Julianty Almet
Laboratorium Parasitologi Veteriner Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Nusa Cendana

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AKTIVITAS EKSTRAK RIMPANG TEMULAWAK (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) SEBAGAI LARVASIDA TERHADAP Aedes aegypti DI KECAMATAN KELAPA LIMA KOTA KUPANG Deswandi W. S. Berri; Julianty Almet; Diana Agustiani Wuri
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 8 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v8i1.2282

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease that is found in some tropical and subtropical regions. This disease is caused by dengue virus and is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. the solution taken in controlling DHF is to break the life cycle of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Vector control is generally carried out using synthetic larvicides, namely abate / temefos, but the use of abate can cause residues, environmental pollution, poisoning and resistance of the eradicated vectors so that natural larvasides from plants are needed namely temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) for vector control. The purpose of this study was to determine whether temulawak rhizome extract was effective or not in killing Aedes aegypti larvae. This research method includes larva collection, identification and maintenance of mosquitoes, determining sample size, making extracts and testing effectiveness. This study used a control and experiment group with 3 repetitions in the minutes to 15, 30, 45, 60 and 1440 (24 Hours). The control group was positive control using abate and negative control using aquades while the eksperiment group used extract of temulawak rhizome (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) with concentrations of 0.6%, 0.8%, 1%, 1.2% and 1.5%. The results of this study indicate that the temulawak rhizome extract (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.) effective as larvicides because at the lowest concentration 0.6% can kill 100% Aedes aegypti larvae.
STATUS RESISTENSI VEKTOR FILARIASIS ASAL KABUPATEN SIKKA TERHADAP INSEKTISIDA BENDIOCARB Julianty Almet; Diana A. Wuri; Dionesia Atrisa Mogi
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1586

Abstract

Filariasis adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh cacing filaria yang menyerang saluran dan kelen­jar getah bening yang ditularkan oleh berba­gai jenis nyamuk. Kasus filariasis di Kabupaten Sikka tahun 2015-2017 setiap tahunnya meningkat. Pengendalian vektor nyamuk secara kimia dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan insektisida. Insektisida yang digunakan secara terus-menerus dapat menyebabkan nyamuk menjadi resisten. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui status resistensi vektor filariasis terhadap insektisida bendiocarb 0,1% di Kabupaten Sikka tahun 2018. Penelitian ini diawali dengan survei lokasi dan pengambilan sampel di Kabupaten Sikka. Pemeliharaan nyamuk dan uji resistensi dilakukan di laboratorium FKH Undana. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah nyamuk Aedes sp. dan Anopheles sp., impregnated paper bendiocarb 0,1. Hasil uji resistensi menggunakan metode susceptibility test dengan impregnated paper bendiocarb 0,1% yaitu kematian nyamuk uji terhadap insektisida bendiocarb sebesar 33,3% sehingga tergolong dalam kategori resistensi tinggi.
STATUS RESISTENSI VEKTOR FILARIASIS TERHADAP INSEKTISIDA BENDIOCARB ASAL KABUPATEN SUMBA BARAT DAYA Julianty Almet; Diana A. Wuri; Annytha Ina Rohi Detha; Tekla D. Lanasakti
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1598

Abstract

The aim of this study is to know resistance status of filariasis vectors from Southwest Sumba to bendiocarb 0,1% insecticide. Sampling was carried out in 4 sub-districts from 11 sub-districts. The larvae were collected randomly from water containers. The collected larvae was than taken to laboratory to be maintaned until became fully grown mosquitos. As many as 25 adult mosquitos that have been took were identified to ascertain the type of mosquito suspected to be a filariasis vectors. Test of resistance to bendiocarb 0,1% was done using impregnated paper refers to the WHO method. In this test the sample was divided into two groups, namely the test group and the control group with each sample group used was 25 mosquito. The test results were obtained by counting the number of mosquitoes that knock down mosquitoes and dead mosquitoes. The test observations were recorded every 15 minutes on the first 1 hour then the observation continued for 24 post holding. The result shows that filariasis vectors from Southwest Sumba is resisten to bendiocarb 0,1% insecticide with the average percentage of deaths mosquitos of 70,27%.
LANDING SITE PREDILEKSI LALAT SUMBA (Hippobosca sp.) PADA SAPI BALI Julianty Almet; Lidya Emmanuela Ngefak; Aji Winarso
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 5 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v5i1.1662

