Laksmi Widajanti
Bagian Gizi Kesehatan Masyarkat Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

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Pengaruh suplementasi Zn terhadap perubahan indeks TB/U anak stunted usia 24-36 bulan Kusudaryati, Dewi Pertiwi Dyah; Muis, Siti Fatimah; Widajanti, Laksmi
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.177 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.5.2.98-104

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Background : Zn supplementation on stunted children in multiple research get the result inconsistent concerning the effect of Zn on children’s growth.Objective : To examine the effect of Zn supplementation to the change in height for index among stunted children age between 24-36 months.Methods: The research design is randomized pretest posttest control group design. The total of thirty six stunted children are divided into two groups. The treatment group is received syrup with 20 mg ZnSO4 twice a week for three months. The control group received placebo without Zn. Height for age z score (HAZ) on WHO Child Growth 2006 is used to measure height for age index while dietary intake and infection diseases are used as confounding variables.Result : There is significant difference in HAZ before and after supplementation at treatment group (p<0.001) and control group (p<0.001). There is a significant difference of the change in HAZ between the treatment group and control group (p=0.006). Percentage Achievement of Energy, Protein, and Zn Dietary Allowance have significant difference between the treatment group and control group (p=0.009; p<0.001; p<0.001, respectively). The change in HAZ, Percentage Achievement of Energy, Protein, and Zn Dietary Allowance are higher in treatment group than control group. Duration of diarrhea (p=0.045) and morbidity (p=0.019) are lower in treatment group than control group. Conclusion : Zn Supplementation among stunted children have significant effect on the change in HAZ, dietary intake, and infection.
Determinan kejadian anemia pada remaja putri di Kecamatan Gebog Kabupaten Kudus tahun 2006 Farida, Ida; Widajanti, Laksmi; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.2.1.

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Background : Anemia is one of the most prevalent nutrition problems. Based on a national survey in 1995, the prevalence of anemia was 57.1% among adolescent girls in Indonesia. Adolescent girls have higher risk of anemia compared to the schoolchildren and adults as they are still in the period of rapid growing, while they also start to think about body image. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the determinants of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus. Method : This observational study was conducted cross sectionally by survey method. The population was adolescent girls aged 13-18 years, with a total sample of 163 girls who were chosen from the adolescent girls in four villages by multistage random sampling method. Data were analysed by Rank Spearman correlation and Chi Square test, which then continued to multivariate analysis by logistic regression test (forward method). Result : The results showed that the prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus was 36.8%. The correlation tests showed that there were associations between parents’ education level, family income, adolescents’ knowledge and attitude toward anemia and food consumption levels (energy, protein, iron, vitamin A and C). Conclusion : There were correlations between food consumption levels (energy, protein, iron, vitamin A and C), menstruation pattern, infection incidence and anemia incidence (p<0.05). The determinants of anemia among adolescent girls in Kecamatan Gebog, Kabupaten Kudus were energy, iron, vitamin A consumption levels, menstruation pattern and infection incidence. Keywords:  anemia incidence, socio-economic status, food consumption levels, menstruation pattern, infection incidence, adolescents
Kandungan Energi, Protein, Sakarin, Siklamat dan Frekuensi Konsumsi Makanan Jajanan Oleh Siswa MTs Syarif Hidayah Kecamatan Doro Kabupaten Pekalongan Meirina, Winda; Widajanti, Laksmi; Irene Kartasurya, Martha
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.52 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.51-58

