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Journal : MAQASHID : Jurnal Hukum Islam

Signifikasi Leadership: Perspektif Sunni dan Syi’ah Ulum, Bahrul
MAQASHID Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017): Dec 17
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah - IAI Al-Qolam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.23 KB) | DOI: 10.35897/maqashid.v1i1.122


Disharmony on Sunni and Syi’ah groups are still being discussed among academics. The Sunni group reflects itself as a school that follows the teachings of the prophet who are forwarded by his companions. While Syi’ah reflects themselves as a follower of the prophet Muhammad through the path of ahlul bayt descendants of the prophet through Ali bin Abi Thalib and forwarded his offspring. Outside the study between Sunni and Syi’ah from the point of aqidah and the ordinances of worship, this paper intends to compare the theories of both groups by focusing on the concept of leadership, succession or the appointment of leaders, criteria of leaders, ordinances of appointment and who are eligible to appoint leaders. The authors draw the conclusion that the concept of Sunni politics in choosing leaders include; obedience to the leader, the power of the state head is sacred, the caliph is the shadow of God in the world, the leader is derived from the tribe of Quraisy, syuro is the urgent part, the appointment of the leader by ahlul halli wa al-aqdi. Unlike Sunni, Syi’ah groups use the concept of imamate or leadership that prioritized Ali and his descendants who are entitled to lead Muslim.
UPAYA MENUJU CITA-CITA KHIL?FAH ISL?MIYYAH:: Posisi Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n di Tengah Kemelut Mesir Ulum, Bahrul; Mufarrohah
MAQASHID Vol. 2 No. 1 (2019): Mei 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah - IAI Al-Qolam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4990.158 KB) | DOI: 10.35897/maqashid.v2i1.181


Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n is one of the largest da'wah congregations that continues to carry out its various activities. The sympathizers, supporters and cadres are scattered in various regions throughout the world. They carried out their da'wah activities by referring to the various directions and thoughts that were spawned by the great thinker of Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n as well as its founder, Im?m Syah?d Hasan al-Bann?. Initially, Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n movement engaged in social and educational fields. Some of the activities include the establishment of polyclinics, mosques, schools, factories, eradication of illiteracy, publication of religious books, and daily and magazine publications. Over time, its movement began to enter into the problem of political realm. The journey of Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n is full of tribulations. Obstacles and challenges, especially from the Egyptian Government, are an integral part of the history of Ikhw?n al-Muslim?n, since the first quarter of the 20th century up to the present time with the dynamics of ups and downs and full of tragedy in realizing their ideals namely the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate.
MENELISIK KODIFIKASI HADIS: Upaya Menakar Validitas Hadis Sebagai Sumber Kedua di Tengah Kepungan Kelompok Inkar al-Sunnah Ulum, Bahrul
MAQASHID Vol. 3 No. 2 (2020): Nov 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah - IAI Al-Qolam Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (428.955 KB) | DOI: 10.35897/maqashid.v3i2.422


The scholars agree that hadith is a source of law, even though they differ in their opinion on the validity of a hadith. The hadith of the Prophet, which is often referred to as al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah, is one of the two basic resouces of the Islamic syari'at after the Qur'an. They position the hadith as a guide in carrying out activities in this world, both with regard to aspects of worship such as mu'amalah and morals. Hadith in the form of words, deeds and provisions (taqririyah), in detail, has outlined a manhaj for the life of Muslims, both individually, in families, communities and countries. The position of the hadith in Islamic syari'at is very strategic. Of course, there is no need to doubt, because the function of hadith apart from being the most urgent is interpreting the Qur'an. More than that, the function of the hadith which is no less important is as a basis in determining other laws that are not contained in the al-Qur ?an. In the past, the Companions used to listen to the Prophet's words and witness the Prophet's actions and life firsthand. In many cases, if they disagree in interpreting the verses of the Qur'an or find it difficult to determine a law, they do not hesitate to refer to the hadith of the Prophet. Of course they are very upholding the sunnah that the Prophet recently passed on as a translater of revelation that was sent to all mankind.