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Perlakuan ozon dan sonokimia untuk degradasi residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau (Capsicum annuum L.) Safni Safni; Elma Fadrita Rahman; Deswati Deswati; Salmariza Sy
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 11, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v11i2.7259.103-109

Abstract

Fungisida, seperti mankozeb, banyak digunakan dalam bidang pertanian berkelanjutan dan akan meninggalkan residu pada bahan pangan. Proses oksidasi lanjutan (AOPs) ozon treatment (ozonolisis dan air ozon), sonokimia (sonolisis) serta kombinasi keduanya (sonozolisis) merupakan salah satu teknik potensial dalam mendegradasi residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau. Perbandingan metode degradasi dilakukan pada kondisi yang sama yakni 50 g cabe hijau, 100 mL air dengan waktu treatment 10 menit mampu mendegradasi residu mankozeb sebesar 69,63±1,60 air ozon; 58,83±2,57 sonozolisis; 56,51±2,29 ozonolisis; dan 23,70±1,60 sonolisis. Penambahan waktu perendaman selama 20 menit air ozon meningkatkan persentase degradasi sebesar 83,80±2,54. Beberapa parameter yang mempengaruhi proses degradasi dipelajari seperti waktu treatment, volume air, dan massa cabe hijau. Proses degradasi dengan waktu treatment 10-15 menit, volume air 100 mL dan 50 g cabe hijau mampu mereduksi residu mankozeb sebesar 25-58%. Data hasil analisis spektrofotometer-HPLC menunjukkan bahwa residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau telah berhasil didegradasi.
Pemberdayaan Perempuan Melalui Teknologi Roll Work 3-D Berbasis Limbah Kertas Di Nagari Lareh Nan Panjang Sungai Sariak Olly Norita Tetra; Bustanul Arifin; Deswati Deswati
Jurnal Pengabdian Warta Andalas Vol 28 No 3 (2021): Published in September 2021
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (LPPM) Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jwa.28.3.173-181.2021

Abstract

3-Dimensional Roll Work technology training by processing waste paper into high-value handicraft products has been carried out in Nagari Lareh Nan Panjang, Padang Pariaman Regency. Most of the productive age groups in this area were unemployed women who depend on their husband's income for a living. In other hand, the activities of women's farmer groups, youth groups and (Family Welfare Movement) PKK were not productive. This activity aims to foster and empower community groups, especially women, in managing and processing paper waste into high selling value products with 3-Dimensional Roll Work technology that can be used as business opportunities so as to increase household income. The activity began with counseling on the dangers of paper waste for health and the environment, and continued by 3-dimensional Roll Work training. The indicator of the achievement of the targeted community service program was the management and processing of paper waste where each participant can produce quality handicraft products, namely key chains and accessories, while for other handicraft products, it was continued for group activities such as tissue, accessories, and cake boxes. This activity can be used as a sustainable empowerment effort through increasing community participation, self-financing and community self-help so as to create economically independent women in Nagari Lareh Nan Panjang.
DISEMINASI TEKNOLOGI FORMULATED DIET ALTERNATIF DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS BUDIDAYA IKAN NILA INTENSIF DI KOTA PADANG Efrizal Efrizal; Nurmiati Nurmiati; Chairul Chairul; Anthoni Agustien; Zuhri Syam; Suwirmen Suwirmen; Rusnam Rusnam; Deswati Deswati
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 4 No 4 (2021)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v4i4.534

Abstract

Fish cultivators generally experience difficulties providing quality artificial feed (pellets) due to a lack of knowledge and skills in processing technology and making alternative feeds. Besides that, the costs incurred for feed procurement are relatively large, reaching 70 - 80% of the total production costs. However, the provision of feed is often an obstacle because, in addition to the increasingly high price, the quality of available feed does not always match the nutritional needs needed by Fish. The provision of quality feed for intensively cultivated tilapia dramatically affects the resulting growth and productivity. The higher the quality of the feed, the production will also increase. One of the technologies that can be applied to overcome this problem is the manufacture of alternative formulated diets using local raw materials. The method used in this service activity is the transfer of knowledge presented in the socialization activities in the form of 1) introduction to the types of alternative fish feed ingredients sourced from the area, (2) preparation of artificial tilapia feed formulations, (3) manufacturing technology artificial feed (pellets) and 4) monitoring and assistance. The socialization was carried out in the form of a lecture and was followed by a question and answer session. The results of farmer activities recognize the types of local feed that can be used as fish feed, know the preparation of feed formulations, and alternative artificial feed manufacturing technologies. The knowledge and skills possessed by fish cultivators are expected to overcome the difficulties of fish farmers in providing feed so that fish production and cultivation business increase.
STUDI OPTIMASI PENENTUAN KADMIUM(II) SECARA VOLTAMMETRI STRIPPING ADSORPTIF Deswati Deswati; Hamzar Suyani; Citra Buhatika
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol. 3 No. 2 (2010): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v3i2.37

