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DAMPAK KEPEMILIKAN LAHAN PADI SAWAH TERHADAP EFISIENSI TEKNIS DAN EFISIENSI LINGKUNGAN DI KABUPATEN ROKAN HULU Widodo, Sri; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Jamhari, Jamhari; Defidelwina, Defidelwina
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (888.157 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/5177

Abstract

Land ownership, technical and environmental efficiency are interrelated aspects one another which influences the sustainability of farming. This study aims to estimate the impact of land ownership on the technical and environmental efficiency of wetland rice farming in the Rokan Hulu Regency. Data obtained from interviews with 100 farm households, and analyzed using the translog stochastic frontier production function estimated by the maximum likelihood method. This production function includes conventional and detrimental input (Nitrogen). The results showed that the average technical efficiency of farming was 84.8%. Meaning that farmers can increase their technical efficiency by 15.2%. While the average of environmental efficiency is 23.7%. It is recommended to farmers to reduce their detrimental inputs by 76.3%. The technical efficiency of landowners was lower than the tenant or sharing farmers. Otherwise, the environmental efficiency of landowners higher than tenant or sharing farmers.
Lingkungan Purba Batubara Sorong (Provinsi Papua Barat) Berdasarkan Analisis Petrografi Permana, Aang Panji; M Imran, A; Widodo, Sri
Dinamika Rekayasa Vol 15, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmiah Dinamika Rekayasa - Agustus 2019
Publisher : Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.dr.2019.15.2.262

Abstract

Batubara Sorong yang berada pada Cekungan Salawati memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan. Penelitian detail mengenai batubara Sorong sangat dibutuhkan terutama penelitian mengenai lingkungan purba pada saat batubara diendapkan. Penelitian ini menjadi menarik karena posisi batubara Sorong yang secara stratigrafi regional masuk pada endapan aluvial dan litoral yang berumur kuarter. Untuk itu tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah mengetahui jenis maseral penyusun batubara dan menentukan lingkungan purba pengendapan batubara. Upaya dalam mencapai kedua tujuan tersebut maka digunakan dua metode penelitian yakni survei lapangan (pemboran cutting) dan analisis petrografi. Hasil analisis petrografi didominasi jenis grup maseral vitrinite (huminite) berkisar antara 76,5-87,8%. Lingkungan pengendapan batubara berdasarkan dua klasifikasi diinterprestasikan lingkungan limnic (terendapkan di rawa danau). Sedangkan untuk interprestasi lingkungan persediaan bahan makanan berdasarkan analisis menunjukkan rawa rheotrophic.
PERAN DATA KOMPOSISI POPULASI TERNAK SAPI POTONG DALAM PERENCANAAN PENCAPAIAN KECUKUPAN DAGING SAPI DI PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT Widayati, Trisiwi Wahyu; Widodo, Sri; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Suryantini, Any
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the important role of livestock population data with the detail the composition according to age and gender in planning the provision of meat in the province of Papua in particular to correlate the number of mother cows and cattle are ready to cut the amount of output produced in a given year. Problem-solving method using descriptive analytical approach to the tabulation and analysis tools OLS. The sample of 189 respondents used. Sample areas in Manokwari. The results showed that the relationship of parent and output data beef cattle that could be used for planning the achievement of the adequacy of the best of the best beef in West Papua obtained from the parent relations cow - calf male (age <1 year) with a number R2 0.822, with a coefficient of relationship 0.442. To produce a ready cattle bulls (age> 2 years) in the year amounted to 2.26 t required parent tail invested two years earlier.Keywords: Population Composition Data, Mother Cow, calf (Output)
PERBEDAAN PENGARUH TEKNIK RELAKSASI OTOT PROGRESIF DAN NAPAS DALAM TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN PADA PASIEN PRE OPERASI DI RUMAH SAKIT TELOGOREJO SEMARANG Shobirun, -; Widodo, Sri; Pailak, Heman
Karya Ilmiah S.1 Ilmu Keperawatan Tahun 2013
Publisher : STIKES Telogorejo Semarang

