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Metaanalisis Efektivitas Acceptance and Commitment Therapy untuk Menangani Gangguan Kecemasan Umum Stefany Livia Prajogo; Ananta Yudiarso
Psikologika: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi Vol. 26 No. 1 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/psikologika.vol26.iss1.art5

Abstract

Prevalensi gangguan kecemasan di Indonesia terus meningkat tiap tahunnya. Hal ini perlu menjadi perhatian khusus, terutama saat menghadapi ketidakpastian selama masa pandemic ini. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) adalah salah satu gelombang ketiga dari Coginitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), yang biasa digunakan untuk menangani gangguan kecemasan. Di dalam penelitian ini, peneliti ingin melihat efektivitas dari ACT terhadap penurunan tingkat Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) yang diukur dengan menggunakan Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Geriatic Anxiety Inventory (GAI), dan Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Metode yang digunakan adalah metaanalisis dengan statdirect trial version 2.0. Penelitian ini melibatkan 17 jurnal eksperimen mengenai ACT dan GAD (n kelompok eksperimen = 574; n kelompok kontrol = 513). Pengukuran ACT dan GAD dilihat dari random effect size (I2 = 83.3%), tanpa adanya bias publikasi (-3.88). Hasil yang didapatkan ialah ACT masih cukup efektif untuk menurunkan tingkat GAD (d= -.66; medium effect size). Peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa ACT akan menjadi lebih efektif jika ada pendampingan dari intervensi lain. Adapun saran dari peneliti adalah untuk melakukan replikasi penelitian guna memperbanyak referensi terkait efektivitas ACT.Kata Kunci: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, gangguan kecemasan umum, metaanalisisMeta-Analysis on The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Dealing with Generalized Anxiety DisorderAbstractThe prevalence of anxiety disorder in Indonesia increases significantly every year. It is worth special attention, especially in facing the uncertainty during pandemic. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one of the third-wave cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), usually used for anxiety disorder treatment. In this research, I want to examine the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to decrease the level of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), taking General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Geriatic Anxiety Inventory (GAI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), as the standard. It uses a meta-analysis techniques processed by statdirect trial version 2.0. It involves 17 experimental journals of ACT and GAD (n experiment group = 574; n control group = 513). The assessment of ACT and GAD bases itself on random effect size (I2 = 83.3%), without any publication bias (-3.88). The result shows that ACT is still effective to decrease the level of GAD (d= -.66; medium effect size). The result concludes that the ACT needs the assistance from other interventions. It also suggests research replication to multiply the references related to the effectiveness of ACT.Keywords: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, generalized anxiety disorder, meta-analysis
Efektivitas Mindfulness Untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Hidup Desak Ulan Sukmaning Ayu; Ananta Yudiarso
Jurnal Psikologi Udayana Vol 8 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Program Studi Sarjana Psikologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/JPU.2021.v08.i02.p02

Abstract

Mindfulness is an intervention that has an influence on the quality of life of individuals. This study aims to measure and explain the effectiveness of providing mindfulness interventions to improve quality of life using a meta-analysis method through a literature review of 17 international research journals from 2008 to 2020 that are relevant to mindfulness and quality of life. Participants in the study was 1699 people divided into two groups: 871 people in the experimental group and 828 people in the control group. The results of data processing carried out by looking at the value of Mean (M), Standard Deviation (SD), and the number of samples (N) found on the effect size value from random effect model, which is equal to 0.161 (95% CI = 0.0 to 0.63, P = 0.049679) with I2 (inconsistency) = 89.0%. The meta-analysis test it can be concluded that mindfulness gives little effectiveness to the quality of life of individuals. This is because mindfulness interventions tend to affect psychological conditions related to quality of life.
Application of Dance Movement Therapy to Stress Levels: A Meta-Analysis Study Eldiana Putri Auliya; Ananta Yudiarso
Psikostudia : Jurnal Psikologi Vol 11, No 1 (2022): Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2022
Publisher : Program Studi Psikologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Mulawarman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30872/psikostudia.v11i1.7273

