Imam Iqbal
UIN Sunan Kalijaga

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KOSMOLOGI, SAINS, DAN TEKNOLOGI: Pergeseran Paradigmatik dan Implikasinya terhadap Studi Agama Iqbal, Imam
KALAM Vol 8, No 1 (2014): JUNI 2014
Publisher : FAKULTAS USHULUDDIN INSTITUT AGAMA ISLAM NEGERI RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

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Abstract

AbstractCOSMOLOGY, SCIENCES, AND TECHNOLOGY: SHIFTING OF PARADIGM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR RELIGIOUS STUDIES. The universe, aside from being “subject matter” of cosmology, is also one of the determining coordinates of paradigm development. The transition happening in the realm of cosmology circular will result in a paradigm shift and the achievement of civilization. It is the circularity of this development which is found in the human civilization. This paper seeks to tread the development in a descriptive-explorative way. From this point, this study reveals three things: first, the development of science and technology of modern humans is influenced by the Cartesian-Newtonian model of cosmology; Secondly, in spite of its spectacular success, positivistic character of modern cosmology still has an internal defect. Such faulty is evidently demonstrated by blasphemies arising from the same area cultivated by the old cosmology, although they appear with many assumptions at odds with the old one. Third, the implications of changes in cosmology also penetrate other dimensions of human life, especially religion. Such transitions require religion not merely to stand on the doctrinaire attitudes relying on sacred texts, but it should also consider other elements which previously have not been taken into account.Kata Kunci: sains Islam; filsafat ilmu; epistemologi
LOGIKA KEILMUAN KALAM: Tinjauan Filsafat Ilmu Iqbal, Imam
ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin Vol 16, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

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Abstract

Some contemporary scholars consider that the logical science of Kalam was patterned apologetic, and dogmatic. This kind of scientific logic makes the Science of Kalam less responsive to developments and changing times. This paper therefore  intended to assist the reader in understanding to the assessment. it can be traced through a review of philosophy of science, especially the distinction context of discovery and the context of justification a science. At Science of Kalam, the context of the invention relates to the formulation of science of Kalam based on al-Qur’an and as-Sunnah and residues historicity attached to it. This context shows this pattern of subjective knowledge that actually assessed objectively by the Muslim majority. While the context of justification Kalam can be observed in denial and rejection of the belief that different Mutakallimun using dialectic (al-manhaj al-jadalî; jadaliyyah)and strengthened by evidence demonstrative rational method (al-manhaj al- bahtsî;bahtsiyyah). There are two forms of demonstrative methods commonly used by Mutakallimun, namely analogy and syllogism. The linkage of two kinds of basically a form of scientific logic of Kalam with a pattern on top.
KONSEP KEBAHAGIAAN MENURUT IBN MISKAWAIH Iqbal, Imam
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Meredam Konfliks
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.250

Abstract

Ibn Miskawayh in the world of eastern philosophy becomes one of the leaders in the field of ethical philosophy. Their thinking is so sharp and revealing many good values in human life. Happiness, according to Ibn Miskawayh is the culmination and perfection of goodness. Something can be called perfect if only after something is gained, then people will not need anything else. Happiness in this perspective cannot be achieved by everyone and only enjoyed by those special and perfect. Studies on happiness in the thinking of Ibn Miskawayh begin with the perspective of a human. He said humans have a spiritual virtue, by which he can emulate the good spirits, often called angel. He also has a physical virtue, by which he can match the animals because human beings are composed of these two virtues. Armed with the physical, with which he can match the animals, humans lived in this nether world in a relatively short period of time, to prosper well organize and regulate this nature.
KONFLIK ETNO-RELIGIUS1 DI INDONESIA KONTEMPORER DALAM PANDANGAN ORDE BARU Iqbal, Imam
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 9, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.201

Abstract

Indonesia is destined to be a pluralistic country, both in terms of race, language, customs and religion. Conflicts nuances of ethnic, religious, racial, and inter-group (SARA) is one of the most vicious forms of violence. Historical development of Indonesian nationality colored nuances SARA number of conflicts. SARA nuanced conflict in the archipelago have taken place since the colonial era. Even the issue of SARA is pre-colonial heritage, typical Malay who has been there before Indonesia existed. Similarly, in the early days of independence in the days of the Old Order, conflicts SARA already surfaced. However, in two days, SARA issues arise naturally as a cultural dynamics of society. Unlike the two previous times, the regime tried to suppress racial issues systematically. During the New Order, brought up the issue of SARA into illicit goods into categories considered subversive by the government would be a source of division and disintegration of the nation. The New Order regime has been successful in establishing uniformity in all areas of life, so at that time, this nation seems to be a nation that is quiet, safe, but without real life. The New Order regime disclaims any form of turmoil in any small community, let alone the nuances SARA. Similar upheavals suppressed and hidden in dark corners are not covered by the public browse binoculars. By basing itself on the concept of state integrality, New Order imagined as a large family and the citizens should live in harmony and peace in harmony, harmony and balance. Unity in a unified equation is much more preferred than the difference diverse divisions that opened the gap. Various differences in aspirations and interests of social groups, ethnic and religious pressed discharged to the surface, for the sake of unity in the family of nations Indonesia.
KOSMOLOGI, SAINS, DAN TEKNOLOGI: Pergeseran Paradigmatik dan Implikasinya terhadap Studi Agama Iqbal, Imam
KALAM Vol 8, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.8 KB) | DOI: 10.24042/klm.v8i1.166