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Abstract

Operasi merupakan salah satu bentuk terapi pengobatan yang dapat mengancam integritas tubuh dan jiwa seseorang sehinggga menimbulkan respon fisiologi dan psikologi pada pasien. Respon psikologi yang biasanya terjadi pada pasien pre operasi yaitu kecemasan. Kecemasan pada pasien pre operasi ini dapat dicegah atau diturunkan dengan teknik relaksasi, baik itu relaksasi otot progresif maupun napas dalam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pengaruh teknik relaksasi otot progresif dan napas dalam terhadap tingkat kecemasan pada pasien pre operasi di Rumah Sakit Telogorejo Semarang. Desain penelitian menggunakan quasy experiment dengan rancangan pre-post tes design. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling dengan jumlah 15 orang untuk relaksasi porgresif dan 15 orang untuk relaksasi napas dalam. Uji yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah uji perbedaan Mann-Witney Test didapatkanhasil analisis univariat pada karakteristik respondentingkat kecemasan terdapat 12 (40%) pada perampuan, 18 (60%) pada laki-laki, sedangkan pada usia responden kecemasan terbanyak adalah pada usia >30 sebanyak 13 (43,3%) dan terendah pada usia < 20 tahun sebanyak 5 16,7% selain itu hasil analisis univariat didpatkan nilai p-value sebesar 0,953 atau > 0,05 hal ini menunjukan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan pengaruh relaksasi otot progresif dan napas dalam terhadap tingkat kecemasan pada pasien pre operasi. Rekomendasi hasil penelitian ini yaitu mengganti variabel seperti relaksasi imajinas dan spesifikasi operasi.Kata kunci: kecemasan, relaksasi otot progresif, relaksasi napas dalam dan operasi.
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIFITAS TEKNIK RELAKSASI NAFAS DALAM DAN TERAPI MUSIK KLASIK TERHADAP INTENSITAS NYERI PADA PASIEN YANG MENGALAMI FRAKTUR DENGAN NYERI SEDANG Shobirun, -; Widodo, Sri; Jona, Resa Nirmala
Karya Ilmiah S.1 Ilmu Keperawatan Tahun 2013
Publisher : STIKES Telogorejo Semarang

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Abstract

Di Indonesia pada tahun 2010 angka kecelakaan lalu lintas mencapai 104.824 kejadian. Salah satu akibat yang ditimbulkan karena kecelakaan lalu lintas adalah fraktur yaitu terputusnya kontinuitas tulang tulang, retak atau patahnya tulang yang utuh yang biasanya disebabkan oleh trauma atau rudapaksa. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis perbedaan efektifitas teknik relaksasi nafas dalam dan terapi musik klasik terhadap intensitas nyeri pada pasien yang mengalami fraktur dengan nyeri sedang di RSUD Dr. H. Soewondo Kendal. Rancangan penelitian ini menggunakan two group pra-post test design dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 22 responden dengan teknik purposive sampling. Intensitas nyeri responden sebelum diberikan teknik relaksasi nafas dalam dan terapi musik klassik adalah nyeri sedang dengan skala 4-6 (100%). Setelah diberikan teknik relaksasi nafas dalam dan terapi musik klasik, intensitas nyeri responden adalah 59,1% mengalami nyeri sedang dan 40,9% nyeri ringan. Hasil uji mann whitney menunjukkan nilai p=0,213 (p>0,05), sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan efektifitas teknik relaksasi nafas dalam dan terapi musik klasik terhadap intensitas nyeri pada pasien yang mengalami fraktur dengan nyeri sedang di RSUD Dr. H. Soewondo Kendal. Kata kunci : Fraktur, Intensitas Nyeri, Teknik Relaksasi Nafas Dalam, Terapi Musik Klasik
OPTIMIZATION OF FARMING SYSTEM TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN NORTH COASTAL PLAIN BALI Budiasa, I Wayan; Widodo, Sri; Hartono, Slamet; Irham, Irham
Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan (Journal of People and Environment) Vol 14, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Intensive farming system development (FSD) on poor fertile soil with limited water source can lead to trade-off between economic benefit in the short run and environmental problems in the long run. As environmental degradation increases and inefficient in resources allocation, farming system will become unsustainable. This study aims to optimize irrigated farming system model and to assess its sustainability. By using linear programming analysis, local farmer in north coastal plain of Bali was optimal in resources allocation indicated from optimal solution of conventional farming system model which conforms to observed behavior. By several adjustments, conventional farming system model can be extended to sustainable farming system model. It is found that the sustainable farming system is better than the conventional farming system. Since all components and indicators of sustainability were considered into model and all criteria of sustainability were fulfilled by optimal results, the extended farming system model also guarantees that irrigated farming system development at household level will become sustaipable. To make the sustainable farming system at household level, the farmer should be able to allocate the groundwater less than or equal to 8.547 Lis, to add the organic fertilizer from manure more than or equal to 5 t/ha/yr, to continue the mixed-farming system and crops rotation, to consider minimum household expenditure, and to put the sustainable value in the use of water in approximately Rp I ,218.29/CM into effect. The sustainable farming system model generated from this study passed validated process. Thus, it can be contributed to scientific development. Also, its results can become best management practices by local farmers on their farms.
Improvement of Prolactin Hormone Levels on Postpartum Mothers Taken by The Oketani Massage and Pressure in GB-21 Point Machmudah, Machmudah; Khayati, Nikmatul; Widodo, Sri; Hapsari, Elsi Dwi; Haryanti, Fitri
IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Indonesian Journal Of Nursing Practices
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (390.484 KB) | DOI: 10.18196/ijnp.41101

