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Adsorpsi Cu2+ Menggunakan Nanofiber Polisulfon-FeOOH Yang Disintesis Dengan Metode Elektrospinning Dini Hariyati Adam; Hamzar Suyani; Muhamad Nasir; Safni Safni; Willy Cahya Nugraha
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1725.154 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v3i2.629.101-108

Abstract

It had been done a research about adsorption of Cu2+ using polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber prepared by elektrospinning method. Polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was synthesized by dissolving polysulfone pellets in 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The effects of process conditions such as concentration, distance between the nozzle and collector, voltage and flow rate on the morphology and diameter of nanofibers were investigated. The optimum conditions of polysulfone nanofiber synthesizing was obtained with concentration 25%, distance 12 cm, voltage 25 kV, and flow rate  0.05 mL/min with average diameters of fibers was 762.927 nm. Polysulfone nanofiber was coated with FeOOH to increase the adsorbtion capacity of Cu2+. The results showed that optimum condition for removal of Cu2+ used polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was obtained in 2 hours contact time, pH 6, adsorbent dosage 25 mg, and concentration of Cu2+ 10 mg/L with adsorbstion capacity was 9.79 mg/g, while for polysulfone nanofiber the adsorption capacity was 8.34 mg/g. The adsorbtion pattern of Cu2+ by the both of adsorbent followed the Freundlich isotherm pattern.ABSTRAK Penelitian mengenai pemisahan ion Cu2+menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yang disintesis dengan metode elektrospinning telah dilakukan. Nanofiber polisulfon P-3500 disintesis dengan cara melarutkan pelet polisulfon ke dalam 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). Pengaruh kondisi seperti konsentrasi, jarak nozzle dengan kolektor, tegangan dan laju alir terhadap morfologi dan diameter serat dipelajari. Kondisi optimum pembuatan nanofiber polisulfon diperoleh dengan konsentrasi 23 %, jarak 12 cm, tegangan 25 kV, dan laju alir 0,05 mL/min dengan ukuran diameter serat rata-rata 762,927 nm. Nanofiber yang terbentuk dilapisi dengan FeOOH untuk meningkatkan kapasitas penyerapannya terhadap ion Cu2+. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan kondisi optimum untuk pemisahan ion Cu2+ menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yaitu waktu kontak 2 jam, pH 6, bobot adsorben 25 mg, dan konsentrasi Cu2+10 mg/L dengan kapasitas penyerapan 9,79 mg/g, sedangkan untuk nanofiber polisulfon kapasitas penyerapan 8,34 mg/g. Pola penyerapan Cu2+ untuk kedua jenis adsorben lebih sesuai dengan pola isoterm Freundlich 
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PERMETRIN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ZEOLIT ALAM TERPILAR TiO2-ANATASE SECARA SONOLISIS Zilfa Zilfa; Hamzar Suyani; Safni Safni; Novesar Jamarun
Jurnal Ecolab Vol 5, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ecolab
Publisher : Pusat Standardisasi Instrumen Kualitas Lingkungan Hidup Laboratorium Lingkungan (P3KLL)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jklh.2011.5.1.35-43

Abstract

Permetrin merupakan golongan insektisida piretroid sintetik yang kurang toksik bagi mamalia tapi sangat toksik bagi ikan, serangga dan mikroorganisme air Penelitian tentang degradasi senyawa permetrin telah dilakukan dengan menggunakan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2-anatase secara sonolisis pada beberapa kondisi perlakuan.. Degradasi dilakukan secara sonolisis menggunakan gelombang ultrasonik dengan frekuensi 45 KHz. Sampel yang digunakan adalah permetrin 96,1%. Sedangkan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2-anatase digunakan sebagai katalis untuk membantu degradasi secara cepat dan efisien. Hasil iradiasi dianalisis dengan menggunakan spektrofotometer UV pada panjang gelombang 272 nm. Degradasi permetrin 20mg/L pada suhu 40oC dan waktu iradiasi 120 menit, tanpa penambahan zeolit alam terpilar TiO2- anatase mencapai 22,23%. Sedangkan degradasi permetrin 20 mg/L pada suhu 40oC dan waktu iradiasi 75 menit dengan penambahan 50 mg zeolit alam terpilar TiO2- anatase menghasilkan 81,10 %.
Upaya Penanggulangan Pandemi Covid-19 di Panti Asuhan Al-Falah, Padang Refinel Refinel; Emriadi Emriadi; Safni Safni; Mai Efdi; Syukri Syukri; Suryati Suryati; Marniati Salim; Imelda Imelda; Ibnu Irawan; Putri Arwanda
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 27 No 2 (2020): Published in June 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.27.2.113-118.2020

Abstract

The Islamic Boarding School and Orphanage Al-Falah Padang are located on Bypass Km 16, behind the West Sumatra TVRI office. Al-Falah Boarding School has 367 students, 265 of them are foster children in the Orphanage. Inadequate construction and classrooms, the students and foster children of the Islamic Boarding School and the Al-Falah Orphanage studied and lived their daily lives. The occurrence of the Covid-19 pandemic certainly affected the daily activities and learning activities of the orphanage children. Especially, the fulfillment of their basic needs. Moreover, the main problem of Covid-19 is not only about the effects by the virus on sufferers but also about its rapid transmission. Therefore, to help the crisis due to Covid-19, several lecturers and students from the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Universitas Andalas (Unand) provided staple foods, money, masks, hand sanitizers, and disinfectants for residents of the Al-Falah Padang orphanage. It is hoped that can help the residents of the Al-Falah orphanage who certainly feel the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic.
DEGRADASI SENYAWA PARAQUAT DALAM PESTISIDA GRAMOXONE® SECARA SONOZOLISIS DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TiO2-ANATASE Neila Yenni; Safni Safni; Hamzar Suyani
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol. 3 No. 2 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v3i2.58