Abstract

  ABSTRACT Study of optimation cadmium(II) by adsorptive stripping voltammetry has been done. The aim of this study to get optimum conditions for determination of Cd(II). Parameters were done : potential accumulation, time accumulation, pH, supporting electrolite concentration and optimum of complex concentration. In this case, the optimum conditions were reached in potential accumulation -0.7 V, time accumulation 60 second, pH 7.0, NH4Cl 0.12 M, calcon concentration 0.12 mM. In the optimum condition was obtained with the relative standard deviation was 4.61% for eight replicates, measurements of 0.01 ppm. The method was applied to the direct determination of Cd(II) in water around Batang Air Dingin Lubuk Minturun and Muara Padang. Concentration Cd(II) in sample was equal to 7.359 μg/L and 3.659 μg/L with recovery of 99.04%. Keywords: cadmiun, adsorptive, stripping, voltammetry
DISEMINASI TEKNOLOGI PAKAN BUATAN ALTERNATIF UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN BUDIDAYA IKAN GURAME INTENSIF DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS PERIKANAN DI KELURAHAN LIMAU MANIS KECAMATAN PAUH KOTA PADANG Efrizal Efrizal; Nurmiati Nurmiati; Chairul Chairul; Anthoni Agustien; Suwirmen Suwirmen; Rusnam Rusnam; Deswati Deswati
Jurnal Hilirisasi IPTEKS Vol 3 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (739.612 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jhi.v3i1.347

Abstract

Lecturer and community based science and technology activities (IbDM) were carried out with the aim of disseminating technology for Gurame culture intensively in an effort to increase fisheries productivity in Limau Manis, Pauh Subdistrict, Padang City and increase the knowledge and skills of fish farmers (community) in Koto Tangah Village in the field of Gurame fish maintenance business in West Sumatra, so that they are expected to be able to carry out maintenance in a good / environmentally friendly manner. Besides this IbDM activities are also expected to be able to reduce operational costs in maintaining Nirwana Tilapia and in the end can increase the income of the farmers (community) of Limau Manis Village through the development of sustainable fish farming. To achieve optimal technology dissemination results, the main target of IbDM in Pauh Subdistrict is fish farmer groups and community leaders / leaders of Limau Manis Village who are expected to be able to motivate farmers to socialize the method of making alternative formula feeds for intensive development of Nirwana Tilapia aquaculture and environmentally friendly. The methods used in this activity are (1) counseling, with the main material: (a) providing knowledge of various kinds of raw materials that can be used for fish food, (b) providing knowledge about the preparation of artificial food formulas / compositions, ( c) provide knowledge about the process of making artificial food (d) increase public knowledge about how to store pellets that are good to be more durable and (e) provision of material on testing the quality of feed, both physically, chemically and biologically; and (2) Intensive demonstration of making alternative pellet feeds for Nirwana Tilapia aquaculture. From the results of the IbDM activity, it was found that the knowledge and skills of farmer groups in Limau Manis Sub-district, Kec. Pauh, Padang before the IbDM activities were carried out was still very low. However, the motivation or desire of the community of IbDM partner farmer groups to carry out the culture or maintenance of fish is very large. This can be seen from the desire of the IbDM partner farmer group to master the technology of making fish feed from the results of leaf waste and taro stems which are processed into flour relatively high. Furthermore, the results of IbDM activities in the community can increase the knowledge and skills of the community in finding alternative feed for fish feed so that culture activities can run well in IbDM partner areas. In order for aquaculture to run well in partner areas of IbDM, it is necessary to carry out IbDM activities continuously on the techniques of making alternative fish pellets and efficient and effective fish-raising techniques. Besides that, it needs financial support or credit by the authorities to the community or fish farmers for capital to develop their businesses.
Perlakuan ozon dan sonokimia untuk degradasi residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau (Capsicum annuum L.) Safni Safni; Elma Fadrita Rahman; Deswati Deswati; Salmariza Sy
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 11, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.584 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v11i2.7259.103-109

Abstract

Fungisida, seperti mankozeb, banyak digunakan dalam bidang pertanian berkelanjutan dan akan meninggalkan residu pada bahan pangan. Proses oksidasi lanjutan (AOPs) ozon treatment (ozonolisis dan air ozon), sonokimia (sonolisis) serta kombinasi keduanya (sonozolisis) merupakan salah satu teknik potensial dalam mendegradasi residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau. Perbandingan metode degradasi dilakukan pada kondisi yang sama yakni 50 g cabe hijau, 100 mL air dengan waktu treatment 10 menit mampu mendegradasi residu mankozeb sebesar 69,63±1,60 air ozon; 58,83±2,57 sonozolisis; 56,51±2,29 ozonolisis; dan 23,70±1,60 sonolisis. Penambahan waktu perendaman selama 20 menit air ozon meningkatkan persentase degradasi sebesar 83,80±2,54. Beberapa parameter yang mempengaruhi proses degradasi dipelajari seperti waktu treatment, volume air, dan massa cabe hijau. Proses degradasi dengan waktu treatment 10-15 menit, volume air 100 mL dan 50 g cabe hijau mampu mereduksi residu mankozeb sebesar 25-58%. Data hasil analisis spektrofotometer-HPLC menunjukkan bahwa residu mankozeb pada cabe hijau telah berhasil didegradasi.