Muh. Taufik
Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Sulawesi Selatan Jln. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 17,5 Makassar Telp. (0411) 556449, Faks (0411) 554522

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Analisis Karakteristik Kekeringan DAS Kapuas Kalimantan Barat Berdasarkan Luaran Global Climate Model Ihwan, Andi; Pawitan, Hidayat; Hidayat, Rahmat; Latifah, Arnida Lailatul; Taufik, Muh.
POSITRON Vol 9, No 2 (2019): November Edition
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Univetsitas Tanjungpura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26418/positron.v9i2.35072

Abstract

Daerah aliran sungai (DAS) Kapuas, walaupun berada di wilayah benua maritim Indonesia dengan curah hujan yang tinggi sepanjang tahun, namun sering mengalami kebakaran lahan dan hutan. Bencana kebakaran lahan dan hutan tersebut merupakan dampak dari kekeringan yang berkepanjangan. Informasi tentang karakteristik kekeringan di wilayah DAS Kapuas masih kurang diungkap terutama terkait dengan penggunaan data iklim global. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis karakteristik kekeringan meteorologis dan kekeringan hidrologis DAS Kapuas. Analisis kekeringan meteorologis digunakan pendekatan Standardize Precipitation Index (SPI) dan kekeringan hidrologis digunakan Standarized Runoff Index (SRI). Data curah hujan dan runoff dari Global Climate Model (GCM) yang telah di-downscaling menjadi 20 km x 20 km digunakan sebagai input data. Berdasarkan indeks kekeringan skala satu bulanan selama 30 tahun (1981-2010), diperoleh bahwa DAS Kapuas telah mengalami kekeringan meteorologis sebanyak 45 kali dan 48 kali kekeringan hidrologis dengan kategori moderat kering sampai dengan ekstrim kering. Luas wilayah yang mengalami kekeringan meteorologis maksimum terjadi pada tahun 1986 yakni 11,01% dari total wilayah DAS, kekeringan hidrologis maksimum terjadi pada tahun 1991 yakni 13,9% dari total wilayah DAS. Durasi kejadian kedua jenis kekeringan tersebut dominan berdurasi satu bulan. Luas wilayah kekeringan, tingkat keparahan, frekuensi, dan durasi kekeringan cenderung meningkat saat kejadian El-Niño. Hasil analisis karakteristik kekeringan menunjukkan bahwa data GCM dapat digunakan untuk analisis kekeringan di DAS Kapuas.
PENGEMBANGAN INDEKS BAHAYA KEBAKARAN DI HTI SBAWI SUMATRA SELATAN Taufik, Muh.; Setiawan, B.I.; Prasetyo, L.B.; Pandjaitan, N.H.; Soewarso, Soewarso
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman Vol 8, No 4 (2011): JURNAL PENELITIAN HUTAN TANAMAN
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peningkatan Produktivitas Hutan

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Abstract

ANALISIS PENGELOLAAN AIR DALAM USAHATANI PADI PADA LAHAN SAWAH IRIGASI DI SULAWESI SELATAN Taufik, Muh.; , Arafah; Nappu, Basir; Djufry, Fadjry
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

