Wahyu Indriyadi
Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana

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The Great China Carbon Trading: Political Economy of Climate Change Governance Wahyu Indriyadi
Journal of Government and Political Issues Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022): March
Publisher : Mengeja Indonesia Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.53341/jgpi.v2i1.40


This study aims to analyze the political economy aspect of carbon trading markets in China and how it will influence climate change governance. It is essential to understand the underpinning political economy aspects of emerging carbon trading markets in China because China will operate the world’s largest carbon market. China’s work on carbon trading represents higher requirements for China’s national industries and a higher commitment to addressing climate change. This study uses an exploratory qualitative approach to examine the history of carbon trading in China, its political economy aspects, and how China's carbon trading can significantly contribute to climate change. When China launched its national carbon trading scheme in 2021, the size of China's carbon trading became the world's most extensive climate policy scheme. This study shows that China’s rigorous environmental policy experimentations to gradually establish carbon trading by implementing the CDM projects, setting up regional carbon trading pilots in six cities, finalizing regulations, and establishing a mechanism for national carbon trading have been successful. The prospect and potential of China's carbon trading are enormous, considering the size of the CDM projects in China, China’s position as one of the largest emitters in the world, and the scale of industries included in the national carbon trading scheme in China. However, there are still uncertainties in the prospect of carbon trading in China, historically weak climate policy enforcement, and misreporting of data that can affect the integrity of China’s calculation.
Palm Oil Plantation in Indonesia: A Question of Sustainability Wahyu Indriyadi
Salus Cultura: Jurnal Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan Vol. 2 No. 1 (2022)
Publisher : Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55480/saluscultura.v2i1.40


The soaring price of cooking oil and the shortage of supply in Indonesia since December 2021 have brought the Indonesian palm oil industry back into the spotlight. Indonesia is one of the largest palm oil producers in the world. Although oil palm plantations are recognized as having a major role in alleviating poverty in Indonesia, there is a lot of controversy surrounding the Indonesian palm oil industry, both in terms of poverty alleviation itself and in terms of environmental damage it caused. Using exploratory qualitative method, this paper argues that the palm oil industry controversy stem from different eco-centric and technocentric views of producer and importer countries on how to achieve sustainable agriculture. Using Indonesia as a case, the results shows that arguing palm oil’s role in alleviating poverty and efforts in reducing environmental impact in Indonesia is not enough to quell palm oil industry controversies. The existing sustainability certification system such as RSPO and ISPO are seen as a technocentric solution that is ineffective and inadequate, whereas eco-centric unclear concept of sustainability and the complexity of the palm oil industry production chain is seen as contradictive. The results shows Indonesia needs to further strengthen its perspective on sustainability with more openness of data and improvement of systems in order to overcome the polarization of the narrative that has grown distrust of the palm oil industry. Negative sentiment toward the palm oil industry will not only harm Indonesia's socio-economic status but can also harm the environment, because importing countries may have to abandon palm oil even though they yet have an alternative that is more sustainable than palm oil.