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Discourse of Rural Development in Indonesia Local Media Ika Yuliasari; Amiruddin Saleh; Musa Hubeis; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 12 No. 1 (2014): Februari 2014
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (222.633 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/1220148564

Abstract

AbstractThis article describes the existence of local media, discourse of media information dissemination, and implication of construction of reality in local media. Furthermore, this article contributes in study about top  down communication and bottom up communication in rural development, especially in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The change of development paradigm in the world has involved the communication development shift after 1970. The old model of communication development have been rising since the implementation of modernization in the third  world. With the pattern of trickle down effect, communication model have been designed as the linier communication process. Nowadays, we can learn about the phenomenon: development communication in globalization, human interaction as information society, roles of ICT (Information and Communication Technology), participation of grass root in community development, and more. Because of that reasons the application of linier communication model does not  suitable for the communication system in rural development. Therefore the development communication have no relevance with another system in globalization era. Indonesia is a developing countries with many issues of rural development  such as the poverty, political intrigue, conflict of interest, disparity of wealthiness, and sovereignity. Huge amount of the rural community in Indonesia should be the consideration in development policies. Local society in Yogyakarta have strong cultural heritage. Information flow in communication development will be an important point of the communication effectiveness. The grass root people in local area need the right informations which are related with the struggle to reach sovereignity. According  to the social culture factor, many local media and community media did the construction of media news with local wisdom discourse.Key words:  development, development communication, local media, community media,  construction of reality, local wisdom.
Performance of The Member of Orchid Consortium Mailing List Dyah Gandasari; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Basita Ginting; Djoko Susanto
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 12 No. 1 (2014): Februari 2014
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.911 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/1220148567

Abstract

AbstractIssues such as collective natural resource management, chain management and multi-functional agriculture requires new forms of coordinated action and cooperation between farmers and other stakeholders. Orchid consortium is a new cooperation system developed as an attempt to synergize various drive components in the orchid floriculture development in Indonesia. The mailing list as one of the collaborative information and communication systems is built to share information among members of the orchid consortium. The research objectives are: (1) To identify communication interaction process of the current performance of the orchid consortium. (2) To identify in which stage of the current performance of the orchid consortium. The unit of analysis is messages in the consortium mailing list. This research resulted several outputs i.e: (1) Technical and organizational themes are the most widely discussed in the mailing list of orchid consortium, (2) Group members were still in the stage of knowing each other and exp lain ideas or still in the orientation phase.Keywords: information systems, consortium, orchid, floriculture
Efektivitas Komunikasi Program Optimalisasi Lahan Pekarangan Restiawan Permana; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Djoko Susanto; Amiruddin Saleh
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 9 No. 1: Februari 2011
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.81 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/920119038

Abstract

Abstract For change and renewal in society, effectiveness communications is needed so as to produce a change in the rate of cognitive, affective, and conative. In the Kawasan Rumah Pangan Lestari (KRPL) program, effectiveness communications is absolutely essential for their future as a program participant is able to adopt and implement the optimalization of their backyards so as not to let it alone. The purpose of this study were to (1) analyze the effectiveness communications KRPL program in the Mulyasari Village Ciampel District Karawang of West Java, (2) analyze the relationship between individual characteristics variable and external factors variable to the effectiveness communications variable of KRPL program in the Mulyasari Village Ciampel District Karawang of West Java, and (3) analyze the relationship between the effectiveness communications variable of KRPL program with the optimalization of backyard variable in the Mulyasari Village Ciampel District Karawang of West Java. The study were designed to use quantitative survey methods explanation research. These results indicate that (1) KRPL program conducted in the Mulyasari Village District Ciampel Karawang of West Java is quite effective at the level of cognitive, affective, and conative. It is evident that most participants KRPL program can understand the information they get from the instructor of the program, they also want to implement this optimalization program of their backyards, and they also run the program from The Ministry of Agriculture in optimize their backyards that they have, (2) individual characteristics significantly and positively related to the effectiveness communication is an indicator of education and yard area. The external factor significantly and positively related to the effectiveness communication is an access to information, public policy, and the illumination intensity, and (3) effectiveness communications (cognitive, affective, conative) of KRPL program significantly and positively related to optimalization of their utilization backyards. Keywords: effectiveness communication, backyard optimization
PEMANFAATAN CYBER EXTENSION SEBAGAI MEDIA INFORMASI OLEH PENYULUH PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN BOGOR ( Utilization of Cyber Extension as Information Media by Agricultural Counselor in the District of Bogor) Abung Supama Wijaya; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Kudang Boro Seminar
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 13 No. 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (516.632 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/13201510380

