I Made ARCANA
Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Division, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

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Journal : Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences

Synthesis of Narrow Polydispersity Block Copolymers of PtBA-PS by Novel RAFT Polymerization Technique Arcana, M.; Nagesh, K.; Rama, Ramakrisnan
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences Vol 36, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.425 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/itbj.eng.sci.2004.36.1.5

Abstract

The synthesis of narrow disperse polystyrene (PS) and poly-t-butylacrylate (PtBA) was carried out by copolymerization using benzyldithiobenzoate as the chain transfer agent (CTA). Benzyl dithiobenzoate as a reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agent has high transfer coefficient in polymerization of styrene to produce PS with higher molecular weight than that of calculated, in contrary with polymerization of t-butylacrylate to produce PtBA. These results were attributed to instability the benzyl dithiobenzoate as RAFT agent under the reaction conditions. PS as a macro-CTA is not active for t-butylacrylate polymerization due to low transfer coefficient. On the other hand PtBA as the macro-CTA is active to polymerize styrene to produce PtBA-PS block copolymer with high transfer coefficient if PtBA as macro-CTA have narrow polydispersity. The RAFT agent appears to degrade over a period of time when it is left at room temperature, which was evident from the results of PtBA.
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOPOLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES BASED ON LICLO4-COMPLEXED METHYL CELLULOSE AS LITHIUM-ION BATTERY SEPARATOR Ndruru, Sun Theo Constan Lotebulo; Wahyuningrum, Deana; Bundjali, Bunbun; Arcana, I Made
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences Vol 52, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The polymer electrolyte membrane is a main component of lithium-ion batteries (LiBs), serving as separator and electrolyte. In this work, we prepared biopolymer electrolyte (BPE) membranes of lithium perchlorate (LiClO4)-complexed methyl cellulose (MC). Methyl cellulose (MC), a cellulose derivative, has attractive properties for use as biopolymer electrolyte. The bulkier anion size of lithium salt (LiClO4) significantly enhances the performance of biopolymer electrolyte (BPE) membranes. The fabricated biopolymer electrolyte (BPE) membranes were characterized by FTIR, EIS, tensile tester, XRD and TGA. Biopolymer electrolyte membranes with various weight percentages of LiClO4 salt (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) were prepared using a simple solution casting technique. Incorporation of 10% weight of LiClO4 into the MC-based host polymer was selected as optimum condition, because this yielded good conductivity (3.66 x 10-5 S cm-1), good mechanical properties (tensile strength 35.97 MPa and elongation at break 14.47%), good thermal stability (208.4 to 338.2 °C) as well as ease of preparation and low cost of production. Based on its characteristics it can be stated that the 10% LiClO4-complexed MC membrane meets the requirements as a candidate separator for lithium-ion battery application.