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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN IBU DALAM PENANGANAN DEMAM PADA ANAK DI PUSKESMAS I KEMBARAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi; Siwi, Adiratna Sekar
Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Bidan Prada Edisi Desember 2018
Publisher : Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto

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Abstract

Fever in children is a condition that often cause anxiety, stress, and phobia for parents. Knowledge of parents about fever must be well controlled by parents, especially mothers. Handling fever is less appropriate can be due to inadequate knowledge so that attitudes and behavior of mothers tend to be excessive. Factors that affect knowledge include education, employment, age, experience, information, and socioeconomic / income. The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to maternal knowledge level in handling fever in children at Community Health Center of Kembaran I of Banyumas in 2018. Methods in this research is corelational analytical research with cross sectional approach. Data collection techniques used primary data obtained from respondents through questionnaires. The sampling technique used incidental sampling with a sample of 60 mothers in Community Health Center of Kembaran I of Banyumas. The result of research showed that there was no correlation between education factor, work, age, and income with mother's knowledge level in fever handling in child, and it was known that there was relationship between experience and information factor with mother's knowledge level in fever handling in child. Keywords: Factors, level of knowledge, handling fever
PERBEDAAN KOMPRES HANGAT DAN KOMPRES BAWANG MERAH TERHADAP PENURUNAN SUHU TUBUH ANAK DENGAN DEMAM Etika Dewi Cahyaningrum; Anies Anies; Hari Peni Julianti
Bhamada: Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kesehatan (E-Journal) Vol 5 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : STIKES BHAMADA SLAWI

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Abstract

Demam adalah kenaikan suhu tubuh di atas normal. Bila diukur pada rektal >38°C (100,4°F), diukur pada oral >37,8°C, dan bila diukur melalui aksila >37,2°C (99°F). Pengaturan suhu tubuh pada manusia dapat dibantu dengan cara kompres. Kompres hangat mudah dilakukan, tidak memerlukan biaya besar, dan memungkinkan pasien atau keluarga tidak terlalu tergantung pada obat antipiretik. Kompres bawang merah mudah dijangkau masyarakat, baik harga maupun ketersediaannya. Tujuan penelitian adalah membuktikan perbedaan penurunan suhu tubuh anak dengan demam antara kompres hangat dan kompres bawang merah. Menggunakan desain penelitian Quasi Experiment dengan pendekatan Pretest-Postest. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 34 anak dengan demam di Puskesmas I Kembaran Purwokerto. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan Purposive Sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada kelompok kompres hangat rerata penurunan suhu sebesar 0,976oC (S.D ± 0,3270) sedangkan pada kelompok kompres bawang merah rerata penurunan suhu sebesar 1,106oC (S.D ± 0,3699). Perbedaan rerata penurunan suhu antara kedua kelompok sebesar 0,1294oC (95% CI -0,3733 – 0,1145). Hasil Uji t tidak berpasangan diperoleh nilai signifikansi 0,288 (ρ > 0,05). Kesimpulannya tidak terdapat perbedaan rerata selisih suhu yang bermakna antara kelompok kompres hangat dengan kelompok kompres bawang merah, namun pemberian kompres bawang merah lebih cepat mencapai suhu normal dibanding dengan pemberian kompres hangat.
PERBEDAAN HASIL PEMERIKSAAN SDIDTK PADA BAYI YANG DIBERIKAN DAN TIDAK DIBERIKAN ASI EKSKLUSIF Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi; ., Ariyanti
Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto Vol 7, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Bidan Prada Edisi Juni 2016
Publisher : Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: EXAMINATION RESULTS SDIDTK DIFFERENCES IN BABIES ARE GIVEN AND NOT GIVEN EXCLUSIVE BREAST. Stimulation Detection and Early Intervention Growth (SDIDTK) is an activity or investigation to find any irregularities early growth and development in toddlers and preschoolers. Toddlers aged 6-12 months at the health center II East Purwokerto totaled 154 toddlers. The purpose of this study is to describe the differences in the results of the examination SDIDTK in infants given and not given exclusive breastfeeding in Posyandu Mawar District of Mersi in 2015. The method in this research is a comparative descriptive with cross sectional approach. Data collection techniques using primary data obtained from respondents directly, secondary data in this study include the address of the respondent and the data number of mothers with babies ages 6-12 months. The sampling technique used purposive sampling, totaling 27 samples. SDIDTK examination results in infants breastfed exclusively based on measurements of weight/ height most of the normal total of 14 respondents (87.5%) and 2 babies were obese (12.5%). SDIDTK examination results in infants who are not breastfed exclusively based on the results of the weight/ height, head circumference examination, KPSP, and test the power to hear all that are in the normal category.  Keywords: SDIDTK, Baby, exclusive breastfeeding, not exclusively breastfed
PENGARUH KOMPRES BAWANG MERAH TERHADAP SUHU TUBUH ANAK DEMAM Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi
Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto 2017: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL DAN PRESENTASI HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN SERTA PENGABDIAN MASYARAKAT B
Publisher : Bidan Prada: Jurnal Publikasi Kebidanan Akbid YLPP Purwokerto