Abstract

Background: Breastfeeding will provide a wide range of benefits for both mother and baby. Breastfeeding is one of the physical adaptations and processes of changing maternal roles in postpartum mothers. Not all mothers can go through this process correctly. A small amount of milk production on the first day of postpartum is one of the complaints that is often felt by mothers. The hormone prolactin is one of the factors that influence milk production. One way to stimulate the production of the hormone prolactin is by breast treatment. Breast care will affect hypopise to release the hormone progesterone, estrogen, prolactin, and oxytocin more. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of pressure on the Jianjing GB-21 acupressure point and Oketani massage on the level of the hormone prolactin.Method: The type of this research is a quasi-experiment with the design used is a pre-post-test design with the control group. Prolactin hormone levels were examined before the intervention (on the first day) and on a ninth day. The examination was carried out using the ELISA (Enzym Linked Immunosorbent Assay) technique. Data obtained was analyzed using an independent sample T-test.Result: The study showed that there was an increase in mean values of maternal prolactin levels after oketani massage intervention and pressure on GB-21 acupressure points. The administration of a combination of interventions, namely Oketani massage and pressure at the GB-21 point, can increase the highest levels of the hormone prolactin, which is 3.41. Whereas in the control group that did not get any intervention, had the lowest levels of the hormone prolactin that is equal to 2,925Conclusion: it can be concluded that oketani massage and applying pressure at the GB-21 point can increase the levels of the hormone prolactin, respectively.
Peningkatan Stabilitas Campuran Aspal Emulsi Bergradasi Rapat dengan Filler Semen Widodo, Sri; Riyanto, Agus
MEDIA KOMUNIKASI TEKNIK SIPIL Tahun 18, Nomor 1, PEBRUARI 2010
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4110.174 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkts.v18i1.7845

Abstract

Dense graded emulsion mix is the mixture of asphalt concrete by cold mix method that friendly with environment. However this mixture have weakness, that are low stability and the processing to attain the maximum stability is very slow since have to wait the evaporation of all water from the emulsion asphalt. The aim of this research is to investigate the increasing and accelerating the stability of dense graded emulsion mix by using cement filler. Research was done by making 5 type of cement filler in dense graded emulsion mixture with emulsion asphalt CSS-1 as binder material. The mixture characteristic was examined by marshall method. The result show that addition cement filler decrease the optimum water content at mixing and compaction process, and asphalt content. The average stability increase 84.6 kg per 1% of cement filler, while after 4 days soaking in water this figure increased to 107.7 kg per 1% of cement filler. Accelerating the stability of emulsion mixture without filler cement is 30.73 kg/day for unsoaked condition and 27.39 kg/day after 4 day soaking. For mixture with 3% filler cement, the acceleration of stability are 27.6 kg/day for 4 days soaking and 23.57 kg/day for unsoaked specimen. Keywords : Emulsion asphalt mixture, Cement filler, Stability.   Abstrak   Campran aspal emulsi bergradasi rapat merupakan campuran beton aspal dengan cara dingin yang ramah lingkungan. Akan tetapi campuran tersebut mempunyai kelemahan, yaitu stabilitasnya rendah dan proses pencapaian stabilitasnya lambat karena harus menunggu penguapan semua air yang berada dalam aspal emulsi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peningkatan dan percepatan stabilitas campuran aspal emulsi bergradasi rapat dengan menggunakan filler semen. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara membuat 5 macam variasi filler semen terhadap campuran aspal emulsi bergradasi rapat dengan bahan perekat aspal emulsi CSS-1. Karakteristik campuran diperiksa dengan metode Marshall. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan filler semen menyebabkan menurunnya kadar air optimum pencampuran dan pemadatan serta kadar aspal optimum campuran. Stabilitas campuran rata-rata bertambah 84,6kg per 1% kadar filler semen sedangkan setelah direndam air selama 4 hari stabilitasnya rata-rata naik 107,7 kg per 1% kadar filler semen. Percepatan stabilitasnya campuran tanpa filler semen adalah sebesar 30,73kg/hari dalam kondisi kering dan 27,39 kg/hari setelah direndam 4 hari. Untuk campuran dengan filler semen 3% perceptan stabilitas adalah 27,6 kg/hari untuk benda uji yang direndam air selama 4 hari dan 23,57 kh/hari untuk benda uji tanpa direndam air. Kata-kata Kunci : Campuran aspal emulsi, Filler semen, Stabilitas
Hasil Bongkaran Perkerasan Jalan sebagai Bahan Lapis Fondasi Jalan Raya Widodo, Sri; Harnaeni, Senja Rum; Hakim, Lukman
MEDIA KOMUNIKASI TEKNIK SIPIL Volume 19, Nomor 1, JULI 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.876 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkts.v19i1.7830

