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The effectiveness of proanthocyanidins cacao pods (theobroma cacao l) on increasing socket epithelial thickness post toothextraction in wistar rats Yani C. Rahayu; Budi Yuwono; Alifia Wandansari
Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): (Available online: 1 April 2020)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (599.405 KB) | DOI: 10.15562/jdmfs.v5i1.963

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was examine theeffectivenessof proanthocyanidins cacaopods (Theobroma cacao L) extract on increasing socketepithelialthicknessposttooth extractionin Wistar Rats. Proanthocyanidins has benefis as antiinflammation, antioxidant and antibacteria agent. Post-extraction wound can cause complication, which can make long the healing process. This is where anti-inflammatory is needed to prevent infection, so that it can avoid bacterial contamination and can shorten the inflammatory process. Material and Methods:These study was an experimental laboratory research on thickness of socket epithelium of Wistar rats given proanthocyanidins cacao pod extract post extraction. A total of 24 male Wistar rats was divided into 3 group; which was treated with 100 mg/ml proanthocyanidins cocoa pod extract as treatment group, distilled placebo gel as negative control group and alvogyl as positive control group. On day 7 and day 14 the sampel was sacrified and tissue processing was made. The gingival epithelial thickness was determined by software image raster on light microscopy. Results:Analysisof One way Anova showed there was a significant difference0.001 between groups. The epithelium oftreatment group, was thicker than the control group significantly.Conclusion:Proanthocyanidins cocoa pods (Theobroma cacao L)  extract effectiveincreasing the thickness of socket epithelium postextraction in Wistar rats.
PENATALAKSANAAN PERAWATAN FRAKTUR TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT PADA ANAK-ANAK Yuwono, Budi
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

The management of temporomandibular joint fracture ocurry in children should be conducted in a high acurracy prucedure, early diagnosis, and good clinical as well as radiograph examinations willhinder unwanted dentofacial development which leads to the disturbance in not only mastication, nor phonetic but also in children aestethic.
Perubahan Tekanan Darah Setelah Pemberian Anastesi Lokal Pehacain Berdasarkan Indeks Masa Tubuh Yuwono, Budi
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

Background: the use of Pehacaine local anesthetic in some people causes the change of blood pressureleading to systemic complication that may disrupt medication. This study is aimed at observing blood pressurechange post Pehacaine local anesthetic based on the Body Mass Index. Methods: the study was conducted to thepatients of oral surgery at Dental Hospital Faculty of Dentistry Jember University that needed local anesthetic usingPehacaine; epinephrine 1:80.000 2ml. The samples of study were the patients of extraction of lower jaws posteriorteeth using mandibular block local anesthetic technique. The numbers 40 of the patients was divided into 2 groupsbased on Body Mass Index, normal and obese. The data resulted were subsequently tested using t-test. Results: itshowed that the administration of Pehacaine local anesthetic increased systole blood pressure significantly in thesamples of normal and obese Body Mass Index. Conclusion: the change of systole blood pressure in the sample ofobese Body Mass Index was greater than in the normal Body Mass Index.
PENATALAKSANAAN PENCABUTAN GIGI DENGAN KONDISI SISA AKAR (GANGREN RADIK) Yuwono, Budi
STOMATOGNATIC- Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Vol 7, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Jember

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Abstract

One of dental treatments on gangrene radix is an extraction. However, tooth extraction on the chronic gangrene radix needs particular procedure since this condition frequently emerges periapical disorder like dental granuloma or radicular cyst. Both dental granuloma and radicular cyst may rest and grow to be jaw cyst leading to the damage of jawbone although the causing tooth has already been removed. The procedure of tooth extraction with chronic gangrene radix covers extraction accompanied with enucleation and curettage of periodontal tissue using both close method and open method
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PLAN AS AN IT GOVERNANCE MATURITY DRIVER Nasri, Muhammad; Triputra, Rein Nusa; Yuwono, Budi
Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 5 No 1 (2009): Jurnal Sistem Informasi (Journal of Information System)
Publisher : Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.411 KB) | DOI: 10.21609/jsi.v5i1.262