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Abstract

Fever is the increase of body temperature above normal: when it is > 38° C (100.4°F) measured at rectal, > 37.8° C measured at oral, and > 37.2° C (99° F) measured on axilla. Lowering fever in children can be done through pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment i.e. by the use of heat energy through conduction and evaporation methods. The method can be implemented with warm compress or home remedies such as red onion. Warm compress is commonly applied while compress with red onion is rarely used. This study aims to prove the decreased of body temperature on children with fever using red onion compress. This study used pre-experimental research design with one-group pre-post-test approach. Sampling technique used was Purposive Sampling. The samples of this study were children with fever in the Community Health Center of Kembaran I of Banyumas in the periode of May to July in 2017. Univariate analysis was conducted to every variable. Meanwhile, bivariate analysis used Wilcoxon analysis technique. The results showed that there was a difference between the average temperature before and after applying red onion compress 0.734oC. It was noticed that the significance value was 0.000 (ρ <0.005) meaning that there was a significant body temperature difference between before and after applying the red onion compress. In conclusion, red onion compress affects the body temperature on children with fever. Keywords: red onion compress, body temperature, children with fever
Status gizi pra hamil berpengaruh terhadap berat dan panjang badan bayi lahir Ningrum, Ema Wahyu; Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi
MEDISAINS Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v16i2.3007

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Status gizi pra hamil yang salah satu indikatornya dengan pengukuran Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) secara internasional dianggap sebagai gold standar dan sudah ditetapkan secara baku penambahan berat badan ibu selama kehamilan kedepan. Kurang kepedulian ibu sebelum hamil untuk memeriksakan status gizinya masih sangat kurang, hal ini berakibat tidak terdeteksinya ibu sebelum hamil tersebut mengalami Kekurangan Energi Kronik (KEK) yang kemungkinan besar akan berpengaruh terhadap bayi saat hamil kelak.Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh status gizi pra hamil dengan indikator IMT terhadap berat badan dan panjang badan bayi lahirMetode: Desain penelitian ini adalah deskriptif korelatiff, dengan pendekatan retrospektif study. Penelitian ini dilakukan Puskesmas Padamara Kabupaten Purbalingga, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 30 ibu dan bayi baru lahir. Data status gizi pra hamil, berat badan bayi dan panjang badan bayi diambil dari buku KIA responden dan dianalisis dengan menggunkan uji R2 padaanalisis regresi linier sederhanaHasil: Rata-rata IMT prahamil ibu 22.3±3.9kg/m2 dengan IMT terkecil 17kg/m2 dan IMT terbesar 30 kg/m2. Rata-rata berat badan bayi lahir 2800±390.8gram dengan berat badan terendah 2200 gram dan terbesar 3800 gram. Rata-rata panjang badan bayi lahir 48.3±1,4cm dengan panjang badan terpendek 46 cm dan terpanjang 50 cm. Ada hubungan antara IMT prahamil terhadap berat badan bayi lahir sebesar (r=0.938; r2=0.880; p<0.01). Ada hubungan antara IMT prahamil terhadap panjang badan bayi u lahir sebesar (r=0.876; r2=0.767; p<0.01)Kesimpulan: Status gizi pra hamil berpengaruh besar terhadap berat badan dan panjang badan bayi lahir. Status gizi pra hamil berpengaruh 88% terhadap berat badan bayi dan 76% terhadap panjang badan bayi lahir.
Perbedaan suhu tubuh anak demam sebelum dan setelah kompres bawang merah Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi; Putri, Diannike
MEDISAINS Vol 15, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v15i2.1642

