Yuniar Wardani
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta

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HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN KESIAPAN MENGHADAPI MENARCHE PADA SISWI KELAS VII DI SMP 1 PLAYEN GUNUNGKIDUL Ayu, Suci Musvita; Djannah, Sitti Nur; Wardani, Yuniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 4, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2010
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Adolescent is a periode where many physical changes and environmentaldemainds occurings. For a girl, the most visible changes is the beginning of menarche or firstmenstruation. Because menarche is definitely happened to every girl. It’s necessary for a girl tohave many sources of social support to help her reduce anxiety during her menarche periodeand decrease her readiness on that situasion. The goal is to find of relationship between socialsupport and readiness on menarche at VII grade of SMP 1 Playen Gunungkidul.Method: This was an analytical observation research using cross sectional approach. Theresearch subjects were 26 students of VII grade of SMP 1 Playen, 12-13 years old and havingmenarche. Sampel were taken using accidental sampling techniques, data analysis used ChiSquare.Result : There was relationship between social support and readiness on menarche withcorrelation coefficient was 0,599 and significance/Asymp. Sig was 0,006 which compared by a=0,05 so P value < 0,05. from 26 subjects, 65,4 persen had sufficient social support level and 73persen subjects had sufficient level of readiness on menarche.Conclusion : There was relationship between social support and readiness on menarche at VIIgrade of SMP 1 Playen Gunungkidul Yogyakarta andd readiness on menarche. 65,4 persen hadsufficient social support level and 73 persen subjects had sufficient level of readiness onmenarche.Key Word: Social Support, Readiness On Menarche, Student
ANALISIS KINERJA PERAWAT DALAM PENGENDALIAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL DI RSU PKU MUHAMMADIYAH BANTUL YOGYAKARTA Herpan, .; Wardani, Yuniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Background: Nosocomial infection is an important health care problem worldwide. Nosocomial infections in the hospital at about 9% (variation 3- 21%) or over 1.4 million patients admitted to hospi-tals around the world. Nosocomial infections pose some problems, namely an increase in morbid-ity and mortality, the addition of day care, the increasing cost of care and dissatisfaction with both pa-tients and their families. Nosocomial infection control efforts are very complex and involves a variety of targets including hospital personnel, patients, medical equipment, treatment rooms, and the envi-ronment. The purpose of this study was to mengetahuai performance of nosocomial infection con-trol nurse in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Bantul, Yogyakarta. Methods: This study was a type of observational analytic study using quantitative cross- sectional survey design. The sample size was of the study was 50 nurses. The sampling technique used Sampling Random sampling techniques with systematic sampling. Data was taken using a ques-tionnaire. Results: Based on the results of the bivariate test there were three variables that were statistically significant, namely knowledge (p value = 0.000 and RP = 7.115), attitude (p value = 0.000 and RP = 6.519) and skills (p value = 0.000 and RP = 6.519). Non- significant variables: education (p value = 0.486 and RP = 0.542) and training (p value = 0.670 and RP = 1.432). Conclusion: There was a statistically significant relationship between knowledge, attitudes and skills in nosocomial infection control and there was no statistically significant relationship between education and training in nosocomial infection control. Key words: nosocomial infection control, nurse performance, cross sectional.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA ASUPAN MAKANAN DAN STATUS KESADARAN GIZI KELUARGA DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SEWON I, BANTUL Purwaningrum, Sari; Wardani, Yuniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 6, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2012
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Background: Poor nutritional status of children in Puskesmas Sewon I in 2007 amounted to 0.60%. Family Nutrition Awareness Status in Puskesmas Sewon I was at 47.06%. Average consumption of energy and protein adequacy of children under the minimum requirements is 19.8% to 9.9% for en-ergy and protein. Nutritional status is influenced by several factors, either directly or indirectly and purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of nutrition intake and family nutrition awareness status with under five years child nutritional status in Puskesmas Sewon I Bantul Yogya-karta. Method: Design of this research was cross sectional. The sample size of this study was 97 respon-dents. Sampling method of the study was proportional cluster random sampling technique. The variables examined in this research include under five years child nutritional status, nutrition intake, and fam-ily nutrition awareness status. The relationship of each variable was seen by using the Chi Square statistical test. Results: Results showed that of 97 respondents found 39 children (40.2%) had one and the nutri-tional status of 58 children (59.8%) had normal nutritional status. Bivariate analysis showed a relation-ship between under five years children nutritional status with food intake p < 0.05 (p = 0.000) and for under five years children nutritional status with family nutrition awareness status p < 0.05 (p = 0.03). Conclusion: There was a relationship of nutrition intake and family nutrition awareness status with under five years child nutritional status. Keyword: nutrition intake, family nutrition awareness status, under five years children nutritional status, Puskesmas Sewon
HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA DENGAN KEMATIAN PERINATAL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BAAMANG UNIT II SAMPIT KALIMANTAN TENGAH JANUARI-APRIL 2010 Aisyan, Septiana Dwi Susanti; Jannah, Sitti Nur; Wardani, Yuniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD Januari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Background: Mortality is an indicator of perinatal health status of mothers and children in the general obstetric service. Puskesmas Baamang Unit II Sampit is one of the health service in the town of Sampit who are ready to provide health services to the community. Socioeconomic factors such as education, knowledge about health, nutrition and environmental health, beliefs, values, and poverty is an individual and family factors that affect mortality in the community. Low socioeconomic women who are unable to meet the daily needs because of economic constraints so that womens nutritional needs are not fulfilled, this will have an impact on pregnancy. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship between socioeconomic status families with perinatal mortality in the working area Puskesmas Baamang Unit II Sampit. Methods: This was an observational research with cross sectional design. Total sample of 81 people. Samples were taken with a total sampling technique, using primary and secondary. Results: This study showed that there was a relationship between the social economy of perinatal death with a family with a CC value = 0.636; X2 count> X2 table (12.271> 3.841) and Approx. .000 Sig is smaller than ? (0.05). Conclusion: There was a relationship between socioeconomic status families with perinatal mortality in the Puskesmas Baamang Unit II Sampit in Central Kalimantan. Key words: perinatal, lmortality, socioeconomic status, family.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN POLA PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN KE PELAYANAN KESEHATAN ALTERNATIF PASIEN SUSPEK TUBERCULOSIS DI KOMUNITAS Kristiono, R.S; Wardani, Yuniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Health) Vol 7, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Kes Mas FKM UAD September 2013
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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ABSTRAKLatar Belakang : Angka penemuan kasus Tuberculosis (TB) di Propinsi DIY pada tahun 2009 baru mencapai 52,90% (target 70%). Penemuan pasien TB di unit pelayanan kesehatan masih secara pasif, sehingga pola perilaku pencarian pengobatan pasien TB ataupun suspek TB sangatlah penting dipahami. Penelitian yang dilakukan sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa 43% suspek TB mencari pengobatan di pelayanan kesehatan alternatif. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pola pencarian pengobatan ke pelayanan kesehatan alternatif suspek TB di komunitas.Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian menggunakan total  sampel cluster sebesar 750 responden. Responden diambil secara acak dengan menggunakan prosedur survei cepat. Analisis data yang dipergunakan adalah analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat.Hasil : Secara statistik, tidak ada hubungan antara jenis kelamin, pendidikan, umur dan status ekonomi dengan pola pencarian pengobatan alternatif. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari nilai P value yang semuanya menunjukkan angka lebih besar dibandingkan 0.05. Secara biologis, jenis kelamin laki-laki  merupakan faktor protekif  pengampilan keputusan suspek TB untuk tidak melakukan pengobatan. Jenis kelamin laki-laki mempunyai resiko 0,708 kali dibanding perempuan untuk berobat ke apotik/toko obat. Hal ini ditunjukkan dari nilai Ratio Prevalen (RP) = 0,708 (dengan CI 95% : 0,471 – 1,066). Variabel pendidikan, umur dan status ekonomi mempunyai nilai nilai Ratio Prevalen (RP) >1 artinya bahwa umur lansia belum tentu merupakan faktor resiko pengambilan keputusan suspek TB untuk melakukan pengobatan alternatif.Kesimpulan : Tidak ada hubungan antara pendidikan, status ekonomi, jenis kelamin, dan umur dengan pola pencarian pengobatan ke pelayanan kesehatan alternatif. Kata Kunci : Tuberculosis, pencarian pengobatan, pelayanan kesehatan alternatif  ABSTRACTBackground : Daerah Istimewa Yogykarta (DIY) in TB case detection rate in 2009 reached 52.90 % (target 70 % ). The discovery of TB patients in the health care unit is still passive, so the pattern of health seeking behavior of TB or suspected TB patients is very important to understand. Past research indicates that 43 % of TB suspects to seek treatment in alternative health care. