Prahara Yuri
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine/Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta.

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PERCUTANEUS NEPHROSTOMY IN PATIENTS WITH OBSTRUCTIVE UROPATHY DUE TO MALIGNANCY: A SURVIVAL ANALYSIS Yuri, Prahara; Rochadi, Sungsang
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 23 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v23i2.241

Abstract

Objective:To find out effectiveness of percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) and patient survival rate as palliative decompression of the obstructed urinary system due to malignancy (urogenital neoplasias). Materials & Methods: A cohort retrospective study was performed with 76 patients (58 female and 18 male) with malignancy process who were undergoing percutaneous nephrostomy during January 2009 – December 2012, in Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta. Survival analysis was done by Kaplan-Meier method and differences were assessed using the log-rank test. Results:There was no procedure-related mortality. The mean of age was 49.14 years. The primary tumoral site was the uterine cervix in 56.6 %, the bladder in 17.1 %, the prostate in 2.6% and other sites (intestinal, ovarium and other malignancies caused obstructive uropathy) in 23.7%. The patients died during the hospitalization period due to advanced neoplasia are 17.1%. The mortality rate was higher in patients with interval between diagnose of obstructive uropathy and nephrostomy > 7 days (HR=5.7; 95%CI 4.5-6.9; p = 0.001) and in those who required hemodialysis before the procedure (HR=6.1; 95%CI 4.7-7.4; p = 0.001). The survival rate was 55.2% (42/76) at 6 months and 32.9% (25/76) at 12 months. The percentage of the lifetime spent in hospitalization was 17.1% (13/76). There are no differences on survival rate in that patients based on neoplasias type and age.Conclusion: The urinary obstruction must be immediately relieved. The percutaneous nephrostomy is a safe and effective method for relief the obstruction. Patient with hemodialysis before the procedure had a poor prognosis.
PERCUTANEOUS NEPHROSTOMY FOR RELIEF OBSTRUCTIVE UROPATHY: BENIGN VERSUS MALIGNANT DISEASE Yuri, Prahara; Rochadi, Sungsang
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 24 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v24i1.242

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to find out the effectiveness of percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) as palliative decompression of the obstructed urinary system. Materials & Methods: A case control study was performed with 118 patients (69 female and 49 male) with obstructive uropathy who were undergoing PCN during 2009 until 2012, retrospectively. The mean of age was 50.03 years. The PCN technique involves an ultrasound-guided puncture of the dilated collecting system with nephrostomy trocar than insert an 8 Fr nasogastric tube as nephrostomy catheter. Differences of renal function between benign and malignancy were assessed using Independent t-test. Changes in renal function after procedure were expressed as mean ± SD and analyzed using Pair t-test.  Results: There was no procedure-related mortality. The most cause of malignancy was cervix cancer (36.4%) while the result of a benign process was 28.8% of urinary tract stones. Dialysis before procedure were performed in 43 (36.4%) consisting of 42 malignancies and 1 benign process. Improvement in renal function were statistically significant both benign and malignant groups seen in the levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) before and after procedure (p<0.001). The mean differences were also statistically significant at the preoperative creatinine values between benign and malignant processes (p=0.019) but BUN levels before and after as well as postoperative creatinine levels showed no significant difference. Conclusion: PCN is a widely used technique, with a high technical success rate and low rate of complications. Obstructive uropathy due to benign processes had a better prognosis than malignancy after PCN treatment. Hemodialysis was mainly performed in patients with malignancy prior to PCN.
COMPARISON OF SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION BETWEEN END-TO-END ANASTOMOSIS AND BUCCAL MUCOSA GRAFT Yuri, Prahara; Wahyudi, Irfan; Rodjani, Arry
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 21 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v21i2.36

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare long term follow-up of sexual dysfunction between end-to-end anastomosis or buccal mucosa graft in short segment bulbar urethral stricture. Material & Method: We performed a meta analysis of cohort study. The data sources was MEDLINE from 1980 through 2011. A fixed effects model with Mantel-Haenszel method was used to calculate the pooled Risk Ratio (RRs) and 95% Confidence Interval (CIs). We assessed the heterogeneity by calculating the I2 statistic. All analyses were performed with Stata statistical software, version 10.0 (Stata Corp). Results: We analyzed 6 cohort studies. End-to-end anastomosis and buccal mucosa graft patients who complained about sexual dysfunction were 24.6% (45/183) and 9.1% (11/122) respectively, with overall RR 2.54 (95% CI, 0.22-0.69, p = 0.001). Conclusion: Buccal mucosa graft showed a superior outcome compared to end-to-end anastomosis, based on sexual dysfunction in ≤ 3 cm bulbar urethral stricture treatments.Keywords: Sexual dysfunction, end-to-end anastomosis, buccal mucosa graft, anterior urethral stricture.
Early detection of Prostate Cancer with Prostate Specific Antigen > 4 ng/ml : A Multivariate Logistic Regression Yuri, Prahara; Rochadi, Sungsang
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 22 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v22i1.90