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Having an information technology (IT) plan is a minimum baseline for optimal IT governance. But, creating a plan is only one problem, executing it poses even more challenging problems. In this research, we investigate the correlation between an organization’s IT plan and the organization’s IT governance maturity level. We show that, on one hand, executing an IT plan requires a certain IT governance maturity level, on the other hand, the experience of executing an IT plan drives the organization IT governance maturity level. We compare the situations in two government institutions and found indications that the organization with an ambitious IT plan has more mature IT governance than the other whose IT plan is relatively modest. The results suggest that an effective IT plan should include plans for the development of IT governance mechanisms relevant to the goals that the plan is intended to achieve, and the plan’s implementation schedule, also known as the IT roadmap, should take into consideration the growth of the IT governance mechanisms’ maturity levels. Memiliki rencana untuk teknologi informasi (TI) adalah base line untuk tata kelola TI yang optimal. Tapi, membuat rencana hanyalah satu masalah, melaksanakannya akan menciptakan masalah baru yang lebih menantang. Dalam penelitian ini, kami menyelidiki korelasi antara rencana TI suatu organisasi dengan tingkat maturity tata kelola TI-nya. Kami menunjukkan bahwa, di satu sisi, untuk melaksanakan rencana TI memerlukan tingkat kematangan tata kelola TI tertentu, di sisi lain, pengalaman dalam menjalankan rencana TI mendorong organisasi dalam meningkatkan tata kelola TI. Kami membandingkan situasi di dua lembaga pemerintah dan menemukan indikasi bahwa organisasi dengan rencana TI yang ambisius memiliki tata kelola TI lebih matang dari organisasi yang rencana TI-nya relatif sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perencanaan TI yang efektif harus mencakup rencana untuk pengembangan mekanisme tata kelola TI yang relevan dengan tujuan yang ingin dicapai, dan jadwal pelaksanaan rencana atau roadmap TI, harus mempertimbangkan pertumbuhan tingkat mekanisme tata kelola TI.
METODE PERANCANGAN STRUKTUR FUNGSI DAN PERAN TATA KELOLA DATA BERBASIS COBIT Arinanda, Aditya; Yuwono, Budi
Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 6 No 2 (2010): Jurnal Sistem Informasi (Journal of Information System)
Publisher : Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (767.806 KB) | DOI: 10.21609/jsi.v6i2.288

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Tulisan ini mengusulkan suatu metode untuk merancang struktur fungsi dan peran tata kelola data suatu organisasi. Metode ini berorientasi pada permasalahan, yaitu menyusun rancangan struktur berangkat dari permasalahan yang dihadapi organisasi dan memperhatikan unit-unit kerja organisasi yang ada saat ini. Tulisan ini menguraikan penerapan metode ini dalam merancang kerangka kerja tata kelola data untuk meningkatkan dan menjaga kualitas data suatu organisasi. Dari permasalahan kualitas data yang dihadapi, diidentifikasi artifak tata kelola – seperti ketentuan, standar, arsitektur – yang dibutuhkan untuk mengendalikan permasalahan-permasalahan tersebut; diidentifikasi aktivitas-aktivitas yang dibutuhkan untuk menghasilkan dan mengelola artifak tersebut; diidentifikasi peran dan fungsi yang terlibat dalam aktivitas-aktivitas tersebut; dan akhirnya menata peran-peran tersebut dalam suatu struktur organisasi. Tulisan ini menunjukkan bahwa struktur yang dihasilkan setara dengan struktur yang disusun berdasarkan kerangka-kerangka kerja teoritis, dengan kelebihan adanya spesifikasi tentang siapa yang layak memegang peran dalam struktur tersebut dan apa tanggung jawabnya. This paper proposes a method for designing the function structure and of the role of an organizations data governance. The method is oriented to the problem, by arranging the structure of a draft set of issues faced by the organization and showing to organizational work units that exist today. This paper describes the application of this method in designing a data governance framework to improve and maintain the quality of organizations data. From data quality problems, we identified governance artifacts - such as regulations, standards, architecture – that is needed to control these problems; identified the activities required to generate and manage these artifacts; identified the roles and functions involved in activities these, and finally organize these roles in an organizational structure. This paper shows that the resulting structure is equivalent to a structure based on theoretical frameworks, with an excess of the specification of who should play a role in the structure and what are the responsibilities.
The effect of caffeine on osteoblast proliferation after tooth extraction in Wistar rats Budi Yuwono
Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi) Vol. 39 No. 1 (2006): March 2006
Publisher : Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga https://fkg.unair.ac.id/en

