proliferation of different concentrations of phycocyanin in several incubation times on the WiDr colon cancer cell line. The obtained data were then processed statistically with the Two Way ANOVA test at a significance value of p <0.05 and followed with the Post Hoc test since there were significant differences. Based on the results, it could be postulated that phycocyanin extracted from freshwater Spirulina platensis was classified as non-toxic (IC50 of 855 µg/ml). Consequently, it is less potential to be used as the treatment for colon cancer. However, phycocyanin could inhibit the proliferation of the WiDr cell for approximately 47.4%, specifically at the concentration of 1710 µg/ml for 72 hours. It could be concluded that freshwater phycocyanin is less effective as an anticancer substance. The benefit of this study is to provide the new scientific evidence of the contrary results of freshwater phycocyanin activity from Spirulina platensis as an anticancer agent of colon cancer.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH MERAH (Piper Crocatum) DOSIS BERTINGKAT TERHADAP AKTIVITAS FAGOSITOSIS MAKROFAG MENCIT BALB/C YANG DIINFEKSI Salmonella typhimurium Saraswati, Citra Hutami; Purnawati, Ratna Damma; Susilaningsih, Neni
DIPONEGORO MEDICAL JOURNAL (JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DIPONEGORO) Vol 5, No 4 (2016): JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DIPONEGORO
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (454.377 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/dmj.v5i4.14257

Abstract

Latar Belakang : Sirih merah (Piper crocatum) merupakan salah satu tanaman obat yang multi khasiat. Daun Piper crocatum memiliki kandungan diantaranya tanin, saponin, alkaloid dan flavonoid. Senyawa alkaloid dan flavonoid meningkatkan aktivitas IL-2 dan proliferasi limfosit. Sel Th1 yang teraktivasi akan mempengaruhi SMAF (Spesific Makrofag Activating Factor) yang dapat mengaktifkan makrofag. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh ekstrak sirih merah terhadap daya tahan mencit yang terinfeksi Salmonella typhimurium dengan menilai kemampuan fagositosis makrofag.Tujuan : Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun sirih merah dosis 10, 30, 100 mg/hari/mencit terhadap aktivitas fagositosis makrofag mencit Balb/c yang diinfeksi Salmonella typhimurium.Metode : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental laboratorik dengan desain Post Test Only Control Group Design. Penelitian ini menggunakan 5 kelompok, yaitu kelompok kontrol yang terdiri dari K1 yang hanya diberikan ekstrak daun Piper crocatum 10 mg/hari/mencit dan K2 yang hanya diberikan injeksi intraperitoneal Salmonella typhimurium serta kelompok perlakuan (P1,P2,P3) yang diberikan injeksi intraperitoneal Salmonella typhimurium dan ekstrak daun Piper crocatum dosis berturut-turut 10,30,100 mg/hari/mencit.Hasil : Rerata indeks fagositosis makrofag masing-masing kelompok : K1 = 0,22; K2 = 0,14; P1 = 0,23; P2 = 0,32; P3 = 0,66. Indeks fagositosis makrofag antara kelompok kontrol dengan perlakuan dan antar kelompok perlakuan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan, yaitu antara K1-K2, K2-P1, K2-P2, K2-P3, P1-P2, P1-P3, dan P2-P3.Simpulan : Pemberian ekstrak daun sirih merah dosis bertingkat berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan aktivitas fagositosis makrofag.
Screening for Hypertension and Electrocardiography (ECG) for Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Armalina, Desy; Witjahjo, Bambang; Susilaningsih, Neni; Purnawati, Ratna Damma; Ismail, Akhmad; Saktini, Fanti
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 15, No 3 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v15i3.17969

Abstract

ECG is a routine, accessible, inexpensive, and non-invasive tool for diagnosis of CVD and has been commonly described in medical reports as a suitable diagnostic tool for assessing ‘silent’ heart disease. An observational descriptive study, in Gisikdrono Urban Communities, found 72% elderly with hypertension, and higher than the reported national prevalence in 2013 (25.8%). We gained 38% of elderly with abnormal ECG which is: 5% Old myocardial infarction, 3% IMO Anteroseptal, 5% LVH, 8% LAD, 3%) of Inferior Ischemia, 3% dysrhythmia, and 13% bradycardia, without complaint of heart disease before. Aging became one of the factors of declining protection in the heart and increases the risk of destruction of heart failure. Considering examination of other organs that can affect the cause of heart anomalies to the elderly and expected to raise awareness of the importance of maintaining the blood pressure.
Pola kuman pada penderita Infeksi Saluran Kemihdi RSUP Dr Kariadi Semarang Joni Karjono, Bambang; Susilaningsih, Neni; Damma Purnawati, Ratna
Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI Vol 17, No 2 (2009): MEI - AGUSTUS 2009
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas YARSI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (287.611 KB) | DOI: 10.33476/jky.v17i2.205

