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Exploration and Characterization of Trichoderma sp. in Conventional and Organic Rice field in Bali A. A. S. P. R. Andriani; Idris Sharif; Bohari M Yamin; S. A. M. P. Suryani; Krisnawan Kalimutu
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021): AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empow
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (294.996 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v5i2.66

Abstract

Abstract. Although Trichoderma spp has been widely used in the SRI technique of rice cultivation the sources of Trichoderma that can adapt well to the local environment have been an interesting issue for quite some time. It is commonly agreed that the local Trichoderma is much more preferred to be used for rice cultivation. In the present study, the Trichoderma from the soil of a rice field in Sukawati District, Bali where conventional fertilizer and pesticide has been applied for a very long time was isolated. After macroscopic observations (green color and sweet coconut smell ) the single isolated fungi have very much resembled Trichoderma Harzianum. 2 mL of the Trichoderma Harzianum solution was introduced in a plastic container containing 200 g half-boiled rice. After seven days the rice in the plastic appeared green. This sample will be used to produce more T. Harzianum for rice cultivation. One of the T.Harzianum treated rice hosts was coated with gold and subjected to SEM observation. Very high populated T. Harzianum fungi were observed. It was dominated by hyphae. No conidia and conidiophores were spotted. Instead, quite a high density of spherical and oval shape spores was observed. Such a high density of T.Harzianum will certainly meet the requirement for an efficient application in the cultivation field. It would also be interesting to see the interaction between such a highly populated T.Harzianum with other fungi or pathogens in understanding the role of Trichoderma as an antipathogen
Empowerment of Women's Farmer Groups of “Kembang Lestari” in the Processing of Organic Waste from Various Fruit Peels as Liquid Fertilizer A. A. S. P. R. Andriani; Made Ayu Gemuh Rasa Astiti; Ni Ketut Sri Rukmini
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021): AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empow
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.542 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v5i3.74

Abstract

Partners in the implementation of Community Service is the Kembang Lestari Peasant Women's Group located in Taman Village, Abian Semal Subdistrict, Badung Regency. This group has problems with the high price of chemical fertilizers and vegetable pesticides for the treatment of cultivated crops. This condition causes an increase in production costs and decreased profits. They have yet to find a solution to get cheaper, environmentally friendly plant-based fertilizers and pesticides that they will use in their organic farms in the future. Therefore, it is necessary to provide an alternative to organic fertilizers while serving as vegetable pesticides that are easy to make, cheap, and environmentally friendly. The alternative is an eco-enzyme that can be made from organic waste in the form of fruit peels. Eco-enzymes have the same benefits as liquid fertilizers, compost, anti-bacterial, midges, and disinfectants. Women's Farmer Groups of Kembang Lestari are given knowledge of eco-enzymes and their benefits, how to make and how to apply them to plants. The methods carried out in the implementation of this activity are by interviewing, face-to-face, counseling, and practice methods directly. First, the authors held general counseling on what an eco-enzyme is, its benefits for plants, and environmental sustainability. Second, the authors provide hands-on training in the manufacture of eco-enzymes and how to implement them and conduct several evaluations to ensure farmers can make eco-enzymes independently and see what percentage of the increased production and increased profits earned by the farmer group after the implementation of these eco-enzymes. Third, it motivates farmers to keep using eco-enzyme fertilizers continuously in cultivating crops.
The Control of Pathogenic Fungi with Trichoderma in Banjar Pinge, Tabanan of Bali Province A. A. S. P. R. Andriani; I Gusti Made Arjana; Luh Kartini; Dewa Gede Wiryangga Selangga; Ismail Rakibe
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): AJARCDE | Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empow
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.496 KB) | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v6i1.82

Abstract

Pinge is one of the traditional sub-village (banjar) in Baru Village, Marga Sub district, Tabanan Regency of Bali Province. There are 36% of villagers living below the poverty line where 85% of them are farmers who cultivate fruit and flowers. They have many problems with fruit and flower production as the yields is low due to natural disasters and poor agricultural practice and support. Some flower growers often complain of low flower production, especially Marigold flowers due to the attack of pathogenic fungi that cause flower blight. The solution to solve the problems faced by partners is: by providing Appropriate Technology in the processing of cow dung into compost fertilizer plus trichoderma sp antagonist microorganisms. External targets to be achieved are the use of appropriate technology in the processing technology of cow dung into compost plus Trichoderma sp. Based on the results of activities as much as 70% understand and are able to apply pest and disease control to flowers by utilizing biological agents. Trichoderma can reduce the intensity of disease above the ground by 50.00% and suppress the intensity in the soil by 34.48%. In addition, giving Trichoderma sp. can increase the fresh weight of the plant by up to 30.75%.
Landscape Plant Management in Pinge Tourism Village Ida Bagus Komang Mahardika; Siti Maslizah Abdul Rahman; Ketut Agung Sudewa; I Gusti Bagus Udayana; Desak Ketut Tristiana Sukamadewi; Ni Komang Alit Astiari; A. A. S. P. R. Andriani
AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowerment) Vol. 6 No. 3 (2022): AJARCDE (Asian Journal of Applied Research for Community Development and Empowe
Publisher : Asia Pacific Network for Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Energy (SAFE-Network)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29165/ajarcde.v6i3.116

Abstract

Tourist villages will need infrastructure that supports tourism activities such as places to eat, places to stay, rest areas, galleries, and so on, one of whose goals is to improve the living standards of local people. This causes the number of plant species to decrease. Plant conservation by utilizing local wisdom is one of the efforts to reduce the decline in the number of plant species. Balinese people need many types of plants to support their ceremonial activities. The application of Tri Hita Karana and Tri Mandala in the daily life of the Balinese people is expected to support plant conservation activities and support tourism activities and provide economic benefits in the Pinge traditional village. The concept of Tri Hita Karana derives from the concept of Tri Mandala which consists of the main mandala as a parahyangan or holy place, Madya mandala in the form of a yard which includes residential buildings and natah, while nista mandala yard in the form of the back house (teba) and the yard of the front house (telajakan). Traditional Balinese gardening uses the concept of Tri Mandala. The problems raised in this "community service program" are still unorganized placement of plants in the Tri Mandala area and the lack of availability of plants for landscape management following the Tri Hita Karana concept. To support the management of landscape plants following the tri hita karana concept, Warmadewa University in collaboration with the Unda Anyar Seedling Nursery Center, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) assisted plant seeds in the form of Cempaka seeds, avocados, sandalwood, majegau, jackfruit, rejasa, sawo, and soursop. Conducting webinars on the topic of landscape plant management following the tri hita karana concept. Inviting the people of Pinge Village to actively participate in planting Tri Mandala following the concept of Tri Hita Karana.