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Ethnobotany of MandailingTribe in Batang Gadis National Park Nasution, Aswarina; Chikmawati, Tatik; Walujo, Eko Baroto; Zuhud, Ervizal Amir Muhammad
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 8, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (997.207 KB) | DOI: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.09

Abstract

 Batang Gadis National Park (BGNP) located in Bukit Barisan Mountains, Sumatera Utara. A Mandailing tribe  who lives around the BGNP, has the unique local knowledge, such as processing young stem of rattan (Calamus manan) into pakkat (traditional food) and use rimbang (Solanum torvum) to neutralize toxins. These local knowledge could be lost because it only inherited orally from generation to generation. This study was aimed to reveal ethnobotany knowledge of Mandailing Tribe. The study was conducted in November 2015 in four villages around the BGNP, Sibanggor Jae, Hutabaringin Julu, Pastap Jae, and Botung Villages. Data were collected by interviewing informants in each village as well as the field survey through two approaches, emic and etic. A total of 262 plant species is used by Mandailing Tribe for subsistence and commercial needs. The highest utilization is for food  (106 species), followed by traditional medicines (81 species), firewood (29 species), building materials (35 species), and animal feed (25 species). People also used plant for household appliances, agricultural equipment, art materials, ropes and wrap, and pest control materials. Eme/rice (Oryza sativa) have the highest Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) values. The existence of this species is maintained for its local wisdom. Thus, involvement of  local  community will give great contribution to manage and conserve the BGNP area. 
Conservation and Utilization Strategy on Biodiversity of Indonesian Medicinal Plants Ervizal Amir M Zuhud
Media Konservasi Vol 2 No 4 (1989): Media Konservasi
Publisher : Department of Forest Resources Conservation and Ecotourism - IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (657.19 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/medkon.2.4.%p

Abstract

The biological natural resources in Indonesia is very abundant and varied. Among these resource, + 1000 species has been known and utilized as raw materials for medicine and traditionalbiomedicine Uamu). Generally, the medicinal and traditional biomedicine plants are procured directly from their natural habitat, without accompanied by planting activities. If this phenomena occurs continously, it will threatens the continued existence of medicinal plants diversity resources. The strategy of conservation and utilization of biodiversity of Indonesian medicinal plants has five main targets, namely : (1) conservation of genetic resource diversity of medicinal and traditional bio-medicine plants, (2) supplying raw materials for medicine and traditional bio-medicine by breeding and cultivation, (3) research and development of raw materials potential with has not been known, (4) development and creation of medicine and "jamu" industries, together with extension to people and (5) low and government regulation.
DISTRIBUSI BARU DAN STRUKTUR POPULASI Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord. DI TAMAN NASIONAL MERU BETIRI, JAWA TIMUR Lestari, Dewi; Hikmat, Agus; Zuhud, Ervizal AM
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 17, No 2 (2014): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 17 (2) July 2014
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Abstract

Studi ini dilakukan pada bulan Juni–Juli 2012 untuk mengetahui sebaran terbaru Rafflesia zollingeriana dan struktur populasinya di Taman Nasional Meru Betiri. R. zollingeriana yang ditemukan sebanyak 19 populasi yang terdiri atas 26 koloni dan 152 individu. Populasi R. zollingeriana dominan ditemukan di lereng bukit, jauh dari pantai. Beberapa populasi berada di dekat pemukiman (kantong) dan di zona hutan dekat zona rehabilitasi. Dari 19 populasi yang telah diamati, sembilan merupakan distribusi baru yang belum pernah didokumentasikan dan satu di antaranya berada di luar kawasan TNMB. Populasi tersebut terdiri atas bunga mekar (7,89%), kuncup hidup (63,16%) dan kuncup mati (28,95%). Kuncup hidup dengan diameter 0,1–5 cm mendominasi populasi (50%), sedangkan kuncup yang siap mekar (diameter lebih dari 15 cm) hanya 0,42%. Tingkat keberhasilan kuncup untuk mekar diperkirakan rendah, sehingga keberlanjutan populasi R. zollingeriana terancam dan perlu dilestarikan, baik secara in situ maupun ex situ. Saran konservasi, baik secara in situ maupun ex situ disampaikan dalam makalah ini.
Pembangunan Database Mangrove untuk Biodiversity Informatics Biofarmaka IPB Yeni Herdiyeni; Ervizal Amir Mahmud Zuhud; Rudi Heryanto
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 19 No. 3 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Mangroves are a source of traditional medicine that can be used as a source of bioactive compounds. With the conversion of mangrove ecosystem into another designation led to the extinction of mangrove ecosystems. Therefore we need a good management of natural resources. In natural resource management, biodiversity information is needed to sustain the species utilization, exploration potential of the species and their biological and ecological monitoring, policy making, and for the development of biotechnology innovation. Research center of IPB Biopharmaca (Institute for Research and Community Services of Bogor Agricultural University) has the mandate to conduct research from upstream to downstream in the medicinal field. This study develops Indonesian mangrove biodiversity database for Biodiversity Informatics. Biodiversity informatics (BI) is the development of computer-based technologies for the management of biodiversity information. BI can be used to improve the knowledge management (knowledge management), exploration, analysis, synthesis, and interpretation of data ranging from the level of genomic biodiversity, species level to the ecosystem level. From the results of this study are expected data, information and knowledge of natural wealth mangroves can be managed properly so that the preservation of natural resources can be properly maintained and can be used in particular to the field of medicinal studies.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN OBAT DARI HUTAN KERANGAS Kissinger Kissinger; Ervizal AM. Zuhud; Latifah K. Darusman; Iskandar Z. Siregar
Jurnal Hutan Tropis Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Hutan Tropis Volume 1 Nomer 1 Edisi Maret 2013
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat University-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jht.v1i1.1479

Abstract

Identifikasi tumbuhan obat dari hutan kerangas dalam penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan metode wawancara semi terstruktur.  Penduduk desa yang tinggal di sekitar hutan kerangas diwawancarai menyangkut pengetahuan etnobotani. Penelitian dilakukan di satu lokasi utama hutan kerangas, yaitu Desa Guntung Ujung Kabupaten Banjar Kalimantan Selatan. Tiga lokasi penelitian dipilih sebagai lokasi referensi penelitian:  i) Kotawaringin Timur Kalimantan Tengah, ii) Nyaru Menteng Kalimantan Tengah, iii) Tanjung-Kelanis Kalimantan Selatan-Kalimantan Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hutan kerangas kerangas memiliki 36 jenis tumbuhan yang digunakan sebagai bahan pengobatan. Beberapa potensi bioaktivitas yang dapat dikembangkan berdasarkan pengetahuan tradisional di antaranya adalah sebagai antibakteri, antioksidan, antimalaria, antihipertensi, dan andiabetes. Di samping itu, terdapat manfaat lain dari penggunaan atau keberadaan jenis tumbuhan hutan kerangas. Penduduk desa menggunakan berbagai jenis tumbuhan untuk bahan perabotan, pangan, penggunaan spiritual, tanaman hias, bahan pewarna, bahan kerajinan dan kayu bakar. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan di hutan kerangas mempunyai fungsi potensial sebagai sumber penghasil tumbuhan bermanfaat.Kata kunci: keanekaragaman jenis, tumbuhan obat, manfaat, hutan kerangas