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Demam adalah kenaikan suhu tubuh di atas normal. Bila diukur pada rektal >38°C (100,4°F), diukur pada oral >37,8°C, dan bila diukur melalui aksila >37,2°C (99°F). Menurunkan atau mengendalikan dan mengontrol demam pada anak dapat dilakukan dengan berbagai cara, diantaranya dengan farmakologik dan secara fisik (non farmakologik) yaitu dengan penggunaan energi panas melalui metoda konduksi dan evaporasi. Metode konduksi dan evaporasi dapat dilakukan dengan kompres hangat dan juga dapat dilakukan dengan obat tradisional seperti bawang merah. Kompres hangat sudah banyak diterapkan, namun masih banyak yang tidak melakukan kompres bawang merah. Kompres bawang merah mudah dijangkau masyarakat, baik harga maupun ketersediaannya, dan memungkinkan pasien atau keluarga tidak terlalu tergantung pada obat antipiretik. Tujuan penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan perbedaan suhu tubuh anak demam sebelum dan setelah kompres bawang merah. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian pra-eksperimental dengan pendekatan One-group pra-post test design. Teknik sampling dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Purposive Sampling. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah Wicoxon. Hasil Penelitian: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan atau selisih rerata suhu sebelum dan setelah kompres bawang merah yaitu 0.734 oC. Diketahui nilai significancy 0,000 (ρ < 0,005) sehingga disimpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan suhu tubuh yang bermakna antara sebelum dan setelah kompres bawang merah. Kesimpulan: Simpulan penelitian ini adalah terdapat perbedaan suhu tubuh yang bermakna antara sebelum dan setelah kompres bawang merah
PENGARUH SANITASI MAKANAN TERHADAP KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI DESA KEDONDONG KECAMATAN SOKARAJA Etika Dewi Cahyaningrum
Viva Medika Vol 5 No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.55 KB) | DOI: 10.35960/vm.v5i2.230

Abstract

Diarrhea is the defecation with a liquid faeces or semi-liquid and the content of stools more than 200 ml/24 hours. In developing countries is estimated at more than 5 millionchildren die every year from diarrhea. Diarrhea cases in Central Java was ranked secondwith the data of outpatient visits in health centers and the ranked is 195.907, or 10.46% ofthe 1,873,114 patients and inpatient in hospital for 12 719 or 36.27%, it menas diarrheaincluding one incident Extraordinary (KLB) in Central Java. The results of a preliminarystudy on the population with 5 people who were live at Kedondong village, three mothers ofchildren who had diarrhea of which mention had been treated in hospital. Two people amongthose also explained that diarrhea disease in children is caused due to the provision of cleanwater, food hygiene toddlers, and the factor of the perception that it is infectious diarrheadirectly. Based on this phenomenom, the authors interested in studying the effects of foodsanitation on the incidence of diarrhea in the village of the District Kedondong Sokaraja. The design of the research is analytic survey with cross sectional approach. Bivariatestatistical tests in this study is done by using Chi Square test is used to estimate the frequencyof the investigated or analyzed the results of observation to determine whether there is arelationship or a significant difference. Keywords: sanitation, diarrhea, toddlers
GAMBARAN KEKUATAN OTOT PADA LANSIA DI ROJINHOME YOICHI KOKUBA YONABARU OKINAWA JEPANG Cahyaningrum, Etika Dewi
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Keperawatan Vol 17, No 1 (2021): JURNAL ILMIAH KESEHATAN KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : LPPM STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH GOMBONG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26753/jikk.v17i1.528

