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Meneguhkan Pancasila Sebagai Ideologi Bernegara Muhammad Chairul Huda
Resolusi: Jurnal Sosial Politik Vol 1 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Political Science - Universitas Sains Al-Qur’an

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32699/resolusi.v1i1.160

Abstract

Pancasila as the basis of the state of Indonesia has the values of the balance of law, namely the value of divinity, human values, and value. By understanding Pancasila through historical understanding, this paper concludes that Pancasila becomes a universal and comprehensive state ideology that contains hablumminallah, hablumminannas, and hablum minal alam to reach the goal of rahmatan lil alamin. As a foundation of philosophy, Pancasila obtains a source of value in the context of the dynamic journey of cultural history of the nation. The establishment of the source of value embodied in the national philosophy system has been going on in a long history. The existence of Pancasila in law is a milestone of achievement in a circle of the state of law. Conversely, the absence of Pancasila will give birth to legal problems and the creation of unstructured legal construction.
Revolution of Islamic Proselytizing Organization: From Islamism to Moderate Muhsin, Ilyya; Rochmawati, Nikmah; Huda, Muhammad Chairul
QIJIS Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/qijis.v7i1.5076

Abstract

The Student Islamic proselytizing Organization (LDK) became a machine of cadre forming and expansion for Islamic political movements, Ikhwanul Muslimim (Muslim Brotherhood) and Hizbut Tahrir to achieve their ideological ambitions. These movements were believed to have harmful threat for Islamic moderate in Indonesia. Therefore, the adherents of Islamic moderate at IAIN were trying to take over LDK IAIN Salatiga from Ikhwanul Muslimin. This study aimed to describe and analyze revolutionary movement and its development in shaping moderate LDK networking. This study used descriptive qualitative method. The data were taken from the study of literature, interview and field observation. Research findings showed that taking over LDK IAIN Salatiga by moderate group was started with shaping LDK Nusantara as a means to form cadres. Having been successful in taking over LDK IAIN Salatiga, it then went out from the networking of LDK Ikhwanul Muslimin and planned to establish moderate LDK networking among universities which was called FKKDKN (Communication Forum for-in Campus Islamic proselytizing a whole Archipelago/Nusantara). This article is expected to inspire moderate movements on campuses believed to be machine to form cadres of Islamic political movement and radicalism.
Contribution of Islamic law in the discretionary scheme that has implications for corruption Muhammad Chairul Huda; Budi Ispriyarso
Ijtihad : Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol 19, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijtihad.v19i2.147-167

Abstract

This paper explores the studies of the thin line between discretion (freis ermessen) with a criminal act of corruption, using Islamic law’s perspective as one of the law material in Indonesia. Aim of this paper is to make boundaries between discretion which made based on State Administration Product and regulation and help an officer who does discretion will not be trap in a criminal act of corruption through Islamic law’s perspective. This paper purpose four boundaries. First, the boundaries can be seen through understanding the qawāidul fiqhiyyah especially related to governance. Second, act of detournement de povouir (abuse of authority) and abus de droit (arbitrariness) are contradictive with prophetic’s characteristic such as ṣiddiq (honesty), amanah (accountability), tablig (effective communication), faṭonah (smart and heedful). Third, detournement de povouir or abus de droit can categorized as jarimah takzir which can be punish by the authority above them. Fourth, effort to prevent the criminal act of corruption are with uswah leadership, muraqobah, qanaah, and commitment to take care themselves and their family with halal income. For that, public administration can consider using universal values in Islamic Law to help doing discretion without trapped in criminal act of corruption.
Urgensi Sighat Taklik Talak Dalam Perkawinan Sebagai Upaya Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Perempuan Perspektif Maqasid Syari’ah Nastangin Nastangin; Muhammad Chairul Huda
Jurnal Mahkamah : Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam Vol 4 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Mahkamah : Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25217/jm.v4i2.634

Abstract

Dalam pengertian hukum Indonesia taklik talak adalah sebuah perjanjian akad terkait suami menggantungkan perceraian ketika suami melanggar isi taklik talak yang sudah dibacakan setelah akad nikah. Dalam hal ini peneliti menggunakan penelitian hukum normatif yakni penelitian kepustakaan dengan metode tiga kriteria hukum seperti bahan hukum primer, sekunder dan tersier. Penulisan ini menggunakan pendekatan Maqasid al-Syari’ah dengan menjelaskan hakikat dan hikmah dari objek formalnya. Kesimpulan dari tulisan ini bahwa taklik talak keberadaanya sangat penting dalam aturan perkawinan. Dengan adanya taklik talak dalam perkawinan yang bisa dimaknai sebagai salah satu perjanjian perkawinan juga taklik talak merupakan suatu perlindungan hukum bagi seorang perempuan (isteri) untuk menjaga dan memperjuangkan hak-haknya terhadap laki-laki (suami) apabila suatu saat terjadi ketidak harmonisan dalam keluarga. Taklik talak sejalan dengan Maqasid al-Syari’ah, sebab isi taklik talak tidak ada yang bertentangan dengan hukum Islam sendiri yaitu melindungi hak-hak isteri sama halnya tujuan maqasid syari’ah yaitu hifd ad-din, hifd akl, hifd nafs, hifd nasb dan hifd maal.
Pesantren and Takzir in Indonesia: Lawrence Friedman’s Legal System Perspective Huda, Muhammad Chairul; Sukirno, Sukirno; Ma’mun, Sukron
Jurnal Penelitian Volume 17 Nomor 1 2020
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jupe.v17i1.2755