Abstract

The Perceived Stress Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, Academic Stress Scale, and Distress CORE were used to determine the effectiveness of Dance Movement Therapy in lowering stress. A meta-analysis utilizing jamovi 1.6.6 was used as the approach. This research was conducted using a literature evaluation of 11 experimental journals on the effects of Dance Movement Therapy on stress (total n experimental group = 491 and total n control group = 454), for a total of 945 participants. Dance Movement Therapy was shown to be less effective in lowering stress levels (d=0,427), with a medium effect size. According to the findings, Dance Movement Therapy is less successful at reducing stress levels, hence it will be more effective if one type of dance/intervention is used in conjunction with other interventions. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat efektivitas dari Dance Movement Therapy terhadap penurunan stres yang diukur dengan menggunakan Perceived Stress Scale, Self-Rating Depression scale, Academic stress scale dan Distress CORE. Metode yang digunakan adalah meta-analisis dengan jamovi 1.6.6. Penelitian melalui literatur review 11 jurnal eksperimen mengenai Dance Movement Therapy terhadap stres (total n experiment group = 491; total n control group = 454) sehingga jumlah keseluruhan sebanyak 945. Hasil yang didapatkan ialah Dance Movement Therapy kurang efektif dalam menurunkan tingkat stres (d=0,427; medium effect size). Disimpulkan bahwa Dance Movement Therapy kurang efektif untuk menurunkan tingkat stres sehingga akan menjadi lebih efektif jika menggunakan satu jenis tari/ bentuk intervensi serta ada pendampingan dari intervensi lain.
BODY IMAGE AND SELF-ESTEEM: META-ANALYSIS STUDY Della Widasuari; Ananta Yudiarso
Psibernetika Vol 14, No 2 (2021): Psibernetika
Publisher : Universitas Bunda Mulia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30813/psibernetika.v14i2.2943

Abstract

Self-esteem the ways when individuals view their lives. Body image wilf form self-esteem that affect the ability to explore themselves. This article was created to statistically strengthen the relationship between body image and self-esteem. This study aims to determine the relationship between self-esteem and body image using a meta-analysis research method. This study involved 16 journals with 16 correlatoin coefficients. The statistical test shows that body image and self-esteem have a small effect size correlation (r=0,187) with 95,6% CI, and P value 0,32 (α=0,05), and the results of egger bias indicator showed there was no publication bias. The research results indicate that body image and self-esteem that there is in-direct effect relationship.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN KUALITAS HIDUP PADA LESBIAN DI SURABAYA Maria Leyn Blaong Karangora; Ananta Yudiarso; Siti Yunia Mazdafiah
CALYPTRA Vol. 1 No. 1 (2013): Calyptra : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Universitas Surabaya (Maret)
Publisher : Perpustakaan Universitas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.41 KB)

