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Journal : Marine Research in Indonesia

PARTICLE SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF RIVERBED SEDIMENTS TRANSPORTED BY TIDAL BORE ‘BONO’ IN KAMPAR ESTUARY, RIAU-INDONESIA Gemilang, Wisnu Arya; Wisha, Ulung Jantama; Rahmawan, Guntur Adhi
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 43, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1416.394 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v43i1.293

Abstract

The presence of tidal bore in the Kampar River (locally known as ‘bono’) may influence sedimentation in the Kampar River and its estuary. Understanding sedimentation mechanisms (e.g., erosion, deposition) is important to communities along the Kampar River, which can be studied by analyzing characteristics of grain size distribution. Here, we study riverbed sediment samples collected from 17 stations using an Ekman grab sampler, accompanied by bathymetry and acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) measurements. Grain size data show that the sediments are coarser upstream and gradually finer downstream. Silty sands are predominant in the upstream section of the river, sands in its river body and sandy silts in the downstream. The results indicate the influence of undular bores on grain size characteristics. We also found that the propagation of bono and Kampar River’s funnelshaped morphology cause intense scouring events of riverbed sediments. Sortation values that range between 0.332.14 suggest unstable currents that result in randomly deposited sediments. The sediment mass transfer per area is positively towards downstream at the low tidal condition. However, after the passage of the bores, the sediment mass transfer area becomes negatively towards upstream.
REMOTE ESTIMATION OF TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLID (TSS) TRANSPORT AFFECTED BY TIDAL BORE “BONO” OF KAMPAR BIG RIVER ESTUARY USING LANDSAT 8 OLI IMAGERY Wisha, Ulung Jantama; Dhiauddin, Ruzana; Kusumah, Gunardi
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1378.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v42i1.116

Abstract

The Kampar River estuary has a unique tidal bore, namely Bono. A tidal bore is a natural phenomenon caused by the tidal flow which meet the flow of the river. Tidal bore "Bono" has an impact on the transport of suspended particles which is pretty much along the Kampar River. The purpose of this study is to determine the estimated concentration of total suspended solid in the river as the result of the transport by Bono in Kampar River estuary by Landsat 8 OLI. The primary data are Landsat 8 OLI sensor – on Path 126 and Row 60, recording date was on 23 -04-2016, which was analyzed spatially – and TSS in situ. The secondary data are tide forecasting data and topographical map of Indonesia. Distribution of total suspended solid indicates sediment transport and its distribution by TSS values ranged between 10-150 mg.L-1 and TSS in situ value ranged between 42-241 mg.L-1. Tidal range ranged from 0.78 to 4.2 m and current velocity ranged from 0-0.9 m.s-1, which generate tidal bore extending from the mouth to the river body, resulting in suspended particle transport along the river. TSS concentration is higher in the river estuary.
REMOTE ESTIMATION OF TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLID (TSS) TRANSPORT AFFECTED BY TIDAL BORE “BONO” OF KAMPAR BIG RIVER ESTUARY USING LANDSAT 8 OLI IMAGERY Wisha, Ulung Jantama; Dhiauddin, Ruzana; Kusumah, Gunardi
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 42 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1378.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v42i1.116

Abstract

The Kampar River estuary has a unique tidal bore, namely Bono. A tidal bore is a natural phenomenon caused by the tidal flow which meet the flow of the river. Tidal bore "Bono" has an impact on the transport of suspended particles which is pretty much along the Kampar River. The purpose of this study is to determine the estimated concentration of total suspended solid in the river as the result of the transport by Bono in Kampar River estuary by Landsat 8 OLI. The primary data are Landsat 8 OLI sensor – on Path 126 and Row 60, recording date was on 23 -04-2016, which was analyzed spatially – and TSS in situ. The secondary data are tide forecasting data and topographical map of Indonesia. Distribution of total suspended solid indicates sediment transport and its distribution by TSS values ranged between 10-150 mg.L-1 and TSS in situ value ranged between 42-241 mg.L-1. Tidal range ranged from 0.78 to 4.2 m and current velocity ranged from 0-0.9 m.s-1, which generate tidal bore extending from the mouth to the river body, resulting in suspended particle transport along the river. TSS concentration is higher in the river estuary.
PARTICLE SIZE CHARACTERISTICS OF RIVERBED SEDIMENTS TRANSPORTED BY TIDAL BORE ‘BONO’ IN KAMPAR ESTUARY, RIAU-INDONESIA Gemilang, Wisnu Arya; Wisha, Ulung Jantama; Rahmawan, Guntur Adhi
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 43 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1416.394 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v43i1.293

Abstract

The presence of tidal bore in the Kampar River (locally known as ‘bono’) may influence sedimentation in the Kampar River and its estuary. Understanding sedimentation mechanisms (e.g., erosion, deposition) is important to communities along the Kampar River, which can be studied by analyzing characteristics of grain size distribution. Here, we study riverbed sediment samples collected from 17 stations using an Ekman grab sampler, accompanied by bathymetry and acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) measurements. Grain size data show that the sediments are coarser upstream and gradually finer downstream. Silty sands are predominant in the upstream section of the river, sands in its river body and sandy silts in the downstream. The results indicate the influence of undular bores on grain size characteristics. We also found that the propagation of bono and Kampar River’s funnelshaped morphology cause intense scouring events of riverbed sediments. Sortation values that range between 0.332.14 suggest unstable currents that result in randomly deposited sediments. The sediment mass transfer per area is positively towards downstream at the low tidal condition. However, after the passage of the bores, the sediment mass transfer area becomes negatively towards upstream.