Eno Suwarno
Fakultas Kehuatan Universitas Lancang Kuning

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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KINERJA KELOMPOK TANI HUTAN MITRA UPT KPHP MINAS TAHURA Gustika, Dian; Suwarno, Eno; Insusanty, Enny
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v15i1.3641

Abstract

The UPT KPHP Minas Tahura is obliged to participate in developing communities around the forest area of ​​its working area which is incorporated in the Forest Farmer Group (KTH). Until now, the performance of KTH is still considered low in managing its members and farming. This study aims to find important factors that influence KTH performance and identify the types of programs that can improve KTH performance. The study was conducted in 4 KTH in Bekalar Village and Belutu Village in Riau Province. The study was conducted using a questionnaire method involving 62 respondents who were analyzed using the Partial Least Square approach. The results showed that KTH performance was classified as moderate. There are 3 factors that have a significant effect on KTH performance, namely group dynamics, member participation and characteristics of group leaders, while the other 3 factors are member characteristics, the role of the instructor and the UPT KPHP Minas Tahura have no significant effect. Furthermore aspects that can support the performance of forest farmer groups are (a) institutional strengthening, (b) enhancing guidance, (c) increasing the ability of farmer group members, and (d) increasing the number of visits, monitoring and evaluation by the UPT KPHP Minas Tahura.
KOMPONEN DAN BOBOT DARI KRITERIA DAN INDIKATOR TATA KELOLA PERUSAHAAN KEHUTANAN Dwiprabowo, Hariyatno; Suwarno, Eno
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Otoritas kehutanan telah mewajibkan pelaksanaan pengelolaan hutan lestari (SFM) bagi perusahaan HPH atau IUPHHK dalam pengelolaan hutan, namun prinsip SFM hanya bagian dari prisipprinsip tata kelola kelola perusahaan (GCG) yang baik. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kriteria dan indikator GCG bidang kehutanan serta bobot dan rangkingnya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survei dengan melakukan wawancara mendalam dan analisis isi peraturan CG. Penelitian dilakukan di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur dan Papua dengan responden dari perusahaan kehutanan, asosiasi dan aparat kehutanan di kedua provinsi. Hasil studi menunjukkan bahwa dari sudut pandang perusahaan, bobot Nilai-nilai perusahaan menduduki bobot tertinggi (37%), disusul dengan Prinsip-prinsip GCG(35%) dan Kelengkapan organ GCG(28%). Urutan yang sama diberikan oleh aparat kehutanan daerah dengan persentase bobot yang berbeda (36%, 34%, dan 30%). Demikian juga untuk pilar GCG, responden perusahaan pada dasarnya memiliki persepsi sama dengan aparat kehutanan dalam hal peran pemerintah, dunia usaha dan masyarakat dimana peran pemerintah memiliki bobot tertinggi (39%; 36%), diikuti dengan dunia usaha (38%; 33%) dan masyarakat (23%; 31%). Kriteria dan indikator untuk tata kelola perusahaan kehutanan sebaiknya mengadopsi kriteria dan indikator tata kelola perusahaan yang sudah ada di tingkat nasional, namun dengan mempertimbangkan pandangan dari perusahaan dan instansi kehutanan atas bobot dan peringkat unsur-unsurnya.
Penggunaan Konsep Rules-In-Use Ostrom Dalam Analisis Peraturan Pembentukan Organisasi Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Suwarno, Eno; Kartodihardjo, Hariadi; Kolopaking, Lala M; Soedomo, Sudarsono
ISSN 0216-0897
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perubahan Iklim dan Kebijakan

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Abstract

Setelah penetapan wilayah KPHL/KPHP oleh Menteri Kehutanan, tahap selanjutnya adalah pembentukan dan operasionalisasi organisasi KPHL/KPHP oleh pemerintah daerah. Pelaksanaan kewajiban tersebut berjalan tersendat dkarenakan terkendala oleh sejumlah hambatan, antara lain oleh peraturan yang kurang memiliki daya dorong dan menyulitkan daerah pada saat implementasinya. Dalam Kerangka Kerja Analisis dan Pengembangan Kelembagaan (IAD-Framework) Ostrom, terdapat konsep aturan-aturan yang digunakan (rules in use) yang dapat digunakan untuk menganalisis isi peraturan dalam hubungannya dengan struktur situasi aksi yang terbentuk pada saat peraturan diimplementasikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas penggunaan konsep rules in use untuk menemukan kelemahan-kelemahan substansial dari peraturan pembentukan organisasi KPHL/KPHP pada tingkat provinsi. Analisis dilakukan terhadap PP No. 6/2007 jo. PP No. 3/2008, Permendagri No. 61/2010, dan PP No. 41/2007, dengan metode analisis substansi peraturan dan umpan balik dari proses implementasinya. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa penggunaan konsep rules in use Ostrom cukup efektif untuk menemukan kelemahan-kelemahan isi suatu peraturan.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG DI KAWASAN PENYANGGA TAMAN HUTAN RAYA SULTAN SYARIF HASYIM PROVINSI RIAU Hutapea, Andriano; Suwarno, Eno; Hadinoto, Hadinoto
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 14 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v14i2.3522