Abstract

This article explains the legal system existing in the Pesantren, particularly in the term of takzir called perceived as non-human punishment contradictory with human rights. This research took place in Pondok Pesantren Edi Mancoro (PPEM) Salatiga with inclusive and tolerant characters, and voicing religious moderation. PPEM has had alumni becoming national figures. This study employed Lawrence Friedman’s legal system theory requiring the functioning of law in three components: legal structure, legal substance, and legal culture. This research employed qualitative method with data source obtained from field work study with depth interview technique and descriptive interpretive analysis. The result of research showed that Pesantren Edi Mancoro has legal system component as required by Friedman. In the context of takzir, there is a shift in the takzir (punishment) application method to evidently undisciplined students or those committing crime. Takzir contributes to creating personality (noble character) of santri in undertaking life post-pesantren. Takzir actually has educative values not contradictory with human rights. So, takzir in pesantren fulfills all components of legal system suggested by Friedman. Out of the three components, legal culture is the basic components of takzir functioning in pesantren, either internal or external legal culture.
TRADISI SUROAN SEBAGAI TAPAK TILAS WALISONGO (STUDI DI DESA JATIREJO KECAMATAN SURUH KABUPATEN SEMARANG) Damar Safera; Muhammad Chairul Huda
Al-Mada: Jurnal Agama, Sosial, dan Budaya Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Agama, Sosial dan Budaya
Publisher : LPPM Institut Pesantren KH. Abdul Chalim

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.442 KB) | DOI: 10.31538/almada.v3i1.500

Abstract

Tradition is a pattern of behavior that has deep roots in a society or can be interpreted as a habit that has long been carried out by a certain community in an area, which means carrying out the tradition means also carrying out the process of socialization between generations. Eachs region has a different culture. One of the traditions that is still carried out by the people in Jatirejo Village is the Suroan tradition or commonly called 1 Muharram. The Suroan tradition is a traditional Javanese ceremony in welcoming the Javanese new year which is a cultural assimilation of Javanese culture and Islamic culture carried out by Sultan Agung. People in the village of Jatirejo themselves celebrate it with various forms of activities carried out each year.Suroan tradition which aims to express gratitude to Allah SWT, asking for fortune to be given blessings and gratitude for the harvest and most importantly, so that villagers avoid all kinds of dangers and diseases that afflict or reject. The implementation of the Suroan tradition in the village of Jatirejo, begins with a deliberation between residents and local village officials, then the main event of the Suroan and closing traditions.As for the problem formulation in this study is "how are the economic and religious motives implications in the implementation of the Suroan tradition in the community of Jatirejo Village, Suruh District, Kab. Semarang ".
STRENGTHENING PANCASILA AS NATIONAL IDEOLOGY TO IMPLEMENTATE THE BALANCING VALUES TO IMPROVE LAW’S APPLICATION IN INDONESIA Muhammad Chairul Huda
Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum
Publisher : UNISSULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26532/jph.v5i1.3010

Abstract

People’s perception of Pancasila seems to be on the way back. It reminds us that the acceptance of Pancasila as the national ideology is actually not something taken for granted. For that reason, it is necessary to refresh the Pancasila from aspects of knowledge, understanding and practice of the philosophical values contained in it. Law development must be started from the values of Pancasila, because essentially Pancasila is a milestone of convergence of ideas and thoughts on the basic philosophy of state discussed deeply by the founders of the state. Pancasila becomes a sublime agreement (modus vivendi) which is then established as the foundation of state ideology. In this case, Pancasila becomes the rational basis of assumptions about the law to be established as well as the orientation that shows where the nation and state should be established. Thus, Pancasila is an agreement and consensus to build a nation of one country, without considering the different backgrounds that include religion, race, ethnicity, culture, language and others. As the foundation of the state, Pancasila becomes the rechtsidee that should be written in every law-making and enforcement.
Pesantren and Takzir in Indonesia: Lawrence Friedman’s Legal System Perspective Muhammad Chairul Huda; Sukirno Sukirno; Sukron Ma’mun
Jurnal Penelitian Volume 17 Nomor 1 2020
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/jupe.v17i1.2755