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ABSTRACTThis study aims to analyze the characteristics and relations of counselor, obstacle of media use, information seeking phases on Cyber Extension and Cyber Extension utilization. The information stages intended use the theory of information seeking, namely: starting, chaining, browsing, differenciating, monitoring, and extracting. This study is conducted to 61 counselors in the Regent/District of Bogor, originationg from three different BP3K. This study is a quantitative research utilizing questionnaires as the research  instrument and applying Spearman rank statistic test to analyze the relation between the characteristics of a counselor, the obstacle of media use for information seeking process, and Cyber Extension utilization. The study results state that the characteristics of a counselor has a definite relation with the information seeking phases on the age and motivation indicators. The obstacle of media use has a definite relation with the information seeking phase, and the information seeking phase in Cyber Extension has a definite and positive relation with the utilization of Cyber Extension. Keywords: Cyber Extension, Information Seeking, Counselor  ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis karakteristik dan hubungan penyuluh, hambatan penggunaan media, tahapan pencarian informasi pada Cyber Extension dan pemanfaatan Cyber Extension. Tahapan informasi yang diamksud menggunakan teori pencarian informasi yaitu, starting, chaining, browsing, differentiating, monitoring dan extracting. Penelitian ini dilakukan kepada 61 penyuluh di Kabupaten Bogor yang berasal dari tiga BP3K yang berbeda.  Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai instrumen penelitian dan menggunakan uji statistik rank Spearman untuk menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik penyuluh, hambatan penggunaan media untuk proses pencarian informasi dan, penggunaan Cyber Extension. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa karakteristik penyuluh memiliki hubungan nyata dengan tahapan pencarian informasi  pada indikator umur dan motivasi. Hambatan penggunaan media  berhubungan nyata dengan tahapan pencarian informasi dan tahapan pencarian informasi pada Cyber Extension berhubungan positif dan sangat nyata dengan pemanfaatan Cyber Extension.Kata kunci: Cyber Extension, Pencarian Informasi, Penyuluh
Framing dalam Advokasi Media Isu Transparansi Anggaran oleh Organisasi Masyarakat Sipil Framing in Media Advocacy of Budget Transparency by Civil Society Organization Agung Hawari Hadi; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Ivanovich Agusta
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 13 No. 1 (2015): Februari 2015
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (992.996 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/13201510382

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ABSTRACT  Civil society organizations deliver frames in a press release as a way of communication that voicing  ideology through media advocacy to approach policy makers or the public as well as to stimulate debate and construct a meaning. FITRA selected as research subject by considering their activeness in the media. This research puspose is to comprehend how FITRA consider Indonesia budget transparency issues and their Frame development process through press releases. The press releases colected from 2010 until 2014, analyzed using Bendford and Snow Framing concept: collective action frame. Result shows FITRA frames their press releases by raising unaccountable state budget planning, the welfare of lame, bad examples of leadership, budget politicization, poor government performance and  lack of budget transparency and public participation.  FITRA blames leadership, executive, legislative and political functions. Identification shows people and the country as victims. Solutions carried by FITRA are improved regulation, affirmative action and incentives, budget rationalization and relocation, improving state revenues and reduce the country's debt, budgets monitoring and evaluation, transparency and public participation, PNS rationalization and improvement of the standard used for the state budget. FITRA’s Framing react to the government's solution. FITRA also urge people to be critical to the budget policy and invites the public to participate in the budgeting process, especially the supervision of budgeting and realization.  Keywords: collective action frame, media advocacy, pers release, social movement
Analisis Jaringan Komunikasi Dalam Diseminasi Informasi Produksi Dan Pemasaran Jeruk Pamelo (Communication Network Analysis in Dissemination of Pummelo Fruits Production and Marketing Information) Alfi Rahmawati; Pudji Muljono; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2016): Februari 2016
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.481 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/14201613547

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Pummelo farmers need production technology and marketing information to optimize their capability and agricultural productivity. Communication process to disseminate information about pummelo nursery, maintanance, and marketing between farmers and external stakeholder will build a communication network. The purpose of this study is to analyze communication structure in dissemination of pummelo nursery, maintanance, and marketing information; identified main actors in the networks; analyze correlation between farmer characterctics and communication network analysis, and correlation between communication network analysis with the effectiveness of information dissemination. The result of this study shows that extension worker are the main actor in disseminationof pummelo nursery and maintanance information network, and whole seller is the main actor in dissemination of marketing information network. There’s no significantly correlation between farmers characteristics and communication network analysis in dissemination of pummelo nursery, maintanance, and marketing information, except cosmopolity variable and outdegree centrality in dissemination of pummelo maintanance information. In addition, there’s no significatly correlation between communication network analysis variables and effectiveness dissemination of information in production and marketing network.Keywords: communication process, farmers, network
Membangun Kesadaran Berwarganegara Melalui Keterlibatan Mahasiswa Dalam Program Pembangunan Miko Harjanti; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2016): Februari 2016
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (280.45 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/14201613551