Abstract

The development of cattle farming in East Nusa Tenggara is one of the potential contributors to support local demands. In order to achive this goal, cattle have to be free from the disease and parasites. One of the most common ecto- parasites that also serve as disease vector is bitting flies. Hippobosca sp. is bitting flies that commonly breed in the semi-arid tropics area with low rate of rainfall and high temperature such as East Nusa Tenggara Province. The aims of this research are to observe and determine the landing site of Hippobosca sp. in certain area of the cattle and to identify the predilection of Hippobosca sp. in Bali cattle. This research conducted in two different Bali cattle farms, Agricultural High School of Kupang in Kupang District and Neotnana Farmers Group in Kupang City. The observation was conducted to measure flies landing activity on five cows of each farm. The activity of the flies were observed in 5 major body regio, head area, neck area, thoraco-abdominal area, extremity area and perineal area. Landing flies was collected every 2 hours from 06:00 till 18:00 local time, and pooled based on body area they collected from. This procedure repeated 8 times in 4 weeks in each farm. The result showed that neck area is as the major landing site predilection of Hippobosca sp. in Bali Cattle. Neck area showed the highest density of landing flies, with total 3313 flies observed, followed by thoraco-abdominal, perineal, extremity and head area, with total amount of 2811, 1689, 1037, and 172 flies, respectively.
MEDIAN LETHAL CONCENTRATION (LC50) EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (Annona muricata Linn) TERHADAP LARVA Culex sp DI KOTA KUPANG Maria Magdalena Kewa; Julianty Almet; Meity Marviana Laut
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 8 No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v8i2.3078

Abstract

The Culex mosquito is a species that can creates health problems for humans and animals. The handling efforts of the vector is very important to reduce the impact caused by this vector. One of the plants that has the potential as a larvicide is soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.). This study aims to determine the effect of soursop leaves (Annona muricata L.) extract on the mortality of Culex sp larvae and LC50 value to killing 50% Culex sp larva. The study was conducted from March to June 2020. This study used 7 treatment groups which 5 groups tested the effectiveness of soursop leaves extract and 2 control groups. The research data was analyzed using the Probit test to determine the LC50. The results showed that soursop leaves extract (Annona muricata L.) was effective in killing Culex sp larvae with LC50 value is 0.736%.
AKTIVITAS LARVA Culex sp TERHADAP EKSTRAK SERAI DAPUR (Cymbopogon citratus) DI KECAMATAN MAULAFA KOTA KUPANG Agatha Sada Ua; Julianty Almet; Meity Marviana Laut
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 9 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v9i1.3957

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DBD) is still a health problem in Kota Kupang.DBD controls have been continuously performed to reduce the population of Culex sp. However, the modern larvicide has caused an environmental problem, toxic to species non-target and found to be resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the larvicidal activity of Cymbopogon citratuson Culex sp. The extract of C. citratus was used for larvicidal activity at concentration of 0%; 0.2%; 0.4%; 0.6%; 0.8% and 1%. The mortality rate was calculated after 2, 4, 12 and 24 hours. The results showed that the mortality of larvae was 5.3% (0%); 45.3% (0.2%); 70.6% 0.4%; 96% (0.6%); 100% (0.8% and 1%). The present investigation suggests the possible use of C. citratus as an ideal ecofriendly, larvicidal agent for the control of Culex sp.
TINGKAT KEJADIAN PARASIT Anisakis sp. PADA IKAN CAKALANG (Katsuwonus pelamis) DAN IKAN TONGKOL (Auxis thazard) YANG DIJUAL DI TEMPAT PENJUALAN IKAN PASIR PANJANG KOTA KUPANG Odulfus Salmon Hibur; Annytha Ina Rohi Detha; Julianty Almet; Irmasuryani .
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 4 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v4i2.1019

