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Perluasan Kewenangan dan Penegakan Hukum Praperadilan di Indonesia dan Belanda Dinar Kripsiaji; Nur Basuki Minarno
Al-Mazaahib: Jurnal Perbandingan Hukum Vol 10, No 1 (2022): Al-Mazaahib
Publisher : UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/al-mazaahib.v10i1.2573

Abstract

This article examines the expansion of pretrial authority based on the Constitutional Court Decision Number 21/PUU-XII/2014, which focuses on the philosophy of pretrial in the context of the protection of human rights and the comparison of pretrial enforcement in Indonesia and the Netherlands. This article is qualitative research by utilizing data sourced from the library (library research), this article uses several approaches, they are: legal approach, case approach, comparative approach and conceptual approach. The decision of the Constitutional Court Number 21/PUU-XII/2014 is expected to bring hope, but there are still many problems that have occurred and have caused criticism. This post-decision pretrial was made with a more concrete formulation in the Draft Criminal Procedure Code and prioritized the interests of the suspect. This control effort emphasizes the principle of balance in the protection of human rights for suspects. This article concludes that the Constitutional Court Decision Number: 21/PUU-XII/2014 is expected to provide optimism, although there are still many obstacles that arise. As a recommendation, the House of Representative is expected to be able to draw up regulations regarding the expansion of pretrial authority at the investigation stage. Based on this, an integrated criminal justice system is needed and pretrial is still used in the draft KUHAP with a more explicit formulation that prioritizes the interests of the suspect.
Karakteristik Perjanjian Asuransi Tanggung Gugat Profesi Dokter Terhadap Klaim Malapraktik Medis Christine Elisia Widjaya; Dinar Kripsiaji; Zahry Vandawati Chumaida
Media Iuris Vol. 6 No. 1 (2023): MEDIA IURIS
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mi.v6i1.37260

Abstract

AbstractThis article examines the characteristics of the medical profession liability insurance agreement, which is a method to transfer the risk of medical liability (the insured) to the insurance company (the insurer). To discuss this, normative research methods are used. This study found that medical profession liability insurance is a long tail (injury or injury) which takes a few moments to find after a procedure or medical action is carried out, the dispute resolution process is quite long, and the assistance of the medicolegal team is needed in the claim investigation process). the amount of compensation paid is rather difficult to predict, the risk exposure and the amount of the premium varies in each specialization of medical practice, and there are difficulties in identifying and classifying specialties into classes (classes) accurately. The purpose of this insurance is to protect and maintain the reputation of doctors as a profession based on the trust given by patients and to restore the victim’s (patient’s) health condition. AbstrakArtikel ini mengkaji karakteristik perjanjian asuransi tanggung gugat profesi dokter, yaitu sebuah metode untuk mengalihkan risiko tanggung gugat dokter (Tertanggung) kepada perusahaan asuransi (Penanggung). Untuk membahas hal itu, digunakan metode penelitian normatif. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa asuransi tanggung gugat profesi dokter bersifat long tail (luka atau cedera) yang dialami memerlukan waktu beberapa saat untuk ditemukan setelah suatu prosedur atau tindakan medis dilakukan, proses penyelesaian sengketa cukup lama, dan diperlukan bantuan tim medikolegal dalam proses investigasi klaim), jumlah pembayaran ganti kerugian yang agak sukar diprediksi, paparan risiko dan besaran premi yang bervariasi pada setiap spesialisasi praktik kedokteran, serta adanya kesulitan dalam mengenali dan mengelompokkan spesialisasi-spesialisasi dalam golongan (kelas) secara akurat. Tujuan asuransi ini adalah melindungi dan mempertahankan reputasi dokter sebagai profesi berlandaskan kepercayaan yang diberikan oleh pasien serta memulihkan kondisi kesehatan korban (pasien).