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Almost 40% of road in Indonesia are damaged. To obtain the maximum result of road improvement, the surface course (asphalt pavement) of the damaged road should be removed. Considering the number of quarries of road pavement materials are limited in the future and the costs are getting more expensive, it is important to do research on recycling asphalt pavement material as road base material. The objective of this research is to examine the use of asphalt pavement removal as road base material. Laboratory test was conducted to investigate the properties of the removal road asphalt pavement and then compared with specification of road base material Bina Marga. The tests include abrasion test, particles size distribution, density and California Bearing Ratio (CBR). Research was initiated by investigating the removal  of  asphalt  pavement maerial, followed by removal of asphalt pavement material + new aggregate, and the addition of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2% and 2.5% portland cement to the mixture of removal of asphalt pavement material and new aggregate. The result shows that adding 0.5% and 2.5% portland cement to the aggregate mixture can improve the CBR of aggregate mixture by 36% and 94%, which means the mixture of aggregate can be used as sub base and base material of road.
PERANCANGAN GEDUNG SEKOLAH TAHAN GEMPA DI CABANG MUHAMMADIYAH WEDI KLATEN Widodo, Sri; Nugroho, M.S.Priyono; Setiawan, Budi
WARTA WARTA Volume 10, Nomor 1, Maret 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/warta.v10i1.3221

Abstract

Earthquake effect at  27 May 2006 have destroyed buildings ofMuhammadiyah effort in Wedi Klaten. The damages of buildings are cover:( a) TK ABA I and  II have  damages of roof and wall; ( b) TK Islamterpadu, children play group have total damage; ( c) SD Islam terpaduhave light damage. The damages of shool building have pursued theprocess of education at the school. In order to aim  recovery the damagesschool, activity of  this devotion to society is to give design of  schoolbuilding which earthquake resitance, cheap, quickly construction andcan be developed. School building designed to one class unit, so that ifneeded some classes remain to combine it, and this combining isaccomodated with area and shape of land available. Designing by usingsystem of earthquake resistance. The concepts are as light as possibleand the and the building framework which consist of column, ring beamand sloof beam are made  interaction so that forming room constructionthat having bigger moment of inertia. The activity of devotion to societyhave produced design of  one class unit with size 6m x  8 m with buildingframework consist of reinforced concrete, wall from wood and  roof madefrom waving zinc. One class unit is estimated  require  Rp.13,796,213.ofconstruction cost with duration of constructon is one month.
Co-Authors - Shobirun Adi Maulana, Adi Adi Tonggiroh Agung C., Budiarto Tedy Agus Riyanto Amalia Noviyanti Any Suryantini Arikah, Titi Aziz , Syahrul Fatchul Binawati, Enita Defidelwina -, Defidelwina Deswita, Kurnia Dwidjono Hadi Darwanto Eddy Mulyadi Elsi Dwi Hapsari, Elsi Dwi Endang Wahyuni Falirat, Naomi Fitri Haryanti Hanny Hafiar Heman Pailak Herman Sudirman Hermawan, Dudi Husniah, Nia I Gusti Bagus Wiksuana I WAYAN BUDIASA Iim, Dede Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Rianse, Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Imai, Akira Indarwati Indarwati Irham Irham Jamhari, Jamhari Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo Julita, Ika Justitia Kasbani, Kasbani Koichiro Watanabe, Koichiro Kusuma Putri, Ratih Hardini Lestari Rahayu Waluyati Lukman Hakim M Imran, A Machmudah, Machmudah Maharani, Ria Resti maryatun maryatun Masyhuri (Masyhuri) Masyhuri Masyhuri Muhammad Baiquni Musri, Musri Nani Mulyaningsih Nikmatul Khayati Nugroho, M.S.Priyono Nurlianti Dahliar, Nurlianti Nurwasikto, Arif Pambudi, Dimas Agung Paryanti, Atik Budi Permana, Aang Panji Rahayu, Septi Budi Ratna Purnama Sari Resa Nirmala Jona Senja Rum Harnaeni Shobirun - Slamet Hartono Soetoyo, Soetoyo Sri Peni Wastutiningsih Suhanto, Edi Sulaeman, Bambang Sulartiningrum, Sri Sumardi, Edy Suminah Suminah, Suminah Sunarru Samsi Hariadi Suparmi Suparmi Suryadi, Tatang Tri Budi Wahyuni Rahardjo, Tri Budi Wahyuni Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati Utamakno, Lakon van Leeuwen, Theo Veni Purnama Sari, Veni Purnama Wahyudin Wahyudin Wahyuni, Nilam Winda Amelia Wulandari, Yenita Xander Salahudin Yosepha, Sri Yanthy