Muhimmatul Musyayyadah
Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Al-Kalam Al-Insya’I wa Ma’anihi fi Surati Al-Shaffat Muhimmatul Musyayyadah
Journal of Arabic Literature (JaLi) Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Journal of Arabic Literature (JaLi)
Publisher : Arabic Language and Letters Department

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jali.v2i1.10249


Balāghah is a science that studies the style of language in a text or expression. Some kinds balāghah studies are ‘ilmu bayān, ‘ilmu ma’ānī, and ‘ilmu badī’. In this study, the researcher studied surah al-Sāffāt by using the study of balāghah ‘ilmu ma’ānī namely Kalām Inshā’ī. Kalām Inshā’ī  is an expression that does not show truth or lies. Kalām Inshā’ī divided to two parts, that is kalām inshā’ī ṭalabī dan kalām inshā’ī ghairu ṭalabī. Through a qualitative descriptive approach, the present study reveals that there are 47 sentences consisting of kalām inshā’ī including: 16 amr (imperatives), 22 istifhām (interrogative), 2 tamannī, 4 nidā’, 2 qasm, and 1 madh.