Hafrida Hafrida
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jambi

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Kebijakan Hukum Pidana terhadap Pengguna Narkotika sebagai Korban Bukan Pelaku Tindak Pidana: Studi Lapangan Daerah Jambi Hafrida, Hafrida
PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): PADJADJARAN Jurnal Ilmu Hukum (Journal of Law)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Padjadjaran University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1568.244 KB)

Abstract

Tujuan jangka panjang yang ingin dicapai dalam kebijakan hukum pidana melalui peraturan perundang-undangan adalah memposisikan pengguna narkotika sebagai korban yang membutuhkan rehabilitasi baik medis maupun sosial, bukan sebagai pelaku kriminal yang dijatuhi pidana penjara dan dimasukkan ke lembaga pemasyarakatan. Hal ini sangat penting mengingat data BNN menunjukan 80% pengguna narkotika adalah remaja. Provinsi Jambi sepanjang tahun 2011 menempati urutan ke-13 wilayah terbesar penyalahgunaan narkotika. Pengguna narkotika menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika menempatkan pelaku pengguna narkotika sebagai pelaku tindak pidana sebagaimana dirumuskan dalam Pasal 127 ayat (1) huruf a yang menyebutkan bahwa pengguna narkotika diancam dengan pidana penjara maksimal 4 (empat) tahun. Tulisan ini bersifat empiris (empirical research) berdasarkan penelitian lapangan di Pengadilan Negeri Jambi, BNN Provinsi Jambi, RSJ Jambi, dan LSM Granat. Analisis dilakukan terkait perumusankebijakan hukum pidana dalam memandang pelaku pengguna narkotika sebagai korban tindak pidana. Data lapangan menunjukkan bahwa hampir 99% putusan hakim pengadilan negeri terhadap pengguna narkotika masih berupa pidana penjara walaupun 92% hakim pada Pengadilan Negeri se-Provinsi Jambi mengatakan bahwa pidana penjara bukan merupakan tindakan yang tepat, sementara putusan hakim merupakan gerbang utama dalam penanggulan tindak pidana. Criminal Law Policy on Drug Abuser as Victim in Lieu of Criminal Suspect: Field Study in JambiAbstractThe long term goal sought abuser by criminal law policy through legislation is to put drug abusers in the position of victims in need of rehabilitations both medically and socially, and not as criminals who have to be sentenced and sent to the jail. This shift of paradigm is important as the data from Indonesian National Narcotics Board shows that out of 80% of the drug abusers are mostly teenagers; and in 2011, Jambi Province ranked 13th in Indonesia as the region with the biggest number of drug abusers. Drug abusers, according to Law Number 35 Year 2009 on Narcotics, are positioned as criminals. As formulated in the Article 127 (1) a, drug abusers are sentenced withthe maximum of 4 (four) years of prison. The field data shows that almost 99% of the sentences passed by the judges in district courts are still in the form of prison sentences, although almost 92% Judges in Jambi District Courts argue that jail time are not the proper legal sentence for drug abusers. This is quite unfortunate since judicial verdicts should be the main gate of the criminal law prevention. Therefore, the drug abusers should be seen as victim instead of criminals.DOI: https://doi.org/10.22304/pjih.v3n1.a10
PEMBINAAN NARAPIDANA ANAK DI LEMBAGA PEMASYARAKATAN ANAK SEI. BULU MUARA BULIAN Hafrida, Hafrida; Monita, Yulia; Siregar, Elisabeth
Publikasi Pendidikan Vol 5, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Prodi PGSD FIP UNM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.16 KB) | DOI: 10.26858/publikan.v5i3.1613

Abstract

This research is a multi-years research that is planned to be completed in 2 (two) years.  In this year this research aims to see the implementation of child offender in The Children Penitentiary  Sei. Bulu Muara Bulian Jambi. This research is an ?Empirical Research?, that conducted  field research on The Child Penitentiary Sei. Bulu Muara Bulian, and conduct interviews to Children Inmates and   observations tothe implementation of the development ofthe children inmates, in addition this research also conducted on The Law and Human Rights Ministry of Jambi. The result of the research shows in The Children Penitentiary Sei. Bulu Muara Bulian Jambi not only populated by children in mates, but also combined with adult female in mates. The result of the field research on the 27 may 2015 the number ofadult female in mates reached47 (Forty-seven) people, the number ofchildinmatesare36 (thirty six) people. The results offield research hasserious problems: 1) from Goal of Development aspect ofthere isa big differences, the purpose of fosteringa child in mates are education and training while the fostering goal of adult women in mates are correctional. 2) From the practical aspectsof the available labor builder is a builder who should have the power (tupoksi) to foster in mates child obtains heavier burden than duties that are supposed, the obligation to implement the guidance to adult female in mates. 3) From the aspect of facilities there is no additional facilities relating with the increasing of the work load. 4) from the aspects of employee resources builder also there is no special addition.The head of the law Ministry and Human Rights Jambi province says the consideration of the merger because of the proximity characteristic still possible to combine. Seeing the empirical condition shows the needs  for the application of Law No.11 of 2012 concerning Juvenile Justice System where the children criminals tries to avoid a child in the punishment imprison ment through the efforts diversion andrestorative justice. The research on the effectiveness of restorative justice through the application of this diversion will be continued in the research studyon the second year. Keywords: Inmates Children, Children Penitentiary, Development of Inmates Children.
RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IN JUVENILE JUSTICE TO FORMULATE INTEGRATED CHILD CRIMINAL COURT Hafrida, Hafrida
Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan Vol 8, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Puslitbang Hukum dan Peradilan MARI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25216/JHP.8.3.2019.439-457

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to formulate the concept of restorative justice which balanced to protect between child offenders and the victims through the diversion (Victim-offender oriented). This goal will be realized through normative research (legal research) based on Restorative Justice concept.  In Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Child Criminal Justice System the process (SPPA Law), its prioritizes the Diversion Process (Settlement outside the court) carried out through a Restorative Justice approach. Article 5 paragraph (2) of the SPPA Law states Restorative Justice is the settlement of criminal cases by involving perpetrators, victims, families of perpetrators /victims, and other related parties to jointly to find a fair solution by emphasizing recovery and not based on revenge. Empirical conditions show that balanced legal protection between criminal offenders and victims has not implemented. Evaluation of Law Number 11 of 2012 is needed to formulating the Integrated Child Criminal Court.
Environmental Waste Management to Create A Healthy Environment: A Policy Study of Sungai Penuh Regional Government Hafrida, Hafrida; Kusniati, Retno; Raharja, Ivan Fauzani
JUSTICIA SAINS - Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 3, No 2 (2018): JUSTICIA SAINS: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum
Publisher : Universitas Sang Bumi Ruwa Jurai

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.497 KB) | DOI: 10.24967/jcs.v3i2.361

Abstract