Abstract

Background:Early detection of prostate cancer is a possible means of decreasing the mortality and increasing the quality of life. Objective :To determine whether the prostate specific antigen (PSA), abnormal DRE, family history, age, and prostate volume could increase the specificity and sensitivity of screening for prostate cancer. Methods :We included 92 patients with PSA > 4 ng/ml between January and December 2011 in Sardjito Hospital. Patients received prostate biopsy due to having abnormal serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. The relationship between the possibility of prostate cancer and the following variables were evaluated including: age; PSA level, prostate volume, DRE finding and family history. By using chi-square analysis, multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were drawn based on the predictive scoring equation to predict the possibility of prostate cancer. All analyses were performed with SPSS, version 18.0. Results:We analyzed 92 patients with PSA > 4 ng/ml. It showed the relationship between the possibility of prostate cancer and the following variables, including : age (p < 0.001), PSA level (p < 0,001), DRE finding (p < 0.001) family history (p < 0,001) except prostate volume (p = 0.398). Using a predictive equation, P = 1/(1-e-X), where X= -3,821 +1.846 (if DRE positive) + 2,488 ( if family history positive ) + 1.718 ( when PSA > 10 ) + 1.414 ( when age > 68), followed by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis, it showed the sensitivity 90,4% and specificity 85 % in predicting the possibility of prostate cancer. Conclusion:  Age,  DRE  finding,  PSA  and  family  history  are  factors  associated prostate cancer. They can be used as independent predictor to predict prostate cancer. Key words: Logistic regression, early detection,prostate cancer
THE CHARACTERISTIC OF ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS MALE IN EASTERN INDONESIA Zulfiqqar, Andy; Anthonius, Franky Renato; Cyko, Prasetyo Amanda; Nandana, Pandu Ishaq; Yuri, Prahara; Brodjonegoro, Sakti R
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 28 No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v28i1.603

Abstract

Objective: To determine Type-2 diabetic patients and its characteristics to determined risk of Erectile dysfunction (ED) and the role of EHS score as more practical tools to screening ED among T2DM patients. Material & Methods: The cross-sectional observational study was carried out at the Internal medicine Unit of Manambai Abdulkadir and Dompu district Hospital, out of 45 patients were included on this study. The data were collected from June 01 – August 01 2017. A structural questioner was used to collect the data and was analyzed using SPSS 2.0. person analysis correlation and logistic regression were used to find the Odds Ratio (OR). Results: We found that 38 out of 45 (84.4%) patients (mean age 57.2 ± 7.1) have Erectile dysfunction, 26 patients uncontrolled diabetes, 5 (11.1%) treated as CHF, 4 (8.9%) CKD, and 7 (15.6%) neuropathy diabetic. There is high correlation between random glucose level and IIEF-5 score (r=0.5, p=0.01). The overall odd ratio of ED in this studies was 4.3 (95% CI: 0.73 to 25.1) for uncontrolled diabetes, 2.5 (95% CI: 0.1 to 51.1) for Treated CHF, 2 (95% CI: 0.01 to 41.6) for CKD, and it was 1.2 (95% CI: 0.1 to 11.5) for neuropathy diabetics. Conclusion: From this study, we found that most diabetic patients have ED, and there is high correlation between random glucose level and simplified IIEF-5 score, EHS performed similar result on diagnoses ED compared to IIEF-5.
NEEDLE RENAL LIFTING TECHNIQUE IN MANAGEMENT OF COMPLICATED PROXIMAL URETERAL LITHOTRIPSY: A CASE REPORT Risan, Muhammad; Soeroharjo, Indrawarman; Danarto, Raden; Yuri, Prahara
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 28 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v28i2.715

Abstract

Objective: To described a needle renal lifting technique using an 18-gauge needle to adjunct ureterorenoscopy (URS) in the management of complicated proximal ureteral stones. Case(s) Presentation: A 46 years old man presented with right flank pain for 1 month. This patient was diagnosed with ureteral stone and ureteral kinking that prohibits access to the proximal side of the ureter. Due to difficult access to the proximal ureter, we perform a needle renal lifting technique which is initialized by puncturing the middle renal calyx with 18-gauge needle. Then, the proximal end of the needle was pushed to the caudal direction to move the kidney to the cephalic direction and straighten the kinked ureter. After that procedure, the URS sheat can easily enter the proximal ureter to the stone site. Discussion: The success rate of this procedure is based on the operator skills to access the calyx and perform URS simultaneously. Like a previous technique, needle renal lifting is effective only when the kidney is mobile. Conclusion: The needle renal lifting technique can be used to adjunct URS in the management of complicated ureteral stones which prohibited access to the proximal ureter.
COMPARISON OF ILEAL CONDUIT AND TUUC: A 4 YEARS STUDY Soerohardjo, Indrawarman; Zulfiqqar, Andy; Yuri, Prahara; Hendri, Ahmad Z.
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 29 No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v29i1.681

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to compare 4 years of experience of IC and TUUC in the same period and among similar experienced surgeons. Material & Methods: Between January 2016 and August 2019, 44 radical cystectomies were performed, but 4 patients were excluded due to incomplete data or who underwent neo-bladder procedures. The primary endpoint was 30 days of complication rate and intraoperative complications. Bowel movement, ambulation, and length of stay (LOS) postoperatively were followed-up over a period of 30-day postoperatively. Results: 12 male patients underwent TUUC and 24 male patients IC, while only 4 female patients underwent IC. The mean of LOS of IC was 12.72 8.6 and 10.08 3.5 for TUUC; there were no significant differences between arms. However, TUUC had lower intra-operatively bleeding (779.17 441.15 ml) compared to IC (1328.57 810.40 ml). There was no difference in early complications between arms. Conclusion: Our results suggest that TUU with UC diversion may be used as a viable option of urinary diversion in radical cystectomy. This technique provides similar safety both surgically and oncologically.