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Syamsul Bihar
Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Journal : Respiratory Science

Accuracy Between CURB-65 Score and PSI in Determining The Prognosis of Community-Acquired Pneumonia Patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan Fransisco Sentosa Pakpahan; Syamsul Bihar; Fajrinur Syarani; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 1 No. 3 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v1i3.25

Abstract

Background: Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is an important problem associated with morbidity and mortality. An accurate initial assessment is required before starting management of a CAP patient to determine the prognosis of the patient as early as possible. The CURB-65 score and PSI (Pneumonia Severity Index) are initial assessment scores that can be used. This study aimed to compare the accuracy between the CURB-65 score and the PSI in determining the prognosis in CAP patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Method: A descriptive study was conducted on 76 patients diagnosed with CAP. Each patient was assessed for their CURB-65 score, PSI class and mortality within 30 days of admission. Data were collected through patient medical records diagnosed CAP in 2018 and performed statistical analysis using 2x2 tables. Results: The CURB-65 ≥3 score showed accuracy (71.0%), sensitivity (53.8%), and specificity (89,2%). The CURB-65 ≥ 2 score showed accuracy (75.0%), sensitivity (82.1%), and specificity (67.6%).  Meanwhile, the Class IV-V PSI showed accuracy (77.6%), sensitivity (87.2%) and specificity (67.6%). Conclusion: The accuracy of the PSI is higher when compared to the CURB-65 score in determining the prognosis of CAP patients at H. Adam Malik General Hospital Medan. Although PSI is more accurate, CURB-65 is simpler, easier and less expensive to use
CT Guided TTNA and Core Biopsy in Suspected Lung Cancer, Review of Cases in Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan Hadi Suhendra; Fajrinur Syarani; Syamsul Bihar; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Respiratory Science Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Respiratory Science
Publisher : Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/respirsci.v2i1.27

Abstract

ounds: The cytological and histopathological findings establish the type of lung cancer cells as the definitive diagnosis of lung cancer. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of lung cancer patients in terms of age, mean age, gender, staging, the proportion of lung cancer cells by cytologic examination of Transthoracic Needle Aspiration (TTNA) and histopathologic evaluation from CT-guided core biopsy. Method: This is a descriptive study involving 42 subjects diagnosed with lung cancer at H. Adam Malik Hospital Medan in 2016-2020 that met the inclusion criteria through consecutive sampling. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics for categorical variables. Results: Of 42 study subjects, the 60–71-year age group had the highest percentage of lung cancer (42.9%). Male (71.4%) was higher than female, the most common lung cancer staging was IVA (57.1%), and adenocarcinoma was found to be the most frequent type of lung cancer in both cytology (33.3%) and histopathology (31.0%). Conclusion: We concluded that core biopsy is superior in diagnosing lung cancer compared to TTNA.