Abstract

Lesbian merupakan istilah atau sebutan pada kaum perempuan yang memiliki orientasi seksual kepada sesama jenisnya. Eksistensi kaum lesbian di masyarakat Indonesia tidak begitu menonjol dibandingkan dengan kaum gay. Kualitas hidup (being, belonging, becoming) merupakan hal krusial pada lesbian dikarenakan posisi lesbian sebagai kaum minoritas. Masyarakat masih sulit untuk menerima lesbian, bahkan cenderung menolak keberadaannya. Hal ini membuat para kaum lesbian semakin sulit untuk memperoleh social support. Kurangnya social support bagi seseorang dapat mempengaruhi kualitas hidup yang dimilikinya. Penelitian ini bermaksud meneliti hubungan antara dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey pada 30 lesbian yang diambil menggunakan teknik snowball sampling yaitu menunjuk beberapa subjek untuk memberikan angket kepada beberapa subjek lesbian yang lain yang dikenal. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan angket pernyataan terbuka dan pernyataan tertutup dengan 4 pilihan jawaban. Pengujian data dilakukan dengan menggunakan korelasi product moment untuk sebaran data yang normal dan linier, serta menggunakan uji statistik non-parametrik Spearman’s untuk sebaran data yang tidak normal dan tidak linier. Hasil dalam penelitian menunjukkan tidak adanya hubungan dukungan sosial dan kualitas hidup (r = 0.095; p = 0.236). Hasil hipotesis minor memperlihatkan bahwa dukungan keluarga tidak berhubungan juga dengan kualitas hidup pada lesbian (r = -0.138; p = 0.149), sedangkan dukungan teman (r = 0.437; p = 0.008) dan dukungan pasangan (r = -0.426; p = 0.009) memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kualitas hidup pada lesbian. Hasil uji hipotesis diatas menunjukkan dukungan dari teman dan pasangan memiliki korelasi signifikan dengan kualitas hidup. Sedangkan pada dukungan sosial secara keseluhan dan dukungan keluarga, tidak memiliki korelasi. Hal ini terkait dengan penerimaan lesbian dalam keluarga yang belum dapat menerima orientasi seksual mereka sehingga kurang memahami dukungan sosial lesbian.
Intrepretative Phenomenological Analysis: Perception of Health Risk of Smoking and Smoking Cessation Among Pharmacy Students Amelia Lorensia; Anggara Martha Pratama; Ananta Yudiarso
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal Vol. 31 No. 4 (2016): ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal (Vol. 31, No. 4, 2016)
Publisher : Laboratory of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.232 KB) | DOI: 10.24123/aipj.v31i4.576

Abstract

Smokers can experience addiction that impedes their efforts to quit smoking. Smokers’ perception and view of quitting smoking are worthy input for health practitioners to promote smoking cessation programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the perception of health risks of smoking and smoking cessation. The method was based on the phenomenological perspective using interpretative phenomenological analysis involving pharmacy students. The study was conducted over two years using snowball-purposive sampling. Participants were smokers who started smoking when they were 18 years old and had previously tried to quit smoking. Results showed that participants started smoking because of curiosity and influences from environments. All participants understood the risks of smoking, and had tried to quit smoking because smoking affected their health and economical status. Therefore, health programs need to focus on smokers’ behavior and barriers to quitting smoking since those who have good knowledge on the risks of smoking can experience difficulty in quitting smoking.
Intervensi Berbasis Digital Efektif Meningkatkan Kemampuan Matematika pada Siswa: Studi Metaanalisis Cynthia Vivian Purwanto; Ananta Yudiarso
Psikologika: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Psikologi Vol. 26 No. 2 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi dan Ilmu Sosial Budaya Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/psikologika.vol26.iss2.art3

Abstract

Numeracy is one of the most necessary skills needed. However, not every student has sufficient numeracy, therefore it is needed an effective intervention to improve students’ mathematics skill. The widely use of technology in education has provided a breakthrough for conducting digital-based interventions in learning mathematics. This study goal is to review the literature which measures the effectiveness of digital-based intervention to improve mathematics skill. Meta-analysis done to eighteen journals published in the past decade with 1,721 participants of experiment group and 1,219 participants of control groups which are relevant to this study. Based on mean differences (M, SD, and n) analysis, it is found that the effect size was g = .492 (95% CI = [.287, .706]; p < .001; I2 (inconsistency) = 84.43%). This shows that the effect size obtained is similar to Benavides-Varela et al. (2020) study which found digital-based interventions are effective to improve dyscalculia students’ mathematics skill. There is also no evidence which shows level of education affects the use of digital intervention to improve students’ mathematics skill (p = .359). The effect size obtained while using level of education as moderator is g =.398 (95% CI = [-.483, .175]; p < .001; I2 (inconsistency) = 84.02%). Therefore, educators can use digital media as a tool to support students’ mathematics learning, both at the preschool to college level.
Kecerdasan Emosional Kurang Efektif Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan: Studi Meta Analisis Junaid Ridha Akbar; Ananta Yudiarso
Jurnal Diversita Vol 6, No 2 (2020): JURNAL DIVERSITA DESEMBER
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31289/diversita.v6i2.4234