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Makanan jajanan berkontribusi untuk kecukupan gizi karena mengandung energi dan protein, namun seringkali ditambah sakarin dan siklamat yang dapat berdampak buruk pada kesehatan jika berlebihan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis kandungan energi, protein, sakarin, siklamat dan frekuensi konsumsi makanan jajanan oleh siswa. Jenis penelitian adalah deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel adalah 50 siswa dan 14 jenis makanan jajanan yang dipilih secara purposive. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kandungan energi tertinggi pada es kelapa muda (323 kkal) dan protein tertinggi pada es cendol (3,1 g). Tujuh sampel mengandung sakarin dan 8 sampel mengandung siklamat. Hampir setiap hari kuantitas konsumsi rata-rata energi, protein, sakarin, dan siklamat yaitu 559 kkal; 4,7 g; 5,4 mg/hari; dan 8,3 mg/hari. Rata-rata makanan jajanan menyumbang 26% AKE (Angka Kecukupan Energi), 8% AKP (Angka Kecukupan Protein), dan semua responden mengkonsumsi sakarin dan siklamat kurang dari ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake). Kata kunci: makanan jajanan, zat gizi, sakarin, siklamat, siswa Energy, Protein, Saccharine, Cyclamate Contents and Frequency Consumption of Street Foods By Students MTs Syarif Hidayah Doro Suh-District, Pekalongan, The contribution of Street foods for adequacy of nutrition that contain energy and protein, actually it were often added with saccharine and cyclamate which can effect on health. The puposes of this research was to analyze energy, protein, saccharine, cyclamate contents, and frequency consumption of street foods by students. This research was a descriptive study with a cross sectional design. The sample was 50 students and 14 kinds of street food elected by a purposive method. The results showed that the highest energy was found on the young coconut ice drink (323 kkal) and the highest protein was found on the es cendol (3,1 g). Seven samples contained saccharine and 8 samples contained cyclamate. Average consumption quantity of energy, protein, saccharine, and cyclamate from street foodsvwere 559 kcals; 4,7 g, 5,388 mg/day; and 8,317 mg/day respectively. Average street foods have 26% of Adequacy Rate of Energy, dan 8% of Adequacy Rate of Protein and all of the respondents consumed saccharine and cyclamate less than ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake). Keyword : street foods, nutrient contents, saccltarine, cyclamate, students
PENERAPAN SISTEM JAMINAN HALAL DAN KANDUNGAN GIZI BAKSO SAPI PRODUKSI USAHA MIKRO DI PASAR RASAMALA BANYUMANIK KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2019 Pratiwi, Aulia Dewi; Widajanti, Laksmi; Nugraheni, Sri Achadi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 8, No 1 (2020): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.221 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v8i1.26048

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Pada tahun 2018 ditemukan kasus bakso positif menggunakan daging babi. Proses pembuatan bakso oleh produsen tertentu dimungkinkan dicampur dengan daging babi yang bertujuan untuk menurunkan harga produksi namun harga jual tetap tinggi, serta meningkatkan cita rasa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif untuk analisis komitmen dan kebijakan produsen, analisis titik kendali kritis halal, analisis lingkungan kerja, serta mendeteksi kehalalan bakso sapi dan menggunakan metode kuantitatif untuk pengujian kandungan gizi. Penentuan sampel dilakukan dengan cara purposive sampling. Ada 5 pedagang bakso, setiap pedagang diambil sampel 1kg sebanyak 2 kali di hari berbeda. Analisis data menggunakan uji F dengan p<0,05. Hasil seluruh sampel bakso yang peneliti ambil negatif protein babi dengan ketelitian 98-99%. Rata-rata kandungan gizi bakso per 100g BDD kadar air 59,8g, kadar abu 5,7g, kadar lemak 9,3g, kadar protein 8,5g.  Kesimpulan bakso sapi tidak terdeteksi adanya protein babi, terdapat pengaruh antara kualitas mutu bakso dengan bahan, lingkungan dan alat yang digunakan dan kandungan gizi sampel memenuhi standar SNI, kecuali pada analisis kadar abu diatas standar SNI.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ENERGI, PROTEIN, BESI, VITAMIN C DAN SUPLEMEN TABLET BESI DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN IBU HAMIL TRIMESTER II DAN III (Di wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Purwanegara 2 Kabupaten Banjarnegara) Yuliati, Heni; Widajanti, Laksmi; Aruben, Ronny
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.681 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18738

