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MODEL HUBUNGAN INTI-PLASMA PADA INDUSTRI AKUAKULTUR TAMBAK UDANG A RELATIONSHIP MODEL OF NUCLEAR-PLASMA IN AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY OF PRAWN POND Sukardi, Purnama; Margiwiyatno, Agus ; Rosyad, Anisur; , Tobari; Santoso, Jarot; Anwar, Nurul
Pembangunan Pedesaan Vol 6, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Pembangunan Pedesaan

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Abstract

The relationship between nuclear and plasma in aquaculture businesses as one of several agricultural businesses were observed in two regions, i.e., Lampung and West Java. CP Bahari and Triasta Citarate Ltd. were used as a sample of this relationship. The results showed that the education level of aqua-culturist was 80% senior high school and 20% secondary school. CP Bahari (nuclear) had already fulfilled the duties to the plasma aqua-culturist. However, cooperation (Bima Utama) as a channelling agent did not work properly. There was not self-help group; the only group was a neighborhood from which the company controlled aqua-culturist. Extension from Fisheries Agency Office was not properly done. Local government autonomy resulted in too many tax regulations from which overlapping taxes had been happened. Aqua-culturist cooperation (KUD) did not work as in agreement with Central Bank of Indonesia. The information of plasma credit was not clear as well as the balance position of their money. In Triasta Citarate, the existing of KUD was just to speed up the process of money transfer to the nuclear.
Marketable dan Merketed Surplus Beras di Kabupaten Banyumas Satriani, Ratna; Rosyad, Anisur; Widyarini, Indah
Jurnal Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis Vol 5, No 3 (2021)
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Social Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jepa.2021.005.03.2

Abstract

Upaya peningkatan produksi beras harus terintegrasi dari sub sistem hulu, sub sistem usahatani, sub sistem hilir dan sub sistem penunjang. Pembangunan sub sistem hulu sangat penting dan tidak dapat diabaikan. Kepemilikan lahan oleh petani sangat  kecil dengan luas lahan kurang dari 0,5 hektar, sebagian besar petani sebenarnya hanya buruh tani tanpa  lahan yang menggantungkan hidupnya bekerja sebagai buruh pertanian. Petani padi di Kabupaten Banyumas belum dapat didefinisikan secara tegas sebagai produsen apabila melihat dari sisi konsumsi petani tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keragaan usahatani padi, mengetahui besarnya marketable surplus dan marketed surplus beras dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi marketed surplus beras di Kabupaten Banyumas. Analisa data menggunakan analisa marketable dan marketed surplus beras, analisis linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata luas lahan yang dimiliki 0,21 ha, dengan produktivitas 4.823,69kg/Ha (GKP), 4.149,34kg/Ha (GKG), 2.603,30kg/Ha (Beras). Nilai marketable surplus beras sebesar 22.624,20 kg/MT atau 85,67 persen dari jumlah produk dan nilai marketed surplus beras sebesar 13.422,83 kg/MT atau 59,33 persen dari nilai marketable surplus. Alokasi produk lebih banyak digunakan untuk membayar tenaga kerja panen dan konsumsi pangan keluarga. Hasil analisis regresi linear berganda dengan model yang didapat Y = -146,89+0,87X1-1,94X2+4,94X3+1X4-83,80X5-0,009X6+2,95X7-7,23X8-1,6X9+34,3X10-0,007X11+e.  Marketed surplus beras di Kabupaten Banyumas dipengaruhi oleh variabel jumlah produk dan biaya usahatani dalam natura.