Abstract

Alam semesta, selain menjadi “subject matter” kosmologi, juga merupakan salah satu koordinat penentu perkembangan paradigma. Peralihan yang terjadi di ranah kosmologi secara sirkuler akan berakibat pada pergeseran paradigma dan pencapaian peradaban. Sirkularitas perkembangan inilah yang ditemukan dalam peradaban manusia. Tulisan ini berupaya menapaki perkembangan itu secara deskriptif-eksploratif. Dari titik ini, ditemukan: pertama, perkembangan sains dan teknologi manusia modern dipengaruhi oleh kosmologi Cartesian-Newtonian; Kedua, meski telah menghasilkan sukses spektakuler, kosmologi modern yang bercorak positivistik itu tetap memiliki cacat internal. Ini terbukti dari hujatan-hujatan yang muncul dari wilayah keilmuan yang sama dengan wilayah yang digeluti oleh kosmologi lama, meski muncul dengan asumsi-asumsi yang banyak berseberangan dengan yang lama. Ketiga, implikasi perubahan kosmologi ternyata juga merambah dimensi kehidupan manusia lainnya, terutama agama. Secara langsung, peralihan kosmologi ini menuntut respon agama untuk tidak melulu berpijak pada pola doktriner yang terlalu mengandalkan teks-teks suci,tetapi harus pula mempertimbangkan unsur-unsur lainnya yang selama ini tidak diperhitungkan.
KONFLIK ETNO-RELIGIUS1 DI INDONESIA KONTEMPORER DALAM PANDANGAN ORDE BARU Iqbal, Imam
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Kesenjangan dan Konflik Sosial, Budaya, dan Agama masyarakat Multietnis
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.201

Abstract

Indonesia is destined to be a pluralistic country, both in terms of race, language, customs and religion. Conflicts nuances of ethnic, religious, racial, and inter-group (SARA) is one of the most vicious forms of violence. Historical development of Indonesian nationality colored nuances SARA number of conflicts. SARA nuanced conflict in the archipelago have taken place since the colonial era. Even the issue of SARA is pre-colonial heritage, typical Malay who has been there before Indonesia existed. Similarly, in the early days of independence in the days of the Old Order, conflicts SARA already surfaced. However, in two days, SARA issues arise naturally as a cultural dynamics of society. Unlike the two previous times, the regime tried to suppress racial issues systematically. During the New Order, brought up the issue of SARA into illicit goods into categories considered subversive by the government would be a source of division and disintegration of the nation. The New Order regime has been successful in establishing uniformity in all areas of life, so at that time, this nation seems to be a nation that is quiet, safe, but without real life. The New Order regime disclaims any form of turmoil in any small community, let alone the nuances SARA. Similar upheavals suppressed and hidden in dark corners are not covered by the public browse binoculars. By basing itself on the concept of state integrality, New Order imagined as a large family and the citizens should live in harmony and peace in harmony, harmony and balance. Unity in a unified equation is much more preferred than the difference diverse divisions that opened the gap. Various differences in aspirations and interests of social groups, ethnic and religious pressed discharged to the surface, for the sake of unity in the family of nations Indonesia.
KONSEP KEBAHAGIAAN MENURUT IBN MISKAWAIH Iqbal, Imam
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Kajian Filsafat Islam
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.250

Abstract

Ibn Miskawayh in the world of eastern philosophy becomes one of the leaders in the field of ethical philosophy. Their thinking is so sharp and revealing many good values in human life. Happiness, according to Ibn Miskawayh is the culmination and perfection of goodness. Something can be called perfect if only after something is gained, then people will not need anything else. Happiness in this perspective cannot be achieved by everyone and only enjoyed by those special and perfect. Studies on happiness in the thinking of Ibn Miskawayh begin with the perspective of a human. He said humans have a spiritual virtue, by which he can emulate the good spirits, often called angel. He also has a physical virtue, by which he can match the animals because human beings are composed of these two virtues. Armed with the physical, with which he can match the animals, humans lived in this nether world in a relatively short period of time, to prosper well organize and regulate this nature.