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 Level of energy adequacy, protein, iron, vitamin C in pregnant women was affected by daily food intake which can cause in the lack of nutritional intake during pregnancy so it could cause low level of hemoglobin. This was a quantitative research with cross sectional design. Population of this research were 51 pregnant women in second and third trimester in the working area of Purwanegara 2 Health Center. Sampling technique was using purposive sampling. Correlation test was using spearman test for the abnormal data and pearson test for normal data. The results showed that  pregnant women were in 18 to 30 years old (56,9%), most education level of pregnant women was in elementary school (37,3%), most pregnant women were housewives (88,2%), most of the Basal Metabolic Rate of the pregnant women were good (43,1%), level of energy adequacy was low (76,5%), level of protein adequacy was low (82,4%), level of iron adequacy was low (54,9%), level of vitamin c adequacy was  low (70,6%) and intake of iron tablet supplements were more than 30 tablets (52,9%). The variables which correlate with hemoglobin level were level of energy adequacy (p value 0,000), level of protein adequacy (p value 0,005), level of iron aduquacy (p value 0,000), level of vitamin c adequacy (p value 0,030), and intake of iron tablets supplements (pvalue 0,005). It was needed to have a routine consumption monitor program especially for pregnant women, cross-sectoral cooperation was also needed to help inclease pregnant women’s hemoglobin level. .
Respon Kadar Gula Darah Terhadap Konsumsi Lumpia Semarang Basah Dan Goreng Nuraini, Kartika; Irene Kartasurya, Martha; Widajanti, Laksmi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (312.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v2i1.6380

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Kelebihan asupan makanan dapat menjadi salah satu penyebab terjadinya penyakit gula darah atau Diabetes Melitus. Prevalensi Diabetes Mellitus di Kota Semarang dari tahun 2007-2010 sebesar 20,5%, dengan angka kejadian Diabetes Mellitus sebanyak 68.673 kasus. Salah satu makanan camilan khas Kota Semarang yang sangat diminati adalah Lumpia Semarang, Lumpia Semarang adalah camilan terbuat dari kulit lumpia yang diisi rebung dan varian telur atau daging yang mengandung energi yang cukup tinggi, terutama pada lumpia goreng dibandingkan dengan lumpia basah sehingga menjadi pertanyaan apakah konsumsi lumpia semarang beresiko terhadap kenaikan kadar gula darah dan respon kadar gula darah terhadap konsumsi lumpia goreng lebih tinggi dibandingkan lumpia basah. Selain itu aspek kehalalan produk lumpia menjadi hal yang dipertanyakan mengingat Lumpia Semarang adalah makanan adaptasi dari Negara China. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah membuktikan adakah perbedaan kadar gula darah subjek penelitian terhadap konsumsi Lumpia Basah dan Goreng yang telah diobservasi kehalalannya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimental kuasi dengan metode time series design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah orang dewasa muda usia 20-23 tahun dan jumlah subjek penelitian sebanyak 40. Data karakteristik subjek dan konsumsi lumpia dikumpulkan melalui wawancara terstruktur dan pengukuran langsung. Analisis data menggunakan Uji Beda Wilcoxon. Hasil analisis data menyatakan bahwa pada menit ke 30-60 postprandial terjadi perbedaan kadar gula darah terhadap konsumsi lumpia basah dengan lumpia goreng dengan nilai p=0,03 dan perbedaan penurunan kadar gula darah pada menit ke 60-120 postprandial terhadap konsumsi lumpia basah dan goreng dengan nilai p=0,04. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah diketahui ada perbedaan hasil pengukuran respon kadar gula darah antara setelah mengkonsumsi lumpia basah dengan lumpia goreng, yaitu pada menit ke 60 dan 120, pada konsumsi lumpia basah menjadi lebih tinggi dibandingkan konsumsi lumpia goreng pada menit ke 60 dan respon penurunan kadar gula darah setelah konsumsi lumpia basah lebih cepat dibandingkan lumpia goreng
Perbedaan Status Gizi, Tingkat Konsumsi Gizi, Aktivitas Fisik dan Kebugaran Jasmani (Studi pada Siswa yang Mengikuti Ekstrakurikuler Pencak Silat dan Futsal di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Teuku Umar Kota Semarang Tahun 2017) Ulfa, Nastiti Almira; Widajanti, Laksmi; Suyatno, Suyatno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (75.92 KB)

