Rulinawaty Rulinawaty
Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia

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Plant organization system and the formal organization of the factory Rulinawaty Rulinawaty; Susie Perbawasari; E. Rahmat Taufik; Samsurijzal Hasan; Rahul Chauhan
International journal of health sciences Special Issue II
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53730/ijhs.v6nS2.7437


In large Japanese companies, in general, the ratio between the number of people in one level of cement and the level below is roughly one in three. Namely a president with 2 or three people recruited by the manager who is responsible to him, and in charge of approximately 10 heads of departments. Each section is divided into approximately 3 sections and this section is divided into 4 sub-sections. Although the terminology used for these units varies from factory to factory, the general structure is the same. The one-to-three ratio usually applies at several levels of foremen, with at least two groups of first-line supervisors. The terminology used here varies widely, as are the boundaries of position, authority and responsibility. A common pattern is a work group of perhaps 10 workers led by a team leader whose job is roughly equivalent to the role of a team leader in some American-style jobs, although these positions usually carry no official responsibilities, but in some factories, have official titles and official ranks.