Abstract

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections found in clinical practice. The incidence of UTI increases with age. Despite various causes, the main causal agent is Escherichia coli.The aim of this study is to observe the pattern of bacteria underlying UTI in Dr. Kariadi Teaching Hospital, Semarang. A cross sectional design study was conducted using urine samples collected from 195 patients being diagnosed as UTI. Urine samples were cultured and counted according to microbiology standard method. Data obtained were analyzed employing descriptive approach. The result showed that 79 individuals (40.5%) were suffering from UTI, consisting of 31.6% male and 68.4%women. Most of the UTI patients were due to E. coli (65.8%) followed by E.coli and S. aureus (10.1%), S.Aureus (8.9%), Enterobacter sp. (7.6%), E. coli and Pseudomonassp. (2.5%), Enterobacter sp.E. coli (2.5%), Enterococcus sp. (1.3%) and E.coli, S. aureus and Enterobacter sp. (1.3%). It was concluded that the most common cause of UTI was E. coli and women were more frequently affected than men.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) Decrease Concentration Levels in Young Adults Fidela Hanan Zivana; Neni Susilaningsih; Dwi Marliyawati; Kanti Yunika
Diponegoro International Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/dimj.v1i2.9543

Abstract

Background: Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is sleeping-disorder that’s characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep. Fourteen percent of world populations suffer from OSAS. OSA patients are 7.5 to 20 times more likely to have difficulties with concentration, learning new tasks, and execution of monotonous tasks.Objective: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) and concentration level in young adultsMethods: This is an analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. Sampling was carried out with total sampling. Samples that qualified the inclusion and exclusion criteria were assessed by OSAS using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaire and Digit Symbol Substitution Test was used to assess the concentration level. The data were analyzed, using the chi-square test and the prevalence (PR) testResults: The Chi-square test showed that there was a significant relationship between OSAS and concentration level (p=0.033). The Prevalence Ratio test found that OSAS decreased concentration level by 1.55 compared to not OSASConclusion: There was a significant relationship between OSAS and concentration level in young adults. OSAS patients are 1.55 more likely to have a decrease concentration level when compared with healthy individuals
The Effect of Multilevel Doses of Caffeine on Tissue Macrophage and Blood Lymphocyte Count in Autologous Full Thickness Skin Graft Healing in Sprague Dawley Rats Wahyu Haris Prabowo; Awal Prasetyo; Neni Susilaningsih
Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Vol. 6 No. 5 (2022): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research
Publisher : HM Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37275/bsm.v6i5.498

Abstract

Backgrounds. A skin graft is one of the routine surgical procedures performed. This procedure gives excellent results when done as early as possible after the trauma. Caffeine has a mechanism as an adenosine-receptor A2 antagonist which can induce wound healing through increased angiogenesis. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of coffee caffeine in the initiation of full thickness skin graft autologous wound healing by assessing the number of macrophages and lymphocytes in Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods. The research design is an experimental study with a post-test-only approach with a control group design. Twenty male Sprague Dawley rats aged 15 weeks (140 – 150 grams) were randomly divided into four groups. One group became the control group (decaffeinated) while the other group received various doses of caffeine (3 mg/kgBW, 6 mg/kgBW, and 9 mg/kgBW). Autologous skin grafts were performed in all groups. HE examination was performed to confirm the number of macrophage cells in the tissue. Data analysis was carried out with the help of SPSS 25 software. Results. There were significant differences in the number of tissue macrophages in the four groups. The group that received 9 mg/kgBW of caffeine showed the highest number of macrophages compared to the other groups. Based on the number of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, the group that received a dose of 6 mg/kg BW showed the highest number of lymphocytes compared to other groups. Conclusion. Caffeine showed the ability to initiate full thickness skin graft autologous wound healing by increasing the number of macrophages and lymphocytes in Sprague Dawley rats.
Effect of kelor (Moringa oleifera Lam) ethanolic leaves extract on uterus of pregnant mice and its teratogenicity Desy Armalina; Neni Susilaningsih; Indah Saraswati; Eva Annisa
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 53, No 4 (2021)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005304202102