Abstract

Nutritional status is the state of the body as a result of food consumption and the use of nutrients. Physical fitness is the body's ability to perform daily tasks and tasks diligently, without experiencing significant fatigue. The degree of individual health and fitness is affected by age, sex, genetics, nutritional status, and physical activity. Physical activity / physical exercise is good, true, measurable, and regular can improve the degree of health and physical fitness. The purpose of this research was to analyze the differences of nutritional status, the level of nutritional consumption, physical activity and physical fitness in students who follow extracurricular between pencak silat and futsal. This research uses quantitative research method with cross sectional research design. Population of this research were 22 students who follow extracurricular pencak silat and futsal. Sample size of this research were 17 students who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. Sampling technique in this research use purposive sampling. Data analysis using Independent Samples T test and Mann Whitney test. The results showed that the average nutritional status of students extracurricular pencak silat 3.20 and futsal 3.14. The average of energy consumption level of extracurricular students of pencakl silat 1.90 and futsal 2.00. The average of protein consumption level of extracurricular students of pencak silat 1.80 and futsal 2.00. Median of physical activity of students extracurricular of pencak silat 3.00 and futsal 2.00. Median of physical fitness of students extracurricular pencak silat 3.00 and futsal 3.00. The result of statistical test showed that there was no difference in nutritional status (p = 0,165), energy consumption level (p = 0,971) and protein (p = 0,746) and physical fitness (p = 0,071) but there was difference in physical activity (p = 0,032 ) Students who follow extracurricular between pencak silat and futsal. This study recommends for students who follow extracurricular pencak silat and futsal to increase nutritional intake and physical activity so that the nutritional status and physical fitness of students can be optimal and maintained
HUBUNGAN PENDAPATAN, PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DENGAN KETERSEDIAAN IKAN TINGKAT RUMAH TANGGA DAERAH PERKOTAAN Indriana, S; Widajanti, Laksmi
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Volume 1. Nomor 1. Desember 2005
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.459 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.1.1.