Abstract

The existence and spread of birds are closely related to the availability of food and habitat for birds while showing the existence of an individual or group of individuals. Species of birds and how the spread of bird species is based on habitat in the buffer zone of Tahura Sultan Syarif Hasyim. The method used is to use the Point Count method while calculating existing vegetation using anveg (vegetation analysis). The composition of birds in various vegetation cover is divided into 2 namely secondary forest and agroforestry land, in secondary forests there are 292 individuals, 41 species, 25 families from 9 orders while on agroforestry land there are 213 individuals, 25 species, 16 families of 6 orders. Thus, in the buffer zone of Tahura Sultan Syarif Hasyim, there were 505 individuals, 48 ​​species, 28 families of 10 orders with diversity included in the category of "High Diversity" with a value of 3.54, in the distribution of 14 species of land species, 27 types of lower canopy, 37 types of middle canopy and 26 types of top canopy.
APAKAH KPH DAPAT MEMPERBAIKI TATA KELOLA HUTAN INDONESIA? Suwarno, Eno
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v10i2.226

Abstract

Since the early 2000s, Forestry Department of Indonesia has been implementing the Forest Management Unit (FMU) development program. The existence of FMU can be seen as a prerequisite for the implementation of sustainable forest management and equitable. How FMU institution prospects can improve forest governance in Indonesia? The aim of this study is to explore the prospects of FMU institution to improve forest governance in Indonesia. The study used forestry governance dimensions of Mayers and Macqueen (2002) as an analytical tool. The study results showed that both conceptual and is based on the processes of development, FMU has accommodated most of the values of good forestry governance.
POTENSI DAN PELUANG PENGEMBANGAN HASIL HUTAN BUKAN KAYU DI KPHP MODEL MINAS TAHURA PROVINSI RIAU Suhesti, Eni; Hadinoto, Hadinoto; Suwarno, Eno
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 12 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v12i2.221

Abstract

This study aims to identify the types of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in the KPHP Model Minas Tahura area and analyze the development opportunities to diversify the income of the people around the forest. The research method is survey method, with object of forest area and community around forest. The data taken are primary data, ie vegetation types that have the potential to generate NTFPs and respondent profile data as well as their interests and desires to develop NTFPs. While the secondary data in the form of general conditions KPHP Model Minas Tahura and other data that support. The results of all data are analyzed descriptively. Result of survey and analysis of vegetation found 30 species at the level of trees, While at the pile level found 21 species, the level of sapling 16 species, and the level of seeds as many as 29 species. From all levels of vegetation growth, there are 21 species that potentially produce NTFPs with various functions and benefits, such as food, medicines, and industrial raw materials. The results of interviews and answers to questionnaires from community respondents around the forest, all respondents know NTFPs and are eager to develop various types of NTFPs in forest areas. It can be concluded that KPHP Model Minas Tahura area has the potential to develop NTFPs based on the availability of critical land for rehabilitation with various types of plants and the desire of surrounding communities to get involved in such activities.
PEMANFAATAN BIJI KARET DAN LIMBAH IKAN PATIN SEBAGAI BAHAN PEMBUATAN PAKAN IKAN, PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR DAN PAKAN UNGGAS Hadinoto, Hadinoto; Suhesti, Eni; Suwarno, Eno
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 12 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v12i1.195