The Water Management Analysis of Rice Farming on Irrigated Land in South Sulawesi. Efficient use of water is an important aspect to increase production and economic value of rice farming in integrated land. A study was conducted at irrigated land in the Mario village, Tanasitolo District of Wajo Regency from March to December 2012. The study used a Randomized Block Design (RBD) involving three farmer cooperators as replications. Every farmers applied water management treatments that were: (1) AWD (Alternate Wetting and Drying) wet or dry irrigation, (2) intermittent irrigation, and (3) continues irrigation (flooded). Seedlings were planted on 17 days using 2 : 1 of “legowo” cropping systems. Fertilizer application was based on soil analysis using PUTS (Phonska 200 kg + 130 kg Urea/ha). Pest and disease controlling with IPM method was also applied in this study. The results showed that the water management methods AWD produced higher growth, yield and profits than other methods. The rice productivity level was achieved by the method of AWD that was 8.3 t/ha, while intermittent and continuous irrigation methods reached only 7.8 t/ha and 7.6 t/ha, respectively. Profits earned in rice farming with AWD method was Rp16.1 million that was higher than others, which was Rp14.1 million and Rp13.4 million, respectively. The R/C of three methods of water management was more than two, meaning that all water management methods applied was feasible to be applied.Key words : Water management, rice farming,  irrigated field  Efisiensi penggunaan air merupakan aspek penting terkait dengan peningkatan produksi dan nilai ekonomi  usahatani padi di lahan sawah irigasi. Pengkajian dilaksanakan di lahan sawah irigasi Desa Mario, Kec. Tanasitolo, Kab. Wajo Sulawesi Selatan  pada bulan Maret- Desember 2012. Kajian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK)  dengan melibatkan 3 orang petani  kooperator  sebagai ulangan. Setiap petani menerapkan perlakuan pengelolaan air: (1) AWD (Alternate Wetting and Drying) atau pengairan basah kering, (2) intermitten atau pengairan berselang, dan (3) pengairan terus menerus (tergenang). Bibit ditanam umur 17 hari dengan sistem tanam legowo 2:1, pemupukan didasarkan pada analisis tanah dengan Perangkat Uji Tanah Sawah (PUTS) 200 kg phonska + 130 kg Urea/ha. Pengendalian hama/penyakit dilakukan dengan metode Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengelolaan air dengan metode AWD menghasilkan pertumbuhan, produksi dan keuntungan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan pemberian air secara intermitten dan terus menerus (tergenang). Tingkat produktivitas padi yang dicapai dengan  metode AWD adalah  8,3 t/ha, sedangkan pengairan intermitten dan terus menerus  menghasilkan masing-masing 7,8 t/ha dan 7,6 t/ha. Keuntungan yang diperoleh dalam usahatani padi  dengan metode AWD mencapai Rp16,1 juta/ha, sedang pengelolaan air dengan metode intermitten dan pengairan tergenang masing-masing menghasilkan Rp14,1/ha juta dan Rp13,4 juta/ha. R/C  ketiga metode pengelolaan air masing-masing > 2,0 yang  berarti metode tersebut layak diterapkan.   Kata kunci : Pengelolaan air, usahatani padi, sawah irigasi      
IDENTIFIKASI LAPISAN RAWAN LONGSOR MENGGUNAKAN METODE GEOLISTRIK RESISTIVITAS KONFIGURASI WENNER SCHLUMBERGERDI DESA PANA KECAMATAN ALLA KABUPATEN ENREKANG Taufik, Muh.; Sahara, Sahara; Wahyuni, Ayusari
JFT : Jurnal Fisika dan Terapannya Vol 4 No 2 (2017): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (624.815 KB) | DOI: 10.24252/jft.v4i2.10255

Abstract

Has conducted research on landslide-prone layer in Pana village Alla subdistrict of Enrekang regency. This research aims to determine the subsurface structure in Pana village Alla subdistrict of Enrekang regency and to determine the potential landslides based of rock layers in Pana village Alla subdistrict of Enrekang regency. In this research measurements were performed using geolistrik resistivity method configuration of Wenner-Schlumberger. Measurements were taken at 5 tracks with the lenght of each track is 75 m with each electrode spacing is 5 m for each track. The result of data processing showed that 5 tracks composed of a layer of soil with plenty of water accumulation, with resistivity value of 0,169 Ωm-13,7 Ωm, a layer of shale in weather conditions with resistivity value of 4,16 Ωm-41,3 Ωm and a layer of shale in fresh condition with resistivity value of 41,3 Ωm-1141 Ωm. Futhermore, the track is concidered prone to landslide are track 3, track 4 and track 5. These predictions are because on the third track suspected slip surface with resistivity value of 29,7 Ωm-37,9 Ωm.
Clean water treatment using the filtration method for residents of Loa Duri Ulu Village, Loa Janan District, Kutai Kartanegara Faisyal, Faisyal; Marlinda, Marlinda; Azizah, Amiril; Andansari, Dita; Mustafa, Mustafa; Taufik, Muh.
Community Empowerment Vol 6 No 10 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/ce.6148

Abstract

The problem of clean water in Loa Duri Ulu Village, Loa Janan District, Kutai Kartanegara has been going on for a long time ago. The effort of making a water treatment system through this service activity, gives hope to the residents of Loa Duri Ulu village, Loa Janan sub-district to end the suffering of consuming less decent water for the better. The purpose of this service is to meet the needs of clean water through filtration-based water treatment. With the guidance from this community service team, the residents are expected to be able to make their own water treatment systems for their own needs at home. Through this service activity, it can provide benefits to the community in the form of improving the quality of drinking water, so that public health increases.