Abstract

Moringa oleifera Lam (Moringaceae) is a source of additional dietary. It contains 9 essential amino acids, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc and vitamins A, C, E and B which have a major role in the immune system. Previous study reported that M. oleifera Lam can increase the hemoglobin of breastfeeding mothers. In contrast, M. oleifera Lam is well known as abortifacient plant, therefore it is not recommended to use during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of M. oleifera Lam ethanolic leaves extract M. oleifera Lam on uterus of pregnant mice and its teratogenic effect. Twenty pregnant female Balb/c mice were used in this experimental study. Mice were randomized divided into four groups with five mice in each group. Group C as control, mice were not given anything. Group T1-T3 were given M. oleifera Lam ethanolic leaves extract during pregnancy age 7-18 days with doses of 10, 20 and 30 mg/kg BW, respectively.  Phytochemical analysis was performed quantitatively and qualitatively. On day 19, a caesarean section was performed to take the uterus, count the number of living foetus, dead foetus, disability, and other morphological abnormalities. No significant difference between all groups was observed. The abortifacient effect was not also observed in the uterus. Qualitative phytochemical analysis results showed that alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, steroids, and tannins are identified in this extract. Quantitative steroids analysis results showed that the extract contained steroids of 1057.6 ppm. In conclusion, the M. oleifera Lam ethanolic leaves extract at dose of 30 mg/kg BW does not show any effect on the uterus of pregnant mice. Further study concerning the effects on other organs and hormones is recommended.
Cytotoxicity and Antiproliferation of Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Extract on WiDr Colon Cancer Cell Line Putri, Ajeng Kurniasari; Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Yuniati, Renni; Susilaningsih, Neni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22881

Abstract

Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract has anticancer activity against various types of cancer cell cultures. However study about its effect on colon cancer cell lines, especially the WiDr, has not been reported before. This study aimed to reveal the anticancer activity of phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis extract on WiDr cells. The research was an in vitro experimental study, with the investigation on cytotoxicity also antiproliferation as the anticancer parameters. Both cytotoxicity and antiproliferation test was conducted through MTT assay to observe the visualization and inhibition of proliferation of different concentrations of phycocyanin in several incubation times on the WiDr colon cancer cell line. The obtained data were then processed statistically with the Two Way ANOVA test at a significance value of p 0.05 and followed with the Post Hoc test since there were significant differences. Based on the results, it could be postulated that phycocyanin extracted from freshwater Spirulina platensis was classified as non-toxic (IC50 of 855 µg/ml). Consequently, it is less potential to be used as the treatment for colon cancer. However, phycocyanin could inhibit the proliferation of the WiDr cell for approximately 47.4%, specifically at the concentration of 1710 µg/ml for 72 hours. It could be concluded that freshwater phycocyanin is less effective as an anticancer substance. The benefit of this study is to provide the new scientific evidence of the contrary results of freshwater phycocyanin activity from Spirulina platensis as an anticancer agent of colon cancer.
Phycocyanin from Spirulina platensis Induces Cytotoxicity and Apoptosis in T47D Cells Dimarti, Safira Chairani; Susilaningsih, Neni; Yuniati, Renni
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.22992

Abstract

Breast cancer cases in Indonesia have risen in alarming rate. Herbal medicines have been developed to complement conventional cancer therapy and to lessen the negative effects of the therapies. Phycocyanin, blue-green photosynthetic pigment from Spirulina platensis, becomes a potential candidate of herbal medicine for cancer therapy due to its capability to eliminate various cancer cell line on in vitro level. This research aimed to analyse the effectivity of phycocyanin to induce cytotoxic and apoptotic activity of T47D cells (breast cancer cell line). MTT assay was perform to measure IC50 value. Double-staining assay and flow cytometry were applied to visualize the appearance of apoptotic cells and to measure the percentage of apoptotic and necrotic cells. Result showed that the IC50 value of phycocyanin towards T47D cells is 1650 μg/mL. Phycocyanin was also proven to induce apoptosis at IC50 with the apoptosis percentage of 45.93%. This research presented different results from previous researches that used phycocyanin from saltwater Spirulina platensis. Based on the results of this study, phycocyanin has the potential to be developed as anticancer agent by inducing apoptosis.