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.953 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i1.p32-34

Abstract

Caffeine is the most well-known substance which consumed by most people daily. Behind its popularity as favorable drinks and food, this substance also known can inhibit the post extraction wound healing by decreasing the proliferation of osteoblast cells through the increase of intracellular cyclic Adenosine Mono Phosphate (cAMP). The objective of this study was done to observe the effect of caffeine intake toward the number of osteoblast cells during the wound healing of post dental extraction in Wistar’s rats. This study was an experimental laboratory research and the post test-only control group design was used for the statistical evaluation. The samples used were 24 healthy 3 months old male Wistar’s rats, with approximately 200 grams of body weight and devided into 4 groups. Three groups were taken and represented as a treated group (P) and the rest of one group was used as a control group (KO). Caffeine diet with a dosage of 3.78 mg/100 ml grams of body weight/cc was given for 7 days in group P1, P2 for 14 days, and 21 days in group P3 and the diet was given orally using an oral sonde. Teeth extractions of the right first molar in the lower jaw were done in all groups according to the interval time had been scheduled. Seven days of post-extraction time was waiting in all groups before the sample being decapitated for further histological examination in the post extracted sites. A Hematoxillin and Eosin staining was used and the number of osteoblast cells were counted under light microscopy with 400 times magnification. One-way ANOVA and Least Significant Difference (LSD) test were used for the statistical evaluation. The result of the study shown a significant decrease of the number of osteoblast cells in caffeine consumed group of 7, 14, and 21 days observed (p < 0.05). This study conclude that the duration time of caffeine consumed had been interfered significantly with the osteoblast cell proliferation during the wound healing after teeth extractions in Wistar’s rats.
MEASURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A SIMPLIFIED COBIT-BASED IT PROCESS MATURITY ASSESSMENT METHOD Yuwono, Budi; Nasri, Muhammad; Triputra, Rein Nusa
Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 5 No 1 (2009): Jurnal Sistem Informasi (Journal of Information System)
Publisher : Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (708.628 KB) | DOI: 10.21609/jsi.v5i1.263

Abstract

We propose a simplified method for measuring the maturity levels of an organization’s information technology (IT) processes that is based on IT Governance Institute’s COBIT (Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology) framework. The method is designed for quickly assessing an organization’s IT process maturity in situations where the availability of information for a more thorough assessment method is very limited. To investigate the accuracy of the proposed method, we evaluate the consistency between the result of the IT process maturity assessment of an organization and the conditions reported by the organization as impediment to the achievement of its IT goals. The underlying assumption is that a condition that is perceived by an organization as a problem will drive the organization to develop a process that can effectively deal with the condition. We show that there is good enough consistency to support the use of the proposed maturity assessment method. Kami mengusulkan sebuah metode sederhana untuk mengukur tingkat kematangan (maturity) dari proses teknologi informasi (TI) suatu organisasi yang didasarkan pada IT Governance Institute’s COBIT framework (Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology). Metode ini dirancang untuk melakukan penilaian dengan cepat dari tingkat kematangan proses TI suatu organisasi dalam situasi di mana ketersediaan informasi untuk metode penilaian yang lebih menyeluruh sangat terbatas. Untuk mengetahui ketepatan metode yang diusulkan, kami mengevaluasi konsistensi antara hasil penilaian kematangan proses TI dari suatu organisasi dan kondisi yang dilaporkan oleh organisasi sebagai rintangan bagi tercapainya tujuan IT. Asumsi yang mendasarinya adalah bahwa suatu kondisi yang dirasakan oleh organisasi sebagai masalah akan mendorong organisasi untuk mengembangkan sebuah proses yang dapat secara efektif menangani kondisi tersebut. Kami menunjukkan bahwa ada konsistensi yang cukup baik untuk mendukung penggunaan metode penilaian kematangan yang diusulkan.
TATA KELOLA TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DALAM RANGKA INTEGRASI SISTEM DAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI LINTAS ANAK PERUSAHAAN Leonardo, Vande; Yuwono, Budi
Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 5 No 1 (2009): Jurnal Sistem Informasi (Journal of Information System)
Publisher : Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (756.201 KB) | DOI: 10.21609/jsi.v5i1.259