Abstract

This article explains the legal system existing in the Pesantren, particularly in the term of takzir called perceived as non-human punishment contradictory with human rights. This research took place in Pondok Pesantren Edi Mancoro (PPEM) Salatiga with inclusive and tolerant characters, and voicing religious moderation. PPEM has had alumni becoming national figures. This study employed Lawrence Friedman’s legal system theory requiring the functioning of law in three components: legal structure, legal substance, and legal culture. This research employed qualitative method with data source obtained from field work study with depth interview technique and descriptive interpretive analysis. The result of research showed that Pesantren Edi Mancoro has legal system component as required by Friedman. In the context of takzir, there is a shift in the takzir (punishment) application method to evidently undisciplined students or those committing crime. Takzir contributes to creating personality (noble character) of santri in undertaking life post-pesantren. Takzir actually has educative values not contradictory with human rights. So, takzir in pesantren fulfills all components of legal system suggested by Friedman. Out of the three components, legal culture is the basic components of takzir functioning in pesantren, either internal or external legal culture.
Liminality Rituals of Interfaith Families: Symbolic Interactionism and Maqāshid Sharia Perspectives Muhammad Chairul Huda; Ilyya Muhsin
Ulul Albab: Jurnal Studi dan Penelitian Hukum Islam Vol 5, No 2 (2022): Vol. 5, No. 2, April 2022
Publisher : Sultang Agung Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30659/jua.v5i2.20488

Abstract

This study aims to determine the dynamics of life cycle liminality rituals in interfaith families in Salatiga City and their meanings. This study used a qualitative approach with socio-juridical (socio-legal) methods. This fieldwork was conducted on interfaith families in Salatiga City. The results of this study revealed that interfaith marriages in the Salatiga City people, from the perspective of symbolic interactions, involved the mind, self, and society. The actors were influenced by interactions with other individuals and tried to share meaning with society. The cognition construction of interfaith family actors paid attention to the dimensions of society that demand the legality of a marriage. In the ritual act of liminality in the life cycle, interfaith families in Salatiga City had a fairly large tolerance. It was marked by the freedom of family members to perform rituals, whether they came from tradition or religion. In the context of maqāshid sharia, the concepts of hifdzun nafs, hifdzud dīn, hifdzun nasbi wa nasl, hifdzul māl, and hifdzul aql could be maintained as long as there was no coercion from other parties. Thus, freedom of worship and carrying out religious rituals is absolutely necessary.
Optimizing the Usage of Productive Waqaf to Increase Social Welfare in Salatiga Muhammad Taufiq Zam Zami; Muhammad Chairul Huda
Jurnal Mahkamah : Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam Vol 6 No 2 (2021): Jurnal Mahkamah: Kajian Ilmu Hukum dan Hukum Islam
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25217/jm.v6i2.1838

Abstract

Penelitian ini mencoba mengeksplorasi peran Perwakilan Badan Wakaf Indonesia Kota Salatiga dalam mengembangkan perwakafan di Kota Salatiga guna meningkatkan kesejahteraan sosial. Pokok permasalahan penelitian ini adalah apakah sudah optimal pengembangan wakaf di Kota Salatiga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana optimalisasi pendayagunaan wakaf di Kota Salatiga dan apakah pendayagunaan wakaf produktif dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan sosial di Kota Salatiga sudah optimal. Jenis metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Jenis sumber data yang digunakan yaitu data primer dan data sekunder. Adapun metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi, wawancara, dan survei kepustakaan serta dokumentasi. Analisis yang digunakan peneliti adalah berupa analisis deduktif, yaitu menganalisis dari hasil data di lapangan yang bersifat umum, kemudian diolah untuk mendapatkan kesimpulan yang khusus. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendayagunaan wakaf untuk kesejahteraan sosial di Kota Salatiga sudah berjalan dengan baik namun untuk wakaf produktif belum dapat dikatakan optimal, dengan bukti bahwa Perwakilan Badan Wakaf Indonesia Kota Salatiga yang bekerjasama dengan Kantor Kementerian Agama Kota Salatiga (Penyelenggara Zakat Wakaf) melakukan upaya-upaya dalam mewujudkannya, adapun upaya-upayanya adalah sebagai berikut : Pendataan Harta Benda Wakaf melalui Siwak (Sistem Informasi Wakaf), memberikan sertifikat tanah wakaf dengan segera, melakukan dukungan advokasi terhadap tanah-tanah wakaf yang masih sengketa, mengadakan pengawasan secara maksimal terhadap pelaksanaan pengelolaan harta benda wakaf, mendorong masyarakat secara luas agar lebih peduli terhadap pentingnya harta wakaf di kehidupan sosial kemasyarakatan. Selain dari aplikasi pendayagunaan wakaf, Perwakilan BWI Kota Salatiga juga mengadakan pembinaan wakaf berupa pembenahan kemampuan Sumber Daya Manusia yang menduduki dalam lembaga-lembaga kenadziran, semua hal itu dalam rangka mengimplementasikan Undang-undang No. 41 Tahun 2004 tentang wakaf. Adapun wakaf produktif belum dilaksanakan secara khusus untuk menghasilkan sumber daya ekonomi demi kesejahteraan sosial masyarakat Kota Salatiga. Kata Kunci : Wakaf Produktif, Kesejahteraan Sosial, Optimalisasi