Anisa Rosi Oktaviana
Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Journal : Journal of Arabic Literature (Jali)

Al-Uslūb al-Taqābulī fī Sūrah al-Baqarah wa Dilālatuhu Anisa Rosi Oktaviana
Journal of Arabic Literature (JaLi) Vol 1, No 2 (2020): Journal of Arabic Literature (JaLi)
Publisher : Arabic Language and Letters Department

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jali.v1i2.8445

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explain and identify the conflicting meanings in Arabic. It refers to the Muqabalah Theory in Balaghah, and At-Tadzat in Semantics using Ali Al-Khouli’s opinion, there are also different patterns of sentence contradiction, which justifies the importance of this study. The data were obtained from AL-Qur'an Surah Al-Baqarah. This research employs a descriptive qualitative method. In Balaghah At-Taqabuly or Al-Muqabalah is a sequence of contradictory meanings; while in the Semantics, it is called At-Tadzat which literally means Antonym. In line with the At-Taqabuly or Al-Muqabalah, it has no special division. But in semantics, there is a difference between the old meaning and the new meaning. In the old meaning, At-Tadzat is interpreted as a different word but has the same meaning, and conversely Ali Al-Khouli interpreted At-Tadzat as 2 opposing words which are the understanding of At-Tadzat in a new meaning. At -Tadzat is divided into 9 parts: 1) Al-Had, 2) Al-'Aks, 3) Al-Mutadarrij, 4) Al-Imtidadi, 5) Al-'Amudy, 6) Al-Juz'i, 7) Al -Dairi, 8) Al-Rutbi, 9) Al-Intisab. In this study only found 5 types of At-Tadzat namely Al-Had, 2) Al-'Aks, 3) Al-Mutadarrij, 4) Al-Imtidadi, 5) Al-'Amudy. The study found 10 syntactic patterns of meaning opposition of the Surah of Al-Baqarah, Ism Maushul, Idhofah, Jar Majrur, Anwa 'Al -otal, Maf'ul bih, Ism Inna, Na't wa Man'ut, At-Tamyiiz, Al-Hal, and Muabtada wa Khabar