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ABSTRACT Background: The role of fish as nutrients source is very important because fish contains nutrients that to be required the body. Many markets in the city that prepare daily consumption should not become barrier for serving fish dish in family menu. Moreover Semarang city is harbour city; the fish is easy to be accessed in Semarang. But until this time role of fish in consumption of traditional food is rare because apart of population less recognize the advantage of fish. The objective of this study is to analize the relationship between income, mother's nutrition knowledge and fish stock at household level. Method: This cross sectional study was conducted to 75 mothers who be educated minimal the end of high school in Jagalan house of village-head, district of Center Semarang, Semarang city, taken by systematic random sampling. Data analyzing with Spearman correlation test. Result: Income/capita/month from mother/household ranged between Rp 99.000,00 until Rp 937.000,00. Stage of income/capita/month that more than equal with Regional Minimum Commision is 16%, less than Regional Minimum Commision is 84%. Score of mother's nutrition knowledge ranged between 50,0 until 100,0 with rate was 83,5. For category of good nutrition knowledge, the percentage is 66,7%, enough category 30,7% and less category 2,7%. For fish stock in household ranged between 0-1 times/day. For category of less stock as much as 29,3%, enough category 53,3% and good category 17,3%. Correlation coefficient for income/capita/month was 0,284 (ρ value 0,014). For mother's nutrition knowledge, correlation coefficient was 0,466 (ρ value 0,000). Conclusion: The higher mother’s Income/capita/month and nutrition knowledge, the higher fish stock in household. Keyword: Income, nutrition knowledge, mother, fish stock, household. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Peranan ikan sebagai bahan penyedia gizi sangatlah penting karena ikan mengandung zat-zat gizi yang sangat dibutuhkan tubuh. Banyaknya pasar di Kota Semarang yang menyediakan kebutuhan sehari-hari, seharusnya sudah bukan merupakan halangan untuk penyajian hidangan ikan dalam menu keluarga. Apalagi Kota Semarang merupakan kota pelabuhan, ikan mudah didapatkan. Namun sampai saat ini peran ikan dalam konsumsi pangan tradisional masih kecil karena sebagian penduduk kurang mengenal manfaat ikan. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan pendapatan, pengetahuan gizi ibu dengan ketersediaan ikan di tingkat rumah tangga. Metode: Penelitian menggunakan metode penelitian survei masyarakat, jenis penelitian analitik, pendekatan waktu cross sectional. Pelaksanaan penelitian bulan September-Oktober 2004. Analisis data dengan uji korelasi Spearman. Populasi adalah ibu yang berpendidikan minimal tamat SLTA di Kelurahan Jagalan, Kecamatan Semarang Tengah, Kota Semarang (305 orang) dengan sampel sebanyak 75 orang. Hasil: Pendapatan/kapita/bulan ibu/rumah tangga bervariasi dari Rp 99.000,00 - Rp 937.000,00. Tingkat pendapatan/kapita/bulan yang >UMR persentasenya 16%, yang <UMR 84%. Nilai pengetahuan gizi ibu tentang ikan berkisar antara 50,0-100,0 dengan nilai rata-rata 83,5. Untuk kategori pengetahuan gizi baik, persentasenya 66,7%, kategori cukup 30,7% dan kategori kurang 2,7%. Untuk ketersediaan ikan tingkat rumah tangga, berkisar antara 0-1 kali/hari. Untuk kategori ketersediaan kurang ada 29,3%, kategori cukup 53,3% dan kategori baik 17,3%. Hasil uji korelasi Spearman untuk pendapatan/kapita/bulan diperoleh nilai rs=0,284 (p=0,014). Untuk pengetahuan gizi ibu tentang ikan diperoleh nilai rs=0,466 (p=0,000). Simpulan: Semakin tinggi pendapatan/kapita/bulan dan pengetahuan gizi ibu tentang ikan akan makin tinggi ketersediaan ikan di rumah tangga Kata kunci: Pendapatan, pengetahuan gizi, ibu, ketersediaan ikan, rumah tanggaPermalink: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/jgi/article/view/3240
HUBUNGAN KECUKUPAN ASAM EIKOSAPENTANOAT (EPA), ASAM DOKOSAHEKSANOAT (DHA) IKAN DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA Zulaihah, Siti; Widajanti, Laksmi
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Volume 1. Nomor 2. Juni 2006
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.491 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.1.2.