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Integrasi Teknologi Informasi (TI) lintas unit-unit usaha yang independen adalah suatu usaha yang sarat tantangan, terutama karena standar-standar yang berbeda untuk infrastruktur dan aplikasi TI di masing-masing unit. Untuk memastikan keberhasilannya dibutuhkan mekanisme-mekanisme tata kelola TI untuk meminimasi risiko-risikonya. Dalam penelitian ini, digunakan suatu pendekatan berbasis COBIT (Control Objective for Information and Related Technology) untuk mengidentifikasi mekanisme tata kelola TI yang dibutuhkan oleh PT X, sebuah perusahaan di sektor minyak dan gas bumi, dalam mengintegrasikan TI lintas empat anak perusahaannya yang sebelumnya berdiri sendiri. Berdasarkan mekanisme tata kelola yang dibutuhkan dan kondisi tata kelola TI yang sudah berjalan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa proses integrasi TI PT X memiliki peluang yang cukup tinggi untuk berhasil. Integration of Information Technology (IT) across independent business units is a business full of challenges, primarily because of different standards for IT infrastructure and IT applications in each unit. To ensure the success of IT integration, it needs IT governance mechanisms to minimize the risks. This research used an approach based on COBIT (Control Objective for Information and Related Technology) to identify the mechanisms of IT governance required by PT X, a company in the oil and gas sector, in integrating IT across four subsidiaries that previously stood alone. Based on the necessary governance mechanisms and the conditions of the IT governance that already run, it can be concluded that the process of IT integration at PT X has a fairly high chance to succeed.
MENGUKUR KORELASI ANTARA TINGKAT KEMAPANAN TATA KELOLA TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS PERUSAHAAN Yuwono, Budi; Vijaya, Annas
Jurnal Sistem Informasi Vol 7 No 1 (2011): Jurnal Sistem Informasi (Journal of Information System)
Publisher : Faculty of Computer Science Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (828.485 KB) | DOI: 10.21609/jsi.v7i1.292

Abstract

Banyak literatur yang memaparkan manfaat penyelarasan antara Strategi Sistem Informasi/Teknologi Informasi (SI/TI) dengan strategi bisnis bagi keberhasilan organisasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat korelasi antara tingkat kemapanan suatu perusahaan dalam menyelaraskan strategi SI/TI dengan strategi bisnisnya dan produktivitas perusahaan tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan melalui studi kasus tunggal pada perusahaan perdagangan barang dan jasa teknologi informasi. Model yang digunakan dalam menilai tingkat kemapanan penyelarasan strategi SI/TI terhadap strategi bisnis adalah model tingkat kemapanan menurut kerangka kerja Control Objective for Information and Related Technology (COBIT). Ukuran produktivitas yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Total Factor Productivity (TFP). Melalui pengujian statistik non-parametrik dengan koefisien korelasi peringkat Spearman, tidak ditemukan korelasi positif antara tingkat kemapanan perusahaan dalam menyelaraskan strategi SI/TI dengan strategi bisnisnya dan produktivitas perusahaan. Sebagai kesimpulannya, dampak tingkat kemapanan penyelarasan strategi SI/TI melalui tata kelola TI terhadap produktivitas suatu organisasi tidak selalu dapat diukur dengan membandingkan keduanya dalam periode tahun yang sama. Much of the literature describing the benefits of alignment between Strategy Information Systems/Information Technology (IS/IT) with business strategy for the success of the organization. The study was conducted to see the correlation between the level of reliability of a companys strategy in aligning IS/IT with business strategy and company productivity. The research was conducted through a single case study on trade in goods and services enterprise information technology. The model used in assessing the reliability of the alignment of strategy IS/IT to business strategy is a model framework for the establishment by the Control Objective for Information and Related Technology (COBIT). Productivity measures used in this study is Total Factor Productivity (TFP). Through the non-parametric statistical tests with Spearman rank correlation coefficient, was not found a positive correlation between the level of maturity in aligning corporate strategy IS/IT with business strategy and corporate productivity. In conclusion, the impact of strategic alignment maturity level of IS/IT through IT governance on the productivity of an organization can not always be measured by comparing the two in the same period.