Abstract

Lanjut usia merupakan seseorang yang telah memasuki usia 60 tahun ke atas dan dapat disebut juga sebagai tahap lanjut dari suatu proses kehidupan yang akan di alami oleh setiap individu. Kekuatan otot mulai timbul sejak lahir sampai dewasa dan terus meningkat terutama pada usia 20 sampai 30-an dan secara gradual menurun seiring dengan peningkatan usia. Perubahan morfologis pada fungsi muskuloskeletal menjadi salah satu faktor pentingnya mengetahui gambaran kekuatan otot. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran kekuatan otot pada lansia di Rojinhome Yoichi Kokuba Yonabaru Okinawa Jepang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Teknik sampling menggunakan teknik non probability sampling dengan jenis quota sampling sebanyak 20 lansia. Data diambil dengan teknik wawancara, data primer seperti data demografi responden, dan pengukuran kekuatan otot dengan skala Medical Research Council Muscle Scale. Hasil penelitian menunjukan sebagian besar responden pada kategori lanjut usia tua (75 – 90 tahun) yaitu sebanyak 13 orang (65,0%), berjenis kelamin perempuan sebanyak 14 orang (70,0%), dan mempunyai riwayat penyakit hipertensi sebanyak 17 orang (85,0%), sebagian besar responden mempunyai kekuatan otot leher pada kategori baik sebanyak 12 orang (60,0%), kekuatan otot bahu pada kategori baik sebanyak 13 orang (65,0%), kekuatan otot bisep pada kategori baik sebanyak 10 orang (50,0%), kekuatan otot trisep pada kategori baik sebanyak 12 orang (60,0%), kekuatan otot kuadrisep pada kategori cukup sebanyak 12 orang (60,0%), kekuatan otot gastroknemius pada kategori cukup sebanyak 11 orang (55,0%).   Kata kunci : Gambaran Kekuatan Otot, Lansia, Range of Motion.
PENATALAKSANAAN ANAK DEMAM OLEH ORANG TUA DI PUSKESMAS KEMBARAN I BANYUMAS Etika Dewi Cahyaningrum
Viva Medika Vol 9 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.302 KB) | DOI: 10.35960/vm.v9i2.127

Abstract

Fever in children is a condition that often causes anxiety, stress and phobias for parents.When a child has a fever parents often make efforts to reduce fever children. During this time theeffort is often done to reduce fever children parents are giving febrifuge/ antipyretic. Reduce feverand fever control in children can be done in various ways, including by pharmacological andphysical (non-pharmacological) that is by the use of heat energy by conduction and evaporationmethod. Conduction and evaporation method can be done with warm compresses and also can bedone with traditional medicine. This study aims to describe the management of febrile children byparents. This research uses descriptive quantitative research methods. Sampling in this studyusing total sampling. Samples were all parents who have children with a fever at PuskesmasKembaran I Banyumas period from May 2016 that a total of 106 respondents. The type of data inthis study are primary data obtained from questionnaires measuring instrument. Processing of thedata include: editing, coding, tabulating, data entry, and cleaning. Analysis of the data used is theunivariate analysis. The analysis showed that the majority of parents do the management of febrile childrenwith pharmacological means that a number of 53 respondents (50%). Outcomes to be generated isin the form of scientific publications is not accredited national journal (ISSN) is Viva MedikaSTIKES Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto, and science for health workers in health centers IKembaran Banyumas in the form of Power Point (print) about the study results. Keywords: management of the child's fever
KUALITAS HIDUP KLIEN KANKER SERVIKS YANG MELAKUKAN KEMOTERAPI DI RUANG BOUGENVIL RSUD PROF. DR. MARGONO SOEKARJO Suci Khasanah; Etika Dewi Cahyaningrum
Viva Medika Vol 6 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Harapan Bangsa Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (143.407 KB) | DOI: 10.35960/vm.v6i2.254

Abstract

The prevalence of cervical cancer is widely available in developing countries like Indonesia with a total incidence of 40-45 new cases per day. Cervical cancer usually affects women whoare already sexually active, especially who have many sexual partners and having sex at theage under 20 years old. Cervical cancer is the first cancer killer among other cancers in womenwith cervical cancer mortality by 20-25 cases per day. Therefore we need proper treatment toovercome. Chemotherapy is one of the management of cervical cancer with distant metastases andlocal or regional recurrence that does not respond to surgery or radiation therapy.Chemotherapy can cause side effects, both physically and psychologically for the client. One ofthe psychological effect is decreased quality of life. The purpose of this research is to describe the quality of life for clients who undergochemotherapy for cervical cancer based on age and stage of the cancer in the room BougenvilHospital Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto. This study uses quantitative and descriptive analytic design with cross sectional approach.Sampling using accidental sampling technique using a questionnaire which was distributed to23 respondents. Data were analyzed using univariate analysis followed bivariate analysis usingchi square. Keywords: quality of life, cervical cancer, chemotherapy