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Journal : Jurnal Riset Kimia

PENENTUAN TINGKAT KANDUNGAN AMONIAK, NITRIT, DAN NITRAT PADA REMBESAN SAMPAH LOKASI PEMBUANGAN AKHIR (LPA) AIR DINGIN KOTA PADANG Zilfa, -; Zulfarman, -; Hariyanti, -
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 5, No 2 (2012): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v5i2.223

Abstract

Determination of amoniac, nitrite, and nitrate content in seepage waste water in landfill area in cold water, Padang have been done using spectrophotometric method. Sample took from sequencing ofseepage waste water treatment process. The results showed that the ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate content in seepage waste water were 137.612 to 400.298 mg/ L, 0.34 to 0.756 mg/ L, and 0.682 to5.842 mg/ L, respectively. The differences of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate content in seepage waste water and ammonia and nitrite contents tend to decrease while the nitrate content tends to increase. The rate of ammonia degradation in water seepage was different for each sampling place where the rate of degradation was greatest in seepage water waste treatment II. This degradation is expected to reduce the level of pollution on the environment.
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PERMETRINDENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TiO2-Anatase DAN ZEOLIT ALAM SECARA SONOLISIS -, Zilfa; Suyani, Hamzar; -, Safni; Jamarun, Novesar
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 2, No 2 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v2i2.162

Abstract

  ABSTRACT The research about the degradation of permethryn compound had been done by sonolysis method using anatase- TiO2 and natural zeolyte (mordenit kinds) as catalysts. Permethryn is one of synthetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mamals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms. Sonolysis method is conducted by using ultrasonic wave at frequency 45 kHz. The results show that sonolysis method without the addition of anatase-TiO2 and zeolite on optimum temperature at 40°C during 120 minutes treatments could be degrade 20 mg/L permethryn until 22.23%. In other hands, the degradation of 20 mg/L permethryn in the same condition with adding 0.002 g anatase-TiO2 achieved 44.95% but for using 0.2 g zeolyte could be degrade 52.34%.  Keywords :  degradation, permethrin ,TiO2-anatase , sonolysis, zeolite   
Adsorpsi Asam Humat pada Zeolit Alam yang Dimodifikasi dengan TiO2 Septiani, Upita; Tasari, Fiska Julian; Zilfa, Zilfa
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 11, No 1 (2020): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v11i1.344

Abstract

This research modified natural zeolite with TiO2 synthesized by the sol-gel process which was applied as a humic acid adsorbent. The purpose of this study was to coat natural zeolites with TiO2 to increase the adsorption capacity of natural zeolites as humic acid adsorbents. The natural zeolite powders were obtained from Kabupaten Solok, West Sumatra, based on X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) analysis, the ratio of silica/alumina (Si/Al) was 4.35, indicating that natural zeolite was clinoptilolite zeolite. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis showed natural zeolite has a rough surface with closed pores while zeolite coated with TiO2 (zeolite/TiO2) has a homogeneous, smooth surface with open pore. The results of the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analysis showed that the level of TiO2 was 7.1%, this result showed that TiO2 has been coated on the surface of the zeolite. Natural zeolite and zeolite/TiO2 were applied as humic acid adsorbents. Maximum adsorption capacity of natural zeolites and zeolites/TiO2 were 0.2787 mg/g and 1.199 mg/g, respectively.
Penggunaan ZnO/Zeolit Sebagai Katalis Dalam Degradasi Tartrazin Secara Ozonolisis Zilfa, Zilfa; Safni, Safni; Rahmi, Febi
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 12, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i1.387

Abstract

An investigation on modification of natural zeolite with ZnO for the degradation of tartrazine. In this study, ZnO as a semiconductor is modified into a natural zeolite as support to form ZnO/zeolite that can increase the efficiency degradation of tartrazine. Further, the formed catalyst was added to tartrazine by determining the variation in ozonolysis time, the amount of addition of the catalyst, and the addition of a catalyst time. The results of degradation were determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometer at 424 nm. The result showed that the percentage of degradation obtained on each catalyst in the degradation. The resulted percent degradation of 20 ml of tartrazine at concentration of 15 mg/L using 20 mg ZnO/zeolite was 56.80%, while using 0.77 mg ZnO was 42.25%, and with the addition of 19.23 mg of Zeolite was 31.18%, all of that condition was proceeded by 40 minutes of ozonolysis. Thus, the result indicates that the ZnO/zeolite catalyst can increase percentages of tartrazine degradation by ozonolysis. It is known that the catalyst ZnO/zeolite is very effective in increasing the degradation of tartrazine. Analysis of tartrazine compounds using fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) after degradation changes in wavenumber indicates that there is a breaking of the bonds of tartrazine compounds. Characterization of ZnO/zeolite catalyst using FTIR, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), in each spectrum there was no shift, indicating that there is no change in ZnO/zeolite structure
Pengaruh HCl terhadap Aktifasi Zeolit Alam Clipnotilolit-Ca Pada Penyerapan Pb(II) Zilfa, Zilfa; Septiani, Upita; Mirawati, Mirawati
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 11, No 2 (2020): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v11i2.355

Abstract

Research about the effect of HCl on the activation of clinoptilolite-Ca natural zeolite on Pb(II) absorption has been done. The purpose of this study is to determine the capacity of zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca activation by HCl can be used as an adsorbent. For analysis of the adsorption we used AAS whereas for zeolite characterization were used XRF and XRD. The analysis parameters are the effect of HCl concentration, particle size, adsorbent mass, contact time, total solution volume, concentration of Pb(II), and PH solution. These parameters were studied to determine the optimum conditions in the adsorption process. The optimum conditions absorption of Pb(II) for the acid activation process shows that the zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca can be used as an absorbent. The adsorption results show that the value of Pb(II) capacity in the activation process with HCl of 0.2 N produces adsorption capacity of 0.0821 mg/g, for particle size 125 µm produces and adsorption capacity 0.0821 mg/g, for an adsorbent mass of 0.1 g produces an adsorption capacity of 0.5110 mg/g, for contact time of 10 minutes is 0.5662 mg/g, for a metal solution volume of 12.5 mL is 0.5493 mg/g, for the concentration of metal ion solution 40 mg/L is 2.608 mg/g, and at pH = 7 is 4.923 mg/g. The output of several parameters can be concluded that the adsorption capacity of zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca to the absorption of Pb(II) is 4.923 mg/g. Characterization of zeolite adsorbents with XRF and XRD shows that the zeolite used is zeolite clinoptilolite-Ca.   
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PERMETRINDENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TiO2-Anatase DAN ZEOLIT ALAM SECARA SONOLISIS Zilfa -; Hamzar Suyani; Safni -; Novesar Jamarun
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol. 2 No. 2 (2009): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v2i2.162

Abstract

  ABSTRACT The research about the degradation of permethryn compound had been done by sonolysis method using anatase- TiO2 and natural zeolyte (mordenit kinds) as catalysts. Permethryn is one of synthetic pyretroid pesticides that low toxicity for mamals but it is high toxicity for fishs, insects and water microorganisms. Sonolysis method is conducted by using ultrasonic wave at frequency 45 kHz. The results show that sonolysis method without the addition of anatase-TiO2 and zeolite on optimum temperature at 40°C during 120 minutes treatments could be degrade 20 mg/L permethryn until 22.23%. In other hands, the degradation of 20 mg/L permethryn in the same condition with adding 0.002 g anatase-TiO2 achieved 44.95% but for using 0.2 g zeolyte could be degrade 52.34%.  Keywords :  degradation, permethrin ,TiO2-anatase , sonolysis, zeolite