Abstract

Fish as a source of nutrients for the content of high value and high protein, omega 3, minerals and vitamins A and D for humans as well as human resources for the economy. Various species of tuna can be found in almost all waters of NTT, as a migration destination of the various species of tuna. Various species of marine fish known as intermediate host of different species of parasites, including nematodes Anisakis Anisakiasis which is the causative agent in humans. Anisakiasis can occur in humans after consumption of raw or undercooked fish infected by Anisakis sp, particularly in East Nusa Tenggara, the information about the fish Anisakis infection has not been reported and not well documented. Because it was in doing this research, conducted by collecting larvae of nematodes of the two species of tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) tuna (Auxis thazard) from the sale of fish Pasir Panjang Kota Kupang. Organs are examined, namely the abdominal cavity, internal organs and muscle tissue. The larvae of nematodes be identified morphologically showed Anisakis sp, then separated for the calculation of Anisakis larvae. Parasites in fiksasi in 70% alcohol, followed by coloring Carmine, and the calculation of Anisakis larvae. The morphology, Anisakis sp. can be distinguished by other parasites by their ventriculus and mukron are clearly visible on Anisakis sp. under a stereo microscope. Anisakis sp . Found from the swordfish and fish skipjack all of them including Anisakis type i characterized by the presence of boring tooth on the tip of the anterior and mukron the percentage. Where as prevalence of the parasite Anisakis sp. on skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) that of 50 samples that were observed, as many as 8 samples were infected with Anisakis sp. with a prevalence of 16% value. While the tuna (Auxis thazard) of the 50 samples was observed, which infected 10 samples with grades prevalence of 20%.
JENIS DAN MORFOLOGI VEKTOR FILARIASIS ASAL KABUPATEN MALAKA Diana A. Wuri; Julianty Almet; Felsiatri Agnesia Jedaut
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KE-7
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v0i0.1584

Abstract

Filariasis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the filarial worms of the class of nematodes that is transmitted through mosquito bites. In its development, there are more than 23 species of filariasis vector consisting of the genus Anopheles. Culex sp. Aedes sp. Mansonia sp. and Armigeres sp. losses caused by filariasis is caused permanent disability beupa enlargement of legs, arms, genitals and breasts. This study aims to determine the type and origin of the district filariasis vector morphology of Malaka. Methodon This research includes the collection of samples carried out in Malaka Tengah sub-district and District Weliman, followed by maintenance of mosquito larvae into adults as well as identification of the type and morphology of mosquitoes by identifying key WRBU and the Department of Health (2008b), The results showed that the type of filariasis vector origin of Malacca District consists of two species of the Anopheles sp.and Culex sp. Anopheles sp. Have proboscis same morphological features with palpi long, scaly wing venation, slender abdomen, the head of the body there are antennas and the color of chocolate, and Culex sp. have morphological features blackish brown body, blunt abdominal tip, palpi shorter than the proboscis and dark wings with long narrow scales.
AKTIVITAS BIOINSEKTISIDA EKSTRAK DAUN MAJA (Crencentia cujete Linn.) TERHADAP Rhipicephalus sanguineus DARI ANJING LOKAL Bela Krista Roman; Meity Marviana Laut; Julianty Almet
JURNAL KAJIAN VETERINER Vol 9 No 3 (2021): Jurnal Kajian Veteriner
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS NUSA CENDANA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35508/jkv.v9i3.5677

Abstract

Brown tick, Rhicephalus sanguineus generally known as a very adaptive tick, is widely spread on tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, and infested dogs living on not only rural but urban areas. Synthetic acaricides are the most widely control measures. However, with the development of tick resistance, plant-derived components are highly investigated. The present study aims to investigate the activity of Crecentia cujete Linn. leaves extract on R. sanguineus. Fifty adult R. sanguineus were collected from local dogs and used in this study. Ticks are divided into the control and treatment groups. Aquadest and deltamethrin were sprayed to ticks in the negative and positive control groups, respectively. The three treatment groups were given maja leaves extract of 2.5%, 5%, and 10%. The tick mortality was observed for 12 hours of exposure to the extracts. All extracts exhibited similar lethal effects on R. sanguineus with total mortality (100%) after 4 hours exposure, compared to the standard therapy. The highest extract concentration (10%) reduces ticks faster compare to other concentrations. Thus, this study suggests that strong acaricidal activity and mortality rate was dose-dependent. This finding needs further scientific investigation to prove.