Abstract

Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti sebelumnya menyatakan bahwa hubungan kecerdasan emosional berdampak pada peningkatan kinerja kerja karyawan. Penelitian meta-analisis ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan kecerdasan emosional terhadap kinerja kerja karyawan. Pada penelitian ini peneliti melakukan reviu terhadap 14 jurnal yang berkaitan dengan kecerdasan emosional dan kinerja kerja pada 10 tahun terakhir. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian meta-analisis dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan daya analisis dari penelitian sebelumnya yang melihat korelasi antara kecerdasan emosional dan kinerja kerja. Penelitian ini melibatkan total partisipan sebanyak 5110, yang dianalisis menggunakan website Meta-mar (Free Online Meta-Analysis Service) yang berdasarkan pada jumlah partisipan (N) dan nilai korelasi antar variabel (r). Hasil analisis menunjukkan nilai effect size 0,47 (95% CI = 0.331 - 0.541, p = 0.0) dengan nilai inconsistency (I2) sebesar 96,1%.Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa kecerdasan emosional dan kinerja kerja berkorelasi negatif dan termasuk dalam kategori medium effect size. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa kecerdasan emosional memberikan efek yang kurang signifikan dalam mempengaruhi kinerja kerja karyawan.
Evaluasi Pengetahuan dan Persepsi Obat Batuk Swamedikasi oleh Perokok Amelia Lorensia; Ananta Yudiarso; Rizkia Arrahmah
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 4: DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (247.376 KB)

Abstract

Coughing is one of the most common symptoms in smokers. Smokers who experience a lot of cough arecaused by exposure to cigarette smoke that enters the respiratory tract. The purpose of this study was to determinehow smokers perceive symptoms of cough, use of cough medicine, and self-medication services performed by pharmacists.This study began in March to July 2016. This study used the mixed method method that uses sequentialexplanatory research design. The research sample involved amounted to 100 people, and 12 studies conductedfor interviews were conducted to obtain supporting data. The sample were active smokers aged 18-40 years withmale and female sex who had experienced coughing and had used cough medicine. The results obtained are thetype of cough experienced by smokers is cough with phlegm and cough is not phlegm depending on the categoryof smokers. The use of cough medicine is one of the most common ways for active smokers to reduce the incidenceof coughing. However, there are still many smokers who are wrong in choosing and using cough medicine becausethe knowledge that active smokers have for coughing is still inadequate.
Prejudice against veiled Muslim women: The role of right-wing authoritarianism and intergroup anxiety Inderasari, Annisa Puspita; Sampe Tondok, Marselius; Yudiarso, Ananta
Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi Vol 6, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Fakultas Prsikologi dan Kesehatan, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/pjpp.v6i1.7483

Abstract

A series of terrorist acts involving women in various parts of the world, including in Indonesia, allegedly perpetrated by radical Muslim groups, has reinforced stereotypes and created prejudice against veiled Muslim women. This study aims to explain the role of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and intergroup anxiety as antecedents of prejudice against veiled Muslim women. Using a cross-sectional survey design, the study sample (N = 403) were residents of Surabaya, selected using accidental sampling. RWA, intergroup anxiety, and prejudice against veiled Muslim women were measured using a questionnaire, while the research hypothesis was analyzed using multiple regression. The results show that RWA and intergroup anxiety play significant roles in explaining prejudice against veiled Muslim women (R = 0.826; R2 = 0.682; F = 428.68; p 0.001), with the relative contribution of RWA and intergroup anxiety being 34% and 66% respectively. The results and implications of the study are discussed in detail. The theoretical implication of the research is that RWA and intergroup anxiety play roles as antecedents of prejudice against veiled Muslim women.