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The purpose of this article is showing the roles of various parties in a program that involves students with the community.  The contradictory effects will appear on this activity. Society can reap the benefits, in contrary they could also bear the risk of loss. Awhile for the students, these programs allegedly will enrich democratic education as well as raising social awareness. Maximum benefits for both society and student will be obtained through participatory programs, precise potential identification, and appropriate program design according to the necessity of related communities. This activity will also be more synergic with collaboration with the government program.Keywords: civil education, democracy, participation, service learning
Efektivitas Komunikasi Kepemimpinan Transformasional Ketua RT Terhadap Partisipasi Warga Di Kabupaten Bogor (Communication Effectiveness Transformational Leadership Head of the Neighbourhood Community Against Citizens Participation in Kabupaten Bogor) Naila Vellayati; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Cahyono Tri Wibowo
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 14 No. 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.069 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/14201613765

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The importance of communication development can help people or parties involved in the development to stay on its tracks and create independence. The aim of this study consists of 1) Analyzing the relationship credibility of Women and Men Head of the Neighbourhood Community 2) Analyzing the relationship between the meeting intensity of the Women and Men Head of the Neighbourhood Community 3) To analyze the relationship of transformational leadership. The unit of analysis in this study comprises of 38 Women and Men Head of the Neighbourhood Community. The location was chosen deliberately, namely the District Dramaga. Parung and Ciomas. The sampling technique used was sensus and quota sampling by Spearman correlation using different teststo see the differences between Women and Men Head of the Neigbourhood Community. Women Head of the Neighbourhood Community shows significant relationships in the credibility, the intensity of the meeting, and transformational leadership. Head of the Neighbourhood Community Men related real on transformational leadership. It said that women and men do not differ regarding the actual transformational leadership related to the level of participation. It happens because when meeting citizens given the opportunity to provide opinions, advice, ideas and information, and if the activities carried out concerning the interests of the shared environment and a sense of solidarity among citizens.Keywords:Communication Development, Rural Development, Neigbourhood Community, TransformationalLeadership, Participation
Komunikasi Konflik Dalam Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perikanan Di Kawasan Taman Nasional Karimunjawa (Kasus: Desa Karimunjawa, Kecamatan Karimunjawa) Titania Aulia; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Arif Satria
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 13 No. 2 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.564 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/13201513775

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Differences of perception in the fisheries resources management in the area of  Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) is still perceived by all stakeholders, especially the Karimunjawa National Park Officer (KNPO) as authorities. As KNPO, attempts to communicate with the fishermen, even with using of communication media, such as notice boards, poster, leaflet, and implementation of the No Take Zone Campaign Program. Fishermen believe that the lack of information due to lack of communication, so KNPO regarded as enemies of fishermen. The purpose of this study was to analyze the perception of fishermen on aspects of fisheries resources management, resulting in conflict due to differences in perception. This study has revealed that the social characteristics (age and experience of fisheries resources management) and trust of KNPO correlated to perception of fishermen in fisheries resources management aspects. The characteristics of fishermen who have different perceptions with KNPO were fishermen who lived near KNPO office, fishermen who did not participate in the activities of KNPO, young age, and fishing experience is still lacking.  Keywords: communication media, perception, conflict 
Komunikasi Partisipatif dan Jaringan Komunikasi dalam Membangun Aksi Kolektif Perkumpulan Petani Pengguna Air (P3A) di Daerah Irigasi Papah Rizki Mila Amalia; Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo; Resfa Fitri
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (742.813 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/15201722760

Abstract

The research background is government’s goal to achieve food self-sufficiency, but it is difficult to increase food production because of the water scarcity due to climatic anomalies, presumably may affect communication activities and collective action of groups that manages irrigation system at the grassroots level. The objectives of this research are to analyze the level of participatory communication and communication network in group, and also to analyze its impact to collective action rates. Research was conducted on Farmer Water Users Associations in irrigation area Papah, began in March to April 2016. The approach taken with qualitative method and designed as a census on the character of descriptive correlation. The result showed that good ability on dialogue and high chance of expressed aspirations, did not necessarily made the participation of members in collective action becomes high. Collective action find in P3A with difficulty in obtaining water for their farming activities in the dry season. Network density GP3A Papah is 1,4 percent, it means low interaction occurs among actors. Collective action would decrease in P3A with high-density network, because in these conditions would create a closed network and occurred high homogeneity of the information so new informations and innovations difficult to enter the network.Keywords : aspiration, collective action, communication network, dialogue