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ABSTRACT   Background: Fish contain of high protein, EPA, DHA needed for the formation of brain cell and improving intelligence. Consuming fish and other sea food make healthy and improve the brain ability to reach optimum study achievement. In 2003, fish consumption in Indonesia is still low 24,67kg/capita/year. Based on BPS 2002, fish consumption in Semarang is 5,38%. The fish consumption has a big influence on nutrition sufficiency especially EPA and DHA, nutrition status and attaining healthy and smart Indonesian human resources. Goal: To analyze the relationship between fish meal frequency, fish EPA and DHA recommended and nutrition status with student's study achievement. Method: The research used survey method, analytical research, and cross -sectional time approach. This research was conducted on September-October 2004. Sample was 100 subject of SD Taqwiyatui Wathon (grade IV are 54 person, grade V are 46 person) by using Stratified Random Sampling method. The data preparation used NUTRISOFT. Result: Fish frequently consumed by responden was bandeng (Chanos chanos) 5%, tongkol (Euthynnus allitteratus rafmescue) 4%, kembung (Scomber kanoguria russei) 1% and mujair (Tilapia mossambica) 1 %. EPA, DHA % RDA defisit 62%, normal nutritional status 93% and average category of study achievement 55%. There was relation between fish meal frequency and fish EPA, DHA % RDA (ρ=0,000), there was no relation between fish meal frequency and nutritional status (ρ=0,213), there was relation between fish meal frequency and study achievement (ρ=0,000), there was relation between fish EPA, DHA recommendation and study achievement (ρ=0,000), and there was no relation between nutrition status and study achievement (ρ=0.378). Based on Pearson correlation test, there was no relation between fish EPA, DHA recommendation and nutritional status (ρ=0,000). Conclution: Students with frequent fish consumption and high RDA of EPA, DHA % RDA showed better study achievement.   Keywords: Omega 3, EPA. DHA, nutritional status, study archivement, student   ABSTRAK   Latar  Belakang: Ikan mengandung protein, EPA, DHA tinggi, diperlukan untuk pembentukan sel otak dalam meningkatkan intelegensia. Mengkonsumsi ikan dan makanan laut lainnya selain menyehatkan juga meningkatkan kemampuan otak untuk mencapai prestasi belajar optimal. Tahun 2003 konsumsi ikan di Indonesia masih rendah yaitu 24,67 kg/kapita/tahun. Menurut BPS 2002 konsumsi ikan di Semarang 5,38%. Konsumsi ikan tersebut berpengaruh besar terhadap kecukupan zat gizi terutama EPA dan DHA, status gizi dan pencapaian sumberdaya manusia Indonesia yang sehat dan cerdas. Tujuan: Untuk menganalisis hubungan frekuensi makan ikan, kecukupan EPA, DHA ikan dan status gizi dengan prestasi belajar siswa. Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei, jenis penelitian analitik, pendekatan waktu cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan September-Oktober 2004, termasuk disiplin Ilmu Gizi Masyarakat. Sampel penelitian 100 siswa SD Taqwiyatul Wathon (kelas IV 54 siswa dan kelas V 46 siswa). Pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode Stratified random sampling. Pengolahan data dengan NUTRISOFT dan software pengolah data. Hasil: Ikan yang banyak dikonsumsi responden yaitu bandeng dengan kategori baik 5%, tongkol 4%, kembung 1% dan mujair 1%. Kecukupan EPA, DHA termasuk defisit 62%, status gizi normal 93% dan prestasi belajar kategori sedang 55%. Berdasar uji Spearman ada hubungan frekuensi makan dengan kecukupan EPA, DHA ikan (ρ=0,000), tidak ada hubungan frekuensi makan ikan dengan status gizi (ρ=0,213), ada hubungan frekuensi makan ikan dengan prestasi belajar (ρ=0,000), ada hubungan kecukupan EPA, DHA dengan prestasi belajar (ρ=0,000) dan tidak ada hubungan status gizi dengan prestasi belajar (ρ=0,378). Berdasar uji Pearson tidak ada hubungan kecukupan EPA, DHA ikan dengan status gizi (ρ=0,408). Simpulan: Siswa yang mengkonsumsi ikan dengan frekuensi dan kecukupan EPA dan DHA tinggi prestasi belajar siswa baik. Kata kunci: Omega 3, EPA, DHA, status gizi, prestasi belajar, siswa.Permalink: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/jgi/article/view/3241
PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN CAIRAN DAN STATUS HIDRASI SETELAH LATIHAN PADA ATLET RENANG DI KOTA SEMARANG Yurizka, Berta; Widajanti, Laksmi; Kartasurya, Martha Irene
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Undip) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.372 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkm.v5i4.18729

Abstract

Swimmers were potential to be dehydrated because their brain can not detect the dehydration properly during exercise. Dehydration can significantly increase fatigue and decrease athletic performance, physically and mentally. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between fluid intake and hydration status among swimmers in Semarang City. The study was an explanatory research with a cross sectional approach. The number of respondents were 30 children athletes aged 7 to 12 years old in Tri Çakti Semesta Club, Semarang. Subjects were selected by total sampling method and data were analyzed by Rank Spearman tests. The results showed that the average energy adequacy level was 89.71±24.15 %, fluid adequacy level (75.3±8.7)%, body fat percentage were 24.5±7.72% for males and body fat percentage were 20.2±5.19 % for females. The average physical activity level was 1.82±0.13 PAL. Fluid intake correlated to hydration status level were (r=-0,718;p=0.001). Energy adequacy was not related with hydration status after exercise (p=0,275). There is no correlation between body temperature, body fat percentage and physical activity to hydration status, so they were not confounding variables in this research. It is recommended for athletes parents and coaches to be more concern about athlete fluid consumption for a better health and athlete achievement .