Abstract

Rubber trees planted by people in several districts of Riau province, among them the Kampar regency. Rubber seed that has not valuable feed source can be used for one of them is a main ingredient of fish feed. In addition to rubber seed, Tower Island Village also produces waste Patin fish entrails. The waste generated from the business community to make smoked fish Patin. During this time the waste is dumped in waterways around residences. Problems IbM partners: 1) Partners have the willingness to do busine ss, but do not have the knowledge and skills in the field of production, 2) Partners do not have knowledge in aspects of business management, which is a way of packaging, marketing, and business analysis calculations. Solutions are performed: training and assistance for people with the target communities to utilize the waste around them. Outputs from this IbM activities include: 1) The method of making rubber seed flour; 2) Method of making the feed / fish pellet made from rubber seed flour; 3) The method o f making a liquid organic fertilizer from waste fish entrails catfish; 4) Method of manufacture of poultry feed from catfish waste; 5) rubber seed flour; 6) Feed / fish pellet; 7) liquid organic fertilizer; 8) feed poultry. Mitra has begun to open wawasany a in utilizing waste rubber seed and catfish after receiving an explanation from the team. Partners receive initial skills in the utilization of fish waste and rubber seeds to manufacture pellets of fish, organic liquid fertilizer and poultry feed.
IMPLIKASI TERBITNYA UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 23 TAHUN 2014 TERHADAP PEMBANGUNAN KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN DI PROVINSI RIAU Suwarno, Eno; Ratnaningsih, Ambar Tri; Insusanty, Enny
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 11 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v11i1.132

Abstract

The issuance of the Law No. 23 of 2014 on Regional Government instead of Law No. 32 of 2004 carries implications for FMU development in the area. This study aims to (1) assess changes in the content of Law No. 23 of 2014 compared with the previous regulations in managing the affairs of the forestry sector; (2) assess the implications of these changes to the rules under which the current level is the reference FMU development; and (3) assess the implications of these changes to the processes of FMU development in Riau Province. The study was conducted in December 2014 -May 2015, with research sites in the city of Pekanbaru and the district of Kampar, Riau Province. The method used is the content analysis of the rules and interviews with some stakeholders. The substantial changes of the Law No. 32/2004 to Law No. 23/2014, in the new regulations authorizes the establishment of the organization KPHL / KPHP everything under the authority of the provincial government, no longer under the authority of district governments. The implications of the transfer of authority, the regulations that the legal basis and the establishment of institutions KPHL / KPHP i.e. the Government Regulation (PP) No. 38/2007 and Rule of th e Interior Minister (Permendagri) No. 61/2010 can not be a reference again. In addition it also affects the initiative and formation process KPHL / KPHP by Regency stagnated.
KESESUAIAN JENIS POHON DI HUTAN KOTA PEKANBARU Hadinoto, Hadinoto; Suhesti, Eni; Suwarno, Eno
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v13i2.1566

Abstract

City forest with many stratum provides the surrounding environment is relatively more comfortable than the low stratum. In order to achieve success in achieving management objectives, the types planted in urban forest development and development programs should be selected based on the consideration that crops grow well and can cope with emerging environmental problems in the region. Identifying the suitability of existing tree species in urban forest is intended to obtain maximum plant growth and municipal forest benefits. The purpose of this study is to identify the suitability of forest conifer tree species in Pekanbaru City. Data collection is done by survey in the field by defecting the existing tree species in urban forest. The result of tree species identification is used to evaluate the suitability of tree species of forest forest. A literature study was conducted to find out the growing requirements and characteristics of tree species of urban forest in the study sites. Data analysis is conducted by considering silvicultural, management and aesthetic requirements. Based on this criteria are made that is appropriate, quite appropriate, and not appropriate. Based on the results of the study can be summarized as follows: The type of urban forest in Pekanbaru City is the protection and recreation with the form of clusters / gangs and paths; There are 15 species of trees that have appropriate criteria based on silvicultural, management and aesthetic requirements; There are 15 species of trees capable of controlling air pollution.
PERANAN POHON TERHADAP TINGKAT KENYAMANAN LINGKUNGAN KAMPUS UNIVERSITAS LANCANG KUNING PEKANBARU Hadinoto, hadinoto; Suhesti, Eni; Suwarno, Eno
Wahana Forestra: Jurnal Kehutanan Vol. 15 No. 2 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Lancang Kuning

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31849/forestra.v15i2.5050

Abstract

Regional development has a tendency to minimize green open space and also remove the face of nature. The increasingly disharmonious relationship between humans and nature has resulted in ecological deterioration in the environment. Less land covered by trees causes the environment to become hot. The Lancang Kuning University Campus is one of the places of education in which the entire academic community, employees and other parties are located. In carrying out all campus activities, a comfortable environment is needed. The objectives are: to identify tree characteristics in the faculty environment; measuring the comfort level of the faculty environment. The objects this research are tree types. The equipment used is: thermohigro, camera, phi band, haga meter, roll meter, stationery. While the material used is thally sheet. Primary data taken in the field are tree data, temperature and humidity. The comfort index is categorized: comfortable, if it has a value of 21 THI 24; quite comfortable 24 THI 26 and not comfortable THI 26. There were 31 tree species with 472 trunks with an average diameter of 19 centimeters and an average height of 10 meters. The Temperature Humidity Index (THI) of all faculties is in the uncomfortable category.