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with treatment seeking patterns of alternative health services to suspected tuberculosis in the community.Methods : This study used a survey method with cross-sectional design. Total study sample using cluster sample of 750 respondents. Respondents were drawn at random by using a quick survey procedures. Analysis of the data used were univariate and bivariate analysis.Results : There were not relationship between gender, education, age and economic status of the search patterns of alternative medicine. It can be seen from the value P value indicates the number of which are smaller than 0.05. Biologically, male gender was a factor suspected tuberculosis protekif pengampilan decision not to take medication. Male sex had 0.708 times the risk than women to go to a pharmacy / drug store. It is shown from the values prevalent Ratio ( RP ) = 0.708 ( with 95 % CI : 0.471 to 1.066 ). Variables of education, age and economic status have values prevalent Ratio ( RP ) > 1 means that the age of the elderly is not necessarily a risk factor for tuberculosis suspects decision to perform alternative medicine.Conclusion : There were not relationship between education, economic status, the sex, and age at treatment seeking patterns to alternative health care. Keyword : Tuberculosis, treatment seeking, alternative health care
PENGARUH PELATIHAN VERTICAL RESCUE TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN SEARCH AND RESCUE DALAM MENOLONG KORBAN BENCANA Wardani, Yuniar; Purwadi, Purwadi
Media Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2: MIK Agustus 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat FKes Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30989/mik.v6i2.228

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Background: Asian countries face disasters annually. Increasing vulnerability of people in Asia, especially related to demography, social and economic change technology fastly. Any person affected by disasters, with the expected first priority is to get help meeting basic needs and either given by the general public or trained personnel such as Search and Rescue. SAR must have a variety of skills such as skills in giving Basic Life Support also Vertical Rescue. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of VR training to increase skills and Rescue.   Methods: The type and design of the study were selected by the researchers was an experiment quasi with cross sectional approach. Variable measurement skills performed before and after the implementation of training and analyzed using Paired t test. Results: No effect of VR training to increase knowledge (p = 0.09), there was the effect of VR training on the improvement of the attitude (p = 0.00) and there was increased influence of VR on skill improvement (p = 0.00). Conclusion: There was the effect of VR training to increase attitude and skills of rescue in helping victims of the disaster. Keywords: training, VR, skills, sAR
PENGARUH PELATIHAN VERTICAL RESCUE TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN SEARCH AND RESCUE DALAM MENOLONG KORBAN BENCANA Wardani, Yuniar; Purwadi
MEDIA ILMU KESEHATAN Vol 6 No 2 (2017): Media Ilmu Kesehatan
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.143 KB) | DOI: 10.30989/mik.v6i2.187

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Background: Asian countries face disasters annually. Increasing vulnerability of people in Asia, especially related to demography, social and economic change technology fastly. Any person affected by disasters, with the expected first priority is to get help meeting basic needs and either given by the general public or trained personnel such as Search and Rescue. SAR must have a variety of skills such as skills in giving Basic Life Support also Vertical Rescue. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of VR training to increase skills and Rescue. Methods: The type and design of the study were selected by the researchers was an experiment quasi with cross sectional approach. Variable measurement skills performed before and after the implementation of training and analyzed using Paired t test. Results: No effect of VR training to increase knowledge (p = 0.09), there was the effect of VR training on the improvement of the attitude (p = 0.00) and there was increased influence of VR on skill improvement (p = 0.00). Conclusion: There was the effect of VR training to increase attitude and skills of rescue in helping victims of the disaster. Keywords: Training, VR, skills, SAR
Aplikasi Asisten Virtual sebagai Perintah Suara pada Sistem Otomatisasi Rumah Tinggal Gerung, Raymond Anthony; Fadilah, Khoirul; Wardani, Yuniar; Dwiyaniti, Murie; Mulyadi, Wisnu Hendri
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Publisher : POLITEKNIK NEGERI JAKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32722/ees.v1i1.1890

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Tingkat mobilitas manusia dan dukungan teknologi saat ini sangat tinggi sehingga manusia menuntut kemudahan dalam beraktifitas. Salah satunya adalah kemudahan dalam mengontrol dan memonitor perangkat listrik dirumahnya. Pada penelitian ini dirancang bangun sebuah sistem pengendali dan pemantau perangkat listrik rumah tinggal yang terintegrasi menggunakan raspberry pi sebagai pengendali utama. teknologi SCADA dan IoT dengan platform Blynk sebagai pengendali sekunder dan pemonitor, dan Asisten Virtual (AV) sebagai pemberi perintah dengan media suara. Sistem tersebut dan perangkat listrik seperti lampu, pendingin ruangan serta pintu otomatis terintegrasi melalui protocol komunikasi modbus TCP/IP. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa sistem dapat bekerja dengan baik untuk mengedalikan dan memantau semua perangkat listrik sesuai dengan deskripsi kerja yang diinginkan.
