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The Positive and Negative Politeness Strategies by the Characters Every Waking Breath Movie Febri Aspitasari; Made Budiarsa; Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg
Humanitatis : Journal of Language and Literature Vol 8 No 2 (2022): Humanitatis: Journal of Language and Literature
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Bumigora Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30812/humanitatis.v8i2.1911


Abstract Good communication happened when a message is delivered by the speaker is well received by the interlocutor and both the speaker and the interlocutor feel good about what they do together. Thus make politeness and language cannot be separated. Politeness is not only can be seen from the manner, but also from the use of language. Positive and negative politeness strategies are commonly applied by people in their communication process. By understanding these two strategies, people are able to interact better in society. This study investigates how positive politeness and negative politeness strategies are enacted by the characters in the Every Waking Breath movie, and which strategies are predominantly applied. The data was taken from the characters’ utterances. Documentation and observation method were used and was assisted by note-taking techniques to obtain the data. Mix-method was used to present the analysis. The results showed there are nine types of positive politeness strategies applied by the characters, (i.e., Abigail/ Liz, Mark, and Sophie). The predominant positive politeness strategy used is Strategy 4: [Use in-group identity markers]. On the other hand, we identified five types of negative politeness strategies applied by characters. The conclusion of this research is that 17 (70,83%) of the total 24 utterances evoke the positive politeness strategies while 8 (29,17%) reflect the negative politeness strategies. The predominance of the positive politeness strategies suggests socially close relationships and solidarity between interlocutors in the movie. Keywords: Politeness Strategies, Positive Politeness Strategies, Negative Politeness Strategies, Movie, Characters.
Psychoanalysis Criticism on John Keats Poem: When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be Febri Aspitasari
International Journal of English Learning and Applied Linguistics (IJELAL) Vol 2, No 2 (2022): The Collaborative of Linguistics and Literature in English Learning
Publisher : University of Darussalam Gontor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.42 KB) | DOI: 10.21111/ijelal.v2i2.7507


 This study was considered library research. This study was focused on analyzing a poem entitled “When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be” written by John Keats using psychoanalysis criticism theory that was proposed by Sigmund Freud in 1952. The limitation of this study was about the author’s life including psychological aspect, experience, and author’s feeling that affected the poetry. The qualitative method was used in order to present the result of the analysis. The result of the analysis showed the three aspects, such as psychological aspect, author’s experience, and also the feelings are link together and affected the beauty of the poem. John Keats not only entertaining the reader but also educated the reader, through the theme that Keats brings to this poem, invite the reader to always being grateful and always do the best to improve our life to be better.