Abstract

 ABSTRACT Degradation of Paraquat compound in Gramoxone pesticide had been done by sonolysis, ozonolysis, and sonozolysis. Sonolysis methods were performed using an ultrasound VC-1, ozonolysis using a bio-ozone space age sterilizer, and sonozolysis by combining sonolysis and ozonolysis methods. The optimum condition for degradation of 4 mg/L paraquat by sonolysis was found at temperature 40±1°C. Percentage of degradation at optimum condition was 22.80% with 90 minutes treatment. Whereas, with using ozonolysis method percentage of degradation of paraquat 4 mg/L was 50.39% with 60 minutes treatment. The combination of sonolysis and ozonolysis method simultaneously, these so-called sonozolysis, for degradation of the same compound, extend the percentage of degradation to 45.87% with only 30 minutes treatment. Keywords: Paraquat, Sonolisis, Ozonolisis
Adsorpsi Cu2+ Menggunakan Nanofiber Polisulfon-FeOOH Yang Disintesis Dengan Metode Elektrospinning Dini Hariyati Adam; Hamzar Suyani; Muhamad Nasir; Safni Safni; Willy Cahya Nugraha
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1725.154 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v3i2.629.101-108

Abstract

It had been done a research about adsorption of Cu2+ using polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber prepared by elektrospinning method. Polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was synthesized by dissolving polysulfone pellets in 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The effects of process conditions such as concentration, distance between the nozzle and collector, voltage and flow rate on the morphology and diameter of nanofibers were investigated. The optimum conditions of polysulfone nanofiber synthesizing was obtained with concentration 25%, distance 12 cm, voltage 25 kV, and flow rate  0.05 mL/min with average diameters of fibers was 762.927 nm. Polysulfone nanofiber was coated with FeOOH to increase the adsorbtion capacity of Cu2+. The results showed that optimum condition for removal of Cu2+ used polysulfone-FeOOH nanofiber was obtained in 2 hours contact time, pH 6, adsorbent dosage 25 mg, and concentration of Cu2+ 10 mg/L with adsorbstion capacity was 9.79 mg/g, while for polysulfone nanofiber the adsorption capacity was 8.34 mg/g. The adsorbtion pattern of Cu2+ by the both of adsorbent followed the Freundlich isotherm pattern.ABSTRAK Penelitian mengenai pemisahan ion Cu2+menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yang disintesis dengan metode elektrospinning telah dilakukan. Nanofiber polisulfon P-3500 disintesis dengan cara melarutkan pelet polisulfon ke dalam 30 mL dimethylacetamide (DMAc). Pengaruh kondisi seperti konsentrasi, jarak nozzle dengan kolektor, tegangan dan laju alir terhadap morfologi dan diameter serat dipelajari. Kondisi optimum pembuatan nanofiber polisulfon diperoleh dengan konsentrasi 23 %, jarak 12 cm, tegangan 25 kV, dan laju alir 0,05 mL/min dengan ukuran diameter serat rata-rata 762,927 nm. Nanofiber yang terbentuk dilapisi dengan FeOOH untuk meningkatkan kapasitas penyerapannya terhadap ion Cu2+. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan kondisi optimum untuk pemisahan ion Cu2+ menggunakan nanofiber polisulfon-FeOOH yaitu waktu kontak 2 jam, pH 6, bobot adsorben 25 mg, dan konsentrasi Cu2+10 mg/L dengan kapasitas penyerapan 9,79 mg/g, sedangkan untuk nanofiber polisulfon kapasitas penyerapan 8,34 mg/g. Pola penyerapan Cu2+ untuk kedua jenis adsorben lebih sesuai dengan pola isoterm Freundlich 
Degradation of Paraquat in Gramoxone Pesticide with Addition of ZnO Febrina Arfi; Safni Safni; Zaimi Abdullah
Molekul Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.702 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.jm.2017.12.2.326

Abstract

Paraquat is the most toxic herbicide, the main agricultural crops and plantations that use them are cloves, cocoa, oil palm, rubber, coffee, and pepper. Therefore, it is necessary to study to degrade paraquat compounds by photolysis method with using ZnO. Photolysis is a process of UV irradiation with a wavelength of 200-400 nm. In this study Photolysis method used UV light with λ = 365 nm. Degradation of paraquat compound was done with the influence of variation of time without the addition ZnO, the influence of ZnO additional variations, and the effect of combination between variations of time and optimization of ZnO addition. The result of the study shows that photolysis degradation product without the addition of ZnO for 120 minutes has been degraded by 12.56%. While the optimum addition of 0.1 grams ZnO increased the percentage of degradation which is about 57.64%. This is proved that the addition of ZnO with photolysis method can degrade more paraquat compounds.