THE CORRELATION BETWEEN WORM INFECTIONS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Sofiana, Liena; Gustina, Erni; Wardani, Yuniar; Ayu, Suci Musvita; Maula, Aniq Diya Nata
Epidemiology and Society Health Review (ESHR) Vol 1, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (UAD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/eshr.v1i1.933

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Background: Worm disease is an infectious disease that still becomes a public health problem in Indonesia. Worm can cause a decrease in health, nutrition, intelligence and productivity of the sufferers. Worms as parasitic animals do not only take nutrients in the intestines of children, but they also damage the intestinal wall so that they interfere the absorption of these nutrients, consequently, it will impact on the decreasing of one's nutritional status and cause other complex nutritional problems. Moyudan Health Center is a Community Health Center in Moyudan Sub-District Region which has the highest cases of helminthiasis (worm infection). Therefore, this study aims to determine the relationship between helminthiasis infection and nutritional status.Methods: This was an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional approach. The sample of this study were elementary school students in the work area of Moyudan Health Center with samples of 311 respondents. The sampling technique used by multistage random sampling is the selection of samples consisting of the smallest areas of an area. Faecal examination was carried out by using the direct method and nutritional status assessment was carried out by anthropometric method based on the anthropometric index Body Age Index per Age (BMI / U). Data were analyzed by Fisher's test.Results: The results showed that there were 8 respondents (2.57%) who were positively infected by worms, 28 respondents had underweight nutritional status (9.01%), and 54 respondents had a nutritional status of fat (17.36%). The results of the study showed no correlation between helminthiasis infection and nutritional status (p-value = 0.534).Conclusions: There is no relationship between helminthiasis and nutritional status in elementary school students in the Moyudan Community Health Center Working Area in Sleman Regency with a p-value of 0.534 so that it is concluded that helminthiasis infection does not provide any significant contribution to nutritional status even though cases of helminthiasis still occur in elementary school students. Therefore, it needs more attention from parents, schools and health facilities in dealing with worm problems.
Good parental feeding style reduces the risk of stunting among under-five children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia Gustina, Erni; Sofiana, Liena; Ayu, Suci Musvita; Wardani, Yuniar; Lasari, Ditra Irna
Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive Vol 8, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/phpma.v8i2.306

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Background and purpose: In Indonesia, many studies on the causes of stunting in children have been conducted. However, still few have explored the parental feeding style in relation to stunting. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between parental feeding style and stunting among under-five children in Kulon Progo District, Yogyakarta.Methods: This study used a cross sectional design. This study involved 729 respondents who were the entire population of under-five children in Kulon Progo. Mothers were interviewed about the socio-demographic, economic and parental feeding style that mothers gave to their children using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively to identify the frequency distribution of each variable, hypothesis testing with chi square test and multivariable analysis with logistic regression at a significance level of 5% were performed.Results: Of the 729 under-five children analyzed, 37.6% were found to be stunting. The proportion of poor parental feeding style was almost 50%. The finding of this study showed that mother’s occupation (AOR=2.13; 95%CI: 1.26-3.59), family income (AOR=3.56; 95%CI: 2.34-5.42) and parental feeding style (AOR=2.77; 95%CI: 1.97-3.91) have a significant relationship with stunting.Conclusion: The prevalence of stunting is quite high in the study area. Parents with poor parental feeding style are predicted to increase the risk of stunting among under-five children. Family-based interventions that involve parenting styles in child feeding practices should be considered in reducing stunting among children.